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china and india stuff

china and india stuff

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  • 1. CHINA & INDIA Unit 2
  • 2. Ancient China  The Longest Continuous Civilization in the History of theWorld.  The Shang Dynasty was the first dynasty of Ancient China.  Est. Rule between: 1750 – 1500 BCE
  • 3. The Shang  Used chariots to dominate the farm people of the region  Later Developed: 1. Bow & Arrow 2. Crossbow 3. Repeating Crossbow 4. Stirrups: Ride & Shoot at same time ***EvenAlexander & Romans didn’t have this this military technology hundreds of years later
  • 4. The Shang  Much of our info. comes from oracle bones  The population was 95% peasant and 5% elite Shang.
  • 5. The Indian Subcontinent  Harappa declines (Indus River People) – 1750 BCE  Indo-Aryan Invaders will spread throughout the subcontinent - from the Himalayas & Hindu Kush - to Deccan Plateau  Establish a very unique culture(isolation)
  • 6. Indo-Aryans Arrived through the Khyber and Bolan Passes
  • 7. Dravidians(Native Indians)  Descendents of the Indus River People(Harappans)  Dark Skin  Called Dalits today  Have faced discrimination and prejudice since ancient times  Not allowed to Marry or Closely Associate with the Aryans
  • 8. Classes of People begin to Develop  Called the Varna System 1. Brahmins – priests/teachers 2. Kshatriyas – warriors/rulers 3. Vaishya – merchant/artist - the largest (twice –born groups:initiation/baptism) 4. Sudras – unskilled jobs - servants / dravidians - not allowed to study the Vedas Eventually a group will form below the Sudras
  • 9. Varna System (caste system)  Evolved into over 300 divisions in Indian Society  Based on: - the color of a person’s skin - wealth - type of work  Today this system is outlawed in theWorld’s largest democracy  How many songs do you have on your iPod?
  • 10. 1st Time Period in Indian History Vedic Age  “Age of Knowledge”  1500-500 BCE  Long Sanskrit hymns memorized by priests  Myths &Tales of Gods  Rituals and Sacrifices (Basis of the Hindu Religion)  Priests gathered in 4 collections called Vedas  Rig-Veda : 1,028 hymns
  • 11. Assignment  Complete the worksheet on the early dynasties of China  Map  NOTASSIGNED
  • 12. Unit 2 Test --- Tuesday  Matching - 20  T & F - 20  Multiple Choice - 80  Essay (2 of 5) - 20 140 points Turn in Study Guide