deforestation   in Kalimantan     explaining some of the                  solutions
Background Information Primary Forest   Degraded Forest Secondary Forest    Untouched  for thousands      Deforested      ...
Background Information              What’s the difference? Primary Forest                 Secondary Forest
Background Information    Sustainable
Background Information    Sustainable   can be maintained
Background Information    Sustainable   can be maintained    Sustainable Management                  resources can be main...
Policies and Monitoring                                   No   Yes/ year
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                                   No   Yes/ year
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                                   No   Yes         Afforestation/ year
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                                   No   Yes         Afforestation         Con...
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                        Conservation                                   No   Y...
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                        Conservation                                   No   Y...
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                        Conservation                                   No   Y...
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                        Conservation                                   No   Y...
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                        Conservation                                   No   Y...
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                        Conservation                                   No   Y...
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                         o                                              Conse...
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                         o                                              Conse...
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                         o                                              Conse...
Policies and Monitoring         Reforestation                         o                                              Conse...
Reforestation                                 Afforestation  Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
Reforestation                                  Afforestationformerly forests   Teak is a very popular wood as it is very d...
Reforestation                                  Afforestationformerly forests                       originally not covered ...
Reforestation                                  Afforestationformerly forests                       originally not covered ...
Reforestation   Afforestation
Reforestation    AfforestationThrough the locals
Reforestation    AfforestationThrough the locals   Through Timber                     companies
Reforestation    AfforestationI’m involved      inreplanting   Through the locals   Through Timber                        ...
Reforestation             Afforestation                         I have toI’m involved                        pay and keep ...
effective?    Reforestation    Afforestation
Within 5 years                                         reforested areasteak tree saplings waiting            teak trees re...
effective?Takes 5 years for teak treesto mature (that’s very fast!)
effective?Takes 5 years for teak treesto mature (that’s very fast!)                                Timber companies
effective?Takes 5 years for teak trees     Hey! I haveto mature (that’s very fast!)   something                           ...
effective? reforested areas           primary forestWhat are the implications on the biodiversity?
effective? reforested areas           primary forestWhat are the implications on the biodiversity?
effective? reforested areas           primary forestWhat are the implications on the biodiversity?
Do I look   like aRainforest                     effective?  to you?    reforested areas           primary forest   What a...
effective?
effective?Rate of replanting is slower than rate of deforestation
effective?Rate of replanting is slower than rate of deforestationDeforestation: 200 000 km2 per yearReplanting : 90 000 km...
end of Reforestation Afforestation
/ year         Limit the amount of trees logged         Through selective cutting
/ year         Controlled Logging             Limit the amount of trees logged             Through selective cutting
/ year         Controlled Logging             Limit the amount of trees logged             Through selective cutting      ...
Typically, clear-cutting is used   to cut trees for logging
Typically, clear-cutting is used   to cut trees for logging            Forests are cleared            regardless if the   ...
So selective cutting doesn’tcut all the trees in the forest.
Only valuablespecies are logged.
Only valuable  species are logged.non-valuablespecies are leftintact
Only valuable         valuable species  species are logged.   that are not mature                        enough are notnon...
effective?         Does selective cutting reduce            damage in the forest?           Watch this video and see/ year...
Deforestation (Selected solutions)
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Deforestation (Selected solutions)

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Deforestation (Selected solutions)

  1. 1. deforestation in Kalimantan explaining some of the solutions
  2. 2. Background Information Primary Forest Degraded Forest Secondary Forest Untouched for thousands Deforested Regrown of years
  3. 3. Background Information What’s the difference? Primary Forest Secondary Forest
  4. 4. Background Information Sustainable
  5. 5. Background Information Sustainable can be maintained
  6. 6. Background Information Sustainable can be maintained Sustainable Management resources can be maintained for future uses.
  7. 7. Policies and Monitoring No Yes/ year
  8. 8. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation No Yes/ year
  9. 9. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation No Yes Afforestation/ year
  10. 10. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation No Yes Afforestation Controlled/ year Logging
  11. 11. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation Conservation No Yes Afforestation Controlled/ year Logging
  12. 12. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation Conservation No Yes Controlling Afforestation forest fires Controlled/ year Logging
  13. 13. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation Conservation No Yes Controlling Afforestation forest fires Controlled/ year Logging
  14. 14. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation Conservation No Yes ibena Controlling Afforestation forest fires Controlled/ year Logging
  15. 15. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation Conservation No Yes ibena Controlling Afforestation nd forest fires Controlled/ year Logging
  16. 16. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation Conservation No Yes ibena Controlling Afforestation nd forest fires Controlled o/ year Logging
  17. 17. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation o Conservation No Yes ibena Controlling Afforestation nd forest fires Controlled o/ year Logging
  18. 18. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation o Conservation No Yes ibena Controlling runch Afforestation nd forest fires Controlled o/ year Logging
  19. 19. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation o Conservation No Yes ibena Controlling runch Afforestation nd forest fires Controlled o/ year Logging
  20. 20. Policies and Monitoring Reforestation o Conservation No Yes ibena Controlling runch Afforestation nd forest fires Controlled o/ year Logging
  21. 21. Reforestation Afforestation Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  22. 22. Reforestation Afforestationformerly forests Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  23. 23. Reforestation Afforestationformerly forests originally not covered by forests. Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  24. 24. Reforestation Afforestationformerly forests originally not covered by forests. In Kalimantan, this is done by planting mostly teak trees Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  25. 25. Reforestation Afforestation
  26. 26. Reforestation AfforestationThrough the locals
  27. 27. Reforestation AfforestationThrough the locals Through Timber companies
  28. 28. Reforestation AfforestationI’m involved inreplanting Through the locals Through Timber companies
  29. 29. Reforestation Afforestation I have toI’m involved pay and keep in some treesreplanting where I log Through the locals Through Timber companies
  30. 30. effective? Reforestation Afforestation
  31. 31. Within 5 years reforested areasteak tree saplings waiting teak trees ready for to be planted logging
  32. 32. effective?Takes 5 years for teak treesto mature (that’s very fast!)
  33. 33. effective?Takes 5 years for teak treesto mature (that’s very fast!) Timber companies
  34. 34. effective?Takes 5 years for teak trees Hey! I haveto mature (that’s very fast!) something to log NOw instead of cutting more forests! Timber companies
  35. 35. effective? reforested areas primary forestWhat are the implications on the biodiversity?
  36. 36. effective? reforested areas primary forestWhat are the implications on the biodiversity?
  37. 37. effective? reforested areas primary forestWhat are the implications on the biodiversity?
  38. 38. Do I look like aRainforest effective? to you? reforested areas primary forest What are the implications on the biodiversity?
  39. 39. effective?
  40. 40. effective?Rate of replanting is slower than rate of deforestation
  41. 41. effective?Rate of replanting is slower than rate of deforestationDeforestation: 200 000 km2 per yearReplanting : 90 000 km2 per year
  42. 42. end of Reforestation Afforestation
  43. 43. / year Limit the amount of trees logged Through selective cutting
  44. 44. / year Controlled Logging Limit the amount of trees logged Through selective cutting
  45. 45. / year Controlled Logging Limit the amount of trees logged Through selective cutting What is selective cutting?
  46. 46. Typically, clear-cutting is used to cut trees for logging
  47. 47. Typically, clear-cutting is used to cut trees for logging Forests are cleared regardless if the plant is a valuable species.
  48. 48. So selective cutting doesn’tcut all the trees in the forest.
  49. 49. Only valuablespecies are logged.
  50. 50. Only valuable species are logged.non-valuablespecies are leftintact
  51. 51. Only valuable valuable species species are logged. that are not mature enough are notnon-valuable allowed to bespecies are left logged.intact
  52. 52. effective? Does selective cutting reduce damage in the forest? Watch this video and see/ year what happens when a tree is logged. Does it really reduce damage? http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=4Q2uGeD2rpg

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