Motivation
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Motivation

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These are the notes I used when I talked about student motivation in my school.

These are the notes I used when I talked about student motivation in my school.

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Motivation Motivation Presentation Transcript

  • Student Motivation By Nata sa Bozic Grojic
  • When we are talking about student motivation, we are really talking about two separate things
    • Individual motivation
    • Motiva tion of a group
  • When we are discussing individual motivation, we are talking about :
    • Initial motivation ( the reason they started learning a language )
    • Their motivation during the course ( and how to keep them motivated )
    • Long-term motivation
  • According to the students, two things are very important :
    • The relationship between the teacher and the students
    • The teacher’s personality
  • Group motivation
    • Here we are entering the field of group dynamics
  • Individual motivation
  • Initial motivation and baggage from the past
    • Bad experience at the previous school
    • The students are not interested in language learning
    • Their idea that they have no talent for the language
    • Wrong or outdated ideas about how the language should be learnt
    • Wrong ideas about how well they speak the language (too modest or overconfident)
    • Wrong ideas about how well other students in their class speak the language
    • Wrong ideas about what the teacher should be like or how s/he should teach
  • What can the teacher do
    • Show enthusiasm
    • Use ice breakers
    • Let them know you as a person
    • Introduce the course
    • Introduce the book
    • Create the atmosphere in which they can ask questions
    • Let them know that you expect feedback
    • Teach them how to learn
  • Motivation during the course ( and how to keep it )
    • Personalised homework
    • Show that you care
    • Let them feel safe
    • Emphasise what they are good at
    • Challenge them
    • Give them choice
    • Open-ended activities
    • Let them assess their own knowledge
    • Explain the purpose of every activity
    • Give clear instructions
    • Quality homework
    • Positive emotions
    • Humo u r
    • Interesting classes
    • Visual input
    • Bringing in their personal interests
    • Feedback
    • Realistic goals
  • Grup d ynamics
    • Forming
    • Storming
    • Norming
    • Performing
    • Closing
    Stages in group development :
  • Forming: In this stage the teacher should
    • Help everyone learn all the names
    • Help the students to get to know each other
    • Encourage the students to change places as mych as possible
    • Use different learning formats
    • Give tasks which encourage team work
    • Agree with the group on norms and rules of behaviour
  • Storming The teacher should
    • Keep the communication channel open
    • Stay calm
    • Listen in an active way, clarify and summarise what others are saying
    • Explain to the group that this is a normal, healthy stage
  • Characteristics of a well-formed group
    • Tolerance
    • Cooperation
    • Common norms
  • Closing The teacher should :
    • Collect feedback
    • Remind the students what they have learnt
    • Help them make plans for the future
    • Jerem y Harmer: How to Teach English , Longman, 1998
    • Zoltan Dornyei and Tim Murphy: Group Dunamics in the L an guage Classroom , Cambridge University Press, 2003
    • Center for Excellence in Teaching: Motivating Your Students ( Module 2.4.), University of Southern California , http://www.usc.edu/programs/cet/
    • Parill Stribling, International Pacific College, New Zealand: Motivation in the ESL/EFL Classroom> Rhetoric and Reality 16th Educational Conference Melbourne 2003
    • Catherine R. Stamler (2007): Learner Motivation and Persistance , www.able.state.pa.us/fieldnotes07
    • Michael Rost: Generating Student Motivation , www. longman.com/worldview
    • Priscila Theroux (2004): Intrinsic Motivation , www.enhancelearning.ca
    • Dimitrios Thanasoulas: Motivation and Motivation in EFL , www.tefl.net www.geocities.com/glossologos/
    • Ronald W. Luce (1990): Motivating the Unmotivated , http://honolulu.hawaii.edu
    • Robert Harris (1991): Some Ideas for Motivating Students , www.virtualsalt.com