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3 solutions kalimantan

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  • 1. deforestation in Kalimantan solutions explaining some of the
  • 2. Background Information Primary Forest Secondary ForestDegraded Forest Untouched for thousands of years Deforested Regrown
  • 3. Background Information Primary Forest Secondary Forest What’s the difference?
  • 4. Background Information Sustainable
  • 5. Background Information can be maintainedSustainable
  • 6. Background Information can be maintainedSustainable resources can be maintained for future uses. Sustainable Management
  • 7. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes
  • 8. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation
  • 9. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation
  • 10. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging
  • 11. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation
  • 12. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires
  • 13. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires
  • 14. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena
  • 15. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd
  • 16. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd o
  • 17. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd o o
  • 18. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd o o runch
  • 19. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd o o runch
  • 20. Policies and Monitoring / year No Yes Reforestation Afforestation Controlled 
 Logging Conservation Controlling
 forest fires ibena nd o o runch
  • 21. Reforestation Afforestation Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  • 22. Reforestation Afforestation formerly forests Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  • 23. Reforestation Afforestation formerly forests originally not covered by forests. Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  • 24. Reforestation Afforestation formerly forests originally not covered by forests. 
 
 In Kalimantan, this is done by planting mostly teak trees Teak is a very popular wood as it is very durable!
  • 25. Reforestation Afforestation
  • 26. Reforestation Afforestation Through the locals
  • 27. Reforestation Afforestation Through the locals Through Timber companies
  • 28. Reforestation Afforestation Through the locals Through Timber companies I’m involved in replanting
  • 29. Reforestation Afforestation Through the locals Through Timber companies I’m involved in replanting I have to pay and keep some trees where I log
  • 30. Reforestation Afforestation effective?
  • 31. reforested areas teak trees ready for logging teak tree saplings waiting to be planted Within 5 years
  • 32. effective? Takes 5 years for teak trees to mature (that’s very fast!)
  • 33. effective? Takes 5 years for teak trees to mature (that’s very fast!) Timber companies
  • 34. effective? Takes 5 years for teak trees to mature (that’s very fast!) Timber companies Hey! I have something to log NOw instead of cutting more forests!
  • 35. reforested areas primary forest What are the implications on the biodiversity? effective?
  • 36. reforested areas primary forest What are the implications on the biodiversity? effective?
  • 37. reforested areas primary forest What are the implications on the biodiversity? effective?
  • 38. Do I look like a Rainforest to you? reforested areas primary forest What are the implications on the biodiversity? effective?
  • 39. effective?
  • 40. Rate of replanting is slower than rate of deforestation effective?
  • 41. Rate of replanting is slower than rate of deforestation Deforestation: 200 000 km2 per year
 Replanting : 90 000 km2 per year effective?
  • 42. Reforestation Afforestation end of
  • 43. / year Limit the amount of trees logged Through selective cutting
  • 44. / year Controlled Logging Limit the amount of trees logged Through selective cutting
  • 45. / year Controlled Logging Limit the amount of trees logged Through selective cutting What is selective cutting?
  • 46. Typically, clear-cutting is used to cut trees for logging
  • 47. Forests are cleared regardless if the plant is a valuable species. Typically, clear-cutting is used to cut trees for logging
  • 48. So selective cutting doesn’t cut all the trees in the forest.
  • 49. Only valuable species are logged.
  • 50. Only valuable species are logged. non-valuable species are left intact
  • 51. Only valuable species are logged. non-valuable species are left intact valuable species that are not mature enough are not allowed to be logged.
  • 52. Not enough forest policemen. Limited Manpower / year
  • 53. Not enough forest policemen. Limited Manpower / year
  • 54. Not enough forest policemen. Limited Manpower / year Controlled Logging
  • 55. effective? / year Does selective cutting reduce damage in the forest? ! Watch this video and see what happens when a tree is logged. Does it really reduce damage? ! http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=4Q2uGeD2rpg
  • 56. Forest floor is ???? exposed as compared to clear cutting. Selective cutting / year
  • 57. Forest floor is ???? exposed as compared to clear cutting. Selective cutting / year Controlled Logging
  • 58. As trees are connected through climbers, the fall of a tree will affect other trees as well Affect plants, such as ??? growing on the tree. Damage to other plants / year
  • 59. As trees are connected through climbers, the fall of a tree will affect other trees as well Affect plants, such as ??? growing on the tree. Damage to other plants / year Controlled Logging
  • 60. No Yes Conservation careful use of resources to protect them from destruction Definition
  • 61. No Yes Conservation careful use of resources to protect them from destruction Definition
  • 62. No Yes Conservation Agreed Forest Land Use Zones Conversion Zone Limited Production Zone careful use of resources to protect them from destruction Definition
  • 63. No Yes Conservation Agreed Forest Land Use Zones Conversion Zone Limited Production Zone careful use of resources to protect them from destruction Definition Protected Forest deforestation is not allowed in nature reserves. in the form of nature reserves
  • 64. Large Nature Reserves
 > Protect a variety of species.
 eg: Betang Kesihun NR Success? No Yes Conservation
  • 65. Remember this city from “Causes”? It expanded to a 
 nearby NATURE
 RESERVE to meet
 the growing housing
 needs. How effective is the 
 conservation in protecting the forest? Limitations?? No Yes Conservation
  • 66. Remember this city from “Causes”? It expanded to a 
 nearby NATURE
 RESERVE to meet
 the growing housing
 needs. How effective is the 
 conservation in protecting the forest? Limitations?? No Yes Conservation
  • 67. Policies and plans educating people
  • 68. Controlling forest fires Policies and plans educating people
  • 69. Controlling forest fires Policies and plans forest fires awareness programme
 
 > discourage the use of fire to clear the forest. educating people
  • 70. Controlling forest fires Policies and plans forest fires awareness programme
 
 > discourage the use of fire to clear the forest. educating people to monitor the forest fires government set up....
  • 71. Controlling forest fires Policies and plans forest fires awareness programme
 
 > discourage the use of fire to clear the forest. educating people to monitor the forest fires government set up....
  • 72. Limitations? Educating the people through forest fire awareness campaign
  • 73. Controlling forest fires Limitations? Educating the people through forest fire awareness campaign
  • 74. Controlling forest fires Limitations? Educating the people through forest fire awareness campaign
  • 75. Controlling forest fires Limitations? Educating the people through forest fire awareness campaign What about us?
  • 76. Plantation owners still burn the forest
 > ?? way of clearing the forest ! Difficult to enforce
 > why? Limitations?
  • 77. Controlling forest fires Plantation owners still burn the forest
 > ?? way of clearing the forest ! Difficult to enforce
 > why? Limitations?
  • 78. Controlling forest fires Plantation owners still burn the forest
 > ?? way of clearing the forest ! Difficult to enforce
 > why? Limitations?

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