CRANES WITH SAFETY...
...MORE THAN A NECESSITY...
... A PRIORITY!!!
Maintenance, Inspection, Operation and Safety with Cra...
ÍNDICE


SAFETY WITH CRANE;



OBJECTIVES:





CONCEPT;



SAFETY




OPERATION;



ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL EQ...
ÍNDICE


GENERAL SAFETY:



















PPE (Personal Protective Equipment);
SAFETY DEVICES;
AVOIDAN...
SAFETY
WITH
CRANE
Objectives
• Sensitize crane operators as the need to
neutralize the maximum possibility of causing
accidents.
• Adoption ...
CRANE- Concept
• Aerial equipment on rails, used in the transport
and handling of cargo and materials.
HOIST OR LIFTING
ME...
CRANE- Concept
The cranes represent the most important links in the network of production and are
essential for the transp...
Crane - Activities
• Displacement of loads and materials, vertically,
horizontally and longitudinally.
TO THE
RIGHT

TO TH...
TRANSLATION OF CRANE
• CRANE MOVES FREELY AS THE TROLLEY AND, IN THE SAME WAY THAT THIS HAS NO
LIMIT KEY ENDS IN THE STRUC...
CRANE- parts


WHEELS
BEAMS.



SHAFT



COUPLING
COMPONENT IS MAKING A CONNECTION OTHER COMPONENTS AS: WHEELS,
SHAFTS,...
CRANE- parts
HOIST OR LIFTING MECHANISM CONSISTS OF:
 MOTOR, BRAKE, COUPLING, GEAR, DRUM, BEARING, MAGNETORQUE,
WARE ROPE...
CRANE- parts
HOIST:
HOOK THE CRANE IS RAISED AND LOWERED THROUGH AN ELECTRIC HOIST IN
WHICH
THE
DRUM
ROPE
WARE
IS
WRAPPED
...
CRANE- parts
PULLEYS
COMPONENT THAT GUIDE THE PASSAGE OF WIRE ROPE, FOLLOWING A
HIGH LOAD UNTIL THE WIRE ROPE ARE TANGLED ...
CRANE- parts
WIRE ROPE
IS A COMPONENT OF VITAL IMPORTANCE TO THE OPERATION
AND SAFETY OPERATIONS OF A CRANE.
FUNCTION OF W...
CRANE- parts
 SPECIFICATION OF A WIRE ROPE:
1) DIAMETER;
2) CONSTRUCTION (NUMBER OF STRANDS, WIRES AND COMPOSITION);
3) T...
CRANE- parts
 MANUFACTURE OF STEEL CABLE :

WIRE

STRAND
CENTRAL WIRE

STRAND

SOUL
OR
CORE

STEEL
CABLE

FORMATION OF TH...
CRANE- parts
Technical Information
SOUL OR CORE
WIRE
CENTRAL WIRE
STRAND

WIRE ROPE
CRANE- parts
 BROKEN WIRES IN FATIGUE
AND ABRASION:
 DEFORMATION OF WIRE ROPE

 WEAR FOR ABRASION:
BIRD CAGE

SOUL OR C...
CRANE- parts
 TOPS MADE WITH CLIPS

WRONG

WRONG

CORRECT
CRANE- parts
 HOOK
IT IS A BOX PULLEY ON A SHAFT IN WHERE THE HOOK IS
SECURED WITH POSSIBILITY OF TURNING 360 OR BE SET A...
CRANE- parts
 HOOK:

TRIPLE

QUADRUPLE
CRANE- parts
 HOOK
SAFETY
STANDARDS
SAFETY
STANDARDS
OPERATION
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
The rules contained in this manual have been prepared to guide
operators Cranes, establishing p...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
Operator
• Person qualified and trained personnel with
technical and functional knowledge of th...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
Qualification and training
 Only persons qualified, trained and approved specific tests
may be...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
Identification Operator
 All operators of mobile transportation equipment (winches,
forklifts,...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
GENERAL RULES
 Before the start of the workday, the operator must perform
an Overhead Crane vi...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
Daily inspections
 Visual: Performed before connecting the equipment (cables,
hooks, auxiliary...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
Daily inspections
Technical Information
 The operator must in all early workday perform a visu...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
General Rules- Check List
 Cables and Chains:
Signs of corrosion;
Wires or broken links, broke...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
General Rules - Check List

 Pulleys:
Channels worn and / or worn unevenly.
 Brakes:
Acting f...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
FLOW REPORT OF INSPECTION OF CRANE
OPERATOR AND INSPECT
COMPLETING THE REPORT
TECHNICIAN MAINTE...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
General Rules- Operation
Do not place your hands / feet under the load;
Never lift or lower the...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
General Rules - Operation
 You may not amend or extend current, using screws or other
rudiment...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
General Rules - Operation
 Use protectors for the ware ropes when they lean on corners of
the ...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
1- Attend daily meeting security;
2- Shift change, report irregularities existing in the crane ...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
11- Daily meetings of security pass to the inspector the deficiency;
12- Use personal protectiv...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
20- Observe the condition of the slings and comply with safety rules;
21- Do not go with the su...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE
SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE
01. A CRANE MUST ONLY BE OPER...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE
SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE
08. DO NOT ARGUE WITH MEN'S F...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE
SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE
16. DO NOT OPERATE THE CRANE ...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE
SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE
24. IN CASE OF MISSING POWER,...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE
SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE
32. TESTING THE BRAKE WITH LI...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
Cargo Handling











Approach the load;
Assess weight and other conditions of th...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
Lift Cargo
 Make sure that there is enough space to lift the load;
 Take special care with ae...
SAFETY STANDARDS
OPERATION
Emergency / Fire
 Learn how to act in cases of emergency;
 Upon hearing the fire alarm, turn ...
SAFETY
SANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
 The maintenance of cranes must be performed by specialized
professionals, and before any su...
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
TECHNICAL INFORMATION
•

Inspection should be made in
the nuts and screws of ware
rope in Dru...
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
LUBRIFICATION
PROPER LUBRICATION IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PARTS OF
MAINTENANCE OF CRANES ...
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
LUBRIFICATION
ENGINES AND REDUCING THE BOXES ARE COMPLEX AND NEED VARIETY OF SPECIAL
LUBRICAN...
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
LUBRIFICATION
THE MOST IMPORTANT NOTES LUBRICATION TO BE MADE BY OPERATORS
OF CRANES ARE DAIL...
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
CRANE SERVICES
CRANE SERVICES
SAFETY RULES
FOR MAINTENANCE AND CRANES IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION...
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
CRANE SERVICES
CRANE SERVICES
SAFETY RULES
FOR MAINTENANCE AND CRANES IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION...
NORMAS DE SEGURANÇA
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
MANUTENÇÃO
CRANE SERVICES
CRANE SERVICES
SAFETY RULES
FOR MAINTENANCE AND...
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
CRANE SERVICES
CRANE SERVICES
SAFETY RULES
FOR MAINTENANCE AND CRANES IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION...
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
CRANE SERVICES
CRANE
SAFETY RULES
FOR MAINTENANCE AND CRANES IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION.
-START:...
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
CRANE SERVICES
CRANE SERVICES
SAFETY RULES
FOR MAINTENANCE AND CRANES IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION...
SAFETY STANDARDS
MAINTENANCE
CRANE SERVICES
CRANE SERVICES

Emergency / Fire
 Learn how to act in cases of emergency;
 U...
EQUIPMENTS:
ELECTRICAL
AND
MECHANICAL
 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT:
THE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OF CRANE CONSIST MAINLY, MOTORS,
CONTROLLERS, BRAKES AND LIMIT SWITCHES, ...
IMPELLER
CONSISTS IN A SHAFT IN. WHAT ARE FIXED THE COLLECTOR (TREAT WHEN MACHINE IS
CURRENT) AND AN IRON CORE LAMINATED W...
PANEL DRIVE NORMALLY USED IN SMALL CRANE OF 5 TO 10 T.

COMPONENTS
1 - COPS;
2 - CONTACTORS;
3 - TIMERS;
4 - BLOCK TERMINA...
COMMAND OR KEY LEVER
TO REALIZE THAT MECHANICAL OPERATIONS, SUCH AS START, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION,
STOP AND REVERSE IN...
MOVE KEY CONTROL (LEVER) ENTAILS OPERATION ELECTRO DEVICES (RELAYS AND
CONTACTORS) CONTROL PANEL .. THESE DEVICES INTERRUP...
ANOTHER HIGH CURRENT SITUATION THAT ENTAILS THE ENGINE IS THE REVERSAL OF
QUICK APPLY, BECAUSE HOW CAN CONCLUDE: IF REQUES...
LEVERS
IF A CRANE IS EQUIPPED WITH MANUAL CONTROLS, ACCELERATE TO LEVER MOVING
TOWARD THE SAME DESIRED GRADUALLY. ACCELERA...
OPERATOR EXPERIENCED ADVANCED STRIP ADVANTAGE OF BALANCE, AVOID
EXCESS OF RINGS IN THE TROLLEY AND PULL LEVER FOR THE LOAD...
WHEN THE PASSING OF A CRANE OPERATOR EQUIPPED WITH MANUAL CONTROL TO
ANOTHER CRANE CONTROL MAGNETIC, SHOULD NOTE THAT THIS...
REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM
DO NOT USE THIS COMPONENT CONNECTIONS FOR WIRES TO PANELS, RUNNING
WITH ENERGY BATTERY, RADIO FREQUE...
 CHAVE LIMITE
LIMIT THE KEYS ARE ELECTRICALLY CONTROL DEVICES OR LIMIT THE
MOVEMENT OF MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT. THEY MAY BE ...
ONE OF THE MOST COMMON TYPES IS THAT WHICH IS OPERATED BY OWN
HOOK. OTHERWISE, IS WHAT IS ON THE DRUM AND READY TO OPERATE...
 ELECTROMAGNETIC BRAKE
ALL ELECTRIC BRAKES ARE DESIGNED IN ORDER TO BE RELEASED WHEN
CIRCULAR ELECTRIC CURRENT ON HIS WIN...
CRANE AND TROLLEY

INTRODUCTION

CONTROL DESIGNED FOR CONTROLLING THE MOVEMENTS OF CRANE TROLLEY OR, IS THE REVERSE
TYPE W...
TROLLEY

Pulling the trolley
to move into

Push to move
the trolley out

TO STOP A TROLLEY THAT IS NOT EQUIPPED WITH BRAKE...
TROLLEY
MUST NOT MOVE THE TROLLEY TO LONG DISTANCE WITH INTERMEDIATE LEVER
POSITION IN POINTS, TROLLEYS RUN SOME VERY EASY...
BRAKING IN REVERSE
TO STOP A TROLLEY THAT IS NOT EQUIPPED WITH ELECTRIC BRAKE, APPLIES TO REVERSE
THE STARTER MOTOR SAME. ...
MECHANICAL LOAD BRAKE
BRAKE IS A LOCK THAT ONLY WORKS ON DESCENT OF CHARGE. WHEN THIS UP,
BRAKE IS LOOSE SO THERE'S NO "en...
STOPS
MOST OF CRANES IS NOT PROVIDED FOR LIMIT SWITCH IN THE END, TO TURN OFF
THE POWER TO STOP THE ENGINE AND THE TROLLEY...
LEVERS
INTRODUCTION
 MOVES ARE COMMANDED BY THE TOW COMMAND KEY (LEVER) CORRESPONDENT AND
CONTROLLED ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS ...
DEFINITIONS
WHEN READY TO LIFT A LOAD, USA UP THE FIRST POINT OF CONTROL TO TAKE THE
CLEARANCE OF WARE ROPE. THIS PREVENTS...
DEFINITIONS

IN SUCH CASES, THE BRAKES WORK, AND AUTOMATICALLY WITH
SIMULTANEOUS MOTOR CURRENT. CONTROLS ARE GENERALLY, EQ...
LIFTING
THE SECOND POINT AN INCREASE SPEED WITH WHICH THE HOOK IS EMPTY RAISED MORE
TORQUE FOR LIFTING A LOAD OF AVERAGE W...
LIMIT SWITCH
OPERATION
AVOID USING THE KEY LIMIT AS A MEANS OF STOPPING THE CRANE HOOK WHEN SHE RISES.
THIS IS A DEVICE FO...
LIMIT SWITCH
TESTING AND OPERATION OF LIMIT SWITCHES
RULES TO FOLLOW, FOR THE TEST LIMIT SWITCHES ARE EFFECTIVE IN MOST
PL...
LIMIT SWITCH
TESTING THE KEY TO LIMIT THE START OF EACH ROUND, COMES UP AS
FOLLOWS:
1. TAKE UP A CRANE FOR A SPACIOUS PLAC...
PANTOGRAPH
IS A PIECE OF WOOD OR STEEL WITH INSULATION, FIXED IN STRUCTURE ON THE FRONT
OF THE CABIN BUS. CONSISTS OF PIN...
BOX DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICAL CABLES
 ENERGY DISTRIBUTION TO FEED THE KEY GENERAL BOOTH, PANEL LIGHTS, TRACTION
BRAKE PA...
COMMAND KEYS (LEVER)
 IS THE MECHANISM DRIVE DRIFT, AND TROLLEY WINCH. IS USED IN CRANES
WITH CABIN.

7

5

COMPONENTS
1 ...
TOW
LOWERING THE LOAD
TRIGGERING THE KEY CONTROL (LEVER) NO SENSE "DOWN", BRAKE IS

RELEASED AND MOTOR PROVIDES FOR TORQUE...
LOWER
THE FIRST POINT
LOWER FOR ALL CHARGES AND DOWN
SLOWLY.
THIS ITEM IS USED FOR A LOAD DOWN
SLOWLY. IF THE CONTROL WAS ...
LOWER
LOWERING THE LOAD


WHEN A LOAD DOWN, TO APPROACH THE SAME FLOOR, REDUCE SPEED BACK TO
THE CONTROL LEVER FOR POSITI...
CHECK THE BREAK OF THE TOW
1 - AFTER WARE ALIGN THE ROPE, TO RUN THE TOW UP TO A + OR - 20CM POINT SUPPORT.
LOOK IF THE CH...
ACCESSORIES
ACCESSORIES
 Tongs mechanical automatic reels.
 Tools designed to enable handling and transport of coils with axis
verti...
Mechanical Tongs for Cops
Electromechanical Tongs With No
Giro for Coils
Electromechanical Tongs with
Rotation
Electromechanical Tongs without
Rotation
Electromagnetic lifting device
REPORTS
REPORTS
1 - DIARY - USED IN AREAS OF PRODUCTION LINES WITH USE OF CRANE, 00:00
HOURS DURING THE DAY.
OPERATOR'S REPORT (TH...
SAFETY

GENERAL
GENERAL SAFETY
Personal Protective Equipment  The company provides, directs, trains and requires the use of all personal
...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes









Collision Avoidance sensor;
Reducing speed limits;
End limits of mov...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
Collision Avoidance sensor
•

•

Devices, for the most part optical transmission, whi...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
Reducing speed limits
•

•
•

•

Devices which is aimed when fired in slow a movement...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
End limits of movement
•
•
•

Devices that when fired is aimed at stopping the motion...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
Signal lights
•

Devices which is close to the color code signal light operating cond...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
Buzzer
•

Devices is in order to alert ground personnel that this crane moving cargo
...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
Inter-locking Motion
•

Device, with development by electrical circuit that is in ord...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
Button Approach
•

In a study of deactivation. It makes no sense to set boundaries an...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
 LOCK HOOK
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
 LIMIT SWITCH
IS A SAFETY DEVICE THAT LIMITS THE SPACE CRANE LIFTING AND IS NOT TO
B...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
 CHAVE LIMITE
 ALTHOUGH ONE STOP UP, YOU SHOULD KEEP IN MIND THAT

HER DOWN THERE. ...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
 BRAKE
HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM
BREATHER

BRAKE

MASTER CYLINDER

MASTER CYLINDER TYPE...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
 BRAKE
BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC

USED ONLY AS REMOTE BLEED.
​

HYDRAULIC FLUID

BLEED
...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
 BRAKE
BRAKING SYSTEM PROPORTIONAL
ELECTRO-PNEUMATIC PANEL.

COMPONENTS
1 - MOTOR CO...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
 BRAKE
THE DISC BRAKE TYRE  SCHEME BRAKE INSTALLATION OF AN ELECTROPNEUMATIC CRANE ...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes

BRAKE

THE DISC BRAKE PNEUMATIC
 WORK THROUGH A COMPRESSOR INSTALLED ON THE CATWAL...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
SWITCH-DISCONNECTORS

 KEYS ELECTRIC

 DEVICE IS USED TO SHUT DOWN ALL BUS MAIN CRA...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
Accessories

•

Sensor Alignment
Located at the bottom of the arms, and forthcoming t...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
•

Load sensors

Accessories

One located in each gripper, has the purpose of determi...
GENERAL SAFETY
Safety Devices Cranes
Accessories

Detail Sensor Alignment,
Border and Cargo

Detail of Rotation sensors an...
Poing
Ai!
Ai, ai, ai!
CRANES

Ai, ai, ai!
ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
FATAL ACCIDENT
•

By depositing the coil on the ground, the
hook of the Crane went down, dropping if the hook "C". Subsequ...
Cranes in the same beam translation
THE OPERATOR MUST BE AWARE WITH THE POSITIONING OF CRANE
NEIGHBOR TO AVOID HITS BETWEE...
Click on the icons below to view
presentations and videos.
Note: The videos are in Flash Player format - if your PC does n...
RECOMENDATIONS
RECOMENDATIONS
NOT WORK WITH A CRANE WITHOUT KNOWING HOW ARE
THE CONDITIONS OF ITS COMPONENTS.
TO WORK WITH A CRANE, YOU S...
RECOMENDATIONS
NOT WORK WITH A CRANE WITHOUT KNOWING HOW ARE
THE CONDITIONS OF ITS COMPONENTS.
TO WORK WITH A CRANE, YOU S...
IMPORTANT
 NEVER

LEAVE YOUR CRANE EXCEPT WHEN ABSOLUTELY
NECESSARY. WAIT IN THE CABIN OF YOUR ARRIVAL SUBSTITUTE
AUTHORI...
IMPORTANT
LIGHTING:
CRANE HAS SHED THAT SHOULD HAVE REFLECTORS HUNG CEILING IN ANY
EXTENSION;
IN SECTORS WHERE ARE PERFORM...
IMPORTANT
ALL CRANE HAVE TO OWN THE SIREN FUNCTIONING. THE OPERATOR SHALL USE IT
EVERY TIME WORKING WITH CRANE.
THERE ARE ...
IMPORTANT
AIR CONDITIONING
THE CRANE THAT TEEM AIR CONDITIONING, THE OPERATOR MUST GIVE ATTENTION
TO:
• KEEPING CLEAN FILT...
IMPORTANT
LIGHT SIGNAL
ALL CRANE SHOULD SIGNAL LIGHTS ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE CABIN AND
OUTSIDE:
- RED ON - INDICATES THAT...
IMPORTANT
REVOLVING SIGN LIGHT AND SOUND:
THE EQUIPMENT THAT EVERYWHERE THE FLOOR WHERE HAS CRANE, SHOULD SIGNAL
LIGHT AND...
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SOURCE:
♣

BRIDGES TRAINING TEAM:
♣ LUIZ CARLOS DE ALMEIDA;
♣ CARLOS ANTÔNIO TEXEIRA DA SILVA;
♣ GILSON PEREIRA DOS SANTOS...
END
Luiz Carlos de Almeida
e-mail: luizp3@ibest.com.br
REGULATORY STANDARD 11 - NR 11. SHIPPING,
HANDLING, STORAGE AND HANDLING OF MATERIALS
11.1. Safety standards for operation...
REGULATORY STANDARD 11 - NR 11. SHIPPING,
HANDLING, STORAGE AND HANDLING OF MATERIALS
11.1.5. In transportation equipment,...
REGULATORY STANDARD 11 - NR 11. SHIPPING,
HANDLING, STORAGE AND HANDLING OF MATERIALS
11.1.9. In closed or poorly ventilat...
BACK!
ACCIDENTS
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CRANES - SAFETY AND HEALTH

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Cranes -

  1. 1. CRANES WITH SAFETY... ...MORE THAN A NECESSITY... ... A PRIORITY!!! Maintenance, Inspection, Operation and Safety with Cranes.
  2. 2. ÍNDICE  SAFETY WITH CRANE;  OBJECTIVES:    CONCEPT;  SAFETY   OPERATION;  ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL EQUIPAMENT;  REPORTS. CRANE - ACTIVITIES; CRANE - PARTIES; MAINTENANCE;
  3. 3. ÍNDICE  GENERAL SAFETY:                  PPE (Personal Protective Equipment); SAFETY DEVICES; AVOIDANCE COLLISION SENSOR; REDUCING SPEED LIMITS; LIMIT END OFF; FLAGS; AUDIBLE ALARM; INTERLOCK OF MOVEMENTS; PUSHBUTTON FOR APPROACH; PUSHBUTTON FOR EMERGENCY; MECHANICAL LATCH HOOK; LIMIT SWITCH; BRAKE; ELECTRICAL SWITCHES; ACCIDENTS; RECOMMENDATIONS; BIBLIOGRAPHY.
  4. 4. SAFETY WITH CRANE
  5. 5. Objectives • Sensitize crane operators as the need to neutralize the maximum possibility of causing accidents. • Adoption of routine procedures guided by safety rules. • Compliance with the NR-11 Port. 3214/78 MTB. (SAFETY STANDARD BRAZILIAN)
  6. 6. CRANE- Concept • Aerial equipment on rails, used in the transport and handling of cargo and materials. HOIST OR LIFTING MECHANISM TROLLER BEAM WAY OF COURSE BEAM CONETION
  7. 7. CRANE- Concept The cranes represent the most important links in the network of production and are essential for the transport of material in all the Company premises. Represent a large capital investment, because its price is ten to fifty times that of a standard automobile. Thus, it is a great responsibility to operators for their safe and skillful operation of their charges. A good trader knows everything that relates to your bridge: capacity, speed, signal men's floor and safety rules.
  8. 8. Crane - Activities • Displacement of loads and materials, vertically, horizontally and longitudinally. TO THE RIGHT TO THE ESQUERDA LEFT BACK ATRÁS FORWARD FRENTE
  9. 9. TRANSLATION OF CRANE • CRANE MOVES FREELY AS THE TROLLEY AND, IN THE SAME WAY THAT THIS HAS NO LIMIT KEY ENDS IN THE STRUCTURE OF TRANSLATION TO TURN OFF THE POWER TO THE BRIDGE AND STOP. • THE FOUR CORNERS OF CRANE ARE EQUIPPED WITH BUMPER SPRING, WHICH, IF NOT RELY TO OPERATE THE CRANE. • THESE BUMPERS CONSTITUTE A MEANS OF SECURITY TO PROTECT THE ENDS OF BUILDINGS AND OTHER CRANE THAT IS THE SAME BEAMS OF TRANSLATION. • BEFORE REACHING THE END OF BEAMS OF TRANSLATION MUST STOP THE CRANE COMPLETELY AND THEN, WITH SHORT AND SLOW MOVEMENTS, COMPLETE THE PATH UNTIL THE BUMPER OF CRANE AND THE STRUCTURE OF TRANSLATION IS TOUCH LIGHTLY. • IN SPITE OF CRANES BE PROTECTED WITH DIRECTIONAL RELAY AGAINST REVERSALS SUDDEN, THEY, HOWEVER, DO NOT ACCEPT REVERSAL INSTANTLY. BUMPER STOP WAY OF COURSE
  10. 10. CRANE- parts  WHEELS BEAMS.  SHAFT  COUPLING COMPONENT IS MAKING A CONNECTION OTHER COMPONENTS AS: WHEELS, SHAFTS, AND REDUCING ENGINE, PROVIDE FACILITIES IN THE EXCHANGE OF THESE COMPONENTS.  BEARING  GEARBOX GEAR ASSEMBLY SERVING TO REDUCE THE MOTOR SPEED AND INCREASE FORCE TRANSMITTED;  ENGINE (MOTOR) IS THE SYSTEM DRIVE COMPONENTS OF TRANSLATION OF CRANE.  CONTROL PANEL PART IS THE SPEED CONTROL ENGINE.  RESISTOR  JOYSTICKS OR LEVER ENGINE.  BRAKES OF TRANSLATION HAVE A ROLE TO STOP THE CRANE AND CAN BE KIND OF ELECTROMAGNETIC, HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC. CAN BE DRIVEN OR WITHOUT DRIVE AND ARE PINNED UNDER THE TRICKS OF MAIN THAT IS A PIECE CYLINDER START THE WHEELS. SUPPORT SHAFT. REGULATING THE POWER SUPPLY OF ENGINES. IS THE MECHANISM DRIVE PANELS, RESISTORS, AND BRAKES
  11. 11. CRANE- parts HOIST OR LIFTING MECHANISM CONSISTS OF:  MOTOR, BRAKE, COUPLING, GEAR, DRUM, BEARING, MAGNETORQUE, WARE ROPE, PULLEY, EQUALIZERS, HOOK LIMIT.  DRUM - PART WITH SLOTS TO ACCOMMODATE THE WARE ROPE, IS ENGAGED THROUGH A GEARBOX.  MAGNETORQUE: ENGINES WITH A PURPOSE TO REDUCE SPEED AND STOP THE HOIST, IS CONTROLLED BY THE PANEL OF CRANES AND POWERED BY ALTERNATING CURRENT.  D. B. (DINAMIC BRAKE): ELECTRICAL PANEL USED TO SLOW AND STOP THE ELECTRICAL ENGINE
  12. 12. CRANE- parts HOIST: HOOK THE CRANE IS RAISED AND LOWERED THROUGH AN ELECTRIC HOIST IN WHICH THE DRUM ROPE WARE IS WRAPPED OR UNWOUND. TO MAINTAIN THE PROPERTY DRUM (CARGO HANDLING IN A PARTICULAR POSITION). WHEN LIFTING LEVER CONTROL IS IN THE OFF POSITION "OFF" USA UP IF YOU THINK THAT A BRAKE MOUNT WINCH MOTOR SHAFT, WHICH IS LOCATED IN THE TROLLEY. THIS IS AN AUTOMATIC BRAKE, NOT CAUSE CONCERN TO OPERATOR AND THAT IS APPLIED THROUGH A SPRING WHEN THE POWER IS OFF. LIFTING : THIS SPRING SAFE BRAKE IN THE "ON" WHEN THE CONTROL LEVER HOIST IS IN THE "OFF". MOVING THE LEVER HOIST OF BOTH HOW TO RAISE TO LOWER, MAKING UP A CHAIN ​ BY CIRCULAR COIL MAGNETIC BRAKE, WHICH, PINCHING SPRING AND LOOSE BRAKE. LOOSE BRAKE IS ELECTRICALLY (FOR CHAIN THAT CIRCULATING THE COIL) WHEN ​ CONTROL IS DRIVEN TO LIFT AND LOWER THE LOAD.
  13. 13. CRANE- parts PULLEYS COMPONENT THAT GUIDE THE PASSAGE OF WIRE ROPE, FOLLOWING A HIGH LOAD UNTIL THE WIRE ROPE ARE TANGLED SLOTS IN THE DRUM ".
  14. 14. CRANE- parts WIRE ROPE IS A COMPONENT OF VITAL IMPORTANCE TO THE OPERATION AND SAFETY OPERATIONS OF A CRANE. FUNCTION OF WIRE ROPE IS THE ELEMENT OF CONNECTION BETWEEN THE MECHANISM OF LIFTING HOIST AND LOADING. IS THE MOST IMPORTANT COMPONENT IN CRANE, MAKES A GREAT RISK WHEN NOT COMPLY STRICTLY WITH THEIR PERIODIC INSPECTIONS FOR MAINTENANCE AND OPERATION SHOULD NOT BE IN ANY WAY: EXPOSED IN CONTACT WITH FIRE, HIGH TEMPERATURES, MACHINES LIVE, ABRASION IN STRUCTURES THE bUILDING, LACING EQUALIZERS, RELIEF OF SUDDEN LARGE lOADS, OPERATE THE CRANE WITH CABLE OUT OF VERTICAL, FORCING PULLEY, BUS ELECTRIC WELDING MACHINES ETC. WIRE ROPE EQUALIZER COMPONENT IS WHERE IS ARRESTED THE TIP OF WIRE ROPE WINCH FOR SOCKETS OR CLIPS. YOUR JOB IS DISTRIBUTED LOAD ALSO ALL WIRE ROPE.
  15. 15. CRANE- parts  SPECIFICATION OF A WIRE ROPE: 1) DIAMETER; 2) CONSTRUCTION (NUMBER OF STRANDS, WIRES AND COMPOSITION); 3) TYPES OF SOUL OR CORE (OR STEEL FIBER); 4) TWIST (REGULAR OR LANG); 5) COATINGS (POLITES, GALVANIZED, STAINLESS); 6) RESISTANCE TO PULL THE WIRES (MPS PS, IPS, EIPS).  TYPES OF COATINGS OF STEEL CABLES: POLITE CABLES: THE WIRES NOT HAVE ANY SURFACE PROTECTION OF LUBRICATION BEYOND CAPE. STANDARD APPLICATIONS: EXCAVATORS, CRANES, AND MORE... GALVANIZED CABLES: THE WIRES ARE COATED WITH A LAYER OF ZINC FOR GREATER PROTECTION AGAINST CORROSION. THE WIRES MAY BE GALVANIZED IN FORMAT FINAL OR GALVANIZED REDRAWN. STANDARD APPLICATIONS: NAVY, FISHING, ANCHORAGE PLATFORMS, STATIC CABLES, AND MORE…
  16. 16. CRANE- parts  MANUFACTURE OF STEEL CABLE : WIRE STRAND CENTRAL WIRE STRAND SOUL OR CORE STEEL CABLE FORMATION OF THE STRAND FORMATION OF THE WIRE ROPE  INSPECTION OF STEEL CABLES IN USE: 1 - DETERMINATION OF CRITICAL STRETCH; 2 - MEASURE THE DIAMETER; 3 - CHECKING THE NUMBER OF WIRES PARTIES; 4 - CHECKING IN ABRASION WEAR THE WIRES OUTSIDE; 5 - VERIFICATION OF CORROSION; 6 - VERIFICATION OF DISTORTION OR DAMAGED PARTS ALONG OF THE WIRE ROPE.
  17. 17. CRANE- parts Technical Information SOUL OR CORE WIRE CENTRAL WIRE STRAND WIRE ROPE
  18. 18. CRANE- parts  BROKEN WIRES IN FATIGUE AND ABRASION:  DEFORMATION OF WIRE ROPE  WEAR FOR ABRASION: BIRD CAGE SOUL OR CORE OUT FOLD  BROKEN WIRES IN FATIGUE: REDUCTION FOR WEAR GREATER OR EQUAL1/3 DIAMETER OUTSIDE OF WIRES.  FORMATION OF TIES  DAMAGE IN THE EDGES
  19. 19. CRANE- parts  TOPS MADE WITH CLIPS WRONG WRONG CORRECT
  20. 20. CRANE- parts  HOOK IT IS A BOX PULLEY ON A SHAFT IN WHERE THE HOOK IS SECURED WITH POSSIBILITY OF TURNING 360 OR BE SET AT ONE POSITION THROUGH THE PIN-ROTATING. HOOK HAS A TONGUE THAT PREVENTS THE TOPS OF SLINGS AND LINKS OF DISENGAGE DURING THE LIFTING OF CHARGE. SIMPLE DOUBLE
  21. 21. CRANE- parts  HOOK: TRIPLE QUADRUPLE
  22. 22. CRANE- parts  HOOK
  23. 23. SAFETY STANDARDS
  24. 24. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION
  25. 25. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION The rules contained in this manual have been prepared to guide operators Cranes, establishing procedures necessary to develop a correct and safe work. Your compliance will help to prevent accidents in this activity, and is mandatory for all operators Cranes. Always remember, safety is everyone's responsibility!!!
  26. 26. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION Operator • Person qualified and trained personnel with technical and functional knowledge of the equipment. • It is directly responsible for the safe operation, people and other assets connected to the equipment.
  27. 27. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION Qualification and training  Only persons qualified, trained and approved specific tests may be authorized to operate Cranes.  All operators Cranes must undergo specific medical examinations, and shall not operate such equipment when considered inappropriate by the physician.
  28. 28. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION Identification Operator  All operators of mobile transportation equipment (winches, forklifts, cranes) will be identified by a specific badge, which shall contain the name, photo, type of equipment authorized to operate, validity, date and signature of the issuer;  The operator shall bear your badge in a visible location to facilitate their identification.
  29. 29. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION GENERAL RULES  Before the start of the workday, the operator must perform an Overhead Crane visual inspection equipment (check list), should be observed the following items discriminated.  Any abnormality observed in this inspection or during operation, must be reported immediately to the Supervisor. Communicate also the existence of other risk situations, even outside your area of expertise: ​
  30. 30. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION Daily inspections  Visual: Performed before connecting the equipment (cables, hooks, auxiliary cables, wiring, state of the pushbuttons, locks, leaks, etc ...);  Functional: Performed during the operation of the equipment (commands, brakes, chatter, sirens, etc ...)
  31. 31. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION Daily inspections Technical Information  The operator must in all early workday perform a visual inspection on steel cable, to identify a fault in the cable as the figure.  Ware Rope constructions: - Construction is a generic term used to indicate the number of strands, the number of wires each leg, its composition and type of the soul.
  32. 32. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION General Rules- Check List  Cables and Chains: Signs of corrosion; Wires or broken links, broken or cracked; Dents or damages; Signs of abnormal wear;  Electric part: State of buttonholes command; Signaling buttonholes command; Wire without insulation.
  33. 33. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION General Rules - Check List  Pulleys: Channels worn and / or worn unevenly.  Brakes: Acting firmly and absolutely secure.  Overview: Signs of corrosion on equipment and / or accessory Capacity is not defined; Safety latch hook in poor condition.
  34. 34. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION FLOW REPORT OF INSPECTION OF CRANE OPERATOR AND INSPECT COMPLETING THE REPORT TECHNICIAN MAINTENANCE EVALUATION REPORT YES NOT ANOMALIES RETURN ANOMALIES FOR MAINTENANCE INSPECTOR FILE FOR 1 MONTH SERVICE PROGRAMMING IMMEDIATE SERVICE TECHNICIAN MAINTENANCE MAKES RETURN TO THE OPERATOR FILE FOR SIX MONTHS OR MORE
  35. 35. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION General Rules- Operation Do not place your hands / feet under the load; Never lift or lower the crane with people; Never suddenly stretch wire ropes or chains; It is forbidden to exceed the maximum capacity established in the equipment;  Maintain minimum distance of 2 meters between the loads suspended from cranes working on the same track;  Avoid crushing chains / cables when lowering the load;    
  36. 36. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION General Rules - Operation  You may not amend or extend current, using screws or other rudimentary forms of connection;  Before lifting the load, check that the wire ropes or chains are not crossed;  Not forcing chains and / or wire ropes pinched or bent;  Do not allow people in the area where the load is being moved;  Use always square pads to support the load floor;
  37. 37. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION General Rules - Operation  Use protectors for the ware ropes when they lean on corners of the load;  It is important to know the weight and center of gravity of the load to be suspended;  Do not use the crane for transporting pressurized containers and drums;  Notify your supervisor whenever your personal protective equipment is damaged and ask for a replacement.
  38. 38. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION 1- Attend daily meeting security; 2- Shift change, report irregularities existing in the crane and the situation of the service being performed; 3- Testing the components of the crane as traction, trolley, hoist, siren; 4- Make routine inspection and note any deficiencies identified in the report; 5- Comply with standards and regulations existing in your work sector; 6- Do not take alcoholic drink before going to work; 7- No smoking inside the cabin; 8- Not to use drugs; 9- Do not read newspapers and magazines, especially if it is not related to the company and its work; 10- Constantly be aware during your workday;
  39. 39. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION 11- Daily meetings of security pass to the inspector the deficiency; 12- Use personal protective equipment in accordance with the recommendations of the area; 13- Guide or warn colleagues at risk; 14- Suggest improvements and commenting on situations when you have doubts about the task; 15- Maintain a pleasant relationship with his colleagues; 16- Always improve and refine their knowledge to in connection to the equipment and operation; 17- Before turning on the main switch, check for labels and people working on the crane; 18- Obey the signs correctly sent only by accredited persons and identified with green stripe on the helmet; 19- Communicate to your supervisor any defect found;
  40. 40. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION 20- Observe the condition of the slings and comply with safety rules; 21- Do not go with the suspended load on people; 22- Do not use reverse crane, only in case of extreme necessity; 23- Avoid sudden braking; 24- Do not operate without throttle return spring; 25- Do not transport gas cylinders (full or empty) with electromagnetic device; 26- Do not use the limit switch to shut off the hook; 27- Do not push a crane with another crane; 28- Do not drag load with the crane.
  41. 41. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE 01. A CRANE MUST ONLY BE OPERATED BY A OPERATOR REALLY CAPABLE AND DULY AUTHORIZED. 02. SEARCH FOR ENTERING OR LEAVING THE CRANE WITH HANDSFREE SERVING UP THE STAIRS HANDRAILS ACCESS, THEY ARE FOR THIS PURPOSE. AVOID WALKING ALONG THE STRUCTURE OF BEARING. 03. SEEK A CRANE TO KNOW WHAT WORKS IN THEIR MAIN DETAILS, ACQUAINTED UP WITH THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ITS MECHANISMS. 04. INSPECT YOUR CRANE AT THE BEGINNING OF EACH SHIFT NOTING THE FUNCTIONING OF LIMIT SWITCH, BRAKE AND OTHER SAFETY DEVICES. IRREGULARITIES AS FOUND TO BE REPORTED AND WITHOUT LOSS OF TIME, THE SUPERVISOR. 05. ONLY THE OBEY SIGNALS DATA AND ACCREDITED BY THE PERSON YOU ARE CONDUCTING THE SERVICE IN FLOOR SLING. WHEN OBSERVED SIGNS OF MORE THAN ONE PERSON, STOP THE MOVEMENTS OF BRIDGE UNTIL THE SECURITY BE RESTORED. 06. OBEY SIGNAL OF EMERGENCY STOP WHOEVER IS, TO CEASE ASKING ANY MOVEMENT OF CRANE IN THE EVENT OF IMMINENT DANGER. 07. ACCEPT ONLY THE SIGNS ALREADY IN USE IN PLANT. (TABLE SIGNS). WHEN THERE NEED TO TALK WITH THE OPERATOR OF CRANE, MAKE USE OF RADIO COMMUNICATION.
  42. 42. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE 08. DO NOT ARGUE WITH MEN'S FLOOR. IF DISAGREEMENT RELATED TO OPERATE THE CRANE, ASK THE PRESENCE OF SUPERVISOR. 09. JUST PUT ON A TROLLEY LOAD BEFORE YOU RUN THE TOW TO PREVENT THE BALANCE OF SLING. NOT MOVE EVER CRANE TROLLEY OR WHILE THE CHARGE IS NO FLOOR. 10. DOWN TO THE HOOK BRIDGE BEYOND THE FLOOR NORMAL, LEAVE AT LEAST THREE TURNS IN STEEL CABLE DRUM. 11. WHEN LIFTING HOOK WITH OR WITHOUT CHARGE, PAY SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE LIMIT KEY NOT BE TOUCHED. 12. DO NOT LIFT LOAD CAPACITY BEYOND PR, SLINGS OF STEEL CABLE, BELT, CHAINS, and more. 13. PLEASE NOTE THAT THE SLINGS ARE TIGHT AND TYING THE LOAD IS LOOSE OR LOOSE PARTS WERE REMOVED BEFORE YOU BEGIN TO RISE. 14. WHILE THE CRANE IS MOVING, KEEP HANDS ON CONTROLS, POWER IN ORDER TO INTERVENE, QUICKLY, IN EMERGENCIES. 15. PLEASE NOTE THERE IS NOT NOBODY IN HAZARDOUS POSITION BEFORE THE FLOOR TO SUSPEND A LOAD. MAKE A SIREN SOUND AND GET A SLOWLY LIFTING LOAD.
  43. 43. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE 16. DO NOT OPERATE THE CRANE IF YOUR NOT IN GOOD PHYSICAL. 17. DO NOT OPERATE YOUR CRANE WHEN THERE MEN WORKING IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION UNLESS YOU ARE DULY AUTHORIZED. 18. PLEASE LOAD OF ANY KIND HUNG ON HANGER MEAL PERIODS DURING OR AFTER HAVING LEFT THE SERVICE. 19. AVOID BEAT WITH YOUR CRANE ON OTHER CRANES, NEIGHBOR IN POSITIONS EXCEPT WHEN DULY AUTHORIZED. STILL, LOOK SLOW BEAT SO NOT CAUSE INJURY OR MATERIALS. 20. WHEN TWO OR MORE CRANES HAVE TO MOVE ONE LOAD, SIMULTANEOUSLY, THE OPERATORS SHOULD COORDINATE THEIR MOVEMENTS IN RADIO COMMUNICATION. 21. DO NOT EVER ATTEMPT TO REPAIR THE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OR DO OTHER QUAILQUER MAINTENANCE ON YOUR CRANE. IN THE EVENT OF DEFAULT, CALL SUPERVISOR. 22. NO TIE, AND NOT BLOCK OR IN ANY WAY INTERFERE WITH THE OPERATION PANEL, SWITCH LIMIT OR ANY OTHER SAFETY DEVICE. 23. NOT REPLACE FUSE BURNED. CALL THE ELECTRICIANS TO MAKE THIS SERVICE AND CLARIFY THE CAUSE OF DEFECT.
  44. 44. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE 24. IN CASE OF MISSING POWER, CONTROL KEEP OFF UNTIL THE BE RESTORED. 25. MEET THE KEY EMERGENCY OFF, NOT EVEN CALL TO BE TO START YOUR WORK, TO ESTABLISH THAT NOBODY IS WORKING IN ANY SECTOR OF THE CRANE. 26. BEFORE TURNING THE KEY TO ENSURE THAT ALL CRANE CONTROLS ARE IN THE OFF POSITION (OFF). 27. STAY IN THE CABIN OF YOUR EVEN DURING BRIDGE REPAIRS MADE BY CLASS OF MAINTENANCE, AND SHOWING THEM COLLABORATING FAULTS THAT BY CHANCE, YOU HAVE FOUND. 28. ALWAYS KEEP YOUR BRIDGE CLEAN AND FREE OF OBJECTS, TOOLS, PIECES OF WOOD, NUTS, BOLTS, AND MORE, WHICH MAY HANG ON MEN IN FLOOR. REMOVE GARBAGE AND WASTE TO PREVENT FIRE, GUARDING IN-A CLOSED CONTAINER. 29. IN CASE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHER USE IN CRANE, SUPERVISOR REQUESTING TO CHARGE YOUR READY. 30. STRANGE NOT ALLOW PEOPLE ANYWHERE WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION OF CRANE TOP. IF ANY AUTHORIZATION ONLY MOVE WHEN A CRANE HAS ABSOLUTELY SURE THAT THERE IS RISK OF INJURY. 31. WHEN THE MAIN BEAMS ARE NOT TO PERPENDICULARS BEAMS OF TRANSLATION OF BUILDING IMMEDIATELY NOTIFY YOUR SUPERVISOR.
  45. 45. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATORS CRANE 32. TESTING THE BRAKE WITH LIFTING LOADING, LITTLE TIME RETURNING TO LEVER TO ZERO IF THE BRAKE NOT HANDLE THE LOAD, RELEASE THE CHARGE AND REQUEST A MAINTENANCE. 33. DO NOT OPERATE THE CRANE IS THE KEY LIMIT PROVE DEFECTIVE OR IF THE WIRE ROPE NOT PROVIDE SECURITY. 34. GET A LOAD FOR A SUFFICIENT TIME, SO THAT FAILS MEN AND EQUIPMENT APPLIED IN FLOOR. . 35. DO NOT CARRY LOADS ON THE MEN'S FLOOR. TO WARN THEN APPROACHING THE CRANE, USE THE ALARM SIGNALS THE SAME. 36. DO NOT PUT THE LOADS IN UNSAFE PLACE. 37. WHEN YOU HAVE TO PUT A LOAD ON A SURFBOARD, A CARRIER OR A CAR THAT STILL NOT IN POSITION, USE COMMON SENSE AS TO LOCAL AND WAY WILL KEEP THE CHARGE UNTIL THE ARRIVAL OF THEM. 38. DO NOT OPERATE YOUR CRANE WITH SLINGS, CHAINS, AND MORE, HUNG ON HANGER, THREATENING SAFETY STANDING ON FLOOR, INCLUDING EQUIPMENT. 39. DO NOT ALLOW ANYONE SOAR IN LOADS OF CRANE HOOK OR EXCEPT FOR INSPECTION OR REPAIR. 40. DO SURVEYS CARGO FLOOR WITH CABLES OUT OF BOB EXCEPT WHEN DULY AUTHORIZED.
  46. 46. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION Cargo Handling           Approach the load; Assess weight and other conditions of the cargo; Know the capacity of the crane; Select the auxiliary wIre rope according to the type of load and weight. Check angle of the cables. See the table of weights and cable capacity; Secure the cargo properly; Proceed lifting slowly and carefully; Use reduced speed; Use extra caution when operating the booth and helper.
  47. 47. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION Lift Cargo  Make sure that there is enough space to lift the load;  Take special care with aerial installations such as water pipes, gas, electric, and more ...  Note that the load is safe, especially in the case of loose parts;  Raise the load a bit, she leaning to one side, and hit the lower-balancing;  Do not pass the burden on people with, or allow it to pass under the load.
  48. 48. SAFETY STANDARDS OPERATION Emergency / Fire  Learn how to act in cases of emergency;  Upon hearing the fire alarm, turn the crane, leaving it in a place that does not obstruct the passage;  Do not obstruct emergency equipment such as fire hydrants, extinguishers, stretchers and corridors;  Meet the handling of fire extinguishers;  Where to start a fire, get help and start fighting the fire using the extinguisher appropriate;  Avoid fire, no smoke during operation.
  49. 49. SAFETY SANDARDS MAINTENANCE
  50. 50. SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE  The maintenance of cranes must be performed by specialized professionals, and before any such service equipment must be powered down and installed warning signs in the context of power and command.  Preventive maintenance should always aim:       Tilt / lift; Cables and accessories; Rails and Pulleys; General lubrication; Brakes; Electrical / Controls.
  51. 51. SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE TECHNICAL INFORMATION • Inspection should be made in the nuts and screws of ware rope in Drum. • It should be noted two and a half turns (turns up) when the cable is at its lower bound. (all below)
  52. 52. SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE LUBRIFICATION PROPER LUBRICATION IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PARTS OF MAINTENANCE OF CRANES AND OPERATING YOUR SAFETY. THEREFORE A GOOD LUBRICATION IS CRITICAL TO PREVENT EXCESSIVE WEAR PARTS AND / OR FREQUENT STOPS FOR BREACH. THE SIX MAIN FUNCTIONS OF GREASE IS:  REDUCE WEAR;  REDUCE FRICTION;  MINIMIZE THE ACCUMULATION OF DUST;  PREVENT RUST;  ABSORB HEAT;  IMPROVING POWER TRANSMISSION.
  53. 53. SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE LUBRIFICATION ENGINES AND REDUCING THE BOXES ARE COMPLEX AND NEED VARIETY OF SPECIAL LUBRICANTS AND QUANTITY AND TIME CORRECT REPLACEMENT. IN SOME CASES, GREASE OR OIL IN TOO ARE SO BAD OR EVEN WORSE THAN THE LACK OF LUBE. THESE SYSTEMS, EACH IN CONNECTION WITH A CYCLE IS LUBRICATED PRE-DETERMINED AMOUNT OF GREASE. DUE TO SOME CLOGGING PIPE AND / OR PIPE BREAKS THAT COMMITTLED SOME IMPORTANT POINTS OF SOME CRANES NOT HAVE USED THE CENTRALIZED LUBRICATION SYSTEMS IMPLICITY. WHEN RESPONSIBILITY FOR LACK OF LUBE BECOMES VERY CRITICAL AND VERY SERIOUS, DO NOT USE THE SYSTEM IN CENTRALIZED CRANES. WHERE IS USED UP OR TRADITIONAL SYSTEM LUBRICATION POINT TO POINT IS PERFORMED IN PERSON SPECIALLY TRAINED TO ENSURE EFFECTIVE ARRIVAL OF GREASE TO ALL CRITICAL POINTS OF CRANES, SUCH AS, FOR EXAMPLE, IN THE CABLE PULLEY STEEL TRANSPORT OF CRANES PANS OF LIQUID METAL STEELWORKS.
  54. 54. SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE LUBRIFICATION THE MOST IMPORTANT NOTES LUBRICATION TO BE MADE BY OPERATORS OF CRANES ARE DAILY:  CHECK THE OIL LEVEL OF REDUCING AND GEAR BOXES OF DRUM;  OIL LEAK IN THE JOINTS AND REDUCING;  OIL LEAK IN COMPRESSOR BRAKE;  LEAK CHECK OF ENGAGEMENTS IN GREASE, THE MOTORS, BEARINGS IN, ON WHEELS, THE PULLEY AND THE JOINT PIN.  DO NOT FAIL TO OBSERVE THE EXISTENCE AND THE STATE OF PINS LUBE AND CAPS.
  55. 55. SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE CRANE SERVICES CRANE SERVICES SAFETY RULES FOR MAINTENANCE AND CRANES IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION. 1- STOP THE CRANE AREA MAINTENANCE; 2- ACCESS THE CRANE WILL BE THROUGH WITH OPENING DOOR, OR WITH SPRING LATCHING; 3- KEEP WALKWAYS, FREE, THE RAIL CLEAN, THE STAIRS WITH WHEEL FOOT; 4- PLACES WITH RISK OF FALLING BODY GUARD SHOULD NOT BEING POSSIBLE, SHALL HAVE CABLE GUIDE TO ESTABLISH THE SEAT BELT; 5- KEY HAS TO BE OFF WITH SUPPORT FOR FIXING PADLOCKS LOCKING AND WITH THE LABEL OF SAFETY INVOLVED, PREY.; 6- SERVICE PERFORMED IN PANTOGRAPH MAIN DISCONNECT THE KEY HAS TO BE OFF THE LOCK STUCK IN SUPPORT AND WITH THE LABEL OF THE LEADER OF MAINTENANCE; 7- CRANE SHOULD STOP FOR PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, OR ANY OTHER SERVICE, ONLY ON APPROVAL OF SUPERVISION OF OPERATION;
  56. 56. SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE CRANE SERVICES CRANE SERVICES SAFETY RULES FOR MAINTENANCE AND CRANES IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION. 8- CRANE OPERATOR SHALL TAKE THE LABELS OF PERSONNEL SECURITY MAINTENANCE AND RETURNS THEM AFTER THE SERVICE, TO EACH PERSON; 9- BEFORE YOU START TESTING, THE CRANE OPERATOR SHALL MAKE AN INSPECTION IN THE SECTORS OF CRANE AND VERIFY THE FOLLOWING: A)- EXISTENCE OF SPARE PARTS, TOOLS (EG, BOLTS, PIECES OF CORNER, CANS, CLEANING MATERIAL; AND MORE); B)- LOOK IN THE EXISTENCE OF PANELS SAFETY LABELS IN THE BREAKERS AND SPARE PARTS IN FUND PANEL; C)- CHECKING THE WHEELS OF CRANE TROLLEY OR IF YOU HAVE YOUR MOVE WEDGE PREVENTING AND RAIL BEAM OF TRANSLATION REMOVED FROM A STOP MOBILE MECHANIC;
  57. 57. NORMAS DE SEGURANÇA SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE MANUTENÇÃO CRANE SERVICES CRANE SERVICES SAFETY RULES FOR MAINTENANCE AND CRANES IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION. D)- CHECK IF THERE IS NO FLOOR WASTE OIL OR GREASE; E)- LOOK IF YOU ROPE, CHAIN, STRAP, ANY COMPONENT HANDLING. ​ F)- CHECK THAT THE CABLES SAFETY FALL OF COMPONENTS ARE PROPERLY FIXED; G)- MAKE SURE THAT THE EXTINGUISHERS ARE IN SUPPORT AND IN PERFECT CONDITIONS OF USE; H)- IF YOU OBSERVE A LIGHTING WITH ALL THE RUNNING LAMPS; I)- CHECK IF IS RUNNING LIGHTING SIGNS; J)- BOOTH OPERATOR MUST BE CLEAN, FREE FROM PARTS, TOOLS, AND MORE...
  58. 58. SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE CRANE SERVICES CRANE SERVICES SAFETY RULES FOR MAINTENANCE AND CRANES IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION. 10- Before starting the tests, the crane operator must activate the siren, insistently and start as requested by the leader of maintenance; 11- Service that is needed to move the crane or trolley should be coordinated by the leader of the maintenance with the aid of radio communication; 12- Crane standing outside access, and must have autoclave tape signs, warning of difficult access; 13- The area under the crane should be isolated with autoclave tape and plates: "MEN WORKING ABOVE" or "NO PASSING PEOPLE", warning of the service being performed; 14- For cranes for maintenance with the need to get around, the operator should be with the radio communication to alert the operator of the crane nearby approaching; 15- The crane should be nearby in the cabin and in a conspicuous place, a notice alerting the operator about maintenance.
  59. 59. SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE CRANE SERVICES CRANE SAFETY RULES FOR MAINTENANCE AND CRANES IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION. -START: 1- Supervision warns the crane operator, the service to be performed; 2- Access via translational beam crane, it should be stopped at the place determined by maintenance supervision for staff access; 3- The site that will run the service, must be isolated and mobile mechanical stop, with flags from side to side of the beams. (flags suspended); 4- The floor area under the service location, must be insulated with autoclave tape, with signs warning service and a maintenance person with a radio and authority to stop the service if someone enters the isolated area; 5- All replaced parts shall not stand in the beam bearing. Should be removed during service or after it; 6- Should have a maintenance person in the cabin of crane with radio to alert the operator and personnel in the beam; 7- Services performed in the rafters - side bus - can not be turned off, it is necessary to cover with rubber mats, before starting the service; 8- Parts or tools shall be transported to the girders by crane or rope to prevent the transit of persons across the beam, outside the isolated area;
  60. 60. SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE CRANE SERVICES CRANE SERVICES SAFETY RULES FOR MAINTENANCE AND CRANES IN BEAMS OF TRANSLATION. 9- The service location should be well lighted and rotating light signals; 10- The lifeline must be attached and in good condition; 11- In case witness banter with the maintenance staff working in the sector, the operator must immediately notify your supervisor. It is not allowed to play any kind.
  61. 61. SAFETY STANDARDS MAINTENANCE CRANE SERVICES CRANE SERVICES Emergency / Fire  Learn how to act in cases of emergency;  Upon hearing the fire alarm, turn the crane, leaving it in a place that does not obstruct the passage;  Do not obstruct emergency equipment such as fire hydrants, extinguishers, stretchers and corridors;  Meet the handling of fire extinguishers;  Where to start a fire, get help and start fighting the fire using the extinguisher appropriate;  Avoid fire, no smoke during operation;
  62. 62. EQUIPMENTS: ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL
  63. 63.  ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT: THE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OF CRANE CONSIST MAINLY, MOTORS, CONTROLLERS, BRAKES AND LIMIT SWITCHES, WHOSE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION, WE WILL BE DESCRIBE. ENGINES: THE MOTORS HAVE TWO FUNDAMENTAL PARTS: STATOR IT COMPOUND FOR HOUSING, FIELD POLES, REELS AND EVEN BY FIELD COVERS HOUSING ARE LOCATED WHERE THE HOLDER BRUSHES AND BEARINGS THAT WILL SUSTAIN MOTOR SHAFT. THE GREATER THE ELECTRICITY THAT CIRCULATING WINDING IN, WILL BE HIGHER INTENSITY MAGNETIC FIELD AND THEREFORE WILL BE A MAJOR FORCE OF ATTRACTION OR REPULSION THESE FIELDS, IE, MORE WILL TORQUE MOTOR. THE AMOUNT OF ELECTRICITY THAT CIRCULATING DEPENDS ON MOTOR, AMONG OTHER FACTORS, THE AMOUNT OF RESISTANCE IN EXISTING CIRCUIT THEREOF, THAT IS, THE GREATER RESISTANCE CIRCUIT, LESS CURRENT WILL FLOW TO THE ENGINE. WE CONCLUDE, THEN, THAT CAN VARY TORQUE MOTOR AND, THEREFORE, YOUR SPEED VARYING RESISTANCE IN THE AMOUNT OF YOUR ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT. CRANES IN, IT'S GOTTA, AS WE SHALL SEE, THROUGH THE CONTROLLER.
  64. 64. IMPELLER CONSISTS IN A SHAFT IN. WHAT ARE FIXED THE COLLECTOR (TREAT WHEN MACHINE IS CURRENT) AND AN IRON CORE LAMINATED WITH SLOT IN WHICH ARE WRAPPING THE COPS THAT CONSTITUTE THE WINDING ROTOR. COPS THAT CONSTITUTE THE WINDING ROTOR Brush’s spring Brush’s Box brush Collector Armor Brush Assembly Hull Polo Field Field Coil Screw’s Polo Field THE OPERATION OF A MOTOR IS BASED ON ATTRACTION REPULSION BODIES AND POLARIZED MAGNETICALLY. WHEN AN ELECTRIC CURRENT IN CIRCULA WINDING ROTOR AND STATOR, MAGNETIC FIELDS APPEAR, A SIMILAR MAGNETS, WHICH POLES OF SAME NAME REPEL NAME AND ATTRACT THE CONTRARY IS GIVING RISE TO A FORCE THAT PRODUCES THE MOVEMENT OF THE MOTOR ROTATION, FORCE THIS CALL "TORQUE".
  65. 65. PANEL DRIVE NORMALLY USED IN SMALL CRANE OF 5 TO 10 T. COMPONENTS 1 - COPS; 2 - CONTACTORS; 3 - TIMERS; 4 - BLOCK TERMINAL; 5 - FUSE; 6 - BREAKER; 7 - CABLES; 8 - OVERLOAD (RELAY).
  66. 66. COMMAND OR KEY LEVER TO REALIZE THAT MECHANICAL OPERATIONS, SUCH AS START, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION, STOP AND REVERSE IN OTHER EQUIPMENT OF A CRANE, WE SHOULD BE ABLE TO CONTROL THE FLOW OF ELECTRICITY IN STARTER MOTOR CIRCUIT OF SUCH EQUIPMENT. THIS IS MADE THROUGH THE USE OF LEVER, WHICH, IS DESIGNED TO PERFORM AS DESIRED CHANGES IN THE CIRCUIT ELECTRIC MOTOR (USUALLY CALLED CIRCUIT POWER). OPERATION OF CONTROL EQUIPMENT (TIMER) CAN BE DESCRIBED AS FOLLOWS SIMPLIFIED: Power Line Control Panel Key Switch
  67. 67. MOVE KEY CONTROL (LEVER) ENTAILS OPERATION ELECTRO DEVICES (RELAYS AND CONTACTORS) CONTROL PANEL .. THESE DEVICES INTERRUPT THE FLOW, REVERSE DIRECTION OF FLOW OR CHANGE THE AMOUNT OF ELECTRICITY THAT GOES TO THE ENGINE, CHANGE THROUGH THE QUANTITY OF RESISTANCE IN THE CIRCUIT POWER. THEREFORE, THE ENGINE STOPS, REVERSES THE DIRECTION OF ROTATION, REDUCE OR INCREASE YOUR SPEED IN RESPONSE TO THESE CHANGES POWER. BEYOND THE FUNCTIONS OF STARTING, REVERSE THE DIRECTION OF ROTATION, THE SPEED CONTROL AND STOP THE ENGINE, THE CONTROL EQUIPMENT STILL HAS THE PURPOSE OF PROTECTING THE ENGINE. BUT, LET'S SEE: THE DEPARTURE DUE TO COAST, THE ENGINE THAT REQUESTS A HIGH CURRENT, IF NOT LIMITED THROUGH RESISTANCE INCLUDED IN THE CIRCUIT, DAMAGE THE WINDING THROUGH THE ENGINE (CASE WOULD, FOR EXAMPLE, IF THE LEAD TO SUDDENLY LEVER FOR MAXIMUM ​ SPEED POINT WHERE ALL THE STRENGTH CIRCUIT IS ELIMINATED). WHAT THIS DOES NOT OCCUR, THE CONTROL EQUIPMENT CONSISTS OF CONTROL DEVICES timed THAT THE WITHDRAWAL OF RESISTANCE BY STEP, CONTROLLING ALSO, THEREFORE, THE POWER OF THE ENGINE WHEN THE LEVER IS SUDDENLY TAKEN BEYOND THE SECOND POINT.
  68. 68. ANOTHER HIGH CURRENT SITUATION THAT ENTAILS THE ENGINE IS THE REVERSAL OF QUICK APPLY, BECAUSE HOW CAN CONCLUDE: IF REQUESTED BY THE CURRENT ENGINE IS STOPPED WHEN IT IS HIGH. WHEN APPLYING REVERSE, A CRANE IS RUNNING TOWARDS THE CONTRARY TO WHAT IS ON THE ENGINE, MECHANICAL INERTIA DRIVEN BY ASKING, SO CURRENT HIGHEST. IN THIS CASE, NOT ONLY CAN DAMAGE THE ENGINE ITSELF, AS THE MECHANICAL COMPONENTS, SUCH AS GEARS, SHAFTS, CONNECTORS ETC. TIMER EVITA OCCUR THROUGH SUCH DEVICES THAT KEEP ALL THE STRENGTH CIRCUIT, LIMITED CURRENT SPEED TO GET TO ZERO AND THE ENGINE STARTS TO TURN TOWARDS WHICH IS ON GIVING HOME TO CONTROLLED ACCELERATION. SYSTEM CURRENT CONTROL DURING THE PERIOD OF ACCELERATION AND REVERSAL OF CRANE, IS NOT SUFFICIENT TO GIVE PROTECTION TO TOTAL ENGINE, AS IT IS ONLY ACTIVE SYSTEM DURING THAT PERIOD. IN CASE OF MISFIT RELAY TIMED, GRABBING THE MECHANICAL PARTS OF CRANE OR SHORT CIRCUIT IN RESISTANCE, THE ENGINE WOULD BE SEVERELY BURNED IN EXCESSIVE CURRENT IF THE CONTROL SYSTEM WERE NOT GIFTED OVERCURRENT RELAYS ABSCHALTEN THAT WHEN THE ENGINE CURRENT EXCEEDS THE LIMIT PRE-DETERMINED.
  69. 69. LEVERS IF A CRANE IS EQUIPPED WITH MANUAL CONTROLS, ACCELERATE TO LEVER MOVING TOWARD THE SAME DESIRED GRADUALLY. ACCELERATION ELIMINATES RIGHT OF CRANE WHEELS SKATING, ALLOWS THE CHARGE THAT IS HUNG IMPULSE PURCHASE ALMOST THE SAME PROPORTION THAT CRANE, THUS AVOIDING THE ESTA AND THE ENGINE, UNNECESSARY EFFORT. IF USED MAGNETIC CONTROL (MASTER SWITCH) A LEVER MAY BE TAKEN AT ONCE TO THE END OF CONTROL THEREFORE THE ACCELERATION IS AUTOMATIC AND DOES THROUGH PROPER RELAYS. Manual Control Accelerate slowly step by step Magnetic control The lever can be taken at once to the end. WITHOUT LEVER RETURN SPRING
  70. 70. OPERATOR EXPERIENCED ADVANCED STRIP ADVANTAGE OF BALANCE, AVOID EXCESS OF RINGS IN THE TROLLEY AND PULL LEVER FOR THE LOAD CENTER. THE LONG DISTANCE, THE OPERATOR MUST ACTIVATE THE LEVER TO PULL THE 5 POINT AND RETURN TO GROUND ZERO, THE APPROACH OF THE DESIRED LOCATION CRANE STOP USING THE BRAKE TRACTION WITH MINIMUM BALANCE AS POSSIBLE. METHOD USED TO REMOVE BALANCE Slow down at this point Moving quickly at this point Start Point Discarga End Stop exactly at this point avoid this
  71. 71. WHEN THE PASSING OF A CRANE OPERATOR EQUIPPED WITH MANUAL CONTROL TO ANOTHER CRANE CONTROL MAGNETIC, SHOULD NOTE THAT THIS LAST AND ACCELERATION DOES AUTOMATICALLY PROPORTIONATELY CAPACITY THAT HAS ACQUIRED THE MOTOR SPEED AND MOVE THE LOAD, AND MAY NOT BE STRESSED AS IN CASE CONTROL MANUAL. THE OPERATOR MUST ALSO OBSERVED THAT THE LEVER IS IN THE SAME POSITION OF THE FOREGOING, IN ORDER TO AVOID MISTAKES. OPERATOR EXPERIENCED QUICK STRIP THE BALANCE OF CHARGE, AFTER A CERTAIN DISTANCE TRAVELLED AND BEING CLOSE TO THE POINT WHERE THE CHARGE MUST BE LOWERED. OCCURS DUE BALANCE FLEXIBILITY OF WARE ROPE WINCH AND INERTIA LOAD. WHEN TO PULL LEVER CRANE IS DRIVEN, THE CRANE DRIVE IF THE LOAD IS TO BRING A LITTLE AND THE WARE ROPE OUT OF PERPENDICULAR. WHEN SPEED IS REDUCED DUE TO BRAKE APPLICATION, PUSH LOAD IS NOT CONTAINED IMMEDIATELY, WHICH RESULTS IN THE SAME BALANCE FORWARD AND IN THIS POSITION ADVANCED, OCCURS A POKE IN THE CRANE.
  72. 72. REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM DO NOT USE THIS COMPONENT CONNECTIONS FOR WIRES TO PANELS, RUNNING WITH ENERGY BATTERY, RADIO FREQUENCY SIGNALS SENT TO CONTROL PANELS.
  73. 73.  CHAVE LIMITE LIMIT THE KEYS ARE ELECTRICALLY CONTROL DEVICES OR LIMIT THE MOVEMENT OF MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT. THEY MAY BE USED TO OFFSET THE COURSE OF A MACHINE, TO STOP HER IN PARTICULAR POINT TO CHANGE THE MOVEMENT OF A MACHINE DURING YOUR CYCLE PHASES OF OPERATION OR PROVIDE INTERLOCK BETWEEN TWO OR MORE STARTERS. QUOTE TO SOME OF THE MOST COMMON USES, THE CRANE IS EQUIPPED WITH A KEY TO AVOID THAT LIMIT THE HOOK CRANE, THE CLIMB, EXCEED YOUR NORMAL COURSE THROUGH THE ENGINE SHUTDOWN. Key power limit KEY TYPE LIMIT CONTROL
  74. 74. ONE OF THE MOST COMMON TYPES IS THAT WHICH IS OPERATED BY OWN HOOK. OTHERWISE, IS WHAT IS ON THE DRUM AND READY TO OPERATE AFTER A CERTAIN NUMBER OF TURNS OR THE DRUM SPINS. FIRST, ALSO CALLED "TYPE FORCE", THAT IS, THAT DIRECTLY ON THE CIRCUIT ENGINE, IS USED AND HAS MORE ADVANTAGES ON THE SECOND DEFINITIVE ALSO CALL TYPE "CONTROL", THAT IS, THAT ON THE CIRCUIT CONTROL, WHY NOT JUST OFF THE ENGINE LINE ALSO HOW DO STOP QUICKLY THROUGH AN ELECTRIC BRAKE. THE LIMIT SWITCH IS A SAFETY DEVICE AND, AS SUCH, SHOULD NOT BE USED AS A MEANS OF STOPPING THE MOTOR WINCH, ALL BECAUSE THE HOOK UP. A CAREFUL OPERATOR AND AWARE, AVOID THIS PRACTICE, STOPPING THE ENGINE CONTROL WITH OWN LEAVING THE KEY THAT LIMIT ONLY BE OPERATED OR USED IN AN EMERGENCY.
  75. 75.  ELECTROMAGNETIC BRAKE ALL ELECTRIC BRAKES ARE DESIGNED IN ORDER TO BE RELEASED WHEN CIRCULAR ELECTRIC CURRENT ON HIS WINDING. IN OTHER WORDS, THEY ARE ACTUATED BY SPRING AND ELECTRICALLY RELEASED. SO, WHEN APPLIED IN AN ELECTRIC CURRENT BRAKE COIL, MAGNETIC FIELD IS ESTABLISHED A STRONG ENOUGH TO WIN THE STRENGTH OF SPRING AND ATTRACT A PISTON OR STEEL PLATE, WHICH MOTION SPREAD THROUGH THE LEVER BRAKE SHOES, AWAY THE PULLEY AND RELEASING THE BRAKE. Brake Coil Spring Brake Shoe WHEN THE ELECTRICITY IS INTERRUPTED, THE MAGNETIC FIELD AND LEAVE TO EXIST ACTION SPRING MAKES SHOES COMPRESS ACTING PULLEY BRAKE. THESE BRAKES ARE ALWAYS INSTALLED IN ORDER TO BE RELEASED WHEN APPLY TO CURRENT AND MOTOR, ACTUATED WHEN THIS POWER IS INTERRUPTED. THEREFORE, THE OPERATION OF THE BRAKE IS TOTALLY INDEPENDENT OF THE OPERATOR.
  76. 76. CRANE AND TROLLEY INTRODUCTION CONTROL DESIGNED FOR CONTROLLING THE MOVEMENTS OF CRANE TROLLEY OR, IS THE REVERSE TYPE WITH BRAKING FOR REVERSAL. MOTOR STARTER OR THE CRANE TROLLEY, is ON THE LINE POWER RESISTORS WITH ACCELERATION IN THE CIRCUIT. DIRECTION OF ROTATION IS SELECTED BY KEY COMMAND ON YOUR FIRST POINT. VARIATIONS OF TORQUE AND SPEED ARE OBTAINED IN POINTS AFTER, VARY UP SO THE AMOUNT OF RESISTANCE IN THE CIRCUIT ENGINE. WHEN THE LAST POINT IS SELECTED, THE MOTOR IS CONNECTED DIRECTLY TO THE SUPPLY, REACHING YOUR MAXIMUM SPEED. CRANE RIGHT FLOOR FLOOR WRONG Do not drag the load in this position LOAD THE EXPOSED PREVIOUSLY APPLIED TO A MANUAL CONTROL CIRCUITS THAT LEADS DIRECTLY TO THE MAIN ENGINE, THE POSITION OF LEVER CONTROL SO DETERMINE THE AMOUNT OF ENERGY TO THE ENGINE. WHEN USED MAGNETIC CONTROL, A SMALL KEY COMMAND ALLOWS THE OPERATOR TO CHOOSE THE DESIRED DIRECTION. CIRCUITS FOR MAIN ENGINE ARE MADE BY CONTACTORS MAGNETIC CONTROL PANEL AND CLOSING OF SUCH CONTACTORS is CONTROLLED BY MEANS OF RELAYS. OPERATIONS OFFICER THAT THE THROTTLE OR STOP. BY THIS METHOD AUTOMATIC, THE CENTER IS THE TROLLEY THROUGH THE REVERSAL, THE MOTOR IS NOT FORCED, WHETHER THE LEVER IN THE FIRST POINT, OR IN THE LAST POINT INTERMEDIATE. WHEN THE TROLLEY STOP, THE LEVER MUST BE BROUGHT TO THE "OFF", OTHERWISE THE TROLLEY WILL BE ACCELERATED IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION.
  77. 77. TROLLEY Pulling the trolley to move into Push to move the trolley out TO STOP A TROLLEY THAT IS NOT EQUIPPED WITH BRAKE, THE REVERSE APPLY TO ITS ENGINE, THAT IS GETTING UP TO RUN A LEVER CONTROL IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION TO THAT WHICH IS IF MOVING TROLLEY. WHEN THE TROLLEY STOP, THE LEVER MUST BE BROUGHT TO THE CENTER, IN THE "OFF". UNDER NORMAL CONDITIONS, IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT THE FIRST PARAGRAPH IS USED TO FORCE THE CAR TO STOP A. REVERSAL, USING UP THE SECOND, THIRD OR OTHER POINTS OF CONTROL, THE TROLLEY STOP IS FASTER, WHICH, HOWEVER, COULD SLIP OF THE WHEELS, AND BE HARMFUL TO THE MOTOR AND THE MECHANISM OF TROLLEY. THESE ITEMS SHOULD BE AVOIDED BY ESTANCAREM ENGINES.
  78. 78. TROLLEY MUST NOT MOVE THE TROLLEY TO LONG DISTANCE WITH INTERMEDIATE LEVER POSITION IN POINTS, TROLLEYS RUN SOME VERY EASY, WHY ARE PROVIDED WITH THE BUSHING BEARINGS. WHEN WATCHING THE TROLLEY DRIVE IS VERY FAST AND THE LEVER IS ALREADY THE LAST POINT OF CONTROL, NOT TO BRING TO THE MIDDLE LEVER CONTROL AND YES FOR THE POSITION OF "OFF". LEAVE IF THE TROLLEY WALK SLOWLY AND STOP THE DESIRED POINT, IF APPLYING A REVERSAL IN MOTOR. Do not let the lever here FOWARD LOW SPEED BACKWARD LOW SPEED BACKWARD HIGH SPEED FOWARD HIGH SPEED TROLLEY CONTROL
  79. 79. BRAKING IN REVERSE TO STOP A TROLLEY THAT IS NOT EQUIPPED WITH ELECTRIC BRAKE, APPLIES TO REVERSE THE STARTER MOTOR SAME. IT'S GOTTA CRANKING UP KEY COMMAND (LEVER) THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION TO THAT WHICH IS MOVING TROLLEY. WHEN THE TROLLEY STOP, THE LEVER MUST BE TAKEN FOR A POSITION "OFF"; OTHERWISE, THE TROLLEY WILL BE ACCELERATED IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION. IN ORDER TO INCREASE THE LIFE OF EQUIPMENT OR TROLLEY OR CRANE, THE CONTROLLER HAS A SYSTEM OF PROTECTION REVERSALS ABRUPT. THIS ITEM COME THOUGH, AS REVERSALS ABRUPT NOT ONLY CAUSE DAMAGE TO ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT DUE TO EXCESSIVE CURRENT PIKES, AS ALSO THE MECHANICAL PART, AS A RESULT OF HIGH TORQUE. IN ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT, THE PARTIES MOST AFFECTED ARE THE COMPONENTS OF THE ENGINE AND CONTROLLING WHILE IN MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT GEARS, COUPLINGS, TEARS, AND SLOT MOUNTING SYSTEM ARE THE PARTIES MOST AFFECTED. KEYS MAIN DISCONNECT: INTRODUCTION ALL CRANE IS EQUIPPED WITH A KEY OPERATING MANUAL TO DISCONNECT THE POWER WHEN YOU DO THIS IF NECESSARY. IN SOME CASES, BEYOND THE KEY GENERAL, WHO IS ALWAYS INSTALLED OUTSIDE THE CRANE, THERE ARE TWO OTHER THAT COULD BE FOUND. OWN AN INSIDE CABIN AND ANOTHER OPERATOR, WITH THE PASSAGE WHERE ENTER AND LEAVE THE OPERATOR. OFTEN LIE TYPE KEY MANUAL MAGNETIC CRANE MOUNTED ENTRY WITH A COMMAND BUTTON EMERGENCY STOP, INSTALLED IN THE CABIN.
  80. 80. MECHANICAL LOAD BRAKE BRAKE IS A LOCK THAT ONLY WORKS ON DESCENT OF CHARGE. WHEN THIS UP, BRAKE IS LOOSE SO THERE'S NO "entrainment" NO MOTOR. REVERSAL IS THE MOVEMENT CONTROL IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION TO THAT ON WHICH THE CHARGE OR THE CRANE IS JOGGING. THIS IS A CHAIN REVERSE THAT STOPS THE ​ MOVEMENT OF FRONT LOAD OR MOTOR. WHEN THE LOAD IS STILL, THE LEVER MUST STAY IN CONTROL CENTER, IN THE "OFF", OTHERWISE, WILL VERIFY AN ENGINE ACCELERATION IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION. OBLIQUITY APPLIES, GENERALLY, THE MOVEMENT OF THE CRANE. IS A CONDITION THAT TAKE PLACE WHEN THE BEAMS ARE NOT PERPENDICULARS CRANE RAILS TO INDICATE THE STRUCTURE OF TRANSLATION, SO THAT ONE OF EDGES OF CRANE IS MORE ADVANCED THAN THE OTHER, WHAT CONSTITUTES AN ERROR THAT SHOULD BE CORRECTED WITHOUT LOSS TIME. TORQUE WORDS THAT TERM IS THE CAPACITY OF A MOTOR TO PROVIDE OR FORCE TO TURN AROUND AXLE AND PRODUCE YOUR WORK. TORQUE OF A MOTOR CAN BE CHANGED BY MEANS OF A CONTROL IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF CHARGE.
  81. 81. STOPS MOST OF CRANES IS NOT PROVIDED FOR LIMIT SWITCH IN THE END, TO TURN OFF THE POWER TO STOP THE ENGINE AND THE TROLLEY. TROLLEY OF THE RAILS ARE EQUIPPED WITH STOPS IN THE END, AND SHOULD BE TAKEN VERY CAREFULLY TO AVOID THAT THEY ARE AFFECTED BY TROLLEY TO HIGH SPEED, WHICH MAY RESULT IN HAZARDOUS DERAILMENT. TO MAKE THE TROLLEY STOPS IN TOUCH IN ORDER TO RAISE OR LOWER A LOAD OF CRANE IN THE END, IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT THE TROLLEY BE TAKEN TO A SHORT DISTANCE OF STOPS AND THEN STOP. THEN THROUGH SHORT MOVES, MOVES UP THE TROLLEY TO TOUCH THE STOPS, SETTING UP, THEN THE LEVER CONTROL CENTER, IN THE "OFF". YOU SHOULD ALWAYS HAVE IN MIND THAT THE TROLLEY HAS NO BRAKE AND THEREFORE THEIR MOVEMENTS ARE FREE. STOPS THE TROLLEY CONTROL TROLLEY
  82. 82. LEVERS INTRODUCTION  MOVES ARE COMMANDED BY THE TOW COMMAND KEY (LEVER) CORRESPONDENT AND CONTROLLED ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS SPECIALLY DESIGNED FOR THIS PURPOSE. THE MOVEMENT IN THE DIRECTION OF THE TOW UP, OBVIOUSLY, ALWAYS ASKS POWER MOTOR, WITH OR WITHOUT CHARGE SLING. IN DIRECTION DOWN, THIS POWER IS REQUIRED WHEN THE TOW DOWN LOAD AND LOADS WITH LIGHT SLINGS, BUT WHEN THE HOIST DOWN WITH A HEAVY LOAD, THIS TEND TO DRAG THE ENGINE, REQUIRING THIS EVENT OF A BRAKE FOR SPEED CONTROL. LIFTING ADVANCING THE KEY COMMAND (LEVER) FOR THE FIRST POINT TO CLIMB, THE BRAKE IS RELEASED AND UPWARD MOVEMENT OF WINCH IS STARTED SLOWLY DUE TO LOW TORQUE MOTOR CAUSED BY THE LARGE AMOUNT OF RESISTANCE IN EXISTING CIRCUIT. INCREASED VALUES OF TORQUE AND SPEED OF SURVEY IS DONE IN POINTS AFTER THE KEY COMMAND (LEVER), UP GRADUALLY DECREASING THE AMOUNT OF RESISTANCE OF THE MOTOR CIRCUIT. LAST POINT, THE ENGINE IS DIRECTLY ON THE LINE, THAT IS, WITHOUT ANY RESISTANCE IN THE CIRCUIT AND TOW ACHIEVE YOUR MAXIMUM RAMP. TOW IN ANY POSITION, KEY CONTROL (LEVER) CAN BE CENTERED TO APPLY THE BRAKE AND STOP THE UPWARD MOVEMENT.
  83. 83. DEFINITIONS WHEN READY TO LIFT A LOAD, USA UP THE FIRST POINT OF CONTROL TO TAKE THE CLEARANCE OF WARE ROPE. THIS PREVENTS STRID AND DEFORMATION OF CABLE. WHEN IS STRETCHED CABLE, START UP A LEVER CONTROL SLOWLY BACK UNTIL THE LOAD START MOVING. THEN MOVE THE SAME STEP BY STEP, TO ACHIEVE MAXIMUM SPEED. TO SUSPEND A LOAD, THE ENGINE HAS TOW RISING IA ACTION AGAINST GRAVITY, WILL HAVE TO EXPEND MORE EFFORT TO MOVE A HEAVY LOAD THAN A LIGHT, AND, YOU WILL START WITH A SLOWER THAN HEAVY LOAD WITH A LIGHT LOAD. BRAKE WINCH IS LOOSE WHEN THE ENGINE IS DRIVEN AND OPERATES. TO SUSTAIN LOAD IN ANY POSITION, WHEN THE ENGINE STOPS. THAT IS AUTOMATIC AND BRAKE FOR BEING PROVIDED FOR SPRINGS, OPERATES INSTANTLY TO SUSTAIN CHARGE, WHEN THERE IS LACK OF ENERGY. Do not allow the load to rise much floor to test the brake. Move rapidly to the point at which the charge originally raised floor and proceed in the other points. Test the brakes here. Near the floor. HEAVY CARGO FLOOR Heavy load suspended Control Winch
  84. 84. DEFINITIONS IN SUCH CASES, THE BRAKES WORK, AND AUTOMATICALLY WITH SIMULTANEOUS MOTOR CURRENT. CONTROLS ARE GENERALLY, EQUIPPED WITH VERTICAL LEVER, CONTAINED IN ORDER TO EASILY BE FILED BY OPERATOR FOR FRONT AND BACK. CAT IS RAISED WHEN THE CONTROL LEVER IS PULLED BACK AND, WHEN THE LEVER IS LOWERED PUSHED FORWARD. FIRST POINT – USED TO STRECH THE WARE ROPE POWER PULL TO LIFT RIGHT PUSH TO LOWER FOR UP GRAVITY LOAD FLOOR HOISTING
  85. 85. LIFTING THE SECOND POINT AN INCREASE SPEED WITH WHICH THE HOOK IS EMPTY RAISED MORE TORQUE FOR LIFTING A LOAD OF AVERAGE WEIGHT THAT CAN NOT BE RAISED IN THE FIRST POINT FOR BEING VERY HEAVY. THIRD POINT CHECKING UP AN ADDITIONAL INCREASE SPEED TO EMPTY THE HOOK AND A LOAD AVERAGE. EVEN MORE POWER FOR A HEAVY LOAD THAT, DUE TO WEIGHT COULD NOT BE SUSPENDED IN THE FIRST OR SECOND POINT OF CONTROL. THE FOURTH POINT AS WELL AS THE SUBSEQUENT GIVE ADDITIONAL INCREASE SPEED UNTIL THE POSITION ACHIEVED "FULL ON" (ALL POWER) WHICH PROVIDES THAT THE MAXIMUM MOTOR MUST LIFT THE LOAD. THE FIRST POINT LOW SPEED, LOW TORQUE TO RAISE THE HOOK EMPTY SLOWLY. CONTROL WINCH HOISTING
  86. 86. LIMIT SWITCH OPERATION AVOID USING THE KEY LIMIT AS A MEANS OF STOPPING THE CRANE HOOK WHEN SHE RISES. THIS IS A DEVICE FOR PROTECTING THE OPERATOR AND THE MEN OF FLOOR REASON WHY YOU SHOULD BE RESERVED ONLY FOR EMERGENCIES. FOR HIGH LOADS REQUIRING EXCEED THE TIME LIMIT TO WIN, TAKES UP THE HOOK FOR A COMPLETE STOP BEFORE ENTERING THE CURRENT LIMIT SWITCH. REBINDS WINCH MOTOR USING UP UNTIL A REDUCED SPEED LIMIT IS THE KEY OPERATED. LIMIT SWITCH USED IN DYNAMIC BRAKE WINCH HOOK EMPTY AND FULL SPEED WILL CONTINUE YOUR MOVE HERE. HOOK WITH FULL LOAD AND SPEED, YOUR MOVE WILL CONTINUE THIS ITEM KEY OPERATED WHEN WILL LIMIT WEIGHT ACHIEVE THIS POINT. IMPORTANT: MUST NOT CHANGE THE POSITION OF WEIGHT LIMIT SWITCH TO ENHANCE THE COURSE OF THE HOOK, UNLESS HIGHER AUTHORIZATION.
  87. 87. LIMIT SWITCH TESTING AND OPERATION OF LIMIT SWITCHES RULES TO FOLLOW, FOR THE TEST LIMIT SWITCHES ARE EFFECTIVE IN MOST PLANTS WHERE THERE IS A LARGE NUMBER OF CRANES IN OPERATION. THESE RULES ARE CAREFULLY PREPARED WITH THE AIM OF BETTER OPERATORS GUIDE HOW TO CORRECT METHOD TO BE FOLLOWED.  ASURE THAT LIMIT SWITCH IS IN GOOD OPERATING CONDITIONS REQUIRED THROUGHOUT THE TURN, ONCE THE FEAR OF AN ACCIDENT CAUSED BY OVERDRIVE THE NORMAL COURSE WILL BE AWAY FROM THE MIND OF OPERATOR, EMPOWERING YOU TO WORK WITH ALL SAFETY .  AT THE START OF EACH ROUND, IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT THE OPERATOR CHECK THE WORKING CONDITIONS LIMIT SWITCH, ENGINE TRIGGERING CAREFULLY IN ORDER TO SUSPEND THE HOOK THE CRANE. The LIMIT SWITCH IS A SAFETY DEVICE AND, AS SUCH, SHOULD NOT BE USED AS A MEANS OF STOPPING THE MOTOR WINCH, ALL BECAUSE THE HOOK UP. A CAREFUL OPERATOR CONSCIOUS AND AVOID THIS PRACTICE, STOPPING THE ENGINE CONTROL WITH OWN LEAVING THE KEY THAT LIMIT ONLY BE OPERATED OR USED IN AN EMERGENCY.
  88. 88. LIMIT SWITCH TESTING THE KEY TO LIMIT THE START OF EACH ROUND, COMES UP AS FOLLOWS: 1. TAKE UP A CRANE FOR A SPACIOUS PLACE WHERE THE HOOK IN THE EVENT CAIR FAILS ANYONE UNDER THE FLOOR AND ANY EQUIPMENT OR DAMAGE. 2. A) - SUSPEND THE HOOK UP TO THE EXTENT THAT JUST TOUCH THE BOTTOM LIMIT SWITCH AND BRINGS UP CONTROL FOR POSITION "OFF". B) - THOROUGHLY COMES THIS POINT ONWARDS, USING UP THE FIRST POINT OF CONTROL. IF THE LIMIT SWITCH IS OPERATING NORMALLY, THE ENGINE OFF AND CONTROL WINCH WILL BE BROUGHT TO THE "OFF". C) - DURING THIS TEST NOTES THE HOOK UP THE CRANE. IF HE DOES NOT STOP A LITTLE BEFORE TOUCHING THE DRUM, UP QUICKLY OFF THE ENGINE, REQUESTING UP THEN THE PRESENCE OF MAINTENANCE. IF YOU OBSERVE IF ANY PROBLEMS ON PARADE, THE LIMIT SWITCH, COMMUNICATING THE FACT TO SUPERVISION AND MAINTENANCE. THE EXCESSIVE DRAG MAY BE CAUSED BY BRAKE WINCH WHICH MAY BE DEFECTIVE MISFIT BY OPERATION SWITCH LIMIT. CHECKING UP THEN IF THE WEIGHT STOPPED IN CORRECT POSITION.
  89. 89. PANTOGRAPH IS A PIECE OF WOOD OR STEEL WITH INSULATION, FIXED IN STRUCTURE ON THE FRONT OF THE CABIN BUS. CONSISTS OF PINS, VS-PIN, collecting SHOES AND CONNECTORS CABLE. YOUR JOB IS TO RECEIVE THE BUS HOME ENERGY AND SEND FOR CASH DISTRIBUTION IN CRANE. THREE ATTACHMENT BRACKET PANTOGRAPH (WOOD) COLLECTOR CRANE OF ALTERNATING CURRENT SHOE COLLECTOR ATTACHMENT BRACKET COLLECTOR PANTOGRAPH (WOOD) SHOE COLLECTOR TWO ATTACHMENT BRACKET COLLECTOR CRANE OF CONTINUOUS CURRENT ATTACHMENT BRACKET COLLECTOR
  90. 90. BOX DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICAL CABLES  ENERGY DISTRIBUTION TO FEED THE KEY GENERAL BOOTH, PANEL LIGHTS, TRACTION BRAKE PANEL, PANEL AIR CONDITIONING AND RADIO COMMUNICATION. KEY GENERAL  POWER DISTRIBUTION PANELS FOR FOOD DRIVE, TROLLEY, TOW AND DEVICE ELECTROMAGNETIC LIFTING. IT INCORPORATED BY SYSTEM "KNIFE" - ON OFF, CONTACTORS AND CONTROL, ELECTRIC DRIVEN BY buttonhole BY OPERATOR CABIN, signalman OBSERVED IN RED (ON), GREEN (OFF) PANEL PULL, AND TROLLEY WINCH  METAL BOXES ARE FIXED TO THE SIDE OF TRANSLATION OF BEAM TROLLEY PAGE. YOUR JOB IS RECEIVING SIGNALS DRIVEN BY OPERATOR LEVER, CONTROLLING MOTOR SPEED VIA RESISTANCE. CONSISTS OF CABLES, CONNECTORS, CONTACTORS, dampers, BREAKERS, RELAYS, RELAYS timed, INTERLORQUES, SWITCHES, FUSES, ETC.
  91. 91. COMMAND KEYS (LEVER)  IS THE MECHANISM DRIVE DRIFT, AND TROLLEY WINCH. IS USED IN CRANES WITH CABIN. 7 5 COMPONENTS 1 - GEAR BOX; 2 - CONTACT BLOCK; 1 3 6 3 - HOUSING; 4 - RETURN SPRING 2 5 - HANDLE DRIVE; 4 6 - SECURITY LOCK; 7 - SYSTEM "DEAD MAN".
  92. 92. TOW LOWERING THE LOAD TRIGGERING THE KEY CONTROL (LEVER) NO SENSE "DOWN", BRAKE IS RELEASED AND MOTOR PROVIDES FOR TORQUE CRANK THE TOW TOWARDS LOWER WHEN THE LOAD IS LIGHT. WHEN THE CHARGE FOR HEAVY AND TENDER A DRAG ENGINE, THIS WILL PROVIDE A COUNTER TORQUE IN THE LOWERING OF, OR BE, WILL PROVIDE A "DYNAMIC BRAKING" TO CONTROL THE SPEED OF DESCENT OF CHARGE. A CHANGE IN STRENGTH IS A DYNAMIC BRAKE CIRCUIT INHERENT FEATURE, NOT VARY, SO THE OPERATOR. AS IN THE CASE OF SURVEY, A VARIATION OF SPEED IN LOWERING THE FIVE KEY POINTS COMMAND (LEVER) VARIATION IS OBTAINED BY QUANTITY OF RESISTANCE IN THE CIRCUIT ELECTRIC MOTOR, ALSO IF ANY POSITION IN LOWERING THE TOW, A KEY COMMAND CAN BE CENTERED TO APPLY THE BRAKE AND STOP THE DOWNWARD MOVEMENT. NEVER WINCH MOTOR MUST BE BRAKED FOR REVERSAL TO REDUCE SPEED TO STOP OR LOAD.
  93. 93. LOWER THE FIRST POINT LOWER FOR ALL CHARGES AND DOWN SLOWLY. THIS ITEM IS USED FOR A LOAD DOWN SLOWLY. IF THE CONTROL WAS LEFT ON THAT POINT, THE LOAD ACHIEVE A HIGHER SPEED THAN THE HOOK WITH EMPTY OR A LIGHT LOAD. THE SECOND POINT TO LOWER, GET UP AN INCREASE SPEED OF ALL CHARGES. CONTROL WINCH LOWERING THIRD POINT AND OTHER ITEMS, GIVE AN ADDITIONAL INCREASE SPEED MOST HIGH, WITH CONTROL IN LAST POINT.
  94. 94. LOWER LOWERING THE LOAD  WHEN A LOAD DOWN, TO APPROACH THE SAME FLOOR, REDUCE SPEED BACK TO THE CONTROL LEVER FOR POSITION "OFF".  SEAT TO LOAD CAREFULLY, YOU ARE ADVISED TO STOP WHEN THE ENGINE IS THE SAME FEW INCHES TO THE FLOOR AND AFTER CYCLE ENGINE USING UP THE FIRST POINT OF CONTROL OR POWER ON AND OFF THE FIRST POINT REPEATEDLY UNTIL THE LOAD TOUCH FLOOR.  WHEN THE HOOK DOWN, GRAVITY IS FAVORABLE TO THE MOTOR, SO THAT CONDITIONS ARE EXACTLY THE OPPOSITE CASE OF SURVEY, THAT IS A HEAVY LOAD TO DOWN FORCE REQUIRES LESS THAN A LIGHT LOAD AND ALSO DOWN FASTER THAN A MILD. LOWERING POWER GRAVITY LOAD FOR DOWN CONTROL WINCH LOWERING
  95. 95. CHECK THE BREAK OF THE TOW 1 - AFTER WARE ALIGN THE ROPE, TO RUN THE TOW UP TO A + OR - 20CM POINT SUPPORT. LOOK IF THE CHARGE REMAINS THE SAME POINT, BEING SAFE, DAR CONTINUITY TO LIFT. SEEING THAT THE BRAKE IS NOT HANDLING THE LOAD, LOAD POSITION IN FLOOR OR IN SUPPORT POINT, SUPERVISOR AND COMMUNICATE TO REQUEST THE ATTENDANCE OF MAINTENANCE IN THE CRANE. 2 - CRANES WORKING WITH DOWN LOAD CAPACITY NOMINAL, AUDITIONING ONCE PER TURN, IT IS RECOMMENDED IN THE BEGINNING. 3 - CRANES WORKING WITH A NOMINAL CAPACITY, TEST THE BRAKES ON ALL CHARGES. 4 - CRANES WORKING AS POSSIBLE (AUTHORIZED BY SUPERVISOR) WITH A LOAD OF UP RATED CAPACITY, AND TO THE MAXIMUM 20%, TEST THE BRAKES ON ALL CHARGES.
  96. 96. ACCESSORIES
  97. 97. ACCESSORIES  Tongs mechanical automatic reels.  Tools designed to enable handling and transport of coils with axis vertical.  Tongs for electromechanical reels. – Developed tools for troubleshooting and cargo handling coils of sheet steel (or other material) with shaft in horizontal position. – Advantageously replace the hooks and rope ware, the speed and safety in operation. – The tongs electromechanical may contain up to 360 ° swivel.
  98. 98. Mechanical Tongs for Cops
  99. 99. Electromechanical Tongs With No Giro for Coils
  100. 100. Electromechanical Tongs with Rotation
  101. 101. Electromechanical Tongs without Rotation
  102. 102. Electromagnetic lifting device
  103. 103. REPORTS
  104. 104. REPORTS 1 - DIARY - USED IN AREAS OF PRODUCTION LINES WITH USE OF CRANE, 00:00 HOURS DURING THE DAY. OPERATOR'S REPORT (THE BACKGROUND). MUST BE COMPLETED BY THE OPERATOR OF EACH SHIFT AS SPECIFIED:  DRIFT - 00:00 AM- 08:00 AM;  TROLLEY - 08:00 AM - 04:00 PM;  STRUCTURE / ELECTRICAL - 04:00 AM - 00:00 AM; 2 - WEEKLY - USING THE SAME REPORTS TO CRANES WORKING DAY ONLY SYSTEM. OPERATOR'S REPORT (THE GREEN BACKGROUND). MUST BE COMPLETED BY OPERATED IN 1 BUSINESS DAY OF THE WEEK 3 - MONTHLY - USING THE SAME REPORTS FOR CRANES FOR FREQUENT USE LITTLE. OPERATOR'S REPORT (THE YELLOW BACKGROUND). MUST BE COMPLETED BY OPERATOR IN 1 BUSINESS DAY OF THE MONTH.
  105. 105. SAFETY GENERAL
  106. 106. GENERAL SAFETY Personal Protective Equipment  The company provides, directs, trains and requires the use of all personal protective equipment required to function. Use them correctly. The most common types used by operators Cranes are:       Helmet; Gloves; Glasses; Ear protectors ; Boots with steel toe; And others especifical for each work.  Not using the Personal Protective Equipament is missing, so the likely punishment.
  107. 107. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes         Collision Avoidance sensor; Reducing speed limits; End limits of movement ; Flags; Buzzer; Interlocking movement; Button Approach; Emergency Button.
  108. 108. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes Collision Avoidance sensor • • Devices, for the most part optical transmission, which aims to define a security distance between two or more cranes which share the same translation beam or are in another collision situation, for example crane beam with translation of and under one another. This safety distance aims to avoid the collision between the cranes or eg preventing two or more cranes will access the same beam translation at the same time (load shedding).
  109. 109. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes Reducing speed limits • • • • Devices which is aimed when fired in slow a movement, ie removing the inertia of the set in motion, translational movement of the crane, the motion of the car (trolley) and lifting movement. Typically this limits are installed to perform between 3-8 meters from the edge of the beam translation. In some of the lifting motion limits are referred to as rotary switches, but the function is the same and are fitted to act between 500 and 1,000 mm from the end of the course of the drum. In short, the speed limit function limits help to limit such device.
  110. 110. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes End limits of movement • • • Devices that when fired is aimed at stopping the motion, translatory motion of the crane, the motion of the car (trolley) and lifting movement. Typically this limits are enacted between 400mm to 1500 mm from the end of the beams translation. In some of the lifting motion limits are referred to as rotary switches, but the function is the same and are fitted to act between 300 and 500 mm from the end of stroke drum.
  111. 111. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes Signal lights • Devices which is close to the color code signal light operating condition.  Green Flag - means that the crane and that this energized able to function if one of the commands is done.  Red Flag - means that the crane this energized, but is not able to function if one of the commands is done.  Blue flag with effect (optional) - means that the crane this energized and moving the car or the crane.
  112. 112. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes Buzzer • Devices is in order to alert ground personnel that this crane moving cargo under the walkway near the same, or other situation that requires the use of the siren.
  113. 113. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes Inter-locking Motion • Device, with development by electrical circuit that is in order to allow only a single motion controller at a time.
  114. 114. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes Button Approach • In a study of deactivation. It makes no sense to set boundaries and limit anti collision using this button. It is a source of accidents, especially collision.
  115. 115. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes  LOCK HOOK
  116. 116. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes  LIMIT SWITCH IS A SAFETY DEVICE THAT LIMITS THE SPACE CRANE LIFTING AND IS NOT TO BE USED CONTINUOUSLY.  TO AVOID THE HOOK OF CRANE EXCEED THE NORMAL COURSE TO RAISE, THE CRANES ARE EQUIPPED WITH A KEY LIMIT. ONE OF THE KEY TYPES OF LIMIT MORE COMMON IS THAT WHICH IS OPERATED BY OWN HOOK. OTHERWISE, IS WHAT IS ON THE DRUM AND IS ALWAYS READY TO DROP AFTER A CERTAIN NUMBER OF TURNS OR THE DRUM SPINS.  KEYS LIMITS ARE INSTALLED IN ORDER TO TURN OFF THE POWER ENGINE WHICH AUTOMATICALLY, ACT DOES DYNAMIC BRAKE. WHEN IS OPERATED LIMIT SWITCH, REVERSES UP CONTROL TO LOWER THE HOOK; THIS OPERATION MUST BE DONE "GIVING HITS" IN CONTROL TO GET THAT LIMIT SWITCH REPLACEMENT. SOME KEYS NO LIMIT ONLY ABSCHALTEN ENGINE LINE ALSO HOW DO YOU STOP QUICKLY THROUGH AN ELECTRIC BRAKE. AVOID THIS ONE "entrainment" EXCESSIVE AND ALLOW THE LIMIT SWITCH IS SET WITH A MINIMUM CLEARANCE BETWEEN THE HOOK DRUM AND, THUS LEAVING A COURSE THAT ELIMINATES MOST FREQUENT OPERATION OF THE SAME.
  117. 117. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes  CHAVE LIMITE  ALTHOUGH ONE STOP UP, YOU SHOULD KEEP IN MIND THAT HER DOWN THERE. IF THE ENGINE THEN CONTINUE ON THE HOOK TO TOUCH THE FLOOR, THE CABLE WILL LEAVE YOUR POSITION AND DRUM ROLL ON BEGIN IF COUNTER. WHEN OCCURS, IMMEDIATELY STOP THE OPERATION OF CRANE, AND COMMUNICATE TO CALL MAINTENANCE SUPERVISOR WITHOUT LOSS OF TIME, BECAUSE THE WINDING CABLE IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION CAN CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE TO THE CRANE.  ALSO LIMIT THE KEY GOES DEAD. IF YOU CONTINUE IF CABLE ROLL IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION, THE HOOK CAN strike the DRUM, WARE FROM THE ROPE AND DROP THE LOAD, DAMAGING THE BRIDGE AND CAUSING SERIOUS ACCIDENT WITH MEN'S FLOOR. LIMIT SWITCH OPERATED BY WEIGHT HOOK HOISTING
  118. 118. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes  BRAKE HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM BREATHER BRAKE MASTER CYLINDER MASTER CYLINDER TYPE III
  119. 119. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes  BRAKE BLEEDING THE HYDRAULIC USED ONLY AS REMOTE BLEED. ​ HYDRAULIC FLUID BLEED HOSE
  120. 120. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes  BRAKE BRAKING SYSTEM PROPORTIONAL ELECTRO-PNEUMATIC PANEL. COMPONENTS 1 - MOTOR COMPRESSOR; 2 - COMPRESSOR.
  121. 121. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes  BRAKE THE DISC BRAKE TYRE  SCHEME BRAKE INSTALLATION OF AN ELECTROPNEUMATIC CRANE LARGE, WITH traction BY FOUR MOTORS IN TRANSLATION. COMPONENTS 1 - PEDAL DRIVE; 2 - PIPE AR; 3 - Electro-PANEL; 4 - ACTUATOR ASSEMBLY; 5 - DISC BRAKE.
  122. 122. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes  BRAKE THE DISC BRAKE PNEUMATIC  WORK THROUGH A COMPRESSOR INSTALLED ON THE CATWALK PANELS, A REGULATED PRESSURE TO SHUT THE CYCLE AND THE 80 LPS 60 LPS. BEING NOTICED THE GAUGE BY OPERATOR. FEATURES: ADJUSTMENT EASY, EASY MAINTENANCE INSPECTION AND SIMPLE. Contra porca Parafuso de ajuste PNEUMATIC BRAKE SYSTEM TO DISC BRAKE ASSEMBLY PEDAL DRIVE
  123. 123. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes SWITCH-DISCONNECTORS  KEYS ELECTRIC  DEVICE IS USED TO SHUT DOWN ALL BUS MAIN CRANE. SERVICING TO USE TO SWITCH ISOLATOR, BRACKETS, REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF RAILS. FIXED BEAM IN TRANSLATION TO THE FULLEST EXTENT OF THE BUILDING. IT IS LOCATED BESIDE THE COLUMN BARRAMENTOE SHED IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NEXT FLOOR. DISCONNECT SWITCH  DEVICE IS USED TO TURN OFF THE BUS HOME PART OF CRANE. GARAGE IS LOCATED NEAR THE SERVICE OR ON THE BEAM OF TRANSLATION ON THE CATWALK FOR ACCESS TO CABIN. The MAINTENANCE OFF TO MAKE THE REPAIR PANTOGRAPH MAIN EXCHANGE SHOES COLLECTING, CIRCUIT GENERAL LIGHTING OR KEY. EMERGENCY BUTTON  PANEL IS LOCATED INSIDE THE CABIN, TO SERVE THE KEY OFF GENERAL AND ALL COMPONENTS OF CRANE. CRANES IN THE OLDEST IS OFF BY A CIRCUIT BREAKER INSIDE THE CABIN.
  124. 124. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes Accessories • Sensor Alignment Located at the bottom of the arms, and forthcoming the jaws of tongs is aimed at determining when the coil is centered hole. That is, the close command will only be allowed if the sensor detects the alignment of the arms of the central hole of the coil, in order not to damage the edges of the coil. • Sensors edges One located in each gripper, has the purpose of determining the lateral edges of the coil, that is, the close command is interrupted when both edge sensors detect the presence of the edges of the coil, in order not to leave knead them or damaging them .
  125. 125. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes • Load sensors Accessories One located in each gripper, has the purpose of determining the presence of the coil in the grip That is, once detected the presence of the coil, even if one of the sensors in the open command is disabled. This is to prevent accidents such as falling of the coil. This is for safety sensor. • Sensors limits turning Located at the top of tongs, aims to define the spin clockwise and anti-clockwise of tongs. • Sensors maximum opening Located in the central part of the tongs is intended to delimit the maximum opening of the arms of tongs.
  126. 126. GENERAL SAFETY Safety Devices Cranes Accessories Detail Sensor Alignment, Border and Cargo Detail of Rotation sensors and Maximum Aperture
  127. 127. Poing
  128. 128. Ai!
  129. 129. Ai, ai, ai!
  130. 130. CRANES Ai, ai, ai!
  131. 131. ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
  132. 132. ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
  133. 133. ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
  134. 134. ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
  135. 135. ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
  136. 136. ACCIDENT IMPERSONAL
  137. 137. FATAL ACCIDENT • By depositing the coil on the ground, the hook of the Crane went down, dropping if the hook "C". Subsequently the hook "C" revolved around the coil reaching the operator. As a result suffered multiple injuries and died.
  138. 138. Cranes in the same beam translation THE OPERATOR MUST BE AWARE WITH THE POSITIONING OF CRANE NEIGHBOR TO AVOID HITS BETWEEN THEM. TO AVOID RUNNING BRIDGE CRANE, OR PUSHING CLASH WITH OTHER.
  139. 139. Click on the icons below to view presentations and videos. Note: The videos are in Flash Player format - if your PC does not open, install the required codec. CRANES Accident Operation with Tongs Crane 12 ACCIDENT TRUE Acidente Ponte Rolante.flv CRANES ACCIDENTS Acidente naMovimentação deCargas comGuindaste- Segurança do Trabalho - Ac ident.flv acidente panela de aço.flv
  140. 140. RECOMENDATIONS
  141. 141. RECOMENDATIONS NOT WORK WITH A CRANE WITHOUT KNOWING HOW ARE THE CONDITIONS OF ITS COMPONENTS. TO WORK WITH A CRANE, YOU SHOULD MAKE AN INSPECTION: - KEY EMERGENCY OFF: 1- CHECK IN PANELS OR IF THERE PADLOCKS SAFETY LABELS IN THE KEYS OR PREY IN BREAKERS. 2- CHECK IN GENERAL KEY, IF THE SAME IS OFF OR BLOCKED. 3- CHECK THAT THE COMPONENTS OF TRANSLATION OF RP IS IN GOOD CONDITIONS; 4- CHECK THAT THE INGREDIENTS ARE IN GOOD CONDITIONS TROLLEY; 5- CHECK THAT THE SYSTEM COMPONENTS LIFTING ARE IN GOOD CONDITION; 6- CHECK THE BAR MAIN POWER SUPPLY; 7- CHECK IF SOMETHING CAN STOP THE WHEELS OF TROLLEY OR CRANE MOVE AROUND ON RAILS; 8- CHECK THAT THE WARE ROPE ARE IN GOOD CONDITIONS; 9- CHECK THE BOUNDARY CONDITIONS OF TOW;
  142. 142. RECOMENDATIONS NOT WORK WITH A CRANE WITHOUT KNOWING HOW ARE THE CONDITIONS OF ITS COMPONENTS. TO WORK WITH A CRANE, YOU SHOULD MAKE AN INSPECTION: - KEY EMERGENCY OFF: 10- VERIFY THE EXISTENCE OF PARA-SHOCK THE TROLLEY AND CRANE; 11- VERIFY THE EXISTENCE OF THE STOPS AND TROLLEY CRANE; 12- CHECK THE CONDITIONS OF LEVER AND BRAKE PEDAL. BEING ALL IN GOOD CONDITION: ON A CRANE AND MAKE TESTS WITH ALL CARE AND TRAVELING CRANE: TROLLEY, TOW, LIMIT SWITCH AND SIREN. THEN YOU MUST INITIATE THE WORK.
  143. 143. IMPORTANT  NEVER LEAVE YOUR CRANE EXCEPT WHEN ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY. WAIT IN THE CABIN OF YOUR ARRIVAL SUBSTITUTE AUTHORIZED BY SUPERVISOR;  TRANSPORT NOT OXYGEN CYLINDER ACETYLENE OR FULL OR EMPTY AND DEVICE ELECTROMAGNETIC LIFTING BY ORDER OF WHOEVER IS;  SUDDENLY NOT APPLY THE BRAKE FOOT,. OS "corns" WHEELS SKATING RESULTING FROM THE CRANE;  REMEMBER: - AFTER ALL, THE SAFE OPERATION OF THE CRANE IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY; - THE LIFE OF A LOT DEPENDS ON YOUR CONSTANT CARE AND ITS COMMON SENSE.
  144. 144. IMPORTANT LIGHTING: CRANE HAS SHED THAT SHOULD HAVE REFLECTORS HUNG CEILING IN ANY EXTENSION; IN SECTORS WHERE ARE PERFORMED MAINTENANCE SERVICES, YOU SHOULD INCREASE THE NUMBER OF REFLECTORS; WAREHOUSE IN THE CLOSED SIDE REFLECTORS MUST OWN THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF CABIN PR, NO CAUSE FOR REFLECTIONS AND SHADOWS THAT UNDERMINE VISIBILITY OF OPERATORS; WELLS AND GALLERIES WITH REFLECTORS MUST HAVE DIRECTED TO FOCUS IN OR FOR THE OPENING OF WELL; WELDING SERVICES, OR TORCHES REFLECTIONS OF LIGHT COME OF WATER WELLS, MIRRORS ETC, SHOULD BE ELIMINATED OR, IF YOU CAN NOT, MUST BE PROTECTED WITH SCREENS; THE WINDOWS OF CABINS CRANE SHOULD BE DESIGNED WITH REFLEX TO BREAK OUT OF CABIN; GLASSES OF BOOTHS ARE NOT TO BE DESIGNED, ONE IN FRONT OF THE OTHER, THE VERTICAL POSITION TO PREVENT FALSE IMAGES.
  145. 145. IMPORTANT ALL CRANE HAVE TO OWN THE SIREN FUNCTIONING. THE OPERATOR SHALL USE IT EVERY TIME WORKING WITH CRANE. THERE ARE SEVERAL TYPES OF SIREN, CRANE IS USED FOR TYPE PATTERN, MUST NOT CHANGE THE TYPE OF SIREN CRANE BECAUSE THAT'S THAT SOUND STAFF AREA HAS HABIT TO HEAR; ACTIVITIES THAT OFFERS GREAT RISK, THE SIREN WILL BE DRIVEN INSISTENTLY; PEOPLE WORKING IN AREAS WHERE HAVE CRANE, BE TARGETED AS THE RISKS OF SUSPENDED LOAD; PEOPLE WHO USE CRANE, BE TRAINED TO SIGNAL OPERATOR USING SLINGS, HAVING KNOWLEDGE OF SAFETY RULES. IMPORTANT: BEFORE ENTERING AN AREA THAT HAS CRANE, PEOPLE SHOULD STOP AT THE ENTRANCE OF THE SHED AND LOOK UP, CHECK THE POSITIONING OF AVOIDING CRANE SO PASS UNDER LOAD SUSPENDED. "SAFETY IS A MATTER OF ATTITUDE!"
  146. 146. IMPORTANT AIR CONDITIONING THE CRANE THAT TEEM AIR CONDITIONING, THE OPERATOR MUST GIVE ATTENTION TO: • KEEPING CLEAN FILTERS INCREASE THE LIFE OF AIR CONDITIONING; • CABIN SHALL HAVE CHINKS IN WINDOWS FOR THE CLIMATE IS NOT IMPAIRED TO AIR OUT. DOORS MUST BE CLOSED AND SEALED WITH RUBBER; • THE THERMOSTAT ADJUSTMENT SHALL BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CLIMATE OF SEASONS. SUMMER IS VERY SOUGHT. THE OPERATOR MUST TURN OFF THE AIR AT LEAST ONE TIME, TWO TIMES A DAY, AND WHEN YOU DO NOT HAVE TO BE OFF THE CABIN AIR; • IRREGULARITIES SHOULD BE AS NOTED IN REPORT OF INSPECTION AND SERVICE IN CHARGE SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE AND ROUNDS SCHEDULED. •IMPORTANT: MAINTENANCE SHOULD BE AVAILABLE IN WORKSHOP SOBRESSLENTES GOOD QUALITY, PERFORMANCE MONITORING, GIVE IMMEDIATE ASSISTANCE IN EMERGENCY ISSUES ELIMINATE NOT LEAVING ACCUMULATE, SEEK EMERGENCY ZERO AND GIVE THE CRANE OPERATIONAL AVAILABILITY
  147. 147. IMPORTANT LIGHT SIGNAL ALL CRANE SHOULD SIGNAL LIGHTS ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE CABIN AND OUTSIDE: - RED ON - INDICATES THAT THE CRANE IS ON. - GREEN ON - INDICATES THAT THE CRANE IS OFF. PERSONNEL WORKING AT AREA SHOULD HAVE KNOWN THAT, WITH A RED SIGNAL LIGHT ON, YOU MAY NOT GO UNDER THE CRANE BECAUSE SHE COULD MOVE ANYTIME. THE CRANE LIFTING DEVICE USING ELECTROMAGNETIC ALSO USE RED SIGNAL LIGHT. BEING THE SAME ON, INDICATES THAT THE PANEL IS ON AND THE ELECTROMAGNETIC LIFTING DEVICE IS BEING USED. IMPORTANT: THE OPERATOR OF FLOOR SHALL NOT CONNECT AND DISCONNECT THE PLUG'S LIFTING DEVICE ELECTROMAGNETIC SIGNAL WHEN THE LIGHT IS LIT EVEN BEING OFF, WAIT FOR APPROVAL OF THE CRANE OPERATOR SIGN IN CONVENTIONAL (OPENING ARMS).
  148. 148. IMPORTANT REVOLVING SIGN LIGHT AND SOUND: THE EQUIPMENT THAT EVERYWHERE THE FLOOR WHERE HAS CRANE, SHOULD SIGNAL LIGHT AND SOUND TO AWAKEN THE ATTENTION OF OPERATOR AND PERSONNEL WORKING IN AREA. STATIONARY EQUIPMENT LOCATED IN THE AREA AND THAT MAY BE FOR LOADS RAMMED HOISTED BY CRANE ALSO SHOULD SIGNAL LIGHT / SOUND. FIRE EXTINGUISHERS : IT IS RECOMMENDED TYPE CO2, DUE TO ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS IN EXISTING CRANE. MUST HAVE AN ENTRY IN OR INTO THE CABIN AND ONE ON THE CATWALK TO THE SIDE PANELS OF THE GENERAL KEY. OBS.: CRANE BEING A LARGE AND WITH MANY COMPONENTS SHOULD HAVE ANOTHER EXTINGUISHER. MUST HAVE YET ANOTHER EXTINGUISHER NO TRICK, SIDE CABIN TO MEET THE ENGINES AND TOW TROLLEY. IMPORTANT: ACCORDING TO THE SIZE AND NUMBER OF EXISTING ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS, THE AMOUNT OF EXTINGUISHERS MUST INCREASE IN PROPORTION TO REQUIREMENTS OPERATING PROCEDURE.
  149. 149. BIBLIOGRAPHY
  150. 150. SOURCE: ♣ BRIDGES TRAINING TEAM: ♣ LUIZ CARLOS DE ALMEIDA; ♣ CARLOS ANTÔNIO TEXEIRA DA SILVA; ♣ GILSON PEREIRA DOS SANTOS; ♣ REGINALDO WILCEKI PORTELA; ♣ FÚLVIO MASHIO; ♣ MAURO FRANÇA. ♣ TEAM TRAINING CSN - NATIONAL STEEL COMPANY ♣DEOP / GST; ♣ MATERIAL TÉCNICO: LUIZ CARLOS DE ALMEIDA; CÉLIO R. MONTEIRO, ENERSTO J. MEDUNA, ADILSON J. SIQUEIRA e VALDIR P. DOS REIS. ♣ ANIMATIONS; ♣ ANIMAÇÕES (CRIAÇÃO): LUIZ CARLOS DE ALMEIDA; ♣ OTHER REFERENCES; ♣ NR - 11 - REGULATORY STANDARD FOR TRANSPORT, HANDLING, STORAGE AND HANDLING OF MATERIALS; ♣ ISE n ° 20 - OPERATIONS SUSPENDED LOADS ; ♣ ISE n ° 30 - INSPECTION SYSTEM OF CRANE;
  151. 151. END Luiz Carlos de Almeida e-mail: luizp3@ibest.com.br
  152. 152. REGULATORY STANDARD 11 - NR 11. SHIPPING, HANDLING, STORAGE AND HANDLING OF MATERIALS 11.1. Safety standards for operation of elevators, cranes, industrial conveyors and conveyor machines. 11.1.3. The equipment used in material handling, such as lifts, freight elevators, cranes, mounted load, cranes, hoists, forklifts, hoists, conveyors, conveyors of different types will be calculated and constructed so as to offer the necessary guarantees strength and safety and kept in perfect working condition. (111003-9 / I2) 11.1.3.1. Special attention will be given to ware rope, ropes, chains, pulleys and hooks that should be inspected, permanently replacing the defective parts. (111004-7 / I2) 11.1.3.2. In all the equipment will be indicated, in a visible place, the maximum workload allowed. (111005-5 / I1) 11.1.3.3. For equipment intended for movement of personnel will be required special safety conditions. (111006-3 / I1)
  153. 153. REGULATORY STANDARD 11 - NR 11. SHIPPING, HANDLING, STORAGE AND HANDLING OF MATERIALS 11.1.5. In transportation equipment, with its own driving force, the operator must receive specific training given by the company, which will enable this function. (111008-0 / I1) 11.1.6. Equipment operators of motorized transport should be enabled and may address during working hours possessing an identification card with the name and photograph, in a visible place. (111009-8 / I1) 11.1.6.1. The card is valid for one (1) year unless unforeseen, and for revalidation, the employee must undergo health examination completed by the employer. (111010-1 / I1) 11.1.7. Motorized transport equipment should have audio warning signal (horn). (111011-0 / I1) 11.1.8. All industrial conveyors are permanently inspected and defective parts, or who have disabilities, should be replaced immediately. (111012-8 / I1)
  154. 154. REGULATORY STANDARD 11 - NR 11. SHIPPING, HANDLING, STORAGE AND HANDLING OF MATERIALS 11.1.9. In closed or poorly ventilated areas, the emission of toxic gases, for conveyor machines, should be controlled to avoid concentrations in the work environment, above the permissible limits. (111013-6 / I2) 11.2.9. The warehouse floor must be made of non-slip material, without harshness, ​ using preferably the mastic asphalt, and kept in perfect condition. (111028-4 / I1) 11.3. Storage materials. 11.3.2. The stored material should be arranged to prevent obstruction of doors, fire fighting equipment, emergency exits, etc.. (111032-2 / I1) 11.3.3. Material should be stacked away lateral structures of the building at a distance of at least 0.50 m (fifty centimeters). (111033-0 / I1) 11.3.4. The layout of the load should not obstruct traffic, lighting, and access to emergency exits. (111034-9 / I1) 11.3.5. The storage must comply with special security requirements for each type of material.
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  156. 156. ACCIDENTS
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