Self Expression for IE


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H. What do you believe are the greatest challenges facing the sector or industry you would like to specialize in at IE? What role do you hope to be able to play in this sector or industry in the medium term?

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Self Expression for IE

  1. 1. H. The greatest challenges facing the sector that I would like to specialize in at IE and role that I hope to be able to play in this sector or industry Fostering Transfer Technology to Move Micro and Small Entreprise into Medium EntrepriseAbdul Luky Shofiul Azmi
  2. 2. SMEs Criteria Scale Criteria Indonesia World Bank Malaysia EU IDR < 50M max USD 100K Asset (USD 5.5K) (IDR 900M)Micro IDR < 300M max USD 100K MYR 250ribu Omzet (USD 33K) (IDR 900M) (<IDR 750 M) Employee <5 max 10 <5 0–9 IDR 50M - 500M max USD 3M Asset (USD 5.5K – 55K) (IDR 27B ) Small IDR 300M - 2.5B max USD 3M MYR 250K- 10M Omzet (USD 33K – 278K) (IDR 27B) (750M - <30B) Employee 5 - 19 max 30 5 - 50 10 – 99 IDR < 500M–10B max USD 15M Asset (55K-1M) (IDR 135B)Medium IDR 2.5B – 50B max USD 15M MYR 10M- 25M Omzet (USD 278K-5.5M) (IDR 135B) (IDR 30B – 75B) Employee 20 - 99 max 300 51 - 150 100 - 499
  3. 3. Missing Middle Phenomenon There is Missing Middle that has to be filledBig 4.950 (0.01%) Need to transformMedium 44.280 (0.08%) business orientation from Survival Motive intoSmall 602.190 (1.09%) Entrepreneurial MotiveMicro 54.550.000 (98.82%) Data source: Indonesian SMEs Ministry, 2011 Seeding Small and Medium Big 43.653 (0.21%) Entrepreneurship: Character + Capacity Medium 226.573 (1.09%) Building Small 1.357.533 (6.54%) Micro 19.143.521 (92.16%) Data source: Annual report on small and medium-sized enterprise in EU, 2011/12
  4. 4. Challenge Faced Challenge faced: -Accounting management -Product innovationBig 4.950 (0.01%) -Technology Application -Human resource -MarketingMedium 44.280 (0.08%)Small 602.190 (1.09%)Micro 54.550.000 (98.82%) Survival Paradigm Challenge faced: -Capacity of entrepreneurship -Funding access -Scarcity of mentoring -Mental attitude
  5. 5. Filling The Missing Middle SINERGY ABG to Move Micro Entreprise into Small Entreprise Principal ActionAcademics - Enhancing entrepreneurship capacity - Continue to encourage and develop the entrepreneurial spirit becoming entrepreneurs as a CHOICE - Mentoring through business incubation and laboratory credit - Research and advocacy for policy improvement - Implementation of community development activitiesBusiness - Corporate Social Responsibility - FundingGovernment - Development of a good business climate - Transperancy in terms of the fulfillment of the rights of public information  make information not only available, but also easily accessible by public
  6. 6. Technology Transfer DefinitionPC Magazine’s definition of Technology Transfer• Applying the results of research to a practical application.• Sharing technical information by means of education and training.• Using a technical concept or hardware or software product to solve a problem in an industry that is entirely different from the one the technology was developed for. International Network for SME’s: Technology Transfer – TT Reisman, 1989 Technology Transfer is the process of A process for conceiving and transferring scientific findings from implementing a new/novel application research laboratories to the commercial for an existing technology sector. AUTM’s definition of Technology Transfer: Survival Paradigm • Technology transfer is the process of transferring scientific findings from one organization to another for the purpose of further development and commercialization. The process typically includes: • Identifying new technologies • Protecting technologies through patents and copyrights • Forming development and commercialization strategies such as marketing and licensing to existing private sector companies or creating new start-up companies based on the technology
  7. 7. Technology Transfer ProcessDisclosure Commercialization Patenting Agreement Administration Licensing Products/Processes (Royalties)
  8. 8. Technology Transfer Models • Horizontal $$ Buyer $$ – Knowledge transfer – Longer complex process Technology Technology – Investment required on both sides Provider A Provider B – Loss of provider control Knowledge Skills Equipment – Partnership/JV based – Long term sustainability• Vertical – Transfer of equipment $$ – No risk to provider Equipment – Quick results – One-way – Dependency risk – Simple linear model
  9. 9. Technology Transfer Mechanism• Public-Private Partnerships – National technological research & incubation center for facilitating technology diffusion— evaluation and imitation of technology – Government co-financed developments• Private-Private Partnerships – Joint Ventures with business fit• University-Private Partnerships – Targeted R&D collaboration – Transplanting the deeply absorptive capacity—overseas education, training and homing returns• Technology Intermediaries – NGOs, Government – Science & technology park for fostering the industry cluster
  10. 10. Technology Transfer Stage More in Tax Federal State Startups Revenues Research Inventions New Products Economic Patents Support Disclosure Higher Standard of living GrowthCorporate Endowment Licenses New Jobs
  11. 11. Sinergize