What is Citizen science? Projects in which volunteers partner with scientists to answer real- world questions. (Citizen Science Central, Cornell Lab of Ornithology)
Factors affecting the growth ofCs Realization among professional scientists that citizens represent a free source of skills, & computational power. Existence of easily available technical tools (Internet and mobile devices).
Wikipedia as citizen scienceproject Wikipedia contains 27,000,000 articles written by volunteers in 283 languages.
Citizen science projects
EyeWire You can help make discoveries about the neural structure of the retina. All you have to do is play a relaxing and absorbing game of coloring brain images, online! Anyone can participate, you don’t need any specialized knowledge of neuroscience.
Great World Wide StarCount
What is The Great World Wide StarCount?•Windows to the Universe which is(National Earth Science TeachersAssociation) launched a newcitizen science project in October2007, The Great World Wide StarCount.• It is an international citizen-science event that encourageseveryone, to measure their locallight pollution and report theirobservations online.
How Does it Help Scientists?• It is a great example of "citizen science" thats helpingto raise dark-sky awareness in every corner of the globe.• Its goal is to raise the level of public knowledge aboutadverse impacts of excess artificial lighting on localenvironments and help more people appreciate theongoing loss of a dark night sky for much of the world’spopulation.• Investigate the economic and environmental impacts oflight on a local and global scale.
Using The Great World Wide StarCount.
Nest Watch: NestWatch is a nest-monitoring project used to monitor population trends, nesting phenology, and the behavior of birds across North America. NestWatch invite people of all ages. It engages them in collecting and submitting nest records to the project online database. All observations are compiled to better understand and manage the impacts of environmental change on bird populations. Its management chose citizen-science method for data collection. NestWatch data are publicly available online.
Citizen Science Benefits Helps scientists to collect data( reduce cost and time). Helps community members to learn more about their environment. Improves collaboration and exchange of information.
why Distributed Systems areimportant for Citizen scienceprojects? Distributed system Citizen Science distributesDistributes tasks between the scientists’ work to workers to be done in volunteers to be done in parallel parallel Distributed system Citizen Science involves collaboration involves collaboration In Distributed systems, data is In citizen science, data is gathered by large gathered by large number of number of workers volunteers online. (computers) So the concept of Distributed System is used by Citizen Science to collect, analyze and reach specific results
References  http://www.unisa.edu.au/barbarahardy/research/citizen- science.asp  Alycia W. DEVELOPING AND EVALUATING A NATIONAL CITIZEN SCIENCE PROGRAM FOR INVASIVE SPECIES,2010. University of Wisconsin-Madison.  Jonathan Silvertown, A new dawn for citizen science.  http://www.unisa.edu.au/barbarahardy/research/citizen- science.asp  http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Citizen_scientists.aspx  http://citizen-science.blogspot.com/2010/03/human-computing- distributed-thinking.html  http://www.openscientist.org/2011/09/finalizing-definition-of- citizen.html  http://www.wsg.washington.edu/citizenscience/index.html
What are you waiting for!Go and explore the WORLD Thank you!