Reasons for uneven development

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Reasons for uneven development

  1. 1. development geography Reasons for Uneven Devleopment
  2. 2. Development (II) People Reasons for uneven development UnevenDevelopment
  3. 3. why is there uneven development? Physical Economic Political Social Historical
  4. 4. why is there uneven development? Physical Economic Political Social Historical
  5. 5. why is there uneven development? Physical Social Economic Historical Political Economic Social Physical Historical Political
  6. 6. why is there uneven development? Political reasons what does it means? Refers to issues regarding the governance of a country
  7. 7. why is there uneven development? Political reasons Leadership Political Conflict
  8. 8. Political reasons Leadership Process of • Setting Directions • Motivating people into action • Working towards a common goal
  9. 9. Political reasons Leadership Countries that are developing well have governments that are • efficient • development-orientated • dedicated in meeting the needs of the people
  10. 10. Political reasons LeadershipBrunei Darussalam vs Iran HDI: 0.838 HDI: 0.70 Both are oil rich countries. Why is Brunei more developed?
  11. 11. Brunei Darussalam
  12. 12. 3rd largest oil producer in SEA
  13. 13. Money from oil used to providefree education in Brunei
  14. 14. Money from oil used to providefree healthcare in Brunei
  15. 15. Political reasons Political Conflict • A state of disagreement • which may result in violence and bloodshed • eg?
  16. 16. Political reasons Political Conflict Jobs? Income?Political Conflict Disrupt Business
  17. 17. Political reasons Political Conflict Health? Education?Political Conflict Destroy Public Services (hospitals / schools)
  18. 18. What are some of the recentconflicts you can think of?
  19. 19. Watch these clips about child soldiers. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l367yBlfUjQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_6IMjnwztTo Explain on a piece of foolscap paper how this leads to countries with political conflict to be less developed.
  20. 20. Political reasons Political Conflict At what scale can this reason be applied upon?
  21. 21. Political reasons Political Conflict At what scale can this reason be applied upon?
  22. 22. why is there uneven development? Physical reasons what does it means? Things that has got to do with nature!
  23. 23. why is there uneven development? Physical reasons Presence of Physical raw materials Location
  24. 24. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials Raw Materials = What is extracted from Earth to be processed into productseg: Latex to make Rubber eg: Crude Oil to make fuel
  25. 25. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials raw materials are not distributed evenly • some countries are more naturally endowed with raw materials than others.
  26. 26. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials On a piece of foolscap, explain how the presence of raw materials leads to uneven development.As raw materials are not distributed evenly...somecountries....As a result, these countries can .....income.Thus, they have the moneyto.......SOL...QOL....having a higher level ofdevelopment.
  27. 27. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials BUTSingapore Japan Indonesia• almost no • almost no • forests, oil raw raw etc. materials materials• US$24 481 • US$27 000 • US$3 361 (GDP per capita (GDP per capita (GDP per capita PPP) PPP) PPP)
  28. 28. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials Does having more raw materials lead to better development?Explain your answer on the same piece of foolscap paper.
  29. 29. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials At what scale can this reason be applied upon? National? International?Write your answer on the same piece of foolscap paper.
  30. 30. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials At what scale can this reason be applied upon? National? International?Write your answer on the same piece of foolscap paper.
  31. 31. Physical reasons Physical Location: Climate
  32. 32. Physical reasons Physical Location: Climate
  33. 33. Physical reasons Physical Location: Climate Due to warmer climate, Tropical regions have more diseases. • Thus....SOL? QOL? Development? On a piece of foolscap, explain how this leads to uneven development.
  34. 34. Physical reasons Physical Location: Natural Disasters
  35. 35. why is there uneven development? Social reasons what does it means? Refers to issues regarding the society and its well- being
  36. 36. why is there uneven development? Social reasons Education Population Growth Rate
  37. 37. Social reasons Education • DCs have a higher literacy rate than LDCs • More people in the country being able to read and write.
  38. 38. Social reasons Education • People in DCs are more likely to work in ??? industries
  39. 39. Social reasons Education SOL? QOL?
  40. 40. Social reasons Education Italy Sierra LeoneGDP US$548 US$27 119per capitaAdult 98.5% 29.6%Literacy RateHDI 0.934 0.298
  41. 41. Social reasons Population Growth Rate • Refers to the rate of increase /decrease in the number of people in the country
  42. 42. Social reasons Population Growth Rate • Refers to the rate of increase /decrease in the number of people in the country
  43. 43. Social reasons Population Growth Ratemore than
  44. 44. Social reasons Population Growth Rate Populationmore than Increase.
  45. 45. Social reasons Population Growth Rate More resources required to Population meet Increase. demand.more than If not met, QOL AND SOL???
  46. 46. Social reasons Population Growth Rate Resources cannot be utalised fully Population for Decreases developmentmore than Higher Dependency Ratio
  47. 47. Social reasons Population Growth Rate
  48. 48. Social reasons Population Growth Rate
  49. 49. Social reasons Population Growth Rate
  50. 50. Social reasons Population Growth Rate
  51. 51. why is there uneven development? Historical reason Colonialism The dormination of a more powerful country over another
  52. 52. Historical reason Colonialism Colonial Power/ MasterColonyRaw materials are extracted fromcolonies and exported tocolonial powers
  53. 53. Historical reason Colonialism Colonial Power/ MasterColonyAdd value to the raw materials byconverting them into usefulproducts
  54. 54. Historical reason Colonialism Colonial Power/ MasterColony $$$$$$Product is sold for a higher profit
  55. 55. Historical reason Colonialism Colonial Power/ MasterColony $$$$$$
  56. 56. Historical reason Colonialism Colonial Power/ MasterColony $$$$$$Examples?
  57. 57. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation Process which the development of the core is furthered while draining resources from the periphery
  58. 58. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation
  59. 59. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Looks Causation like a good spot to develop factories
  60. 60. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Looks Causation like a good spot to develop factories
  61. 61. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Looks Causation like a good spot to develop factories $$$$
  62. 62. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation
  63. 63. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  64. 64. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  65. 65. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  66. 66. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  67. 67. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  68. 68. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  69. 69. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation r
  70. 70. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation r
  71. 71. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation Looks like a good spot to develop more factories r
  72. 72. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation Looks like a good spot to develop more factories r
  73. 73. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation Looks like a good spot to develop more factories r
  74. 74. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation Looks like a good spot to develop more factories r $$$$
  75. 75. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources! r
  76. 76. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources! r
  77. 77. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources! r
  78. 78. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation r
  79. 79. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation r
  80. 80. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation As more jobs are generated, .....The periphery loses more labour and resources to the core
  81. 81. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative CausationBackwashEffect r Resources Labour
  82. 82. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative CausationSpreadEffect r Wealth Knowledge

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