Paine’s Common Sense• In January of 1776, Thomas Paine, published a 47-page pamphlet entitled Common Sense. – Common Sense inspired American colonists to challenge British authority. duh
Paine’s Common Sense• Common Sense: – Urged separation from Great Britain – Argued that citizens, not monarchs, should make laws – Argued for economic freedom and the right to military self-defense – Cried out against tyranny, the abuse of government power – Reached a wide audience, selling some 500,000 copies
Paine’s Common Sense• Main Idea 1: – Thomas Paine’s Common Sense led many colonists to support independence. duh
Independence for Colonies • Many colonial leaders Brilliant! agreed with Thomas Paine’s ideas in Common Sense. • The Second Continental Congress created a committee in June 1776 to write a document declaring independence
Independence for Colonies • The Declaration of Independence formally announced the break with Great Britain – Tomas Jefferson was the main author – It was officially approved on July 4, 1776
"Yes, we must, indeed, all hang together, or mostassuredly we shall all hang separately.“ – Ben Franklin
Independence for Colonies• The Declaration ignored many colonists – Did not address the rights of women – Did not recognize the rights of enslaved African Americans
Independence for Colonies• Patriots were colonials who chose to fight for independence. – About 40 to 45 percent of Americans were Patriots
Independence for Colonies• Loyalists, sometimes called Tories, were colonials who remained loyal to Britain. – About 20 to 30 percent of Americans were Loyalists.• About 20-25 percent of colonials remained neutral.
Independence for Colonies• Main Idea 2: Colonists had differing reactions to the Declaration of Independence.