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Reasons for uneven development
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Reasons for uneven development

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  • 1. development geography Reasons for Uneven Devleopment
  • 2. Development (II) People Reasons for uneven development UnevenDevelopment
  • 3. why is there uneven development? Physical Economic Political Social Historical
  • 4. why is there uneven development? Physical Economic Political Social Historical
  • 5. why is there uneven development? Physical Social Economic Historical Political Economic Social Physical Historical Political
  • 6. why is there uneven development? Political reasons what does it means? Refers to issues regarding the governance of a country
  • 7. why is there uneven development? Political reasons Leadership Political Conflict
  • 8. Political reasons Leadership Process of • Setting Directions • Motivating people into action • Working towards a common goal
  • 9. Political reasons Leadership Countries that are developing well have governments that are • efficient • development-orientated • dedicated in meeting the needs of the people
  • 10. Political reasons LeadershipBrunei Darussalam vs Iran HDI: 0.838 HDI: 0.70 Both are oil rich countries. Why is Brunei more developed?
  • 11. Brunei Darussalam
  • 12. 3rd largest oil producer in SEA
  • 13. Money from oil used to providefree education in Brunei
  • 14. Money from oil used to providefree healthcare in Brunei
  • 15. Political reasons Political Conflict • A state of disagreement • which may result in violence and bloodshed • eg?
  • 16. Political reasons Political Conflict Jobs? Income?Political Conflict Disrupt Business
  • 17. Political reasons Political Conflict Health? Education?Political Conflict Destroy Public Services (hospitals / schools)
  • 18. What are some of the recentconflicts you can think of?
  • 19. Watch these clips about child soldiers. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l367yBlfUjQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_6IMjnwztTo Explain on a piece of foolscap paper how this leads to countries with political conflict to be less developed.
  • 20. Political reasons Political Conflict At what scale can this reason be applied upon?
  • 21. Political reasons Political Conflict At what scale can this reason be applied upon?
  • 22. why is there uneven development? Physical reasons what does it means? Things that has got to do with nature!
  • 23. why is there uneven development? Physical reasons Presence of Physical raw materials Location
  • 24. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials Raw Materials = What is extracted from Earth to be processed into productseg: Latex to make Rubber eg: Crude Oil to make fuel
  • 25. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials raw materials are not distributed evenly • some countries are more naturally endowed with raw materials than others.
  • 26. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials On a piece of foolscap, explain how the presence of raw materials leads to uneven development.As raw materials are not distributed evenly...somecountries....As a result, these countries can .....income.Thus, they have the moneyto.......SOL...QOL....having a higher level ofdevelopment.
  • 27. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials BUTSingapore Japan Indonesia• almost no • almost no • forests, oil raw raw etc. materials materials• US$24 481 • US$27 000 • US$3 361 (GDP per capita (GDP per capita (GDP per capita PPP) PPP) PPP)
  • 28. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials Does having more raw materials lead to better development?Explain your answer on the same piece of foolscap paper.
  • 29. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials At what scale can this reason be applied upon? National? International?Write your answer on the same piece of foolscap paper.
  • 30. Physical reasons Presence of raw materials At what scale can this reason be applied upon? National? International?Write your answer on the same piece of foolscap paper.
  • 31. Physical reasons Physical Location: Climate
  • 32. Physical reasons Physical Location: Climate
  • 33. Physical reasons Physical Location: Climate Due to warmer climate, Tropical regions have more diseases. • Thus....SOL? QOL? Development? On a piece of foolscap, explain how this leads to uneven development.
  • 34. Physical reasons Physical Location: Natural Disasters
  • 35. why is there uneven development? Social reasons what does it means? Refers to issues regarding the society and its well- being
  • 36. why is there uneven development? Social reasons Education Population Growth Rate
  • 37. Social reasons Education • DCs have a higher literacy rate than LDCs • More people in the country being able to read and write.
  • 38. Social reasons Education • People in DCs are more likely to work in ??? industries
  • 39. Social reasons Education SOL? QOL?
  • 40. Social reasons Education Italy Sierra LeoneGDP US$548 US$27 119per capitaAdult 98.5% 29.6%Literacy RateHDI 0.934 0.298
  • 41. Social reasons Population Growth Rate • Refers to the rate of increase /decrease in the number of people in the country
  • 42. Social reasons Population Growth Rate • Refers to the rate of increase /decrease in the number of people in the country
  • 43. Social reasons Population Growth Ratemore than
  • 44. Social reasons Population Growth Rate Populationmore than Increase.
  • 45. Social reasons Population Growth Rate More resources required to Population meet Increase. demand.more than If not met, QOL AND SOL???
  • 46. Social reasons Population Growth Rate Resources cannot be utalised fully Population for Decreases developmentmore than Higher Dependency Ratio
  • 47. Social reasons Population Growth Rate
  • 48. Social reasons Population Growth Rate
  • 49. Social reasons Population Growth Rate
  • 50. Social reasons Population Growth Rate
  • 51. why is there uneven development? Historical reason Colonialism The dormination of a more powerful country over another
  • 52. Historical reason Colonialism Colonial Power/ MasterColonyRaw materials are extracted fromcolonies and exported tocolonial powers
  • 53. Historical reason Colonialism Colonial Power/ MasterColonyAdd value to the raw materials byconverting them into usefulproducts
  • 54. Historical reason Colonialism Colonial Power/ MasterColony $$$$$$Product is sold for a higher profit
  • 55. Historical reason Colonialism Colonial Power/ MasterColony $$$$$$
  • 56. Historical reason Colonialism Colonial Power/ MasterColony $$$$$$Examples?
  • 57. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation Process which the development of the core is furthered while draining resources from the periphery
  • 58. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation
  • 59. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Looks Causation like a good spot to develop factories
  • 60. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Looks Causation like a good spot to develop factories
  • 61. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Looks Causation like a good spot to develop factories $$$$
  • 62. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation
  • 63. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  • 64. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  • 65. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  • 66. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  • 67. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  • 68. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources!
  • 69. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation r
  • 70. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation r
  • 71. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation Looks like a good spot to develop more factories r
  • 72. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation Looks like a good spot to develop more factories r
  • 73. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation Looks like a good spot to develop more factories r
  • 74. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation Looks like a good spot to develop more factories r $$$$
  • 75. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources! r
  • 76. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources! r
  • 77. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation I demand more labour and resources! r
  • 78. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation r
  • 79. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation r
  • 80. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative Causation As more jobs are generated, .....The periphery loses more labour and resources to the core
  • 81. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative CausationBackwashEffect r Resources Labour
  • 82. why is there uneven development? Economic reason Cumulative CausationSpreadEffect r Wealth Knowledge