FRBR outside the box

3,818 views
3,571 views

Published on

FRBR as a datamodel for bibliographic metadata focuses too much on traditional library content/publications. The model can be improved for linked data environments by making it a flexible networked model

FRBR outside the box

  1. 1. FRBR outside the box Lukas Koster @lukask Library Systems Coordinator Library of the University of Amsterdam Datasalon 6, Brussels, January 21, 2011 http://www.flickr.com/photos/theartguy/41109526
  2. 2. Traditional library catalogue metadata Books Journals Editions Copies Titles Issues Physical objects Store, locate, transport NOT about content! No relations between editions
  3. 3. FRBR, FRAD, FRSAD <ul><li>F unctional R equirements for B ibliographic R ecords (‘publications’) ( IFLA, 1998 ) </li></ul><ul><li>F unctional R equirements for A uthority D ata (‘authors’) </li></ul><ul><li>F unctional R equirements for S ubject A uthority D ata (‘subjects’) </li></ul>
  4. 4. FRBR-ised metadata Books Journals Editions Copies Titles Issues Original Adaptation Translation Articles
  5. 5. http://www.loc.gov/cds/downloads/FRBR.PDF
  6. 6. FRBR-ised metadata Books Journals Editions Copies Issues Original Adaptation Translation Articles
  7. 7. FRBR Group 1 Entities - WEMI Books Manifestation Item Work Expression
  8. 8. FRBR – so far so good? <ul><li>Improvement: yes: relations between editions. </li></ul><ul><li>But: still focused on traditional library material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>F unctional R equirements for B ibliographic R ecords! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library holdings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregation (“Work”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly text </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. FRBR – so far so good? <ul><li>Other types? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music: LP’s, tapes, CD’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movies: tapes, DVD’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Even more physical objects… </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/opethpainter/3452027651
  10. 10. FRBR in Linked Data? In a digital online linked data environment FRBR is simply not good enough (Not even with ebooks) <ul><li>Is an ebook a Manifestation? </li></ul><ul><li>PDF, EPUB, MOBI,…. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Items? </li></ul>Libraries should focus more on being a gateway to information instead of information carriers http://www.flickr.com/photos/kayveeinc/5228731704
  11. 11. People want information, not books <ul><li>Don’t focus on information aggregates’ metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on content! </li></ul><ul><li>Start with smallest possible unit of information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Networked, linked data model </li></ul><ul><li>FRBR can be one of the models </li></ul>Unit of information Unit of information Unit of information Unit of information Unit of information Unit of information Unit of information created by based on translation of aggregated in performed by subject of
  12. 12. Units of information/aggregations <ul><li>Text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paragraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Theater, movies, tv </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Track </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Song </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Novel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Textbook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compilation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Theater, movies, tv </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Show </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TV series </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Album </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Musical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Linked data model of units of information - benefits <ul><li>Cataloguing/description/metadata: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More detailed descriptions of traditional material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Books: chapters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Articles: quotes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Description of relations with other information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Movies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/nicco/4988566980
  14. 14. Linked data model of units of information - benefits <ul><li>Creation of information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New aggregations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mixed: text+movie+audio+image+? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New relations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Views on specific subject areas </li></ul></ul></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/badwsky/3844415344/
  15. 15. Example non fiction written by written by written by author of published in published in published in published in published in published in compiled by chapter in available as written by chapter in FRBR Library catalogue FRBR? FRBR? FRBR? FRBR? FRBR? review of quote from published in Journal 2 Issue 1 Story A1 Story B Book Story C John Smith Peter Jones Mary King Ann Johnson Website Journal 1 Issue 1 Textbook Story A2 Story A3 Journal 2 Journal 1 Story D
  16. 16. http://www.loc.gov/cds/downloads/FRBR.PDF “ A work of works” “ A manifestation embodying multiple expressions” “ An expression embodied in multiple manifestations”
  17. 17. FRBR view Work: story Work: book Expression: book Manifestation: book Expression: story Manifestation: textbook Manifestation: journal issue FRBR: Work?/Expression?: No! No content as such Manifestation? No! Not physical chapter FRBR?? essay article FRBR?? Journal See http://www.ifla.org/en/events/frbr-working-group-on-aggregates FRBR??
  18. 18. Example fiction: Millennium Trilogy part of part of part of based on based on based on Library catalogue FRBR Story 0: Lisbeth Salander’s life Story 1: Harriet Vanger mystery Story 2: Sex trafficking Story 3: Illegal secret service unit
  19. 19. Example: theater plays Waiting for Godot Wachten op Godot (NL) En attendant Godot (FR) Production 2009 Production 2010 Performance 1 Performance 2 Performance 3 Manifestation Item Work Expression 1st Edition 2007 2nd Edition 2010 Copy 1 Copy 2 Copy 3 Theater Text/Publisher/Library FRBR Video registration ? Article Scene 1 Scene 2 Scene 3 Photo Library Catalogue
  20. 20. Example relations: Anne Frank The girl The war The house The diary The book The movie The play About Library catalogue FRBR
  21. 21. Example Relations Pieter Breughel ‘ Christ carrying the cross’ painting ‘ The mill and the cross’ movie Lech Majewski (director) based on book about Michael Francis Gibson writer Library catalogue FRBR FRBR???
  22. 22. New aggregations http://flashmedia.uva.nl/avc/ic/uvalink/3/
  23. 23. New aggregations http://www.annefrank.org/en/Subsites/Timeline/#
  24. 24. New aggregations http://www.qwiki.com/q/#Hieronymus_Bosch

×