Choosing materials in interior design for all centuries or periods

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PIID-SAB Auxillary Lesson Plan

St. Scholastica's College Manila

Interior Design

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Choosing materials in interior design for all centuries or periods

  1. 1. St . Scholastica’s College Interior Design Department Arch’t. Larry Angelo A. Carandang MSCM uap-piid A Lecture Series
  2. 2. <ul><li>When do Interior Designers come in to work on a project? </li></ul><ul><li>Brand new project </li></ul><ul><li>Work with Design team ( Architect ), from conception </li></ul><ul><li>After completion of structure </li></ul><ul><li>Renovation, Improvements, Reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Influential Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Client Preferences </li></ul><ul><li>Design requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Personal </li></ul><ul><li>Current available & factual data </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose or Use </li></ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul><ul><li>Locational & Regional influences </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Assessing the Possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>The General Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Is it possible to establish an exact desired style for the </li></ul><ul><li>project? </li></ul><ul><li>Has the project undergone any alterations which have </li></ul><ul><li>changed its appearance? </li></ul><ul><li>Have the walls & windows been taken out, moved? </li></ul><ul><li>Has an extension or any attachments been built? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the room(s) originally or previously used for? </li></ul><ul><li>Look closely at their overall scale & proportion. </li></ul><ul><li>Is it feasible to impose another style on the project w/o </li></ul><ul><li>destroying its previous character and features? </li></ul><ul><li>If the character of the project is modern or contemporary, </li></ul><ul><li>can you realistically introduce a period style or vice versa? </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Assessing the Possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>The Practical Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>How much can the client afford – Budget, budget, budget! </li></ul><ul><li>In what ways can you adapt the style chosen to suit the </li></ul><ul><li>needs of the project? </li></ul><ul><li>What allied professional advice will you need for the project? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there any building regulations and/or preservation </li></ul><ul><li>guidelines to consider? </li></ul><ul><li>What interior materials are currently available for the use in </li></ul><ul><li>the project? </li></ul><ul><li>Analyse the basic structure and the existing architectural </li></ul><ul><li>features. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to establish what is missing and/or taken out. </li></ul><ul><li>Do research! ex. Old documents & pictures; examine similar </li></ul><ul><li>projects, study period settings relative to the project, etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Assessing the Possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>A Practical Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Find the right fixtures and fittings respective of the project </li></ul><ul><li>at hand </li></ul><ul><li>Use decorating/accessorizing techniques and materials in </li></ul><ul><li>keeping in the right style: know when it is reasonable to </li></ul><ul><li>choose less expensive alternatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Be flexible! Once you have decided on the extent of your </li></ul><ul><li>design, make sure you match it to with surrounding </li></ul><ul><li>environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Blend electrical & lighting outlets into the background, being </li></ul><ul><li>particularly careful when putting bathroom and kitchen </li></ul><ul><li>fixtures/fittings, they should be appropriate to the chosen </li></ul><ul><li>style or design character. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Early Styles of Interior Designing and </li></ul><ul><li>Decorating </li></ul><ul><li>The most significant factors in the history of Interior design are: </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Artistic / Aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>Technological </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>E arly Italian Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Contrasting white or pale-blond plastered wall surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Grey stone mouldings </li></ul><ul><li>Antique motifs in furniture, like pediments over doorways </li></ul>- This decorative element paved the way to the classical movement in the U.S. and the rest of Europe <ul><li>Tapestries & turkish rugs were applied to walls & ceilings </li></ul><ul><li>elaborately carved and inlayed furniture pieces </li></ul><ul><li>Tables of monumental proportions, topped with dazzlingly </li></ul><ul><li>coloured inlaid marbles. </li></ul><ul><li>Large beds with grandoise hangings </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The noble proportions and sophisticated wall decorations are particularly noteworthy as they were far advanced of other developments in the rest of Europe from the 14 th to the early 17 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Material & Finishes </li></ul>- Solid wood to be painted off-white for doors and furnitures - Marble slab for flooring and furniture inlays - Stucco cement finish for walls, in non-polish or matte finish.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Renaissance-style panelling adorned walls towards the later part of the 16 th to the early part of the 18 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Finishes </li></ul>- Wall panelling are made of solid wood planks, either painted off-white or bleached in milky shade of matte finish. - Decorative wood beams in ceilings are in light oak shade in matte finish. Decorative elements and pieces of furniture were eclectic by choice, maintaining the off- white and bleached wall finish.
  10. 10. <ul><li>Renaissance-style panelling adorned walls towards the later part of the 16 th to the early part of the 18 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Finishes </li></ul>- A ccent Wall panelling are made of solid wood planks, varnished in mahogany or wallnut shade in high gloss finish with inlay and carving designs - Solid wood planks for staircases, finished from matte to semi-gloss Staircase step design are more sophisticated and offered an open wall variety
  11. 11. <ul><li>T he Dawn of Baroque </li></ul><ul><li>Frescoes for walls and ceilings </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborately moulded ornamental stucco work on </li></ul><ul><li>walls with gold painted frames and inlays </li></ul>- Marble & solid wood planks for floors
  12. 12. <ul><li>Baroque-style walls have either wallpaper prints or fresco paintings. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Finishes </li></ul>- Ivory & exotic wood inlays, in various colours then varnished over. - Solid wood planks for flooring, sometimes laid out as parquet in larger cuts, on a herringbone pattern Furnishings are used both as decorative element as well as comfortable pieces to use. - Silk fabrics used for draperies - Rugs and Carpets for tapestries on walls
  13. 13. <ul><li>Baroque-style walls have either wallpaper prints or fresco paintings. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Finishes </li></ul>- Ivory & exotic wood inlays, in various colours then varnished over. Furnishings are used both as decorative element as well as comfortable pieces to use. - Thin wood mouldings on lower panellings, painted with gold dust - Elaborately moulded ornamental stucco work on walls with gold painted frames and inlays and printed wallpaper.
  14. 14. <ul><li>T he Early American Period </li></ul><ul><li>Had the influences of Baroque & Renaissance </li></ul>- Plastered & whitewashed interior walls on chimney areas - Copper plate engravings on wall decors as well as In the furniture pieces - Leather use started to dominate, to take the place of rugs & tapestries, especially in eating areas, because it absorbs the scent of food - The old Baroque furnitures were in-laid with silver and are more comfortable , delicate and fashionable with the use of upholstery.
  15. 15. <ul><li>Wall panellings continued to be very popular </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Finishes </li></ul>- Silver inlays on wooden furniture pieces . Low beamed ceilings continued to be a design statement but with whitewash, stucco recess. - Walnut became the fav0ured wood of choice, finished in high gloss lacquer. - Wall & ceiling paintings are more dominant, while wallpapers have more oriental motif. - Cheaper fabrics used for draperies which can be drawn up or sideways to control more light and warmth when needed
  16. 16. <ul><li>T he Age of Rococo & Palladianism </li></ul><ul><li>characterized by lightness, elegance & informality </li></ul>- Rounded corners , arched doors & windows - depressed arches set into the walls with elaborately coved ceilings - highly ornamented frieze decorated with C and S shaped scrolls, shells, flowers and ribbon motifs - Fancifully outlined panelling, gilded and painted white or ivory <ul><li>balanced combination of beautiful & useful </li></ul>- much use of mirrors, normally placed over console tables. Large panel of mirror-glass are recessed into boiserie or wooden panels. During summer, mirrors are placed in front of fireplaces to cover it.
  17. 17. <ul><li>Wall panellings continued to be very popular, some varnish, some in white or ivory finish. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Finishes </li></ul>- Fabrics created a graceful feel for wall decorations - Rugs moved from table covers to floor coverings of parquet flooring in hi-gloss finish. - Wall & ceiling paintings are more dominant, while wallpapers have more oriental motif. - Tapestries very popular for bedrooms, and Chinese printed silk tafettas ‘Pekins’. These are nailed to battens fixed to the walls Furnitures were carved from solid wood and joined and had gracefully curved legs
  18. 18. <ul><li>Wall panellings continued to be very popular, some varnish, some in white or ivory finish. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Finishes </li></ul>- Fabrics created a graceful feel for wall decorations - Rugs moved from table covers to floor coverings of parquet flooring in hi-gloss finish. <ul><li>“ ...everything panelled, varnished, whitened, gilded...” </li></ul>Furnitures were carved from solid wood and joined and had gracefully curved legs - The China-kitchen in Tureholm, Sweden. A good example of the charming paint finish with decorative design element
  19. 19. <ul><li>Wall panellings in white-ivory or milky finish, with matte to semi-gloss top coat application. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Finishes </li></ul>- Fabrics: two tiered with lace under heavier piece for better control of the entry of light - Recessed, Bay windows with seating - The Rococo influence is evident in the elaborate plasterwork around the mirror and to in the Chinese-Chippendale-style side tables . Gold painted frames for paintings with plaster work framing, also in gold dust paint.
  20. 20. <ul><li>E arly Classicism in E urope </li></ul><ul><li>Greek grandiose influence </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller rooms, rectangular in shape, decorated & painted in soft </li></ul><ul><li>tones of grey, white & pastels </li></ul>- These small rooms were designed more for comfort & intimacy - restrained door cases, cornices and wall panels, painted in white and grey or simple pale greens. <ul><li>Thick garlands, fluted straight surfaces & ribbon decorations </li></ul><ul><li>on furnishings </li></ul>- Marble fireplaces surmounted by large simple mirrors
  21. 21. <ul><li>Vertical prints were dominant as seen in the wall paper designs wall framings. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Finishes </li></ul>- Fabrics as upholstery on sofas-printed with floral designs - Gold dust paint still dominates as highlights for walls & furniture pieces - Restrained elegance is seen in r ooms with smaller, more intimate spaces with simpler treatment of mouldings & furnishings. Floors are covered with rugs and carpets. These rugs would normally cover almost the entire area.
  22. 22. <ul><li>E arly A merican Styles </li></ul><ul><li>Rococo & English Classical beginnings with Oriental influences </li></ul><ul><li>Sliding sash windows, classical mouldings & details with elaborately </li></ul><ul><li>framed & carved doorways </li></ul>- These small rooms were designed more for comfort & intimacy - restrained door cases, cornices and wall panels, painted in white and grey or simple pale greens. <ul><li>Thick garlands, fluted straight surfaces & ribbon decorations </li></ul><ul><li>on furnishings </li></ul>- Marble fireplaces surmounted by large simple mirrors
  23. 23. <ul><li>Plastered wall finish in off white with bleached wood panelling as accents </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Finishes </li></ul>- Dark Mahogany tones for furniture pieces with light brown & beige upholstery - Less use of cornices, replaced by Dado and larger baseboards, also in bleached matte finish or pastel coloured enamel, semi gloss or flat finish. Floors are covered with rugs having less prints and beige in color, over maple or walnut wood planks.
  24. 24. <ul><li>Plastered wall finish in off white with bleached wood panelling as accents </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Finishes </li></ul>- Dark Mahogany tones for furniture pieces with gold plated accents as pull handles - Less use of cornices, replaced by Dado and larger baseboards, also in bleached matte finish or pastel coloured enamel, semi gloss or flat finish. Draperies in light print of floral accents are used as bed canopies in bedrooms, accented with a European inspired Chest at footboard
  25. 25. <ul><li>C reating the G eorgian Style </li></ul><ul><li>Rococo & Gothic inspired but lighter in design, less ornate, </li></ul><ul><li>subtle and refined. </li></ul>Materials & Finishes - Monochromatic wall paper design - Off white or Pastel, semi gloss enamel finish on walls / wood works. - Dado and baseboard accents, in semi-gloss or matte, color coded with lower portion of wall in pastel, enamel finish
  26. 26. <ul><li>Decorative plaster work as applied to walls and ceiling </li></ul>- Lightness & elegance in stone finish stairs, commonly with balustrades with decorative ironwork of foilage or scrolling patterns. - Mouldings, panellings, architraves & glazing bars are thinner & subtler in detail to create a more refined elegance Metal grillworks on transom windows over passageway of hallway compliments baluster designs, painted in gloss enamel finish .
  27. 27. <ul><li>Rough walls painted a soft, chalky white, blend with silk material curtains with light print patterns. </li></ul>- Subtly patterned wallpaper creates a good backdrop for this draped bed. The Georgian colour palette. - Colors are used to emphasize division of walls into sections. If room is panelled, cornice is painted with the wall, if room is simply painted, cornice is color coded with ceiling .
  28. 28. <ul><li>C reating the A merican C olonial Style </li></ul><ul><li>English Classical inspirations with distinctly American flavour </li></ul><ul><li>Simple, robust and classically inspired panelling was widespread., mostly </li></ul><ul><li>With egg and dart and beaded mouldings </li></ul>- Typically tall windows with the broad, carved decorative panels over the top of the doors for emphasis. These doors were fitted with interior shutters for light control and insulate against extreme cold temperatures. - Rythmic patterns on fabric swag draperies adorned windows along with interior shutters made of wood in enamel finish, color coded with the window casings and grillwork.
  29. 29. <ul><li>Simple, robust and classically inspired wall panelling. </li></ul>When wall is painted latex white, panelling at lower portion accents it with a grey or off-blue shade to compliment window shutters and highlight the printed swaged draperies. Floor is of simple pine wood lain in parquet pattern, in flat varnish finish, only accentuated by rugs of floral in pattern. Bright & vibrant colours for furniture upholstery to accentuate rooms.
  30. 30. <ul><li>F rom C lassicism to R omanticism </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed to revive the interior & architectural style of the Glory that </li></ul><ul><li>was Greece, and the Grandeur that was Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>A Late Georgian sideboard, complete with brass rails and similarly styled knife box, flanked by a pair of candle holders. </li></ul><ul><li>An octagonal receiving room w/ a central table, simple curtains adorned w/ a chandelier and a needlework carpet to match. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Simplicity, grace & restraint: Wooden ballusters in walnut finish for accents, off-white or beige walls, flat to semi-gloss enamel finish. </li></ul>Light and thin fabric for drapery treatment on windows with interior shutters that control light and add a mood of romance. Wall panellings restricted at the lower portion of the wall for simplicity with Dado accents and simply designed wallpaper w/ border, on upper part. Flooring is T&G Planks also for simplicity, in flat oak shade varnish with area rugs for accents.
  32. 32. The Empire Style...the time of Napoleon Wallpaper with laurel wreath design Swatches of fabric to create a canopy above. French Windows and doors leading to a terrace are of hi-gloss enamel finish. Gilded & enamel painted furniture pieces in mahogany or walnut lacquer. Decorative gilt pelmet with swag & tales
  33. 33. The Empire Style...the time of Napoleon Painted muslin-laced draped over gilt curtain finials, compliment the highly ornate ceiling design Under curtains against yellow silk The Empire colour swatch Lined curtains adorned with wreaths
  34. 34. The Empire Style...the time of Napoleon Arrowhead designed curtain pole Wallpaper borders Stripped Silk with laurel wreath design Striped satin w/ lion’s head medallion for curtain accents Silk trimmings Silk Demask
  35. 35. The Regency Style Stucco walls painted in either acrylic or enamel in matte to semi-gloss finish. Stair threads are in hi-gloss enamel finish to ward off dirt Delicate architectural details on the door and staircase The Regency colour palette
  36. 36. The Regency Style Stucco walls painted in either acrylic or enamel in matte to semi-gloss finish with lighter shade for ceiling. Gold paint for accents on furniture pieces Empire-inspired furniture but with softer Regency colours The Egg & Lotus design patterns are dominant accents on draperies to play contrast with furniture upholstery, being simple and light colour & prints.
  37. 37. The Federal Style Design elements for accents, like cornice and wood mouldings are painted lighter than walls above dado, and matched with lower portion Painted frieze above dado and around window frames Highly polished wooden floorboards w/ handcrafted carpet for floor accents Characterized by elegance and refined design elements.
  38. 38. The Federal Style Bare wooden floorboards are the most common flooring, for grand design however, solid wood parquet or stone laid on a checkerboard design. Black & white tiles for flooring compliment the marble and mahogany furniture in deep lacquer finish Characterized by elegance and refined design elements.
  39. 39. <ul><li>T he V ictorian Age </li></ul><ul><li>started the design style of the Nouveau rich from the 1860s onwards </li></ul><ul><li>prospered with the influences of neo-Rococo , Gothic & new-Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>s tarted the age of eclecticism </li></ul>- stucco, off white to pale green or blue enamel walls - solid wood parquet flooring laid out on geometric patterns - floral printed upholstery on Walnut, hi-gloss lacquer finish. - highly ornate wall panellings with scroll & loop designs - arched passage ways & large mirrors for emphasis
  40. 40. The Neo- Rococo inspired Victorian Furniture pieces were rounded, heavily trimmed with details. Much of gilt carving, moulded paper maches and also elaborately framed, large mirrors. Characterized by light & cheerful , feminine and frivolous.
  41. 41. The Gothic Inspired Victorian Highly eclectic, whatever piece of furniture from past periods that were highly ornate were acceptable & used heavily. Characterized by deep colours & highly ornate wall designs. Furniture pieces have pointed endings and slender curve motifs as well as printed / wallpaper design with frieze or border endings on walls.
  42. 42. Scandinavian interiors in Victorian Age The colours and pattern prints on wallpapers are brighter and lighter. Gilted and painted wood framed furniture in high gloss-’duco’ enamel finish with light colored fabric in floral prints. Characterized by light & airy simple lines, laid back & comfortable. Overall look is less cluttered, showing austerity compared to the other Victorian styles. Window treatment is laced for better natural light with gold curtain bars for accents.
  43. 43. American interiors in Victorian Age Stucco wall finish in light coloured latex finish. Accents are derived from dark varnish or maple finish furniture in matte or lacquered style. Furniture pieces have stencilled floral motifs of leaves, vines and baskets of fruit , or simple wood grained effect. Characterized by unpretentious , cheerful, with simple geometric shapes. High ceilings also with Arched hallway and entranceways, matching the curved, wood ballustered stairways.
  44. 44. <ul><li>T he H igh V ictorian Style </li></ul><ul><li>simple comfortable upholstery with multitude of accessories </li></ul><ul><li>Characterized by massing of accessories on each furniture top </li></ul>- Deep leather armchairs - flat surfaces like piano tops, tables & fireplace tops are highly ornamented, even the overmantels are covered by heavy fabric in dark, rich colours. - areas became a showcase of collected accessories, nice to look at but not so nice to live in .
  45. 45. High Victorian Style Deep warm coloured drapes on walls & fireplaces with tassels & trimmings to match. Wallpaper prints with loud floral design Late 19 th century, characterized by comfortable upholstered furniture pieces. Thin Shades beneath to control light entry, over an ornate window treatment. Pedestals are placed everywhere to display plants or other forms of ornaments.
  46. 46. High Victorian Style Stunning, highly decorated ceiling, opposite a high gloss lacquered parquet flooring. High Victorian colour palette Heavy door curtains, complete with pelmet above Neutral toned fabric draperies on French door & window treatments
  47. 47. High Victorian Style A highly cluttered corner Tiler’s art as seen in bathrooms Louis XIV chair, with tapestry upholstery and giltwood frame Louis V chair, with gold embroidered upholstery and gloss enamel paint Louis XVI chair, with silk upholstery in pastel print with giltwood frame, painted in gloss enamel finish.
  48. 48. <ul><li>T he A rts & C rafts M ovement </li></ul><ul><li>exposed metal fittings on furniture pieces as ornamentation </li></ul><ul><li>Wood finish on walls & furniture are in Oak or Maple, in high lacquer </li></ul>- Mahogany or Walnut wood Flooring in parquet or planks in hi-gloss finish, with hand crafted rugs as accents over it on some rooms. - accessories show high crafted talent and rooms become highly decorated with them,
  49. 49. The Arts & Crafts Movement Arts & Crafts furniture pieces blend with the same shade of floor and walls. Handcrafted lighting fixtures & rugs serve as floor accents. Mid 19 th century, continued to the mid 2oth. Strong colour on the walls provide as accents & compliment the sturdy wooden furniture pieces
  50. 50. The Arts & Crafts Movement Ceiling is highly decorated, painted in off-white, semi-gloss enamel. Medieval inspired stained glass window on mahogany or walnut wood frame Bench seats line the window alcove in light color fabric upholstery with light floral prints. Oriental style rugs on parquet floor which should match the prints of the upholstery Solid color draperies, toned down to compliment highly printed upholstery & rugs
  51. 51. <ul><li>T he A rt N ouveau S tyle </li></ul><ul><li>Floralism dominated this style </li></ul><ul><li>characterized by stress on verticals, a tendency accentuated </li></ul><ul><li>through the division of walls using pilasters, moulding or panels </li></ul><ul><li>of wallpaper </li></ul>- soberly decorated, ornamentation being generally flat & 2-dimensional except for women figures - motifs of branches, flowers, leaves and stems proliferated as did images of the female form.
  52. 52. The Art Nouveau Style <ul><li>Known for its undulating curves and tendrils and vegetal </li></ul><ul><li>and floriate shpaes. </li></ul>Late 19 th century, to the early 2oth, owed nothing to historical precedent. Colourful paint washes for the walls and ceiling in latex-matte finish. Plain blinds for the windows. Simple wooden plank floor in bleached or milk finished in hi-gloss lacquer. Carved and inlaid furniture pieces from oak or maple wood, in lacquer finish.
  53. 53. The Art Nouveau Style Marble stair steps provide accent to the dominant walnut varnished wall panels & handrail Exotic curves are emphasized by the stylized floral border prints <ul><li>Known for its undulating curves and tendrils and vegetal </li></ul><ul><li>and floriate shpaes. </li></ul>
  54. 54. <ul><li>T he A dvent of M odern M ovement </li></ul><ul><li>Brought about by advancement of machinery & industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>characterized by a generous use of glass, bricks, white-painted or </li></ul><ul><li>untreated walls, plate-glass on horizontal windows </li></ul>- has very little or no decorative detailing on walls or pieces of furniture. - Hard geometric style which concedes little to the comfort of the eyes. - deliberate heightening of the interior’s ceiling for natural lighting
  55. 55. The Modern Movement Began early 2oth century. White walls and plain blinds for the window. Predominantly pale materials create a cool, harmonious interior . Demonstrates practicality and elegance of line.
  56. 56. The Modern Movement Light painted walls and plain roman shades for the window. Predominantly light, earth tone materials create a cool, harmonious interior . Creating an environment which is both calm and luxurious through the contrast of light coloured walls with dark, leather upholstered furniture.
  57. 57. The Modern Movement White walls and plain blinds for the window. Sophisticated metropolitan look with an imaginative use of black and white, oneither bleached or oak stained wood planks in semi-gloss to hi-gloss urethane finish. Simple roman blinds, flanking a tall mirror, help create and overwhelming sense of airy grandeur.
  58. 58. <ul><li>T he A rt D eco S tyle </li></ul><ul><li>Shared the Geometric lines & shapes of modernism </li></ul><ul><li>characterized by the use of bright colours in comparison to </li></ul><ul><li>Modernism such as orange and red. </li></ul>- other than the continued use of glass & chrome, more exotic materials like ivory & snakeskin - “Art Moderne” – toned down version of Modernism . - pronounced use of vertical and other geometric lines, usually further enhanced by use of mirrors
  59. 59. The Art Deco & Art Moderne Hard, highly polished & lacquered wooden floors are contrasted with filmy silks, satin and real or fake leather & furs . Mirrors w/o frames cut in geometric shapes. Simple window treatments in plain fabrics. Solid, plain coloured walls, accentuated by colour coded dado and panelling below. Smooth lacquered floor laid in herringbone pattern in semi-gloss finish. Square, angular furniture upholstered in textured fabrics and leather
  60. 60. The Art Deco & Art Moderne A spacious effect is created by the addition of a mirrored wall accentuated by earth tone colours. Uplight draws attention to striking wall stencils Comfort with Art Deco elegance. Plain colored upholstery in textured fabric
  61. 61. The Art Deco & Art Moderne Art Deco Colour Palette Stucco wall finish in flat latex paint over oak or walnut wood panels, matching bleached large-cut wood parquet. Use of Marble in earth tones is dominant with matching leather as furniture upholstery. <ul><li>Paint or varnish are in strong, exotic colours on the lower portion, which are set off with black or gold. </li></ul><ul><li>Sophistication of these color would be a combination of grey, black and green. </li></ul>
  62. 62. <ul><li>C ontemporary A rchitecture & I nteriors </li></ul><ul><li>late 20 th century onwards, with varying trends per decade </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly influenced by the advancement of technology, both in </li></ul><ul><li>materials as well as in construction </li></ul>- towards the end of the century, glass and steel became a preferred material of construction and finishing. - Plastics and its components became common component in furnishings as well as in both exterior and interior finishing materials.
  63. 63. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . Temperature treated wicker & rattan materials are now used to form slender shapes that are strong enough to withstand outdoor weather changes. Bright colours are a most welcome accent in today’s avantgarde designs. Plastics & Fiberglass dominate modern-contemporary furniture for both indoors and outdoor pieces
  64. 64. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . Made of textured fabric upholstery on wheels, non-conformist shapes are also a welcome design in today’s interiors. Plastics have gone a long way in making interesting shapes and durable furniture pieces An eclectic design merging a chair and broom bristles as backrest. Made of fiber plastic with metal frame imbedded inside for structural bracing yet maintaining a comfortable, flexible effect.
  65. 65. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . In retro design, these mirror-topped side tables made of fiber-plastic serves as an attractive center or corner piece in any room. Organic patterns made modern and unique for accents, made of abaca weave in light varnish. Made of laminated woodchips and finely wooven fabric in earth tone colors This Balero Chair & Ottoman Combines native Filipino Materials w/ chic sensibilities that serve as accent in any living area or bedroom. The stool is made of rattan in metal frame, sprayed in walnut shade, hi-gloss varnish
  66. 66. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . Earth tones are very popular colour motifs which bares a soothing effect in 5-star hotel rooms. Synthetic stone & Marble works are prevalent in today’s designs, both in the exterior architecture as well as interiors. A deluxe room at the Manila Hotel
  67. 67. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . Earth tones are very popular colour motifs which bares a soothing effect especially in Spa treatment rooms Ceramic tile works are also acceptable on walls. Today’s ceramic tiles are of high grade quality and of numerous beautiful textures and design finish. A Spa Treatment Room at the Manila Hotel
  68. 68. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . Earth tones combined with floral accents on curtain fabrics and seat accessories continually create a harmonious effect in the Art-Moderne style today. Simple yet refined elegance, similar to the Scandanavian design in the Victorain style, can still be found in today’s homes.
  69. 69. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . A center or coffee table using 20mm thk frosted glass on a re-used Yakal frame, varnished in natural gloss finish. Used as a dining chair or accent chair at a corner, or matched with the living room sofa set. Made of Yakal wood, also salvaged from an old house ruin in Taguig, with back tapered for comfort, finished in deep, walnut, lacquer finish. Base is of Philippine wood: Molave and ipil bracing,using 20mm bluish tempered glass top.
  70. 70. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . Earth tones combined with bright colours compliment an airy ambiance for a bedroom. Bright colours on fabric upholstery creates strong accents on white painted semi-gloss walls, with light coloured fabric as window treatment.
  71. 71. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . Rattan & abacca, temperature treated for flexibility over metal frame, lacquer finish. Bamboo strips, pests treated and varnished in walnut shade, with metal framing for strength. Made of leather upholstery using temperature treated rattan backseat and molave frame in hi-gloss enamel finish.
  72. 72. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . Finishing materials on resort houses exposed to weather have to be treated with waterproofing chemicals for durability through the years. Flooring are usually hi-gloss, urethane finish for water sealing as well as anti-scratch coating. Natural Earth colours combined with light, airy tones of white & beige brings a soothing effect. Cement Fiber Boards (CFB) are highly recommended against weathering..
  73. 73. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . This U-shaped sofa is made of indigenous Filipino materials. Both furniture pieces carry a Filipino inspired indigenous material, made more durable with synthetic fibers and wood laminates, Made of Abacca, rattan, processed sea grass for the cushion upholstery, wood and steel for sturdier support and fiberglass table top on the side.
  74. 74. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . Pest treated and pressurized, solid wood planks are being used as flooring more and more on Philippine outdoors to achieve a cosier, more rustic effect, yet durable. Flooring indoors are of solid wood planks, finished in hi-gloss urethane finish for scratch protection and to keep the luster durable. Synthetic fiberplastic materials simulate wooven native weaving and pressurized wood laminates are used to create a resort-oriented ambiance.
  75. 75. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . A Gondola, double Chaise Lounge, made of polythylene fiber, wooven in aluminum powder coated frame with Genuine Leather upholstery to match . This sunbed with canopy seats two and can be converted into a sofa, with or w/o the canopy and two ottomans. Inspired by Native Filipino design, this synthetic ‘loom’ fibers are wooven over an aluminum frame on steel rockers, for an all-weather durable furniture piece.
  76. 76. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . Pressure treated & tempered 20mm fiberglass material is used w/ much ingenuity as foot bridge between rooms, creating a continuity of flow of the fish pond as well as the floor’s passage. False beams and columns are veneered with laminated wood, NarraPly, and varnished in a light tone of Mahogany in semi-gloss finish, to balance the cold effect of the marble flooring wall accents.
  77. 77. Contemporary Architecture & Interiors Advancement of technology introduced synthetic materials, laminated wood, accrylic Glass and Fiber plastics to material finishes as well as furniture pieces . Tempered fiber glass backing for flexible lumbar support and all adjustable, and flexible arm rest go for best ergonomic usage in today’s excessive computer reliance. Flexible plastics, fiberglass and powder coated aluminum poles highlight this state of the art workspace cubicle, with revolving and rolling screens as wall, for needed privacy Synthetic anti-static fibers woven into rubberized mat are used as flooring for offices Bright colours in enamel gloss finish is widely accepted in today’s office workspaces
  78. 78. The realization that the Earth is a non-renewable resource, Sustainable design & Green Architecture has now achieved wider awareness amongst concerned designers. Over-extended roof eaves with pebbles and stones, accentuated by live plants, considerably help to prevent heat from getting into the interior walls, thus less electricity for AirConditioning is needed. Cascading water acts as cooling curtains, further preventing the sun’s heat from entering the interior of the building. Powder coated & regular finished aluminum and foam blasted steel for trusses, contribute to dissipate the heat. Sustainable Designs & Green Architecture
  79. 79. The realization that the Earth is a non-renewable resource, Sustainable design & Green Architecture has now achieved wider awareness amongst concerned designers. More and more, designers are considering landscape architecture for both interiors as well as exteriors of buildings, to help regulate the continued heating of urban development. Roofing materials use fiberglass or fiberplastics instead of metal, to eliminate contracting and reflecting heat back to the atmosphere, which increases more heat in the surrounding. Sustainable Designs & Green Architecture
  80. 80. St . Scholastica’s College Interior Design Department Arch’t. Larry Angelo A. Carandang MSCM uap-piid A Lecture Series

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