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12 u6-future jobs-part e-2

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an interesting PowerPoint Presentation on Relative Clauses

an interesting PowerPoint Presentation on Relative Clauses

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  • 1.  
  • 2. Unit 6: Future Jobs Part E: Language Focus
  • 3. Part E: Language Focus
    • Pronunciation : strong forms and weak forms of conjunctions and prepositions
    • Grammar : Relative Clauses
      • Relative pronouns
      • Combining 2 sentences using relative clauses and reducing relative clauses using participles
  • 4. I. Pronunciation / ə t/ /f ə / / ə v/ /t ə / /fr ə m/ / æ t / /f ɔ: / / ɒ v/ /tu:/ fr ɒ m/ At For Of To From / ə nd / / ə n/ /b ə t / / æ nd / / bʌt / and but Weak form Strong form Weak form Strong form Prepositions Conjunctions
  • 5. ∫ iz ət ‘həʊm She’s at home
  • 6.
    • ‘ blæk ən ‘wait
    Black and White
  • 7. Your application form is not accepted. bət ‘wai ‘nɔt But why not?
  • 8. I. Pronunciation
    • Đa sè ®­îc ph¸t ©m ë d¹ng yÕu (weak form).
    • Dïng d¹ng m¹nh (strong form) khi :
    • Tõ ®ã ë cuèi c©u .(1)
    • Tõ ®ã ë trong ngoÆc kÐp.(2)
    • Khi muèn nhÊn m¹nh tõ ®ã trong t ì nh huèng cô thÓ.(3)
    • Examples:
    • What are you looking for ?
    • You shouldn’t put “ and ” at the end of the sentence.
    • The letter is from him, not to him .
  • 9. I. Pronunciation
    • What are you looking at ?
    • I want to go but I don't know when.
    • She bought a book and two pens.
    • Thanks for coming.
    • Where is it from ?
    • I'm from Hanoi
    • She's the one I'm fond of
    • First of all, I want to thank you for coming
    • The letter was to him , not from him.
    • I want to ask you a question
  • 10. II. Grammar
    • RELATIVE CLAUSES (Mệnh Đề Quan Hệ)
    • 1 . A doctor is a person who takes care of people’s health in hospitals .
    • 2. A tour-guide is someone who takes people to places of interest.
    • 3. The gave the job to her, which made her very happy.
    => A relative clause is used to modify the noun , pronoun , or the clause that precedes it
  • 11. II. Grammar Relative Words Subject/ Object People Object Subject/ Object People/ things That Whose 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Followed by a noun, not a pronoun Possessive cases Not used after prep. and comma (,) Subject/Object People/ things Things Which People Whom Not used after prep. Who Notes Function in relative clause Noun modified
  • 12. II. Grammar Relative Words
    • Notes:
    • What = the thing that
    • Whatever = anything that
    • Whoever = anyone that
    • Which : replace the whole previous clause
  • 13. II. Grammar Relative Words – Exercise 1
    • There is one person to ……….. I owe more than I can say.
    • It was the kind of accident for………… nobody was really to blame
    • ………… ..leaves last should turn off the lights
    • Mary was late yesterday,………… was unusual for her.,
    • Mrs Brown was the first owner………… dog won three prizes in the same show.
    • I’ve just spoken to Sally, …….. sends you her love.
    1 2 3 4 7 8 whom which Whoever which whose who Anyone that
  • 14. II. Grammar Combining 2 sentences using relative clause
    • Step 1 :
    • The cowboy fell off the horse. He had been wounded by an arrow.
    • =>
    • Step 2 :
    • The cowboy fell off the horse. He had been wounded by an arrow.
    • Step 3 :
    • The cowboy fell off the horse. had been wounded by an arrow.
    • The cowboy who had been wounded by an arrow fell off the horse.
    S who Tìm và chọn từ hoặc cụm từ trong 2 câu mà cùng chỉ một đối tượng Thế quan hệ từ vào từ đã chọn ở câu được chọn làm MĐQH sao cho quan hệ từ đó làm đúng chức năng từ nó thay thế who Đặt quan hệ từ lên đầu MĐQH, rồi đặt MĐQH đó ngay sau từ đã chọn ở câu còn lại
  • 15. II. Grammar Reducing Relative Clause Using Participles
    • Who was the boy who waved hello to you yesterday?
    • => Who was the boy waving hello to you yesterday ?
    • Please send me the file which is written in Vietnamese
    • => Please send me the file written in Vietnamese.
    => Active => use V-ing => Passive => use P II
  • 16. Exercise 2 Join the sentences in two ways
  • 17. Choose a job you would like to do in the future! Group 3 Group 1 Group 2 Group 4
  • 18.
    • I read a book. It was written by a friend of mine
    • I read a book written by a friend of mine
    • A man got on the bus. He was carrying a lot of money in a box.
    • In the street there were several people. They were waiting for the shop to open.
    II. Grammar Exercise 2 I read a book which was written by a friend of mine The man who was carrying a lot of money in a box got on the bus The man carrying a lot of money in a box got on the bus In the street there were several people who were waiting for the shop to open . In the street there were several people waiting for the shop to open .
  • 19.
    • Britain import many cars. They were made in Japan
    • Britain import many cars made in Japan
    • There are a lot of people in your office. They want to talk to you.
    • The cowboy fell off his horse. He had been wounded by an arrow.
    II. Grammar Exercise 2 Britain import many cars which were made in Japan There are a lot of people in your office who want to talk to you There are a lot of people in your office wanting to talk to you The cowboy who had been wounded by an arrow fell off his horse . The cowboy wounded by an arrow fell off his horse .
  • 20.
    • The cowboy fell off his horse. He had been wounded by an arrow.
    • The cowboy wounded by an arrow fell off his horse .
    • Most of the people recovered quickly. They were injured in the crash .
    • John looked anxiously at his watch. He wished he hadn’t come to the party.
    II. Grammar Exercise 2 The cowboy who had been wounded by an arrow fell off his horse Most of the people who were injured in the crash recovered quickly . Most of the people injured in the crash recovered quickly . John, who wished he hadn’t come to the party, looked anxiously at his watch John, wishing he hadn’t come to the party, looked anxiously at his watch
  • 21.
    • John looked anxiously at his watch. He wished he hadn’t come to the party.
    • John, wishing he hadn’t come to the party, looked anxiously at his watch .
    • The children were playing football in the school yard. They were my students.
    • Vietnam exports a lot of rice. It is grown mainly in the south of the country.
    II. Grammar Exercise 2 John, who wished he hadn’t come to the party, looked anxiously at his watch The children playing football in the school yard were my students Vietnam exports a lot of rice grown mainly in the south of the country The children who were playing football in the school yard were my students Vietnam exports a lot of rice which is grown mainly in the south of the country
  • 22. III. CONSOLIDATION AND HOMEWORK
    • CONSOLIDATION:
      • Strong forms and weak forms of some conjunctions and prepositions
      • Some relative words
      • 2 ways to join 2 sentences (using relative clauses and using participles)
    • HOMEWORK
      • Làm nốt các bài tập còn lại
      • Xem lại bài học và ghi nhớ
      • Xem lại kiến thức về mệnh đề quan hệ: rút gon MĐQH, lược bỏ đại từ QH
  • 23.  

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