Dominique Ritze - University of Mannheim
Lukas Koster - University of Amsterdam
The drawbridge to
knowledge
IGeLU 2013
Ber...
Access to scholarly research can be magnificent
http://www.flickr.com/photos/ericarnau/6248082438
Now and then you have to wait a bit for access
http://www.flickr.com/photos/22912005@N06/5042782586
Sometimes there is just no way to get there
http://www.flickr.com/photos/moosterbroek/6111989517
Importance of connecting scholarly
publications, research information and data
http://www.flickr.com/photos/johanwieland/4...
Traceability
Traceability
Reproducibility
Comparability
Historical background
Academic libraries support teaching and research
by providing access to 'scholarly information'
http...
Digital era
1 - Back end/administrative
ILS
Acquisitions
Cataloguing
Circulation
CRIS
Projects
Funding
2 - Front end/end u...
Current research information situation
Isolated silos
ILS Discovery CRIS RDM VRE
books
journals
books
articles
books
artic...
Solutions
Integrated back office data and services infrastructure
Long term?
?
books
articles
project
funding
data
people
...
Solutions
Front end services
Short term
ILS Discovery CRIS RDM VRE
books
journals
books
articles
books
articles
project
fu...
Primo: discovery of ‘all’ ? scholarly information
Primo: discovery of ‘all’ ! scholarly information
http://www.researchobject.org
Primo: current situation
Bibliographic metadata formats usually don’t have fields
for research information
In Primo:
Add-o...
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
Primo
Central
Primo Local
eJournal
NARCIS
CRISRepositoryALEPH
Background - met...
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
Primo Local
NARCIS
CRISRepository
Background - metadata infrastructure
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
Primo Local
NARCIS
Repository
Background - metadata infrastructure
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
http://dare.uva.nl
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
Dublin Core
Record URL
PDF URL
Author names
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
Publication ID
Internal Author ID
DAI Author ID
MODS/DIDL
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
PNX
NARCIS_link : http://www.narcis.nl/publication/RecordID/{{addata/lad02}}
h...
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
http://www.narcis.nl/publication/RecordID/oai:uva.nl:555
Publication:
Plain
bi...
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
http://www.narcis.nl/person/info:eu-repo/dai/nl/070563543
Author:
Lots of extr...
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
http://narcis.nl
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
Link to Enhanced Publication
RDF
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
http://www.narcis.nl/vpub/RecordID/ReM:oai:uva.nl:314296
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
<escape-agents:AcademicStaff rdf:about="http://www.narcis.nl/person/info:eu-re...
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
Extra Tab
Resolved RDF
Research information
University of Amsterdam: Vivo Pilot http://vivoweb.org/
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
Primo
Local
da|ra
linked
integrated
Goal
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
As shown in the Eurobarometer1
1 And additional sources or the and
Table 1: population forecast for Germany
(database: ver...
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
Extraction algorithm
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
primo enrichments
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
Link File
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
Publication ID
link to research data
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
linked research data
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
standardized interface,
e.g. OAI-PMH
convert data from
database dump
Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
Experiences Mannheim
● Metadata of research data and publications rarely
contain links
● Many different reference styles
●...
Experiences Amsterdam
● Local Amsterdam repository and CRIS not optimal
for reuse and linking (yet)
● No references to res...
Pros and Cons (Mannheim)
Pro
● Links can be easily
integrated, e.g. by
using Enrichments
● Integration of
research data to...
Pros and Cons (Amsterdam)
Pro
● Identifiers are ready to
use
● Links can be easily
integrated
● Extra information can be
e...
Recommendations Ex Libris
Primo
• Include non-bibliographic metadata in PNX
o (links section, additional data section, new...
Recommendations Publishers, Aggregators
• Add additional references
• Add additional metadata
o Publication ID
o Author ID...
Recommendations Researchers, Authors
• Proper citation of research data, e.g. by using
unique identifiers like DOIs
• Publ...
Like a bridge over troubled water
When times get rough
When you’re down and out
I will ease your mind
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The drawbridge to knowledge - Linking scholarly publications and research information in Primo

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Presentation at IGeLU 2013 together with Dominique Ritze, Mannheim University.

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The drawbridge to knowledge - Linking scholarly publications and research information in Primo

  1. 1. Dominique Ritze - University of Mannheim Lukas Koster - University of Amsterdam The drawbridge to knowledge IGeLU 2013 Berlin Linking scholarly publications and research information in Primo
  2. 2. Access to scholarly research can be magnificent http://www.flickr.com/photos/ericarnau/6248082438
  3. 3. Now and then you have to wait a bit for access http://www.flickr.com/photos/22912005@N06/5042782586
  4. 4. Sometimes there is just no way to get there http://www.flickr.com/photos/moosterbroek/6111989517
  5. 5. Importance of connecting scholarly publications, research information and data http://www.flickr.com/photos/johanwieland/4142657901
  6. 6. Traceability
  7. 7. Traceability
  8. 8. Reproducibility
  9. 9. Comparability
  10. 10. Historical background Academic libraries support teaching and research by providing access to 'scholarly information' http://www.flickr.com/photos/uon/4667927963 http://www.flickr.com/photos/marsdd/2986989396/
  11. 11. Digital era 1 - Back end/administrative ILS Acquisitions Cataloguing Circulation CRIS Projects Funding 2 - Front end/end user 3 - Research process OPAC Discovery Experiments Collaboration Writing Data
  12. 12. Current research information situation Isolated silos ILS Discovery CRIS RDM VRE books journals books articles books articles project funding people organisations data books articles project data people Library systems focus Research information focusLibrary +
  13. 13. Solutions Integrated back office data and services infrastructure Long term? ? books articles project funding data people organisations
  14. 14. Solutions Front end services Short term ILS Discovery CRIS RDM VRE books journals books articles books articles project funding people organisations data books articles project data people
  15. 15. Primo: discovery of ‘all’ ? scholarly information
  16. 16. Primo: discovery of ‘all’ ! scholarly information http://www.researchobject.org
  17. 17. Primo: current situation Bibliographic metadata formats usually don’t have fields for research information In Primo: Add-ons needed, two approaches: • Harvesting extra author and publication identifiers • Text mining + semantic analysis http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-17031- 0004,_Bergarbeiter_bohrend.jpg http://www.flickr.com/photos/20960256@N04/47756877 76
  18. 18. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks Primo Central Primo Local eJournal NARCIS CRISRepositoryALEPH Background - metadata infrastructure Website Personal pages
  19. 19. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks Primo Local NARCIS CRISRepository Background - metadata infrastructure
  20. 20. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks Primo Local NARCIS Repository Background - metadata infrastructure
  21. 21. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks http://dare.uva.nl
  22. 22. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks Dublin Core Record URL PDF URL Author names
  23. 23. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks Publication ID Internal Author ID DAI Author ID MODS/DIDL
  24. 24. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks PNX NARCIS_link : http://www.narcis.nl/publication/RecordID/{{addata/lad02}} http://www.narcis.nl/publication/RecordID/oai:uva.nl:555 NARCIS_author : http://www.narcis.nl/person/info:eu-repo/dai/nl/{{addata/lad04}} http://www.narcis.nl/person/info:eu-repo/dai/nl/070563543 Mapping Table Delivery/Templates
  25. 25. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
  26. 26. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks http://www.narcis.nl/publication/RecordID/oai:uva.nl:555 Publication: Plain bibliographic information Identical to original repository Identical to Primo
  27. 27. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks http://www.narcis.nl/person/info:eu-repo/dai/nl/070563543 Author: Lots of extra information Expertise Connections Projects Publications
  28. 28. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks http://narcis.nl
  29. 29. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks Link to Enhanced Publication RDF
  30. 30. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks http://www.narcis.nl/vpub/RecordID/ReM:oai:uva.nl:314296
  31. 31. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks <escape-agents:AcademicStaff rdf:about="http://www.narcis.nl/person/info:eu-repo/dai/nl/074673742"> <foaf:familyName>Stokhof</foaf:familyName> <escape-project:worksOn rdf:resource="http://www.narcis.nl/search/coll/person/dd_cat/D36000"/> <escape-project:worksOn rdf:resource="http://www.narcis.nl/search/coll/person/dd_cat/D32000"/> <foaf:img>http://www.narcis.nl/res/images/foto/PRS1237803.jpg</foaf:img> <dcterms:title>M.J.B. Stokhof</dcterms:title> <foaf:pastProject rdf:resource="http://www.narcis.nl/research/RecordID/OND1332663"/> <foaf:name>M.J.B.</foaf:name> <dai:daiId>info:eu-repo/dai/nl/074673742</dai:daiId> </escape-agents:AcademicStaff> <escape-project:Topic rdf:about="http://www.narcis.nl/search/coll/person/dd_cat/D36000"> <escape-project:isWorkedOnBy rdf:resource="http://www.narcis.nl/person/info:eu-repo/dai/nl/074673742"/> <dcterms:title>Language and literature studies</dcterms:title> </escape-project:Topic> <escape-project:Topic rdf:about="http://www.narcis.nl/search/coll/person/dd_cat/D32000"> <escape-project:isWorkedOnBy rdf:resource="http://www.narcis.nl/person/info:eu-repo/dai/nl/074673742"/> <dcterms:title>Philosophy</dcterms:title> </escape-project:Topic> <escape-agents:PhDCandidate rdf:about="http://www.narcis.nl/person/info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304351571"> <foaf:familyName>Bax</foaf:familyName> <foaf:img>http://www.narcis.nl/res/images/foto/PRS1317037.jpg</foaf:img> <dcterms:title>C. Bax</dcterms:title> <foaf:pastProject rdf:resource="http://www.narcis.nl/research/RecordID/OND1332663"/> <foaf:name>C.</foaf:name> <dai:daiId>info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304351571</dai:daiId> </escape-agents:PhDCandidate> <foaf:Project rdf:about="http://www.narcis.nl/research/RecordID/OND1332663"> <escape-project:endDate>09 / 2009</escape-project:endDate> <dcterms:title>Subjectivity after Wittgenstein. WittgensteinÂ’s embodied and embedded subject and the debate about the death of man</dcterms:title> <escape-project:startDate>01 / 2008</escape-project:startDate> RDF http://www.narcis.nl/unapi?id=ReM:oai:uva.nl:314296&format=rdf
  32. 32. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks
  33. 33. University of Amsterdam: PrimoResearchLinks Extra Tab Resolved RDF Research information
  34. 34. University of Amsterdam: Vivo Pilot http://vivoweb.org/
  35. 35. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS Primo Local da|ra linked integrated Goal
  36. 36. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
  37. 37. As shown in the Eurobarometer1 1 And additional sources or the and Table 1: population forecast for Germany (database: version 5) Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS Therefore, the data of from 1990 to 2003 are considered. Figure 1: Random sample from 2004 to 2010 (source: 2005a) References to research data
  38. 38. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS Extraction algorithm
  39. 39. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS primo enrichments
  40. 40. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
  41. 41. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS Link File
  42. 42. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS Publication ID link to research data
  43. 43. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS linked research data
  44. 44. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
  45. 45. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
  46. 46. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS standardized interface, e.g. OAI-PMH convert data from database dump
  47. 47. Mannheim University Library: InFoLiS
  48. 48. Experiences Mannheim ● Metadata of research data and publications rarely contain links ● Many different reference styles ● References to research data mostly incomplete ● Integration can be very hard, e.g. adapting the metadata format and performing transformations ● First evaluation result?
  49. 49. Experiences Amsterdam ● Local Amsterdam repository and CRIS not optimal for reuse and linking (yet) ● No references to research datasets, projects in local, national and global systems (yet) ● Research project information not available ● Library systems in general not equipped for ○ non-bibliographic information ○ processing linked data, RDF ● Primo CAN be used for this, with lots of extra work
  50. 50. Pros and Cons (Mannheim) Pro ● Links can be easily integrated, e.g. by using Enrichments ● Integration of research data to have only one system Con ● Fulltexts are needed to identify references ● Integration very costly without standardized interface
  51. 51. Pros and Cons (Amsterdam) Pro ● Identifiers are ready to use ● Links can be easily integrated ● Extra information can be embedded in extra tab in UI, but with workarounds Con ● Identifiers, RDF not always available in data sources ● PNX format not suited for research information ● Integration very costly without standardized interface
  52. 52. Recommendations Ex Libris Primo • Include non-bibliographic metadata in PNX o (links section, additional data section, new research section?) • Harvest RDF • Resolve RDF/URIs o During normalisation (in PNX) o On the fly (in search result) • Easily create extra tab with PNX data • Publish Primo Central index as linked open data • Primo Central: harvest research information
  53. 53. Recommendations Publishers, Aggregators • Add additional references • Add additional metadata o Publication ID o Author ID o Research project ID o Dataset ID • Publish as Linked Open Data
  54. 54. Recommendations Researchers, Authors • Proper citation of research data, e.g. by using unique identifiers like DOIs • Publish and register research data as open as possible ● Many interesting ideas/projects: ○ OpenScience ○ DataCite ○ OpenAIRE ○ DCC ○ RD-A ○ W3C-ROSC
  55. 55. Like a bridge over troubled water When times get rough When you’re down and out I will ease your mind
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