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Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
Roman Republic and Empire
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Roman Republic and Empire

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The Roman Republic and Empire Presentation by Jon Furreness

The Roman Republic and Empire Presentation by Jon Furreness

Published in: Education, Technology
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Transcript

  • 1. Rome “The Eternal City” Caput Mudi Capital of the World Ch 6 1
  • 2. Famous Roman Sights Buildings / Architecture The Romans were the Great Builders of the Ancient World
  • 3. Look these Sights up Online Explain & find at least one fact about the famous structure • • • • • • • • The Cloaca Maxima The Pantheon Flavian Amphitheatre – Colosseum Circus Maximus Aqueducts The Appian Way – Via Appia Roman Baths The Forum 3
  • 4. Cloaca Maxima 4
  • 5. Pantheon “Temple to the Gods”
  • 6. The Roman Colosseum Flavian Amphitheatre
  • 7. The Colosseum Interior
  • 8. Wild Animals could appear from the trap doors
  • 9. Circus Maximus - then
  • 10. “Ben Hur” 11
  • 11. Circus Maximus - now
  • 12. Roman Aqueducts
  • 13. Rome’s Early Road System
  • 14. Roman Roads: The Appian Way
  • 15. Roman Baths
  • 16. The Roman Forum
  • 17. 20
  • 18. 21
  • 19. Roman Society & The End of the Republic PART 1 --- # 32 - Government of the Republic - Roman Society - Civil Wars - Julius Caesar Roman Republic : 509 – 27 BCE 22
  • 20. Gaius Julius Caesar • Gaius – Name • Julius – Clan Name groups of families with a: Common Mythological Ancestor • Caesar – Family Name The Individual wasn’t important - Family / Clan / State : That was Important 23
  • 21. Patricians vs. Plebeians -Plebeians have no say in the government - Eventually get to elect their own officials called tribunes in 494 B.C. - For 84 years, (421-337 B.C.) plebeians fought to have a role in each part of the government 24
  • 22. The Twelve Tables, 450 BCE  Providing political and social rights for the plebeians. – hung in the Forum
  • 23. Social Structures -A man was the head of the household and his wife and children did not question his authority - Paterfamilias: Family Father -Over centuries, women received more rights. These included: -Owning property -Running businesses -All children were taught to learn to read and write -Wealthy had private tutors for their children 26
  • 24. Economics -Conquests brought much wealth to Rome -Wealthy families bought huge estates called latifundia. -Romans forced the people they conquered to work as slaves on the latifundia -Slave labor hurt the small farmers because it cost them more to produce food, and the price was driven down by the immense quantities coming into Rome -Farmers fell into debt, sold their land, and moved to the city looking for work -gap between rich and poor widens=riots and chaos 27
  • 25. The Gracchus Brothers -Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus elected tribunes •They also worked to get the state to buy grain to feed the poor •The brothers worked to get the state to distribute the land to the poor farmers •Senate felt they were a threat to its power, and hired thugs to kill them 28
  • 26. Military Reformer  Gaius Marius • recruited an army from the poor and homeless • professional standing army • He is eventually defeated-exciled – Caesar learns
  • 27. Republic to Empire -Civil wars break out to decide who should hold power. The senate wanted to keep the status quo; political leaders wanted to weaken the senate and enact reforms -Slave uprisings throughout the republic “Spartacus” -Armies became loyal to their commanders because they gave them benefits such as captured land / Paid them Personally - Caesar 30
  • 28. The First Triumvirate  Julius Caesar  Marcus Licinius Crassus  Gaius Magnus Pompey
  • 29. Crossing the Rubicon, 49 BC The Die is Cast!
  • 30. Beware the Ides of March! 44 BCE - Brutus
  • 31. The Second Triumvirate  Octavian  Marc Antony  Marcus Lepidus Battle of Philippi Battle of Actium
  • 32. Antony & Cleopatra 35
  • 33. The Pax Romana “Roman Peace” 27 BCE – 180 AD PART 2 - Period of Unprecedented Stability & Prosperity - Initiated by Octavian (Caesar Augustus) - The Principate - Princips “First among Equals” - “I found Rome Brick & I turned it Marble” 37
  • 34. 38
  • 35. Octavian -Augustus: Rome’s First Emperor
  • 36. The First Roman Dynasty
  • 37. Pax Romana: 27 BCE – 180 CE
  • 38. The Greatest Extent of the Roman Empire – 14 CE
  • 39. To commemorate the birth of Augustus (63 BCE) two thousand years earlier(1937), Mussolini commissioned a model of Rome as it appeared at the time of Constantine (AD 306-337) 43
  • 40. The Rise of Christianity PART 3 •Jesus / St. Paul 44
  • 41. Birth of Jesus 45
  • 42. Nero Fiddled while Rome Burned - then he blamed the Christians 46
  • 43. The Rise of Christianity
  • 44. St. Paul: Apostle to the Gentiles
  • 45. Imperial Roman Road System
  • 46. The Spread of Christianity
  • 47. “In This Sign, Conquer” 51
  • 48. Constantine: Edict of Milan 313 AD Legalized Christianity in the Empire 312 - 337
  • 49. Constantinople: “New Rome” ( 330 AD)
  • 50. Diocletian Splits the Empire in Two: 294 AD
  • 51. Constantinople: “New Rome” ( 330 AD)
  • 52. The Later Roman Empire PART 4 The Fall of Rome & The Legacy of Rome 56
  • 53. Reasons for the Fall of Rome 1. War with the Germanic Tribes & Huns - Germans were pushed by the Huns - the still glowing splendor of Rome Maximus “Rome is the Light, the rest of the World is Darkness” 2. Internal Strife in Rome - civil war / unstable & poor leadership(corruption) 3. Loss of Moral Standards & Virtues - Commodus 57
  • 54. The Empire in Crisis: 3c
  • 55. Barbarian Invasions Battle of Adrianople – Visigoths – 378 AD
  • 56. Alaric the Visigoth Sacks and Burns Rome in 410 AD 60
  • 57. Attila the Hun: “The Scourge of God”
  • 58. Battle of Chalons – 451 AD • Combined Roman and Visogoth armies defeat Attila the Hun • Attila Presses on toward Rome itself • Only knowledge of the Plague in Rome prevented him from destroying the city 62
  • 59. Western Rome Falls to the “Barbarians” in 476 AD • Odoacer (Ostrogoth) overthrew the Emperor Romulus Augustulas • The Western Empire was over • The Eastern Empire will live on for another 1,000 years (Byzantine) Constantinople 63
  • 60. The Legacy of Rome Life of Brian – 1:30 Republic Government Roman Law – Rule of Law Latin Language – Romance Languages Roman Catholic Church – Preserving & Spreading Christianity  City Planning & Road Building  Romanesque Architectural Style  Roman Engineering & Building • Aqueducts / Sewage systems • Dams / Cement / Bridges / Arch    
  • 61. Gladiator plays off Old & New Rome Republican Virtues (Maximus) Rome in the Empire (Commodus) 65
  • 62. Typical Roman virtues shown by Maximus 1.Farmer / Soldier --- like Cincinnatus 2.Simplistic Living – “Spartan Lifestyle” 3.Religious Devotion 4.Obedience These are prized virtues during the Republic Period 66
  • 63. Gladiator Setting – 180 AD – Final Year of the Pax Romana Main Characters______________ Maximus Marcus Aurelius Commodus _General_________Emperor_________Emperor___ “Cincinnatus” Died of the Fought in the Virtues Plague arena(sand) Gladiatorial Competitions go back to the Etruscans - 264 BCE was the first recorded - Commodus Fought in the Colosseum over 700 times(never lost) 67

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