Anand carlsen world chess championship 2013.


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Anand carlsen world chess championship 2013.

  2. 2. 2 Low key draw in first game of the World Chess Championship 2013 Mark Crowther - Saturday 9th November 2013 The first game of the World Chess Championship 2013 match between defending champion Viswanathan Anand and his challenger Magus Carlsen ended in a draw in only 16 moves and 90 minutes play. Carlsen playing white chose the Reti System an extremely conservative choice. Anand played quickly and confidently, and after his 10...Nb6 introducing forcing play Carlsen already thought he had no advantage, he seemed to want play to develop more slowly, it's not clear to me what he'd overlooked in preparation although Carlsen admitted he did miss that 13.Qe1 is very bad due to 13...Nb4. This was Carlsen's first world championship game and whilst his opening clearly didn't go well maybe he just wanted to get a feel for what it was like without losing the game. Once things had gone wrong Carlsen felt he had no choice but to "pull the emergency brake" and get to a draw as fast as possible. Anand could have played on with 13...b5 but he didn't see it as being worth the risk and Carlsen claimed he wouldn't have been too upset to play on either. We got the start of an insight into how the players want to play the match, as Anand put it "I got to see what direction he's aiming at and he probably got a clue to mine." It's certainly a bit too early to start getting angry about short draws and saying the match will be boring. Carlsen rarely has them and there's no reason to suspect he'll be looking for them in this match. However it is to be hoped that Carlsen has some more critical opening lines prepared with white. Kasparov comments Garry Kasparov comments on game 1 on Twitter First, a few brief comments on today's Carlsen-Anand game. Brief comments are fitting for such a brief game. I imagine Anand's 2..g6 was a surprise for Magnus, and 4..c6 as well. Then White has a big choice: to play c4 & sacrifice a pawn, or not. Sacrificing the pawn with c4 would not be a typical position for Magnus but Anand (& his second Leko) know those positions well. But without c4 by White Black gets a very solid position, even if he plays the Nbd2 I'd prefer to Carlsen's Nc3. Little danger for Black. I remember Anand played this in his 1994 NYC candidates match against Romanishin, who played c4 & drew one & lost one. Can be quite sharp. First games of big matches are often tentative. Both get a half point but it's great to start any event with an easy draw with black!
  3. 3. 3 Anand & I drew first 8 games of our 1995 world championship match. But then, boom! Next 4/5 were decisive & the match was basically over. So do not get too depressed with a slow start. Of my 7 world championship matches, 5 started with draw in first game. Game notes with player comments Carlsen,Magnus (2870) - Anand,Viswanathan (2775) [D78] WCh 2013 Chennai IND (1), 09.11.2013 [Crowther,Mark] 1.Nf3 d5 2.g3 g6 3.Bg2 Bg7 4.d4 c6 5.0-0 Nf6 6.b3 0-0 7.Bb2 Bf5 8.c4 Nbd7 9.Nc3 dxc4 [9...Ne4] 10.bxc4 Nb6 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 10...Nb6 "It developed kind of fast. 10...Nb6 is a rather sharp idea basically forcing the play straight away. " Anand 11.c5 Nc4 12.Bc1 Carlsen spent around 12 minutes here. "12.Bc1 was a bit of a surprise." Anand. [12.Qb3 "To be honest I expected 12..Qb3 although after 12...Be6 black is probably doing fine. " Anand. 12...Be6 13.Qc2 Bf5 14.Qb3 is a possible repetition here.] 12...Nd5! Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 12...Nd5!
  4. 4. 4 [12...Ne4 Wagner,F (2249)-Aring,G (2205) Gerlingen 2011 is at least equal for black.] 13.Qb3 "After 13.Qb3 I can force this draw." Anand. [13.Qe1? Nb4! "is even getting very unpleasant for white." Anand. (13...Nc7 is also good.) ] 13...Na5 Anand decided to repeat because he didn't see any real advantage in the complications of 13...b5. [13...b5!? would have led to some reasonably interesting tactics. 14.cxb6 "14.cxb6 is what I thought he would play." Anand. (14.a4!?) 14...Na5 15.Qb2 axb6 (15...Qxb6 is quite interesting. 16.e4 Nxc3 17.exf5) 16.Ne5 "Ne5 I thought is keeping the balance reaonably well." - Anand. (16.e4!? may be better. 16...Nxc3 17.exf5 Bxd4 18.Bh6) ] 14.Qa3 Nc4 15.Qb3 Na5 16.Qa3 Nc4 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Final Position after 16...Nc4 1hr 8 mins vs 1hr 21 mins. 1/2-1/2
  5. 5. 5 Anand's turn to steer for a draw in World Chess Championship game 2 Mark Crowther - Sunday 10th November 2013 Sunday's second game of the FIDE World Chess Championship was drawn by three-fold repetition after 25 moves and just one hour ten minutes of play. Magnus Carlsen's choice of the Caro-Kann with black came as a big surprise to defending champion Viswanathan Anand. Carlsen chose to follow the game Anand-Liren Ding from the Alekhine Memorial earlier this year. Anand apologised after the game for shutting the game down so quickly but he "decided to be a bit prudent today." It looks like Anand had options like 13.Nh5 instead of his 13.Bd2 but most post-game discussion surrounded his choice of 18.Qxd5 rather than 18.Qg4 especially as Carlsen's suggestion of 18...Kh7 doesn't seem to equalise according to the computer engine Houdini. Anand moved quickly after this to force a draw by repetition on the kingside. Notes to the game below. Anand's 1.e4 best by test? It was defending champion Viswanathan Anand's first game with white and as was widely predicted prior to the game he returned to his first love of 1.e4. Anand was pretty much forced to switch to 1.d4 with white in world championship play in 2008 as his then opponent Vladimir Kramnik was so difficult to break down in the Petroff Defence. The subsequent match against Topalov saw Anand stick to this choice and he mixed both 1.d4 and 1.e4 against Gelfand. I don't think there's much doubt that Anand prefers to play 1.e4 and he must have less fear that Carlsen will play directly for a draw against it. Of course it's possible Anand will use 1.d4 and 1.c4 later in the match but I think 1.e4 will remain his main weapon. Two short draws Most of the discussion of the match has centred on the brevity of the games. Anand-Gelfand saw a lot of draws many of which were almost entirely made up of high class preparation. There have been high hopes placed on this match to be different. 12 games isn't many to sort out who is best amongst a couple of elite players meaning that risk really isn't rewarded at all. That said I really do think it unlikely we'll see too much more of this as the contours of the match are established. Matches should be viewed as one contest with a rhythm and slow starts whilst the players get comfortable are part of that. Carlsen pointed out he started with two pretty tame games in the Candidates in London before getting to work and he in particular is known as a slow starter. These games
  6. 6. 6 will soon be forgotten if the match catches alight. In the end however the players are here to win the match and entertainment comes as a byproduct. I'm not worried yet. Hikaru Nakamura on twitter Hikaru Nakamura @GMHikaru I am not feeling inspired by the start of the WC match in India. One thing @Kasparov63 always understood is that chess needs to be a show. Game 2 notes Anand,Viswanathan (2775) - Carlsen,Magnus (2870) [B18] WCh 2013 Chennai IND (2), 10.11.2013 1.e4 c6 A small surprise from Carlsen as he hasn't played this move more than half a dozen times before. However the Caro-Kann is an extremely respectable opening which has featured many times in world championship matches. 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Bf5 5.Ng3 Bg6 6.h4 h6 7.Nf3 e6 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 7...e6 With this move Carlsen seems to be inviting Anand to repeat his game against Liren Ding from the Alekhine Memorial. [7...Nd7 is by far and away the most popular choice here.; 7...Nf6 is the second most popular and 7...e6 only the third but all have been played by black at the highest level. It's a genuine choice.] 8.Ne5 [8.h5 is the other common move here.] 8...Bh7 9.Bd3 Bxd3 10.Qxd3 Nd7 11.f4 Bb4+ [11...Ngf6 is an equally popular continuation for black.; 11...c5 has also been played a few times.] 12.c3 [12.Bd2 Bxd2+ 13.Qxd2 Ngf6 14.0- 0-0 0-0 15.Qe2 Qc7 16.Ne4 Nxe4 17.Qxe4 Rad8 18.Qe3 Nxe5 19.dxe5 1/2-1/2 Jakovenko,D (2724)- Eljanov,P (2702)/Tromso NOR 2013/The Week in Chess 980]
  7. 7. 7 12...Be7 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 12...Be7 "It was a mild surprise. The position after move 12 is a very sharp one and I hadn't really expected it, that was clear. I had to decide if I wanted to fly blind or... I chose a slightly solid line." - Anand. 13.Bd2 Not the sharpest. [13.Nh5 might well be the critical continuation. 13...Bxh4+ 14.Kd1 Bf6 15.Kc2 Qe7; 13.Qf3 also may be a try. 13...Bxh4 14.0-0] 13...Ngf6 14.0-0-0 Anand has had this position before this year, here he decides to deviate from his game against Ding Liren from the Alekhine Memorial. [14.Qe2 So far no-one has used this move again. 14...c5 15.dxc5 Qc7 16.b4 0-0 17.0-0 a5 18.a3 Nxe5 19.fxe5 Nd7 20.Ne4 axb4 21.cxb4 Qxe5 22.Bc3 Qc7 23.Rad1 Rad8 24.Qg4 g6 25.Nd6 e5 26.Qc4 Nb6 27.Qe4 Nd7 28.h5 gxh5 29.Qf5 Bf6 30.Qxh5 Qc6 31.Rxf6 Nxf6 32.Qxe5 1-0 Anand,V (2783)-Ding Liren (2707)/Paris/St Petersburg FRA/RUS 2013/The Week in Chess 964; 14.Qf3!? Qa5 15.c4 Qa6 16.0-0 Qb6] 14...0-0 [14...c5 15.Be3 0-0 16.Kb1 Qc7 17.Ne4 Nxe4 18.Qxe4 Nxe5 19.dxe5 Rfd8 20.h5 Rxd1+ 21.Rxd1 Rd8 22.Rxd8+ Qxd8 23.Kc2 Qd7 24.b3 Bf8 25.g4 Qb5 26.Bd2 Qa6 27.Kb2 Qf1 28.Qxb7 Qe2 29.Kc2 Qxg4 30.Qxa7 Qxh5 31.Qb7 Qg6+ 32.Kc1 Qg1+ 33.Kc2 h5 34.a4 h4 35.Qf3 c4 36.b4 Qa1 37.f5 Qxa4+ 38.Kc1 exf5 39.Qxf5 Qc6 40.Qg4 Be7 41.Kb2 Qd5 42.Be3 Qxe5 43.Bd4 Qh2+ 44.Ka3 Bf8 45.Qc8 h3 46.Ka4 Qc2+ 47.Kb5 h2 48.Qa8 Qc1 0-1 Inarkiev,E (2693)-Eljanov,P (2702)/Poikovsky RUS 2013/The Week in Chess 982] 15.Ne4 Allowing some piece exchanges. [15.c4 has been played in a couple of GM games and was a clear alternative.] 15...Nxe4 [15...Nxe5 is an alternative. 16.fxe5 (16.Nxf6+ Bxf6 17.fxe5 Bxh4 18.Kb1 Rc8 19.Rh3 Bg5 20.Rdh1 f5) 16...Nxe4 17.Qxe4 Qd5 18.Qg4 Kh7 19.Kb1 Rad8 20.Rde1 c5] 16.Qxe4
  8. 8. 8 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 16.Qe4 16...Nxe5 [16...f5?! doesn't look like a move Carlsen would ever play. 17.Qe2 Nxe5 18.dxe5 Qd5?! (18...Qa5 19.Kb1 Rad8) 19.c4 Qd7 20.Bb4 Qe8 21.Bd6 c5 1-0 Smeets,J (2613)- Lauber,A (2465)/Forchheim GER 2012 and white was well on top and went on to win.; 16...Nf6 is a Khalifman suggestion whose line continues: 17.Qb1 already this looks very odd. (17.Qe2!?) 17...c5 (17...Qd5 18.g4 Ne4 19.Rh2 Rad8) 18.g4 cxd4 19.g5 Nd5 (19...dxc3!? 20.Bxc3) 20.gxh6 Qc7? (20...dxc3 21.Bxc3) 21.Rdg1 g5 22.c4 Bf6 23.Qe4 Bxe5 24.fxe5 with a crushing position for white in 1.e4 According to Anand by Khalifman but this is a strange line.; 16...a5!?] 17.fxe5 Qd5 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 17.Qd5 [17...Qa5?! 18.Qg4] 18.Qxd5?! It's Anand's turn to "pull the emergency brake" to use Carlsen's game one phrase but it doesn't seem terribly necessary here and now black is at least equal. [18.Qg4 was the obvious alternative for white and it has been seen in a correspondence game. 18...f5 Carlsen thought this less accurate but was sufficient for a draw in this the only test and might very well be the best here. Perhaps he feared Carlsen was still in preparation but this seems unlikely given that Carlsen's suggestion here doesn't seem the best. Of course hardly anyone tells the full truth at press conferences and Carlsen outright refused to say where his preparation ended. a) 18...Kh7 was Carlsen's suggestion after the game but it might not be
  9. 9. 9 that strong. 19.Kb1 (19.Bg5!?) 19...f5 (19...Rad8 although white seems better here too.) 20.exf6 Rxf6 21.Bg5 Rg6 22.c4!! Houdini and white is well on top.; b) 18...Qxa2 19.Bxh6 Qa1+ 20.Kc2 Qa4+ 21.Kb1 is winning for white.; 19.Qg6 Qxa2 20.Bxh6 Rf7 21.g4 fxg4 22.Qxg4 a5 23.Rhg1 Bf8 24.Kc2 a4 25.Rdf1 Qb3+ 26.Kd3 Rxf1 27.Rxf1 Qb5+ 28.c4 Qb3+ 29.Ke4 1/2-1/2 Epure,C (2411)- Tikhobaev,A (2227)/ICCF 2010] 18...cxd5 19.h5 b5 20.Rh3 Black's queenside play is clear and quite fast but white is just in time with his pressure on the kingside. 20...a5 21.Rf1 Rac8 Inviting the draw seen in the game not that there is much to do to avoid it. 22.Rg3 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 22.Rg3 White best get on with forcing the draw before black arrives with b4. [22.Kb1 Kh7 23.Rhf3 Kg8 24.Rg3 Kh7 25.Rgf3 Kg8 is another draw.] 22...Kh7 23.Rgf3 An attack on the vulnerable f7 pawn is white's main counter-play here. 23...Kg8 24.Rg3 Kh7 25.Rgf3 Kg8 1/2-1/2
  10. 10. 10 Carlsen again fails to cause Anand problems with white in World Championship Game 3 Mark Crowther - Tuesday 12th November 2013 Magnus Carlsen and Viswanathan Anand drew the third game of their title match in Chennai after 51 moves and just over 4 hours of play. Carlsen again repeated his choice of the Reti but got little or nothing from the opening and even admitted that he missed some important details. The game did produce the first real struggle of the match, Anand at least was slightly better due to a space advantage and the two bishops. Some computer analysis suggests Anand could have had chances to be substantially better and Carlsen admitted he was a bit concerned but there was nothing really clear. Anand himself suggested he always thought Carlsen had enough counter-play. Carlsen seemed to be disconcerted by 27...b5 rejecting his planned 28.Nxe6 Qxe6 29.Bh3 because he wasn't better but his 28.e3 put him at a disadvantage. Anand talked up Carlsen's counter-play after this and there was indeed some but 29.Bxb2 according to Houdini was strong but only due to a deep finesse. Later 34...Rf8 which Anand rejected because he thought Carlsen would get good counter-play with Bd3 and Qe4 could have led to a queen ending a pawn up if he had found a later Qd6! Anand offered a draw on move 40 but this was turned down by Carlsen who then didn't really try to win but merely simplified to a complete draw. With perpetual checks ending the first two games it may be Carlsen's unstated intention never to offer or agree to a draw but to play all the games out like this. This is something he has talked about in the past as being generally desirable. "I didn't spend much time regretting my moves, that's completely the wrong focus." - Carlsen. Q: "Kasparov is here. In the building. Are you intimidated?" - Anand: "Is he now like Elvis?" Arrival times and zero tolerance The players have to arrive 10 minutes before play to clear security checks for electronic devices and so forth. They have to be sat down at the board at the time of the official start of play otherwise they will lose the game. The players are separated from the press by glass but I imagine it's fairly disturbing and alarming to sit there for very long. Anand was there alone for a few minutes but Carlsen only sat down 46 seconds before he would have been defaulted. He was
  11. 11. 11 likely just off stage but I was starting to have a feeling of mild peril. Imagine he misjudged this run. Kasparov attends Garry Kasparov attended the day's play in the company of J.C.D. Prabhakar, President, AICF and D.V. Sundar, Vice President, FIDE. Kasparov said he is just here to watch and was a bit unhappy he was applauded as this could be heard by the players. He made lengthy comments on the game and match on his twitter feed which were insightful without being controversial. Kasparov will also watch game four. Kasparov on twitter Kasparov tweeting on game 3 of the match in answer to some questions Hello from Chennai & the first real fight of the WCh match! Another comfortable opening result with black for Anand, who had some pressure. (To answer all your politics questions in 1 tweet, I was received very nicely at match today. Ministry doesn't mind my visit, it seems!) My feeling is Magnus is trying to reach "his" positions, where he can play forever with little risk. Anand has blocked this plan very well. Not sure if Anand missed a win as some suggest, but at the time I was surprised he played 33..Qb4 so quickly. Pawn on b2 is dead meat. The bishop went the wrong way! f2 is the juicy target. 33..Rf8 looked much stronger. Maybe Vishy played it a little too safe there. It's hard to switch to "win" mode if you are playing with mentality that draw with black is good result. Psychological pull toward safety. Carlsen got nothing in the opening. He wants calm positions but so far is getting calm & slightly worse against Anand's strong reactions. That is, Anand is responding in way that offers either a sharp fight not to Carlsen's preferred style or calm with no advantage. Well done. Yes, was surprised to see Carlsen think after Vishy took with 3..dxc4. I'm sure Vishy took some confidence from that. There is a nice trap I saw if White tries a trick with 7.Nxe5? Bxe5 8.Bxc6+ bxc6 9.Qxc6+ Bd7 10.Qe4 f6 11.f4 Ne7! 12.fxe5 Bc6 Oops!
  12. 12. 12 Will know more tomorrow about match evaluation. Anand gets second white, warm-up time over! But clear as I said, no walkover for Magnus. So far like wrestling, with Magnus trying for a clinch & slow squeeze & Vishy handily fighting out of it but not pushing hard for more. Will be interesting to see if Magnus is content to keep circling like this or if he "takes the bait" & plays a sharper line. No, no chance for anything 'great' yet, so don't blame players. But also, 'great' not always needed to win match & that's what matters! Anand didn't play great vs Topalov or Gelfand but he beat them both! Vs Kramnik he was fantastic & I'm sure Magnus is very aware of that. An old tiger may not be able to chase down his prey like he used to, but put your head in his mouth & you learn his teeth are still sharp! It's far from exact comparison, but are parallels to 1st Petrosian-Spassky match, 1966. Petrosian champ but underdog. But only 8 yr gap. This is 3rd largest age gap in World Ch history, 22 years. Ironic it's young guy looking for quiet positions, veteran wants it sharp! Yes, both have same problem with white. How to balance desire for their type of position (sharp or quiet) vs objective quality of moves. So Vishy wants a sharp position but if Magnus defends well, how far out on a limb should Anand go? Carlsen can play sharply too! But that is all just talk & what matters is preparation & good moves & high energy each game. Can't get too caught up in these clouds. Yes, I heard both players' answers to question about my visit & was impressed by both. I do not want to be a distraction & they are pros. No, as I have said over 100 times, I am not working with Magnus & am here as a spectator. Not second, not commentator, not politician! Yes, "put your head into the tiger's mouth" is too strong. Anand doesn't need so much help! Perhaps "if you step into his lair" is better. Yes, was very nice reception. Kind but a little troubling people applauded when I entered playing hall. Players can hear that, not good! I'll be here in Chennai for game 4 tomorrow, hoping for another good fight. Thanks for all questions & comments & to my kind Indian hosts.
  13. 13. 13 Game three notes Carlsen,Magnus (2870) - Anand,Viswanathan (2775) [A07] WCh 2013 Chennai IND (3), 12.11.2013 [Mark Crowther] 1.Nf3 d5 2.g3 g6 3.c4 Carlsen is the first to deviate. [3.Bg2 was chosen by Carlsen in game one.] 3...dxc4 White's opening is hardly critical so grabbing a pawn to slow white's development seems a good test. [3...c6; 3...d4 are both respectable and more commonly played alternatives.] 4.Qa4+ [4.Na3 is the main alternative.] 4...Nc6 5.Bg2 [5.Qxc4] 5...Bg7 6.Nc3 [6.0-0 e5 7.Qxc4] 6...e5 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 6...e5 Grabbing a share of the centre. [6...Nh6 7.Qxc4 Nf5 8.0-0 0-0 9.d3 h6 10.Bd2 Nfd4 1-0 Polugaevsky,L (2575)-Dlugy,M (2545)/London 1986 Was perfectly fine for black and led to an interesting game settled on the run up to first time control.] 7.Qxc4 [7.Nxe5 Bxe5 8.Bxc6+ bxc6 9.Qxc6+ Bd7 10.Qe4 f6 11.f4 Ne7 12.fxe5 Bc6! was a nice line given by Kasparov.] 7...Nge7 8.0-0 [8.d3 0-0 9.Bg5 Be6 10.Bxe7 Qxe7 11.Qa4 Nd4 1/2-1/2 Vukic,M (2482)- Palac,M (2565)/Neum BIH 2004] 8...0-0 9.d3 h6!?
  14. 14. 14 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 9...h6 [9...Be6 has been played more frequently. 10.Qh4 Nf5 11.Qxd8 Rfxd8 12.Ng5 Bd7 13.Nge4 Nfe7 14.Bg5 h6 15.Nf6+ Kh8 16.Nxd7 Rxd7 17.Be3 Rb8 18.Rfc1 Nd4 19.Kf1 c5 20.Rab1 b6 21.b4 cxb4 22.Rxb4 Rc8 23.Rbb1 Rdc7 24.Bd2 Nef5 25.e3 Ne6 26.Nb5 Rxc1+ 27.Rxc1 Rxc1+ 28.Bxc1 a6 29.Nc3 Nc5 30.Ke2 Kg8 31.g4 Nd6 32.Bc6 Bf8 33.Nd5 f5 34.gxf5 gxf5 35.Nxb6 e4 36.d4 Nd3 37.Bd2 Nb5 38.Bb7 Nb4 39.a4 Nd6 40.Ba8 a5 time 1-0 Stein,L-Averbakh,Y/Riga 1970/URS- ch. (40...a5 41.Bxb4 axb4 42.a5+-) ] 10.Bd2 Nd4!?N Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 10...Nd4 starting to exchange pieces and grabbing space. [10...Be6 11.Qa4 Nd4 (11...f5!? has been very successful for black but has been only tested at a low level.) 12.Rfc1 f5 13.Ne1 c5 14.Bxb7 Rb8 15.Bg2 Rxb2 was a draw in Kuzubov,Y (2624)-Negi,P (2607) New Delhi 2011 (40 moves).] 11.Nxd4 "I missed some simple things when I went for this whole 11.Nxd4, 12.Ne4, 13.Bb4 operation so I think already then I misplayed something." - Carlsen. [11.Rac1 Be6 12.Qa4 b6 seems fine for black.] 11...exd4 12.Ne4 [12.Na4 Be6] 12...c6 13.Bb4
  15. 15. 15 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 13.Bb4 This seems to allow black complete equalisation but there doesn't seem to be very much if anything for white here already. Carlsen commented that this position wasn't a disaster because if he had had this as black it would be a fairly common position from the Maroczy structure. [13.h4 Be6 14.Qc1 Nf5=; 13.Qc1 may offer the best chances for something. 13...Kh7 14.Bb4 Be6 15.Nc5 Bc8 16.Re1] 13...Be6 14.Qc1 [14.Qc5 Nd5 15.Ba3 Qc7 16.Rfc1] 14...Bd5 15.a4 b6 16.Bxe7 Qxe7 17.a5 Rab8 18.Re1 Rfc8 19.axb6 axb6 20.Qf4 [20.Ra6] 20...Rd8 21.h4 Kh7 22.Nd2 White's queen is terribly short of squares. 22...Be5 23.Qg4 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 23.Qg4 23...h5 [23...f5 was my thought when watching the game it seems black is so in control he can play on either side of the board. 24.Qh3 f4!? (24...h5) 25.Bxd5 Rxd5 26.g4 Rb5; 23...Be6 at first looks like it will lead to a repetition but: 24.Qf3 Bd5 25.e4!? Be6 (25...dxe3?! 26.Qxe3 Re8 27.Nc4 Bxc4 28.Bxc6 Rec8 29.Bg2) 26.Qe2 Qb4 27.f4 Bg7 28.e5 which also looks better for white.] 24.Qh3 Be6 25.Qh1 c5 26.Ne4 Kg7 27.Ng5
  16. 16. 16 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 27.Ng5 "Here it felt like white had more or less gotten enough counterplay, I'll have to check that was indeed the case. I felt if we swapped light squared bishops white was not risking anything to that rules out for me Bf5, Bg4 such moves and I didn't really see where else I could go. Bb3 is a bit ridiculous so I decided just to go for the opposite bishops." - Anand. 27...b5! Carlsen admitted he "underestimated this plan with b5 giving up the bishop". [27...Bf5 28.Bh3 Bxh3 29.Qxh3; 27...Bg4 28.Bf3 (28.Bh3 Bxh3 29.Qxh3 transposes.) 28...f6 29.Ne4 Bd7] 28.e3?! "I really didn't have any idea what was happening next so I was happy to survive." - Carlsen. I think around here Carlsen lost the thread of the position after being surprised by b5. [28.Nxe6+ Qxe6 29.Bh3 was Carlsen's initial intention but it "didn't seem to work out" nevertheless most probably he should have played it. 29...Qe7 (29...f5 30.Qf3 Qf7) 30.Qc6 c4 31.dxc4 bxc4 32.Qxc4 Rxb2 with a draw to follow.] 28...dxe3 29.Rxe3 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 29.Re3 29...Bd4!? [29...Bxb2! is the best according to Houdini but only if you see a finesse quite deep into the line. 30.Rae1 Rb6 31.Bd5 (31.Bh3 "I thought white had full compensation, I didn't see the point in going for that." Anand. 31...Bd4 is the move Houdini gives against this line of Anand's with advantage to him.) 31...Bd4 32.Rxe6 fxe6 33.Rxe6 Qf8!! Houdini (33...Rxe6 34.Nxe6+ Kh6 35.Nxd8 Qxd8 36.Qf3 is completely equal.) 34.Qg2 when black is better.] 30.Re2 c4
  17. 17. 17 "I think I have enough counterplay here." Anand didn't comment at all on 28.e3 suggesting that he didn't considered it an important moment. 31.Nxe6+ fxe6 32.Be4 cxd3 33.Rd2 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 33.Rd2 33...Qb4?! Kasparov was surprised Anand played this move so quickly. [33...Rf8!? 34.Bxd3 Qd6 35.Qg2 Rxf2 36.Rxf2 Rf8 37.Raf1 Bxf2+ 38.Rxf2 Rxf2 39.Qxf2 Qxd3] 34.Rad1 Bxb2 [34...Rf8 "The thing is we were getting very short of time. Even if I win the pawn on f2 if he plays Bd3 and Qe4 I don't see how I'm better. It seems to me my upside was quite limited anyway." Anand. 35.Bxd3 (35.Kh2 doesn't seem any better.) 35...Rxf2 (35...Qd6!? may be the critical try that Anand missed as it stops Qe4. 36.Qg2 Rxf2 37.Rxf2 Rf8 38.Rdd2 Rxf2 39.Rxf2 Bxf2+ 40.Qxf2 Qxd3 with a pawn up in a Queen and Pawn ending but this I think may be a long way from being won.) 36.Rxf2 Rf8 37.Qe4 Bxf2+ 38.Kg2 Qxe4+ 39.Bxe4] 35.Qf3 Bf6 [35...Bd4] 36.Rxd3 Rxd3 37.Rxd3 Rd8 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 37...Rd8 A tacit draw offer. "The thing is that although black has an extra pawn I'm not really in danger of queening it. The problem is with these opposite coloured bishop white's always going to have a backstop and the other thing is that g6. I saw I could play Bd4 and normally this is what I would have done but I simply didn't see anything anyway with something like Qe2, I didn't see any progress. And then I was just swapping down with Rd8." Anand. [37...Bd4] 38.Rxd8 Bxd8 39.Bd3 Qd4 40.Bxb5 Qf6
  18. 18. 18 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 40...Qf6 Accompanied by a draw offer from Anand. 41.Qb7+ Carlsen turns down the draw offer but there are no chances here. The first two games were settled by three-fold repetition and perhaps this indicates Carlsen won't agree any draws but will play out the games until the end. The players quickly trade down to an absolute draw. 41...Be7 42.Kg2 g5 43.hxg5 Qxg5 44.Bc4 h4 45.Qc7 hxg3 46.Qxg3 e5 47.Kf3 Qxg3+ 48.fxg3 Bc5 49.Ke4 Bd4 50.Kf5 Bf2 51.Kxe5 Bxg3+ Finally insufficient mating material for both sides, so draw. 1/2-1/2
  19. 19. 19 Anand survives "basically lost" position against Carlsen in World Championship Game 4 Mark Crowther - Wednesday 13th November 2013 The FIDE World Championship showed just what it might become following a six hour, sixty-four move draw in game four of the twelve game match. Garry Kasparov was the centre of a post-game media controversy over his seating arrangements but he was only talking enthusiastically about the game via his twitter account. "Great game 4 in Chennai today! A true pleasure to watch. A top-level battle that did credit to Anand & Carlsen & to fighting human chess! Despite the eternal talk of their demise, classical chess and match chess are alive and well. Many hours of deep ideas at highest level." Defending champion Viswanathan Anand had white and whilst he repeated 1.e4 Carlsen deviated from the Caro-Kann and played the Berlin Defence instead using a variation played a number of times by one of his seconds Jon Ludvig Hammer. Anand said that "Something went horribly wrong in the opening - I made one illogical move after the next" and after 18.Ne2 he allowed Carlsen to win his a-pawn. Anand had some but probably insufficient compensation for the pawn but this lead to a very difficult position for both sides and Anand started to resist very well. Nevertheless Anand called the position "basically lost" in his initial comments at the press conference. Although Carlsen pressed for a long time Anand defended extremely well and eventually held the draw. "When I won the pawn I was very optimistic but he kept finding resources. I was missing some little things; he just fought on really well. All credit to him." Key moments were 25...h5 (25...Ne7 Anand), 28...Rh4 (28...Nc5, 29...a6), 35.Ne4 (35.R1c3), 36...Rf4+ (36...Rd8), 37...Rf8 (37...g5) all of which were tough decisions that would repay analysis. Anand's dynamic defence with 35.Ne4 and 38.Nd4 was great but in spite of his disappointment Carlsen continued to find problems for Anand to solve after first time control with 43....Rdd3, 46....Rg3, 49....g5 and 56....Re6 were all tricky moves but in the end he had to settle for the draw. The two players chatted about the key moments animatedly at the end of the game. Even after such a late finish to a great game the media focus seemed to be dominated by Kasparov's visit and whether there had been a request by Anand's camp to move him from the front row. Anand I believe said he knew nothing (the sound to the press conference video was very bad today) and FIDE Press Officer shut down the conversation quickly no doubt mindful of an earlier reportedly acrimonious press conference with Georgios Makropoulos that I haven't seen. It all seemed to me to be a bit of a storm in a teacup. Kasparov didn't mention it and has now left India. (Big NRK Sport story in Norwegian on Kasparov)
  20. 20. 20 "Please be cautious when using word like "blunder" to describe the game of two great players. Or you think Anand didn't notice pawn on a2?" - Kasparov. Game four annotated Anand,Viswanathan (2775) - Carlsen,Magnus (2870) [C67] WCh 2013 Chennai IND (4), 13.11.2013 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.0- 0 Nxe4 5.d4 Nd6 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.dxe5 Nf5 8.Qxd8+ Kxd8 Kasparov talked on twitter about the Berlin Defence that caused him so many problems. "The Berlin is a sharp & rich middle-game, not an ending. This was Kramnik's discovery, or re-discovery, vs me in 2000 that I didn't grasp. Nor did most others then. Berlin is more than a wall. After I lost to Kramnik & failed vs his Berlin in 2000, many said it was still lousy, only good against me. Now every top player uses it! Berlin also has benefit of rendering most machine analysis useless. Human chess, deep strategic planning only way. Great from both players." Kasparov has written an essay for Informant 118 on this issue. 9.h3 [9.Nc3; 9.Rd1+] 9...Bd7 10.Rd1 Be7 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 10...Be7 Quite a rare continuation. [10...Kc8 has been played a lot here.] 11.Nc3 [11.Bg5 Kc8 12.g4 h6 13.Bd2 (13.Bxe7 Nxe7 14.Kh2 Re8 15.Nbd2 b6 16.Re1 c5 17.Ne4 Bc6 18.h4 Kb7 0-1 Sutovsky,E (2692)-Hammer,J (2606)/Aix-les-Bains FRA 2011 (44 moves)) 13...Nh4 14.Nxh4 Bxh4 15.Bc3 h5 16.f3 hxg4 17.hxg4 Bg3 1-0 Ganguly,S (2651)-Hammer,J (2647)/Wijk aan Zee NED 2011 (67 moves)] 11...Kc8 12.Bg5 h6 13.Bxe7 Nxe7 14.Rd2
  21. 21. 21 [14.a4 a5 15.Rd2 c5 16.Rad1 Bc6 17.e6 fxe6 18.Ne5 Re8 19.Nb5 Bxb5 20.axb5 Nd5 21.c4 Nb6 22.h4 a4 23.h5 a3 24.b3 a2 25.Ra1 Rd8 26.Rdxa2 Rxa2 27.Rxa2 Rd1+ 28.Kh2 Rb1 29.Ra3 Nd7 30.Ra8+ Nb8 31.Ra3 Nd7 32.Ra8+ Nb8 33.Ra3 Nd7 1/2-1/2 Berg,E (2587)- Hammer,J (2630)/Achaea GRE 2012/The Week in Chess 921] 14...c5 15.Rad1N Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 15.Rad1 "Something went horribly wrong in the opening - I made one illogical move after the next" - Anand. This is the first new move in the game. One can assume Anand's comment refers some if not all of this and the next couple of moves. [15.Ne4 b6 16.Ng3 Bc6 17.Nh2 Ng6 18.Re1 Nf4 19.f3 Kb7 20.Kf2 Rad8 21.Rxd8 Rxd8 22.Nhf1 g6 23.Ne2 Ne6 24.Ne3 Bb5 25.Nc3 Rd2+ 26.Kg3 Bc6 27.Rd1 Rd4 28.Kf2 Kc8 29.Ne2 Rxd1 30.Nxd1 Nd4 31.c3 Kd7 32.Ne3 Nxe2 33.Kxe2 Ke6 34.f4 g5 35.g3 Be4 36.Ng4 gxf4 37.gxf4 h5 38.Nf6 Bg6 39.Kf3 c6 40.Ne8 f5 41.Nd6 h4 42.a4 Bh5+ 43.Ke3 Bd1 44.a5 bxa5 45.c4 Bb3 46.Kd3 Bd1 47.Ke3 Bb3 48.Kd3 Bd1 49.Nb7 Bf3 50.Nxc5+ Ke7 51.Nb3 Bg2 52.Nd4 Bxh3 53.Nxc6+ Kd7 54.Nd4 Bf1+ 55.Ke3 h3 56.Nf3 Bxc4 57.Kf2 Bd5 58.Kg3 h2 59.Nxh2 Kc6 60.Nf1 Kc5 61.Kf2 Kd4 62.Ng3 Be6 63.Nh5 Kd3 64.Ng7 Bc8 65.e6 Kc2 66.e7 Bd7 67.Nxf5 Kxb2 68.Nd6 a4 69.f5 a3 70.f6 a2 71.f7 -- 1-0 Jakovenko,D (2710)-Almasi,Z (2691)/Khanty- Mansiysk 2007/CBM 122; 15.Ne1] 15...Be6 16.Ne1?! Ng6 17.Nd3 b6 18.Ne2 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 18.Ne2 "I just missed something after 18.Ne2 and suddenly I was basically lost." - Anand who expanded on the theme later saying that he played the move "just to be consistant" and that he thought there might be tactics with a timely e6 that turned out not to work.
  22. 22. 22 [18.f4; 18.b3] 18...Bxa2 The bishop cannot be rounded up. White has some compensation for the pawn but almost certainly not enough. 19.b3 c4 20.Ndc1 cxb3 21.cxb3 Bb1 22.f4 Kb7 23.Nc3 Bf5 24.g4 Bc8 25.Nd3 h5 [25...Ne7 "I don't think there's anything wrong with 25...h5 but I thought 25...Ne7 was even stronger. 26.f5 Nc6 Anand said he "didn't see how I could get anything" in this position.] 26.f5 Ne7 27.Nb5 hxg4 28.hxg4 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 28.hxg4 [28.Rc1 was a suggestion of Boris Gelfand's in commentary. 28...Nd5 The only move that promises any advantage. (28...Nc6 29.Rdc2 is what white is hoping for.) 29.Nc5+ bxc5 30.Rxd5 Bxf5 31.Rdxc5 Rac8 is better for black but I'm not sure by how much. "It just seemed to me some kind of fantasyland" said Anand about his rejection of this line although he showed a rather different set of ideas than this line. But he obviously considered it for some time.] 28...Rh4!? [28...Nc6 29.Rc1 Rh4 30.Nf2 a5 (30...g6) ; 28...a6 If Carlsen wants to drive away the white knight then this proves to be the last chance to do it.] 29.Nf2 Forced. 29...Nc6 30.Rc2 [30.Rc1] 30...a5 [30...g6!?] 31.Rc4 g6 32.Rdc1 Bd7 33.e6 fxe6 34.fxe6 Be8 35.Ne4 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 35.Ne4
  23. 23. 23 "Curious that - 35.Ne4 was the only move Kasparov wanted to analyse ten minutes ago in Chennai" Ian Rogers on twitter. [35.R1c3 is an alternative.] 35...Rxg4+ 36.Kf2 Rf4+ [36...Rd8!? may be the best but maybe Carlsen missed it due to the rather rare tactical idea involved. 37.Ned6+ (37.Ke3 is the best white has and black is better.) 37...cxd6 38.Rxg4 Ne5!! when black is threatening at least three things and is winning.] 37.Ke3 Rf8?! Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 37.Rf8 [37...g5! maintains black's advantage.] 38.Nd4! Carlsen looked very unhappy when this appeared on the board. 38...Nxd4 39.Rxc7+ Anand commented that he was lucky that here and on move 59 he had checks to take him to time control when short of time. 39...Ka6 40.Kxd4 Rd8+ 41.Kc3 Rf3+ 42.Kb2 Re3 43.Rc8 There was the expectation that the players would soon agree to a draw but Carlsen kept the problems going for another 20 moves. 43...Rdd3! Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 43...Rdd3 [43...Rxc8 44.Rxc8 Bc6 45.Rxc6 Rxe4 46.Rd6 Kb5 47.e7 Rxe7 48.Rxg6 and the ending is a simple technical draw for a player of Anand's class.] 44.Ra8+ This finesse may or may not be an improvement over directly capturing the bishop straight away. 44...Kb7 45.Rxe8 Rxe4 46.e7 Rg3
  24. 24. 24 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 46...Rg3 Black needs to hang on to the g- pawn if he is to have any chance to win. 47.Rc3 Re2+ 48.Rc2 Ree3 49.Ka2 g5!? Again the most taxing. [49...Rxb3? 50.Rb8+ wins for white.] 50.Rd2 Re5 51.Rd7+ Kc6 52.Red8 Rge3 53.Rd6+ Kb7 54.R8d7+ Ka6 55.Rd5 Re2+ 56.Ka3 Re6!? Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 56...Re6 setting up a final rather evil plot. 57.Rd8 [57.e8N Rxe8 58.Rxg5 R8e6 59.Rgg7; 57.Rxg5?? b5 and mate or ruiness loss of material follows. Anand said he thought he had checked everything before this final problem turned up.] 57...g4 58.Rg5 Rxe7 59.Ra8+ a welcome check to take Anand to the time control. 59...Kb7 60.Rag8 a4 61.Rxg4 axb3 62.R8g7 In spite of getting more time Anand played very fast at the end showing he had everything under control. 62...Ka6 63.Rxe7 Rxe7 64.Kxb3 1/2-1/2
  25. 25. 25 Carlsen leads World Championship 3-2 after Anand subsides in messy game 5 Mark Crowther - Friday 15th November 2013 Magnus Carlsen won the fifth game of the FIDE World Chess Championships in Chennai. This was the first decisive game of the match meaning Carlsen leads defending champion Viswanthan Anand 3-2. This was not a game for the purist, with Carlsen's opening seemingly trying to skirt around anything at all like deep opening theory and get Anand to find moves on his own. Anand chose the Triangle System a variation of the Semi-Slav that can lead to sharp play, especially after Carlsen's 4.e4 but after playing that Carlsen's 6.Nc3 transposed to extremely quiet lines and I don't think there is very much doubt that Anand was objectively at least equal on move 13. Around here Anand's play started to get tentative and that set the pattern for the rest of the game. 13.Bc7 whilst certainly not losing allowed Carlsen to swap queens off and reach a technical ending where he could push for a long time. Anand defended quite well and again must have been quite close to equality but the point is to end the suffering at some point and not get tired having to be endlessly accurate. After the game Anand picked 34.Rd4 as being too active and the losing move but I think he was merely attending the press conference as he had to, he didn't offer up much that made much sense and this assertion is just wrong. Indeed it seemed Carlsen thought it a good move and not thinking he was better at this stage. It's hard to say what went wrong for Anand his resistance just seemed to subside. 39...a4 could have been replaced by 39.g4 but it fixes the white a3 pawn and Anand could have followed this idea up by playing 45...Ra1 winning that pawn with equality. After that 46.Re1 may be the very last chance, certainly after 48...Kd7 Carlsen was winning. A very hard game to annotate because the win came about more from sustained pressure than any specific operation. Carlsen said about the win "It feels good. It was good fighting game. It got messy at times. I got there in the end. I am very very happy about that." Detailed notes and comments below. "Someone said it's about age, I don't think so. The game was a draw, but Magnus kept on as usual, playing his cold blooded little moves." - Miguel Illescas Anand has white in the next two games This kind of loss can hurt a great deal more than one in a mutual slug-fest. Anand admitted he didn't sleep after his only loss to Gelfand in his last defence but then went on to win the following game. I think it likely he won't sleep
  26. 26. 26 much tonight either, can he also come back to win? The match is coming up to the half way point and this means Anand will have white in the next two games, a loss in either of those would probably be almost curtains for his chances but Anand has a couple of chances to get right back into contention. Whatever happens first decisive game always changes the dynamics of a match and sometimes in unpredictable ways. Anand could loosen up and Carlsen become more nervous. Anand could fall apart. Who can tell? but expect a change. A few Kasparov comments Oh, was there a chess game today? Will have a look... ;-) A strange match but oddly balanced. Carlsen plays without openings and Anand without endgames! Statistically, that's in Magnus's favor. Congratulations to Carlsen for his first world championship win. It took me 32 games! Surely not his last, but this match is far from over. But I had similar problem in 2000 when I lost my title to Kramnik. I played into his Berlin, his style, because I thought it was "best". Situation not nearly as concrete for Anand, but yes, good to avoid long equal endgames vs much younger player who loves them! But how?" Anand crushed Kramnik by getting him into very sharp positions. Was very well prepared & played great, but also much more at home there. As I said after game 3, Carlsen content to wait patiently for 'his' positions, not trying to fight sharp opening preparation war. Despite his gifts, no way for Carlsen to catch up to Anand's opening prep advantage. So, avoid it & play to own strengths. Today it worked. Similarly, it is unlikely Anand will fail to reach a few sharp positions of "his" preference. Then we'll see first big test for Magnus. Game notes Carlsen,Magnus (2870) - Anand,Viswanathan (2775) [D31] WCh 2013 Chennai IND (5), 15.11.2013 [Mark Crowther] 1.c4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 c6 4.e4 This seems a strange choice from Carlsen if he wasn't comfortable in playing the main line. This means that he saw some prospects in the coming play. [4.e3; 4.Nf3 are in fact the most played moves. I go with e3 personally.] 4...dxe4 5.Nxe4 Bb4+ 6.Nc3!?
  27. 27. 27 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 6.Nc3 A surprise. I don't expect to see this again later in the match. [6.Bd2 has been seen as the true critical test in this variation, I doubt this game will change this assessment, Anand would however have prepared it extremely deeply.] 6...c5 7.a3 Ba5 8.Nf3 [8.dxc5 when white's trebled pawns don't leave a good impression even if one is extra and he has the two bishops. 8...Bxc3+ 9.bxc3 Qxd1+ 10.Kxd1 Nf6 11.f3 Na6 12.Be3 Bd7 13.Nh3 Ba4+ 14.Kc1 Nd7 15.Rb1 Naxc5 drawn in 79 moves Georgiev,K (2636)-Potkin,V (2647)/Khanty-Mansiysk RUS 2013.] 8...Nf6 9.Be3 [9.Be2 Nc6 (9...cxd4 10.Nxd4 Ne4 11.Ndb5 Qxd1+ 12.Bxd1 Nxc3 13.Nxc3 Bxc3+ 14.bxc3 Bd7 15.a4 Bc6 16.0-0 Nd7 17.a5 a6 18.Ba3 1/2-1/2 Babula,V (2581)-Khenkin,I (2624)/Tegernsee GER 2003/The Week in Chess 427) 10.dxc5 Qxd1+ 11.Bxd1 Ne4 12.Bd2 Bxc3 13.Bxc3 Nxc3 14.bxc3 and against draw this time in 43 moves Gurevich,M (2643)-Khenkin,I (2633)/Polanica Zdroj POL 1999.] 9...Nc6 [9...Ne4 10.Qc2 Nxc3 11.bxc3 cxd4 12.Bxd4 0-0 13.Bd3 h6?! and white went on to win in 36 moves Yermolinsky,A (2530) -Shulman,Y (2623)/Philadelphia USA 2008.] 10.Qd3N Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 10.Qd3 "There were lot of options for all the sides. A lot of unconventional positions. It is natural that you need to take your time." Carlsen commenting on the slow pace of the opening play. [10.d5!? exd5 11.Bxc5 Ne4 12.Qe2 Be6 13.0-0-0 Nxc5 14.cxd5 Qf6 15.dxe6 Nxe6 16.Nd5 Qh6+ 17.Kb1 0-0 18.Qb5 Rab8 19.Ne7+ Nxe7
  28. 28. 28 20.Qxa5 Nc6 21.Qf5 g6 22.Qf6 Qg7 23.Qxg7+ Kxg7 24.Bc4 Kf6 25.Bxe6 fxe6 26.Rd7 h6 27.Rhd1 Rbd8 28.Kc2 Rxd7 29.Rxd7 Rf7 30.Rxf7+ Kxf7 31.Kd3 1/2-1/2 Kubala, M (2310)-Splosnov,S (2335)/Frydek Mistek 1998/CBM 062 ext] 10...cxd4 11.Nxd4 Ng4 12.0-0-0 Nxe3 13.fxe3 Bc7?! Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 13...Bc7 "Probably Anand had chance to draw in endgame...But what was the point of 13...Bc7?! and to play endgame?" Pentala Harikrishna. "Not to say Anand's 13..Bc7 was objectively bad, probably it is fine & had many chances to hold draw. But fits Carlsen's style perfectly." - "After 13..Nxd4 14.exd4 the queens are still on the board & black has the bishop pair to compensate for white's central pawns. A middlegame!" - Garry Kasparov. [13...0-0; 13...Nxd4 "Again Carlsen got next to nothing in the opening. Amazed Anand went into endgame. Could take on d4, keep queens on, very different game." Garry Kasparov 14.exd4 0-0] 14.Nxc6 bxc6 15.Qxd8+ Bxd8 16.Be2 Ke7 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 16...Ke7 "Anand plays again passively for a draw, dismissing any chances to get double edged game. May still hold though, why not?" Later "I meant that 13...Bc7 and 16...Ke7 were not necessary. For example 16...Bb6!? is way sharper if you ask me! Still shocked though that Anand didn't manage to save this one." were Anish Giri's comments on twitter. [16...Bb6 a quick sample Houdini variation: 17.Bf3 Bxe3+ 18.Kb1 Bd7 19.Rhe1 Bb6 20.Ne4 Ke7 21.c5 Bc7 22.Nd6 Rhd8 23.Nb7 Rdb8 24.Nd6 Rd8 is a drawing line.] 17.Bf3 Bd7 18.Ne4 Bb6
  29. 29. 29 It's not quite clear to me why Anand plays this way. [18...f5 19.Nc5 Be8 20.Na6; 18...Bc7 19.c5 Rhb8 20.Nd6 Rb3 21.Rd2 Rab8 22.e4 Ba5 23.Rc2] 19.c5 f5 20.cxb6 fxe4 21.b7 Rab8 22.Bxe4 Rxb7 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 22...Rxb7 Now an end game where Carlsen has static weaknesses to play at. Q: At which moment did you have the advantage? A: (Magnus Carlsen) "I mean it is not huge. I have (pointing mouse after move 22) I have better bishop and better pawn structure. If I can consolidate than I can win. I did not manage to play with the right plan." 23.Rhf1 Rb5!? 24.Rf4 g5 25.Rf3 h5!? Actually rather a commital idea. Anand had choices. [25...Re5; 25...Be8] 26.Rdf1 Be8 27.Bc2 Rc5 28.Rf6 h4 29.e4 a5 30.Kd2 Rb5 31.b3 Bh5 [31...g4] 32.Kc3 Rc5+ 33.Kb2 Rd8 34.R1f2 Rd4 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 34...Rd4 Anand labeled this as the decisive error but to be honest I don't think he was mentally there in the press conference. "Somehow my plan did not materialise. I had to go 34...Rg8. There are many small inaccuracies. But Rd4 was the decisive mistake." - Anand. "After ...Rd4 I thought... I was worried that I might be even worse. (after browsing the game on Chess Base says...) Probably I am not" - Carlsen [34...Rg8 35.Rh6 Bg6] 35.Rh6 Bd1 36.Bb1 Rb5 37.Kc3 c5 38.Rb2 e5 39.Rg6 a4!?
  30. 30. 30 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 39...a4 This isn't losing and indeed sets up a clear drawing idea so it really can't be that bad. [39...g4 "As I see others suggesting, playing 39..g4 instead of sacrificing the pawn also looks superior. Though was likely still drawn as I said." Kasparov.] 40.Rxg5 Rxb3+ 41.Rxb3 Bxb3 After the time control there was an important moment. I really wanted to go Bd3. 42.Rxe5+ [42.Bd3 c4 43.Rxe5+ Kd6 44.Kxd4 cxd3!! 45.Rf5 d2 46.Rf6+ Ke7 47.Rf1 d1Q+ 48.Rxd1 Bxd1 winning a piece.] 42...Kd6 43.Rh5 Rd1 44.e5+ Kd5 45.Bh7 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 45.Bh7 45....Rc1+? "Truly baffled by each of Anand's moves from 39 onwards. But especially 45...Rc1??" - Nakamura. [45...Ra1! "Sure its easier for us who are sitting at home without the pressure, but 45... Ra1 seemed very natural and intuitive." - Nakamura. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) When you played 45...Rc1 did you also consider also 45...Ra1? A: (Viswanathan Anand) "It is possible. Somehow I missed in the rook ending. It is so difficult. I thought I should be able to generate counterplay in the end." 46.Bg8+ Kc6 47.Bxb3 Rxa3 48.Kc4 axb3 49.Rh6+ Kd7 50.Kc3 Ra2 51.Kxb3 Rxg2 52.h3 Rg3+ 53.Kc4 Rxh3 54.Kxc5] 46.Kb2 Rg1 Without deeper analysis hard to say what "last mistake" was. Even 46..Re1 looks like it gives better drawing chances. Keep king active.
  31. 31. 31 [46...Re1] 47.Bg8+ Kc6 48.Rh6+ Kd7 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 48...Kd7 Black is just lost here. [48...Kc7] 49.Bxb3 axb3 50.Kxb3 Rxg2 51.Rxh4 Ke6 52.a4 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 52.a4 "I was amazed at how quickly Magnus played 52.a4. He just *knows* these positions. It's very complex, a lesson in how to cut off king." - Kasparov. 52...Kxe5 53.a5 Kd6 54.Rh7 Kd5 55.a6 c4+ 56.Kc3 Ra2 57.a7 Kc5 58.h4 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 58.h4
  32. 32. 32 Q: How does it feel to break the deadlock? A: (Magnus Carlsen) "It feels good. It was good fighting game. It got messy at times. I got there in the end. I am very, very happy about that." 1-0
  33. 33. 33 Carlsen’s second win in a row a "heavy blow" to Anand's World Championship chances in game 6 Mark Crowther - Saturday 16th November 2013 Magnus Carlsen took control of his match against defending champion Viswanathan Anand in Chennai, India when he won the sixth game in 67 moves to move to a 4-2 lead. This loss can only have been extremely painful to Anand because in spite of being clearly short of his best this loss was almost totally unnecessary and at least in part self inflicted. Anand again played 1.e4 and Carlsen repeated his Berlin Defence from game four. Carlsen repeated the moves from Anand's game against Aronian from Paris earlier in the year. 10.Bg5 was a new, although hardly surprising, novelty that didn't cause Carlsen any problems. After the manoeuvre 13...Nb8 14...Nbd7 similar to that used in the Breyer Defence Carlsen was doing well and Anand didn't seem to know what to do. 21.Bxf6 led to a major piece ending where Carlsen was slightly better. Anand wasn't so much blundering as making slightly under-par decisions. Nevertheless there wasn't so very much for Carlsen to work with. Anand decided to part with a pawn in return for a clarification of the defensive task with 38.Qg3. Carlsen couldn't work out whether it was a blunder or a sacrifice. Carlsen's 43...Kf7 was an error, missing 44.h5 giving up another pawn but more or less equalising. Carlsen had more or less given up trying to win and only had one idea left to make progress. It was at this point Anand became a bit careless taking only 30 seconds of his 38 minutes left in playing 57.Rg8+ (indeed he almost made this move immediately) when 57.Rc8 would have probably led to a quick draw. Anand clearly missed Carlsen's last winning try with 57...Kf4 and his post-game comments suggest he thought he was lost. It's been my observation that carelessness in technical endings has been seen quite a number of games in Anand's career. Anand thought he was now losing but in fact it was 60.Ra4? that was the decisive error 60.b4 draws. Anand had nearly half an hour left to consider his move but used only 90 seconds. It was reported during commentary that Anand didn't sleep very much the previous night following his game 5 defeat and this may have had an impact in game 6. This loss was, if anything, worse. Anand will feel that in both games he should have been able to avoid the loss. Sunday's rest day marks the half way point of the match. Anand starts the second half with the white pieces again. Carlsen leads by 4-2 and requires just 2.5/6 to become the new champion. There are scenarios where Anand could get back into the match but right now Carlsen looks the near certain winner.
  34. 34. 34 There was a press conference right after the game. A clearly upset Anand managed to control himself for the most part and finally snapped at a rather fatuous line of questioning which brought the press conference to a close Q: (Ole Rolfsrud, NRK TV) I am still wondering if Mr Anand will elaborate by what you mean by doing your best again? A: (Viswanathan Anand) Doing your best means doing your best. I don't know why you don't understand English. "Today was a heavy blow. I will not pretend otherwise. Nothing to be done. You just go on." – Anand Game 6 annotated Anand,Viswanathan (2775) - Carlsen,Magnus (2870) [C65] WCh 2013 Chennai IND (6), 16.11.2013 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.d3 Bc5 5.c3 0-0 6.0-0 Re8 7.Re1 a6 8.Ba4 b5 9.Bb3 d6 10.Bg5N Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 10.Bg5 Anand comes up with a new, if not especially surprising new move. Again Carlsen had been following a recent Anand game. This is why players often hide their intended repertoire in events before the world championship. Anand however had to play a lot of chess this year in order to get some form back. Perhaps however he gave away some of his intended repertoire. [10.Nbd2 Bb6 11.Nf1 Ne7 12.Ng3 Ng6 13.h3 h6 14.d4 c5 15.dxe5 dxe5 16.Qxd8 Bxd8 17.a4 c4 18.Bc2 Ba5 19.axb5 axb5 20.Be3 Bb7 21.Ra2 Bc7 22.Rea1 Rxa2 23.Rxa2 Ra8 24.Rxa8+ Bxa8 25.Kf1 Ne7 26.Nd2 Kf8 27.Bc5 Nd7 28.Ba3 g6 29.f3 Ke8 30.b3 cxb3 31.Nxb3 Nc8 32.Bd3 Bc6 33.c4 bxc4 34.Bxc4 Ba4 35.Nc5 Nxc5 36.Bxc5 Nb6 37.Bxb6 Bxb6 38.Ne2 Ba5 39.Nc1 Ke7 40.Nd3 Bc3 41.g4 1/2-1/2 Anand,V (2783)-Aronian,L (2809)/Paris/St Petersburg FRA/RUS 2013/The Week in Chess 964] 10...Be6 11.Nbd2 h6 12.Bh4 Bxb3 13.axb3 Nb8 14.h3 Nbd7 "I thought I got a solid position out of the opening." - Carlsen
  35. 35. 35 15.Nh2 Qe7 16.Ndf1 Bb6 17.Ne3 Qe6 18.b4 a5 19.bxa5 Bxa5 20.Nhg4 Bb6 21.Bxf6 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 21.Bxf6 Anand trades minor pieces hoping his remaining ones would stand well already an indication things have gone slightly wrong. "Magnus' manoeuvre with the knight was quite good. Then I started wondering what to do. Then I thought with Qg4 with the major pieces I could get a solid position. Then I dont know ... one mistake after the other." - Anand 21...Nxf6 22.Nxf6+ Qxf6 23.Qg4 Bxe3 24.fxe3 Qe7 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 24...Qe7 "Then at some point I was little bit better. But nothing much going on." Carlsen. 25.Rf1 c5 26.Kh2 c4 27.d4 Rxa1 28.Rxa1 Qb7 29.Rd1 [29.d5 attempting to close things up was a possible alternative although white's position is a very static target.] 29...Qc6 30.Qf5 exd4 31.Rxd4 Re5 32.Qf3 Qc7! Just a nice manoever. 33.Kh1 Qe7 34.Qg4 Kh7 35.Qf4 g6 36.Kh2 Kg7 37.Qf3 Re6 38.Qg3?!
  36. 36. 36 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 38.Qg3 "He sacrificed or blundered a pawn. After that I got a good rook ending. I am not at all sure if it is winning." - Carlsen. I presume Anand thought simplification at the expense of a pawn was the best idea. I wasn't sure what Anand meant by his explanation "Well, what can I say. Some days goes like that." [38.Qf4 Kh7 39.Qf3] 38...Rxe4 39.Qxd6 Rxe3 40.Qxe7 Rxe7 41.Rd5 Rb7 42.Rd6 f6! Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 42...f6! The best idea for making progress. 43.h4 Kf7?! [43...h5 and "press for a win eventually with Re7-e5" according to Carlsen.] 44.h5! Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 44...h5
  37. 37. 37 "At this point I missed the whole h5 idea. I didnt think you can really give up a pawn like that. Now, it was a draw." - Carlsen. 44...gxh5 45.Rd5 Kg6 46.Kg3 Rb6 47.Rc5 f5 48.Kh4 Re6 49.Rxb5 Re4+ 50.Kh3 Kg5 51.Rb8 h4 52.Rg8+ Kh5 53.Rf8 Rf4 54.Rc8 Rg4 55.Rf8 Rg3+ 56.Kh2 Kg5 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 56...Kg5 57.Rg8+? Not losing but now the game continues and black's task quickly turns out to be very hard. "I had one little trap. Which was my Kf4-Ke3 etc. Fortunately he went for it. It is very difficult. May be impossible to hold after that." - Carlsen. [57.Rc8 Seems to be an easy draw as black has no way to progress. 57...Rg4 58.Rg8+ Kf6 59.Rh8 Kg7 60.Rc8] 57...Kf4 58.Rc8 Ke3 59.Rxc4 f4 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 59...f4 Carlsen only said "Maybe" when asked if he thought this position was winning. "Without these pawns (b2, c3) it would be a dead draw but these pawns seriously inhibit the rook and h3, f3 is coming very fast." - Carlsen. "Here it's lost" according to Anand but computers suggest this simply isn't the case. [59...Rg4 "I thought he was going to go for Rg4 and a similar idea and then I'm OK." Anand.] 60.Ra4? [60.b4 Both players thought this idea way too slow but it seems to draw. 60...h3 61.gxh3 Rg6 62.Rc7 f3 63.Re7+ Kd3 64.b5 f2 65.Rf7 Ke2 66.Re7+ Kf1 67.c4 Rg2+ 68.Kh1 Rg6 69.Kh2] 60...h3 61.gxh3 Rg6 62.c4 f3 63.Ra3+
  38. 38. 38 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 63...Ra3+ Loses immediately but the position is gone anyhow. 63...Ke2 64.b4 f2 65.Ra2+ Kf3 66.Ra3+ Kf4 67.Ra8 Rg1 0-1
  39. 39. 39 Carlsen moves closer to title after straightforward World Championship Game 7 draw Mark Crowther - Monday 18th November 2013 Magnus Carlsen requires just two points from the last five games of his World Chess Championship match against defending champion Viswanathan Anand to claim the title after an uneventful 32 move game 7 draw. Carlsen leads 4.5-2.5 in the 12 game match and only needs to score 2 out of 5 to take the title. After two consecutive losses there was obvious speculation as to what Anand would do as this was one of his three remaining games with white. Whilst players such as Hikaru Nakamura and Teimour Radjabov advocated going "all- in" with aggressive play Anand instead chose a "very slow, maneuvering kind of game" where he "might be able to press a little bit". Anand admitted that "somehow I was not able to make it happen". Key moments such as they were: Anand's 5.Bxc6 goes for a small advantage by doubling pawns, Carlsen's 7...Bh5 was new at the elite level and probably avoided any preparation Anand actually had, 17...fxe3 was probably the only move white could play to try for an advantage, 19...a5 was a quality waiting move after 25...Qxe5 a draw was going to be the only result. No doubt Anand hoped for more from the opening today but the match has probably passed the point where he can get back into it without Carlsen starting to playing considerably worse than he is now. Carlsen hasn't shown much signs of weakening but if it does happen then most likely it will be as he approaches the finish line. A loss for Anand today would have all but ended the match. Has Anand more or less given up as some believe? I don't know, it is possible. It may be Anand had in mind the old Soviet dictum that if you lose two in a row your only job is to draw to stop the rot. Then you can move on. Anand at least looked in a reasonably good mood at the press conference today. Anand needs to win at least one in the next three games and to hope that Carlsen's nerves will get him a second in the final two. This already feels like a long shot. The inability of Anand to put Carlsen under any real pressure with white in the match so far has been the biggest surprise to me. The closest Carlsen came to a loss today was before it started when he left the board with less than a minute to go before the start and only returned with less than 16 seconds to go. In watching the footage I was able for the first time to see that there is a count-down on a video screen so Carlsen probably wasn't in much danger of being defaulted for not being at the board at the time the clocks were started. Nevertheless I was getting slightly alarmed.
  40. 40. 40 Game 7 Press Conference I give the entire press conference today as there wasn't much of the chess. The players were as cagey as ever. There's not a huge sign of meeting of minds between the questioners and the players. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) Can you share with us your thoughts on game seven, what happened today? A: (Viswanathan Anand) I chose a line that both of us had played quite a bit in the past. 6.Nbd2 He went for Bg4 instead. Then you get a slow kind of manoeuvring game after the next three moves. White has two plans, which is, one is to play f4 and the other like in the game which is to play on the h-file. The problem with f4 which is not really effective is that because black is preparing to go with the knight to f8-e6. So I tried castles. Here I thought I might be able to press little bit. I know it is not huge. But somehow I was not really able to make it happen. May be there is something to be said for Bg5 f6, and then coming back and then trying h5. I thought here I might get something with g3, f4 and perhaps the rook on the h-file. It did not materialise so much. Swapping all the rooks gives him adequate counterplay. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) Magnus, so please your comments? A: (Magnus Carlsen) Not so much more than what he said. We played this line many different times. Whatever you play it really goes slow. I thought I was doing moreorless fine. Just little bit worse. But nothing real. I thought the key here after g3, a5 is that f4 can be met by f5 and everything goes out. For instance if I had gone Rh8 immediately, then f4 and I cannot exchange all the pieces. Also Ne6, f4, takes, takes, f5, e5, d5, Re1 and I was not sure if I managed to chop everything off. But anyway, what happened in the game was just drawish. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) Was there any moment black could have been in danger? A: (Magnus Carlsen) It was always going to be tiny bit pleasant for white but my pieces are well developed and I had no particular weaknesses. I think I should not be in any major trouble. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) How did you cope with the pressure yesterday? What did you do? A: (Viswanathan Anand) Nothing really special. The weather (pouring monsoon rains) doesnt allow you to do very much. It is pleasant time to be here. But you really cant go out. So I stayed in the hotel and did some work. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) Magnus, You were playing basketball or volleyball (yesterday)? A: (Magnus Carlsen) Yes we played a bit of football and basketball. Not too successful but it was fun.
  41. 41. 41 Q: (Amit Karmarkar, The Times of India) You look at it as an opportunity lost or was it a release? A: (Viswanathan Anand) Obviously after the last two games it is nice to break this result. I was hoping to press him a little bit. I did not manage very much to be honest. Q: (P.K. Ajith Kumar, The Hindu) Are you disappointed that the game was short today? A: (Magnus Carlsen) I am fine with that. I have the lead. I won my last game with black. So, this suited me fine. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) Anand, did you try yesterday thinking about changing strategy and so on? A: (Viswanathan Anand) We had to assess what was going on. But it is not something I can explain now. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) What about something like lucky pen? A: (Viswanathan Anand) There are other things to do. Q: (Nirav Y Rajasuba, Gujarat Samachar) Vishy, you are an exceptional player in the world. You recover so easily. You have the ability to recover so easily. Shall we expect some sharp battle from you to come back? A: (Viswanathan Anand) I will definitely keep trying. Q: (Sam Daniel, NDTV) Are you a relieved lot now? A: (Viswanathan Anand) Obviously the last two games were unpleasant. Well, we played a game today. So, we will try again. Q: (Ebenezer Joseph, Shubsandesh TV) How much of psychology is important in a match and how do you feel about it? The last two games were not being outplayed. It is just the press and made a small mistake? What about the psychology in the match and to the kids watching throughtout the world? A: (Magnus Carlsen) That was a really long question! (press room explodes into laughter). Of course there are some psychological aspects. For instance, there was no doubt that the outcome of game five influenced the next game. I think that is unavoidable in a match. But that is little bit different. You try to move on at best as you can. But it is not so easy. A: (Viswanathan Anand) Yes, there is lot of psychology involved. Q: (Paul Truong) This questions is for both of you. A lot of fans are sending best wishes in the social media. Do you read any of it. Do your teams relay it to you at all? A: (Viswanathan Anand) In general if they think I should know something they let me know. But I dont know what they are not telling me. (room explodes into laughter) (Magnus Carlsen) I follow little bit. I am happy very thankful to all
  42. 42. 42 who wish me well. For those who dont I dont read it anyway. (room explodes into laugher) Q: (FIDE Press Officer) In Norway the sale of chess boards and sets increased three times. What do you think about it? Do we expect a big chess boom in a way? A: (Magnus Carlsen) Really happy to see that people are following the match. That they are interested. So keep it going and I will do my best. And keep up the good work. Q: (Lennart Ootes, New In Chess/News About Chess) After the first game you said there were some Butterflies. About they third game you were nervous. What about the butterflies and nerves? A: (Magnus Carlsen) I guess they are still there. I think it is unavoidable. As the match goes long you settle in. Then it becomes easier. I dont know. Q: (Lennart Ootes, New In Chess/News About Chess) Can you recall a nervous moment during your games? A: (Magnus Carlsen) That is very optimistic of you. Q: (V Kameswaran, United New of India) Anand, today did not go well. Tensions released. Tomorrow, what Anand is going to do? You got a plan? Not to allow your opponent to cross six points. A: (Viswanathan Anand) Well in general that is the plan.
  43. 43. 43 Game 7 annotated Anand,Viswanathan (2775) - Carlsen,Magnus (2870) [C65] WCh 2013 Chennai IND (7), 18.11.2013 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.d3 Bc5 5.Bxc6 Definitely third choice in terms of frequency in this position. The trouble with this is that it starts a simplification process that seems likely to play to Carlsen's strengths. [5.c3; 5.0-0] 5...dxc6 6.Nbd2 Bg4 7.h3 Bh5!? Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 7...Bh5 Practically a novelty as it has only been played by a couple of lower rated players before. One of Carlsen's real abilities is to be able to play such positions without knowing theory as he's confident of finding better continuations for himself. [7...Bxf3 Is presumably what Anand was hoping for. 8.Qxf3 Nd7 9.Qg3 Qf6 10.Nc4 0-0 11.0-0 Rfe8 12.a4 Nf8 13.Bg5 Qe6 14.Bd2 Ng6 15.b4 Bf8 16.Qg4 b6 17.g3 f6 18.Bc3 Bd6 19.Ne3 Kh8 20.Kg2 a6 21.Qf3 Ne7 22.h4 b5 23.Rfb1 Qd7 24.h5 h6 25.Qg4 Qxg4 26.Nxg4 Nc8 27.Bd2 Nb6 28.a5 Nd7 29.c4 c5 30.cxb5 axb5 31.bxc5 Nxc5 32.Rxb5 Nxd3 33.Ra4 Ra6 34.Rc4 c5 35.Ne3 Rea8 36.Rc3 Nb4 37.Nc4 Be7 38.Rb3 Nc6 39.Rb6 Nb4 40.Kf3 R6a7 41.Be3 Kg8 42.Rb2 Rc7 43.Kg4 Kf7 44.Rb1 Nc6 45.R1b5 Nd4 46.Rb1 Nc6 47.R6b5 Nd4 48.Rb7 Rxb7 49.Rxb7 Ke6 50.Bd2 Ra6 51.Bc3 Bf8 52.f4 exf4 53.gxf4 f5+ 54.exf5+ Kd5 55.Ne5 Ne2 56.Be1 Bd6 57.Rxg7 Nxf4 58.Nf7 Nd3 59.Nxd6 Nxe1 60.Ne8 Rxa5 61.Rd7+ Kc6 62.Rd6+ Kb5 63.f6 Ra7 64.Re6 Nd3 65.f7 Ra4+ 66.Kg3 1-0 Adams,M (2733)- Fressinet,L (2696)/Germany 2012/CBM 148] 8.Nf1 Nd7 9.Ng3 [9.g4] 9...Bxf3 10.Qxf3 g6
  44. 44. 44 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 10...g6 Limiting the squares white's knight can go to. 11.Be3 Qe7 12.0-0-0 0-0-0 13.Ne2 Rhe8 14.Kb1 b6 15.h4 Kb7 16.h5 Bxe3 17.Qxe3 [17.fxe3 Is Houdini's suggestion here but it's not going to amount to much anyway.] 17...Nc5 18.hxg6 hxg6 19.g3 a5 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 10...a5 A waiting move. Carlsen doesn't want to allow f4. [19...Rh8 20.f4] 20.Rh7 Rh8 21.Rdh1 Rxh7 22.Rxh7 Qf6 23.f4 Rh8 24.Rxh8 Qxh8 25.fxe5 Qxe5 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 25...Qe5 Black has at least equality.
  45. 45. 45 26.Qf3 f5 27.exf5 gxf5 28.c3 Ne6 29.Kc2 Ng5 30.Qf2 Ne6 31.Qf3 Ng5 32.Qf2 Ne6 Drawn by repetition. 1/2-1/2
  46. 46. 46 Carlsen forces quick draw in World Championship Game 8 Mark Crowther - Tuesday 19th November 2013 Magnus Carlsen edged half a point closer to the World Chess Championship title with a 33 move draw in game 8. Carlsen leads 5-3 against defending champion Viswanathan Anand and only needs 1.5 points from the final 4 games to win the match. Carlsen chose 1.e4 for the first time in the match and after a short thought Anand chose to defend with 1...e5 and then the Berlin Defence to the Ruy Lopez a very solid choice. With a two point lead Carlsen chose the dullest variation available and the game traded quickly to a draw. (was this playing into Anand's final gamble?) This result pretty much guarantees Anand will have to win or go down fighting in Thursday's game 9. After the game the press conference was delayed whilst the players were informed they must undertake a doping control. Below some light notes on the game and some comments on opening preparation from the press conference. Game 9 Thursday 21st Nov Anand-Carlsen 15:00 Chennai time, 9:30am GMT. I will hosting ICC's commentary with GM Jon Speelman. "Well, the match situation is fairly clear now. This was a short two relatively easy games. Obviously I have to try in the next one." - Viswanathan Anand "He played the Berlin. I played the most solid line ... yada yada yada (like chop chop chop) we go to the doping control." - Magnus Carlsen "Starting to realize that I am the only person who is going to be able to stop Sauron in the context of chess history." - Hikaru Nakamura Opening battles Post game twitter talk was around the question as to whether Anand had just given up following two games where Carlsen got easy draws. There was a lot of discussion around whether Anand should have played a sharper variation. Carlsen has been world number one for the best part of four years now and the number of valid options to play for a win with black must look depressingly small to Anand. Anand's experience in preparing deeply for world championship matches was supposed to his key advantage. So far this hasn't proven to be the case. Carlsen played 1.Nf3 and 1.c4 in the early games when looking for an advantage, now he's content to play 1.d4 and 1.e4 when a draw is good enough. With black there was the surprise Caro-Kann not repeated (maybe a key moment as Anand could have done so much more in that game to play for a win) and then the Ruy Lopez Berlin where he's had no problems. I'm sure
  47. 47. 47 Anand must have prepared a lot of great opening surprises but one can only conclude Carlsen has side-stepped them. Carlsen untroubled Whist Anand wasn't surprised Carlsen had played 1.e4 in the match he "had not prioritised 1.e4" in his preparation for the game. Many people were disappointed with Anand's choice of the Berlin rather than playing something a bit more combative. "I did not really know his intentions were. Even the Sicilian, if you want to play the dry system they are available. It is not like there were clear options there. I thought little bit (two minutes) and decided to go for this. Well the match situation speaks for itself. It is my job to liven it up. I guess I will try in the next game." Carlsen has proved particularly lethal using the Moscow Variation of the Sicilian with 3.Bb5. It doesn't seem that Anand has come up with anything he likes against this. Opening Preparation The players won't discuss their preparation in detail but did at least open up a start to a discussion that will happen after the match. "I am quite happy with my opening perparation. This is not the time to start analysing things. I get a bonus evening before the rest day and so I will try and prepare something for the next one." - Anand. FIDE Press Officer Anastasiya Karlovich asked "Magnus, many people say you do not pay too much attention to the opening. I read an interview of Caruana who are good in choosing openings which are not pleasant for your opponent. What do you think about this?" "I mean Caruana is a very good player and a clever guy. There must be something to what he says." - Carlsen. Carlsen's style of play If Carlsen wins the match he will be the second youngest world champion by a few months from Garry Kasparov both being 22. Whilst Carlsen has played all sorts of styles I think there are signs he will be a pretty conservative player in maturity. Paul Truong asked him. "A lot of fans are asking you are having a very unique style for somebody so young. How did you develop that style?" "I did not have a particular bible in chess when I was young. As a young player I was trying to play attacking chess sacrificing material all the time. A bit different from what I do today. Although I am playing the game for a long time I have been playing top level for seven years. I have had some time to adjust to the situation and adjust to the other players and develop my play." - Carlsen
  48. 48. 48 Game 8 Annotated Carlsen,Magnus (2870) - Anand,Viswanathan (2775) [C67] WCh 2013 Chennai IND (8), 19.11.2013 [Mark Crowther] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.0- 0 Nxe4 5.Re1 With a two point lead it isn't up to Carlsen to win a game. [5.d4 is the move with real interest.] 5...Nd6 6.Nxe5 Be7 7.Bf1 Nxe5 8.Rxe5 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 8.Rxe5 One of the most drawish variations in elite level chess. White very occasionally wins one, black pretty much never. 8...0-0 9.d4 Bf6 10.Re1 Re8 11.c3 Rxe1 12.Qxe1 Ne8 [12...Nf5 13.Bf4 d6 14.Nd2 Be6 15.Bd3 Nh4 16.Ne4 Ng6 17.Bd2 d5 18.Nc5 Bc8 19.Qe3 b6 20.Nb3 Qd6 21.Qe8+ Nf8 22.Re1 Bb7 23.Qe3 Ne6 24.Qf3 Rd8 25.Qf5 Nf8 26.Bf4 Qc6 27.Nd2 Bc8 28.Qh5 g6 29.Qe2 Ne6 30.Bg3 Qb7 31.Nf3 c5 32.dxc5 bxc5 33.Ne5 c4 34.Bb1 Bg7 35.Rd1 Bd7 36.Qf3 Be8 37.Nxc4 dxc4 38.Rxd8 Nxd8 39.Qe2 Ne6 0-1 Steinitz,W-Zukertort,J/USA 1886/] 13.Bf4 d5 14.Bd3 g6 15.Nd2 Ng7 16.Qe2 [16.Nf3 c6 17.Qd2 Bf5 18.Re1 Bxd3 19.Qxd3 Qd7 20.Be5 Bxe5 21.Nxe5 Qf5 22.Qxf5 Nxf5 23.Nd3 Kf8 24.Nc5 Nd6 25.Nd7+ Kg7 26.Nc5 Kf8 27.Nd7+ Kg7 28.Nc5 Kf8 29.Nd7+ Kg7 30.Nc5 Kf8 1/2-1/2 Salgado Lopez,I (2621)-Bruzon Batista,L (2694)/Quito ECU 2012/The Week in Chess 911] 16...c6 17.Re1N
  49. 49. 49 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 17.Re1 The first new move not that it matters all that much. [17.Nb3 b6 18.Re1 Bf5 19.Bxf5 Nxf5 20.Nc1 Qd7 21.Nd3 Ng7 22.Be5 Re8 23.Qf1 Bxe5 24.Nxe5 Qd6 1/2-1/2 Nepomniachtchi,I (2711)- Riazantsev,A (2688)/Khanty- Mansiysk RUS 2011/The Week in Chess 878 (88); 17.Be5 Bxe5 18.Qxe5 Bf5 19.Bxf5 Nxf5 20.Re1 Qd6 21.Nb3 Qxe5 22.Rxe5 f6 23.Re2 Kf7 24.Nc5 Nd6 25.f3 Re8 26.Rxe8 Kxe8 27.Kf2 b6 28.Nd3 Kd7 29.g4 g5 30.Ke3 h6 31.f4 1/2-1/2 Rozentalis,E (2619)-Bruzon Batista,L (2691)/Montreal CAN 2013/The Week in Chess 981] 17...Bf5 18.Bxf5 Nxf5 19.Nf3 Ng7 20.Be5 Ne6 21.Bxf6 Qxf6 22.Ne5 Re8 23.Ng4 Qd8 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 23...Qd8 The position is dead equal, the players force the pieces off to show this. [23...Qg5? 24.f4! wins (24.h4 is not quite as good 24...Qxh4 25.g3 Qd8 26.Qe5 Ng7 27.Nf6+ Qxf6 28.Qxf6 Rxe1+) 24...Qxf4 25.Rf1 Qb8 26.Qf2 f5 27.Nf6+ Kf7 28.Nxe8] 24.Qe5 Ng7 25.Qxe8+ Nxe8 26.Rxe8+ Qxe8 27.Nf6+ Kf8 28.Nxe8 Kxe8 29.f4 f5 30.Kf2 b5 31.b4 Kf7 32.h3 h6 33.h4 h5 1/2-1/2
  50. 50. 50 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 33.h4
  51. 51. 51 Carlsen on the brink of becoming World Chess Champion after game 9 win Mark Crowther - Thursday 21st November 2013 Magnus Carlsen is just one draw away from become World Chess Champion after surviving a very difficult position against defending champion Viswanathan Anand in game nine before even going on to win after a blunder by the champion. Carlsen now leads 6-3 with potentially three games to go although the most likely result will be that the match will finish after a quiet draw in Friday's game 10 (no-one seemed to believe Anand will go all out to win with black in such a dire match situation when I floated the idea but it could happen). The ninth game was pretty much Anand's last chance to get back into the match and he switched to 1.d4 and played the sharp 4.f3 against Carlsen's Nimzo-Indian. Carlsen's 7...exd5 avoided the main line 7...Nxd5 and 8...c4 was really quite rare. 10...0-0 was a principled choice asking Anand if he could checkmate him. 16...Nxc1 may have been an error (16...Nc7) because by move 20 most experts believe Anand may be close to winning with best play. The suggestion is that 20.a4 and the direct 20.f5 both win although it will take considerably more time and detailed analysis to prove this for sure as the wins aren't easy. Anand's 20.axb4 did not seem to be right especially after Carlsen's cold-blooded 22...b3. Anand fell into a 45 minute thought before playing 23.Qf4, this move should have led to a forced draw but Anand didn't check his calculations too much and he played 28.Nf1 losing immediately (he realised immediately what he had done), 28.Bf1 would have led to a draw. Very long thinks such as Anand's are rarely good news for the player concerned and must have been in part responsible for the error. Anand had calculated 28...Qd1 wins for him. This I believe was the most interesting and difficult game of the match but again finished drastically. A consideration of the match as a whole and the future should wait until the match finishes. Below is a transcript of a sometimes tetchy press conference plus some light notes which may serve as a starting point for deep analysis. Game 9 Press Conference Q: (FIDE Press Officer) Magnus can you please tell us what happened? A: (Magnus Carlsen) So we get a very very sharp position from the opening. Basically I missed something with f4 because in general I would like to do...and block the pawns. He can play Qb1, Rb6 and attack the pawn which is a bit inconvenient for me. So, here I had to go all out for counterplay. And I mean, there are an amazing number of complicated lines here. I wasnt sure. As it
  52. 52. 52 happens my moves were not that complicated. I had to play the only move all the time. Fortunately for me, he blundered. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) At this moment (after 24.f6) did you also consider 24...gxf6? A: (Magnus Carlsen) Yes, 24...gxf6 is an option. But 25.Nh5 looks very dangerous here. I can may be go 25...fxg5 26.Nf6+ Kh8 27.Qxg5 Rg8. Anyway, I thought in case of 24.f6 here I would have to play ...g6 anyway. So it didnt matter. Clearly, Nf1 is a blunder. He just missed Qh5. 28. Bf1 Qd1 29. Rh4 Qh5 30. Nxh5 gxh5 31. Rxh5 Bf5 32. Bh3 Bg6 33. e6 Nxf6 34. gxf6 Qxf6 35. Re5 fxe6 36. Qe3 here. This is what we discussed after the game. White should be able to hold. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) Can you also give us your scenario of what happened? The world champion. A: (Viswanathan Anand) The position was very very interesting. Here I spent a hell of a lot of time essentially getting into this position. If the king goes to h8 usually it looks like it should be lost. As I have the extra resource of Qf7 check. Here I was anticipating Qh8. Because f6, g6, Qh4, b2 and moreorless similar idea like in the game. The difference is when Rb1 happened he has Qa5. But after this, I am kind of forced to go in with Rf4. What I missed initially was this: I wanted to play Bh3, Bxh3, Rxh3, Qd7, Rh5, Qf5, g6 I thought was a draw. But later I saw Qb6, Qb1+. Q: (Amit Karmarkar, The Times of India) Magnus, it was quite tense today. Can you describe the tension you were going through? A: (Magnus Carlsen) It was really tough game. From the opening it was clear it going to be unbalanced. And I run a serious danger of getting mated which I hadnt in previous games. I had to deal with the situation. I had to create counterplay. It was really tough game. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) Were you scared in any particular moment in this game? A: (Magnus Carlsen) Basically all the time. The white pawns look extremely menacing. At the same time I was trying to calculate this as well as I could. I did not find a forced mate. It seems there wasn't any mate. At least no obvious one. Q: (Kristian Madsen, Politiken) Grand Master Anand, You came out needing a win today. You showed us some of the attacking chess which has been associated with your name throughout your career. You dominated the World No.1 for 25 or 27 moves. For the game to end this way, how do you feel your emotions right now? A: (Viswanathan Anand) In general, the match situation did not leave me with much of a choice. I saw a couple of moments when I could exit. For instance, here I could play 22.cxb4 and try to get the knight to c3. Then black is also out
  53. 53. 53 of serious danger at the same moment. I had to give it a shot. When he played Na6 I saw this variation. It is not that difficult to calculate. There were always finessess. It seemed to be very dangerous for black. And, I could play e6 somewhere with fxe6, f6 which is a second kind of chance. I decided to give it a shot. In the end, it was irresponsible, silly whatever you want to call it. I had been calculating around about 40 minutes when I went f5, b3 Qf4 I think. And what I was calculating was this line. It was a draw. When I found Qd6 there, I couldnt see a way forward. When I got to this position, I suddenly saw Nf1, Qd1, Rh4, Qh5, Rh5, gxh5, Ne3 and the knight is coming to e7. By a miracle, black will probably play Be6, for Bxd5 he might have to play Qxd5. For a second I got excited. The problem, I missed the knight which was on g3 has just moved. As soon as I put the knight on f1 I knew what I had done. What can I say? (Magnus Carlsen) It should be noted that if Bf1, Qd1, Ne2 would be met by Qd3 or Qe1 works then. (Viswanathan Anand) If I had seen this Qe1 I would have seen the other one as well. Because I only saw Qd3, Rh4, Qe3 this ladder. Q: (V Kameswaran, United News of India) You have had many hat-trick wins in your career. Will it be possible for you? Think it over and tell me? A: (Viswanathan Anand) The situation does not look very good. Q: There was lot of praise for your going for a win. Can you explain your mindset and why you chose such a sharp opening? A: (Viswanathan Anand) I needed to change the course of the match rather drastically. That's why I kind of went for this. I had a rest day to kind of get familiar with all this. Because it is all very complicated line. Q: Were you glad you did it? A: (Viswanathan Anand) I was in a way. Still I think I had to do this. This was the correct choice. I had no regrets for this.
  54. 54. 54 Game 9 Annotated Anand,Viswanathan (2775) - Carlsen,Magnus (2870) [E25] WCh 2013 Chennai IND (9), 21.11.2013 [Mark Crowther] 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.f3 d5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 c5 7.cxd5 exd5 [7...Nxd5 is the most common choice.] 8.e3 c4 9.Ne2 [9.g3 Nc6 10.Nh3 Na5 11.Bg2 Nb3 12.Ra2 Qa5 13.Bd2 0-0 14.0-0 Re8 15.Nf2 Bf5 16.Re1 Re7 17.e4 dxe4 18.fxe4 Bg6 19.Qf3 Rd8 20.h4 h5 21.Re2 1-0 Biolek,R (2399)- Agdestein,S (2555)/Prague CZE 2013/The Week in Chess 950 (54)] 9...Nc6 10.g4 0-0 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 10...0-0 Looks very brave at first glance. [10...h6 weak according to Kasparov. 11.Bg2 Na5 12.0-0 Nb3 13.Ra2 0-0 14.Ng3 Bd7 15.Qe1 Re8 16.e4 dxe4 17.fxe4 Nxg4 18.Bf4 Qh4 19.h3 Nf6 20.e5 Rad8 21.Qf2 Nh5 22.Bxh6 Re7 23.Nf5 Qxf2+ 24.Rfxf2 Re6 25.Be3 Bc6 26.Bf1 f6 27.Bxc4 Bd5 28.Be2 fxe5 29.Bxh5 exd4 30.Bg5 Rd7 31.Rae2 Be4 32.Nxd4 1-0 Kasparov,G (2820)- Polgar,J (2670)/Tilburg NED 1997; 10...Na5 was certainly an option.; 10...h5] 11.Bg2 Na5 12.0-0 Nb3 13.Ra2 b5 14.Ng3 [14.g5 Nd7 15.e4 Nb6 16.e5 Bf5 17.f4 Na4 18.Rf3 Bb1 19.Rc2 a5 20.Rh3 b4 21.Be3 Bxc2 22.Qxc2 g6 23.axb4 axb4 24.cxb4 Nb6 25.f5 Qd7 26.Ng3 Ra1+ 27.Bf1 Nc8 28.Rh6 Ne7 29.Qg2 Nxf5 30.Qh3 Rfa8 31.Rxh7 Kf8 32.Ne2 Nxe3 33.Qxe3 Qg4+ 34.Ng3 R8a2 35.e6 Rxf1+ 36.Kxf1 Qd1+ 37.Qe1 Qf3+ 0-1 Gardner,R (2202)-Shabalov,A (2534)/Calgary CAN 2012/The Week in Chess 916] 14...a5 15.g5 [15.e4 was a definite option. 15...dxe4] 15...Ne8 16.e4
  55. 55. 55 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 16.e4 16...Nxc1 If white is really much better in only a few moves then this may be the culprit but otherwise the knight may end up just being out of play. [16...Nc7 could easily be the better move. 17.Be3 (17.e5? b4) 17...Ra6 18.e5 b4 19.f4 is worth investigating. 19...f5 Giri] 17.Qxc1 Ra6 18.e5 Nc7 19.f4 b4 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 19...b4 20.axb4?! After the game this move got some criticism. Anand almost certainly was motivated to play this to get rid of Ra6 as a defensive piece. [20.f5 Nb5 This is the move that everyone was afraid of at the time but it doesn't seem to work. White would have to trust to intuition that his attack will break through at this point. (20...b3) 21.axb4 axb4 22.Rxa6 Bxa6 23.f6 g6 Is a line given by ChessPro Ru and Mikhail Golubev. It's possible to calculate to here and feel this has a good chance of winning. Will take a bit more work to prove it's winning. 24.Qf4 (24.e6 fxe6 25.Qe3 Bc8 26.cxb4 Qd6 is ChessPro's line with equality.) 24...Qb6 25.Qh4 h5 26.Nxh5 bxc3 27.Kh1 Nxd4 28.Ng3 Ne6 29.Nf5 gxf5 30.Qh5 Qb7 31.Bh3 is indeed winning if I run Houdini long enough.; 20.a4 was recommended by several strong players with the idea that it stops a lot of black's
  56. 56. 56 counter-play but that would require a lot of analysis.] 20...axb4 21.Rxa6 Nxa6 22.f5 b3 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 22...b3 Cold blooded in the extreme but it seems sufficient to hold. Carlsen was over half an hour behind on the clock but then Anand had a huge think himself. [22...bxc3] 23.Qf4 After 45 minutes thought. [23.f6 g6 24.Qf4 Kh8 25.Qh4 isn't fast enough.; 23.h4 a very slow continuation of the attack which I suggested during the game in commentary also looks playable.] 23...Nc7 24.f6 g6 [24...gxf6 25.Nh5 Looks very dangerous according to Carlsen. 25...Ne8! (25...fxg5 26.Nf6+ Kh8 27.Qxg5 Rg8) ] 25.Qh4 Ne8! 26.Qh6 b2! 27.Rf4 b1Q+ Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 27...b1Q Diagram 28.Nf1? A complete surprise. Anand moves quickly and it's a losing blunder. [28.Bf1 Qd1 29.Rh4 Qh5 30.Nxh5 gxh5 31.Rxh5 Bf5 32.g6 Bxg6 33.Rg5 is equal.] 28...Qe1
  57. 57. 57 Magnus Carlsen Viswanathan Anand Position after 28...Qe1 And white has to resign. [28...Qd1? Was the move Anand was expecting and it just loses. 29.Rh4 Qh5 30.Rxh5 gxh5 31.Ne3 Be6 32.Bxd5 Bxd5 33.Nf5 Be4 34.Ne7+ Kh8 35.Qxf8#] 0-1
  58. 58. 58 Magnus Carlsen is the new World Chess Champion Mark Crowther - Friday 22nd November 2013 Magnus Carlsen has won the FIDE World Chess Championship in Chennai by a score of 6.5-3.5 against defending champion Viswanathan Anand. Carlsen required just 10 of the 12 scheduled games to win the title. It is too early to talk of the Carlsen era as defence of his title is scheduled in less than 12 months but this is the culmination of Carlsen's domination of the game. First Carlsen has cemented himself firmly as world number one, then somewhat nervously he navigated the qualification via a Candidates tournament and in India he didn't seem to have to exert himself to the maximum in becoming world chess champion. It seems entirely possible he will keep the title for some time. Carlsen had an overwhelming lead going into what turned out to be the final game. A short perfunctory affair might have been expected but instead it turned into a real struggle. Anand finally played his old favourite the Sicilian Defence and Carlsen played his expected Moscow Variation against it. Anand described the game as "I thought today was a kind of microcosm of the whole match" in that "at some point I started to make mistakes" with 28...Qg5 allowing 29.e5 and after 29...Ne8 Carlsen almost immediately made the capture 30.exd6 which he thought was just winning but he "missed something simple". Instead if Carlsen had spent a bit more time he would have seen 30.Nc3 would have given him a huge advantage Carlsen said this mistake "doesn't feel very important now" afterwards. Carlsen pressed for some time into a knight ending which turned out to be very complicated and at least on the outside seemed to give him at least some losing chances. In the end Carlsen had to trade into a queen ending where he had pawns and Anand a knight. This was drawn after a few more moves on move 65 with only a knight remaining. Anand thought his chances in the match were down to being able to avoid a lot of mistakes and that execution of any match strategy was entirely dependent on that. He was happy to escape with a draw in game four but his first loss in game five came as a big setback and for him this was the turning point in the match. For Carlsen he felt that after a nervy first two games the play in games three and especially four gave him the confidence that the match wouldn't require him to do much more than he was already doing in winning tournaments. Carlsen won games five and six and also yesterday's game nine all after major blunders by Anand although both players pointed out that Carlsen had some responsibility in getting Anand to make them. At the final handshake the players signed the board they played game 10 on and Carlsen remained on the stage a little longer than Anand eventually leaving not with a punch to the air as Kasparov famously did in 1985 but with a broad smile.
  59. 59. 59 22 year old Carlsen went from amateur to champion in only 10 years. Carlsen (22 years and 357 days) is the 16th undisputed World Chess Champion and the second youngest behind Kasparov (22 years and 210 days). The split between Kasparov and FIDE in 1993 makes all numbers in this area controversial, the Indian press release of champions names the maximum 20 champions in which case FIDE's 2002 champion Ruslan Ponomariov would be youngest at 18 years old. Full account of this game and the match will follow over the next days. "Clearly, he (Carlsen) dominated the match. Full credit to him," - Anand "I would like to think I can take some responsibility for those blunders, I just play and people crack under the pressure, even in World Championships." - Carlsen
  60. 60. 60 Carlsen vs Anand final game one of the longest and most difficult of the World Championship Mark Crowther - Saturday 23rd November 2013 Magnus Carlsen became world chess champion by a score of 6.5-3.5 following his game 10 draw against Viswanathan Anand. It was expected that Carlsen would try and shut out the match with a quick draw but he pressed for a long time even after missing a chance for a big advantage. Not surprisingly the actual game was pretty much lost in all the excitement of the end of the match but I've gone back over the game and produced some notes and added comments from various sources. I don't have a definitive judgement but hopefully I'll be able to point up the large number of key decisions that were needed in this complicated and difficult game which ended up being the second longest of the entire match. Carlsen played the Moscow Variation against Anand's Sicilian and whilst playing solidly he had a nice space advantage. After 28.a5 Carlsen had a nice position and Anand had no easy choices but Anand's 28...Qg5 was definitely bad and if Carlsen had played 30.Nc3 then he would almost certainly have won, instead Carlsen thought that he was winning easily and miscalculated something after 30.exd6. This lead to a difficult knight and pawn endgame where Carlsen had a definite but probably not winning edge. Anand quickly played 40...Nf5 but it's not clear if 40...g5 might not have been better, 41...Ne3 was only played after a long think, 42...f5 might well be forced. Carlsen's 43.Nd6 may not be the best winning try but it was played after considering it for a while, 43.Nd2 might have been better. Carlsen finally decided that enough was enough and his 46.Ng8+ moved towards a draw with 49.Nxf5+, if Carlsen had really needed a win then he'd have tried 46.Nh5 but that really wasn't the case this time. The game was quickly drawn after this.
  61. 61. 61 Final Game 10 Notes Carlsen,Magnus (2870) - Anand,Viswanathan (2775) [B51] WCh 2013 Chennai IND (10), 22.11.2013 [Mark Crowther] 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.Bb5+ Nd7 [3...Bd7 4.Bxd7+ Qxd7 5.c4 Nf6 6.Nc3 g6 7.d4 cxd4 8.Nxd4 Bg7 9.f3 Qc7 10.b3 Qa5 11.Bb2 Nc6 12.0-0 0-0 13.Nce2 Rfd8 14.Bc3 Qb6 15.Kh1 d5 16.Nxc6 bxc6 17.Qe1 Rdc8 18.e5 Ne8 19.e6 fxe6 20.Nf4 Bxc3 21.Qxc3 d4 22.Qd2 c5 23.Rae1 Ng7 24.g4 Rc6 25.Nh3 Ne8 26.Qh6 Nf6 27.Ng5 d3 28.Re5 Kh8 29.Rd1 Qa6 30.a4 1-0 Carlsen,M (2843)- Anand,V (2780)/Sao Paulo/Bilbao BRA/ESP 2012/The Week in Chess 936] 4.d4 cxd4 5.Qxd4 a6 6.Bxd7+ Bxd7 7.c4 Nf6 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 7...Nf6 Anand finally deviates from the game he played against Carlsen in Norway earlier in the year. [7...e5 8.Qd3 b5 9.Nc3 bxc4 10.Qxc4 Be6 11.Qd3 h6 12.0-0 Nf6 13.Rd1 Be7 14.Ne1 0-0 15.Nc2 Qb6 16.Ne3 Rfc8 17.b3 a5 18.Bd2 Qa6 19.Be1 Nd7 20.f3 Rc6 21.Qxa6 Rcxa6 22.Ned5 Bd8 23.Nb5 Rc8 24.Bf2 Kh7 25.Kf1 Rcc6 26.Rac1 Bg5 27.Rc3 Bxd5 28.Rxd5 Rxc3 29.Nxc3 Rc6 30.Be1 Nc5 31.Nb5 Nb7 32.h4 Be3 33.Ke2 Bc5 34.h5 Bb4 35.Bd2 g6 36.a3 Bxd2 37.hxg6+ Kxg6 38.Kxd2 h5 39.g3 f6 40.Na7 Rc7 41.Nb5 Rc6 42.Ke2 Kf7 43.b4 axb4 44.axb4 Ke6 45.Rd3 Rc4 46.Rb3 d5 47.Kd3 Rc6 48.exd5+ Kxd5 49.Rc3 f5 50.Nc7+ Kd6 51.Ne8+ Kd5 52.Rxc6 Kxc6 53.Ng7 Nd6 54.Nxh5 e4+ 55.fxe4 Nxe4 56.Kd4 Kb5 57.g4 fxg4 58.Kxe4 g3 59.Nxg3 Kxb4 1/2- 1/2 Carlsen,M (2868)-Anand,V (2783)/Sandnes NOR 2013/The Week in Chess 966] 8.Bg5 e6 9.Nc3 Be7 10.0-0 Bc6 [10...h6 11.Be3 0-0 12.e5 dxe5 13.Nxe5 Be8 and eventually drawn in Moskalenko,A (2459)-Antipov,M (2473)/Moscow RUS 2013] 11.Qd3
  62. 62. 62 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 11.Qd3 "I was trying to play solidly in the opening. And I am pretty happy with what I got. Very solid position. No weaknesses. As the game went on he started to drift a bit I thought as long as there is no risk I should try and win it. " - Carlsen. [11.Rfe1 0-0 12.Rad1 Qa5 13.Qd2 Qb6 14.Nd5 Bxd5 15.cxd5 e5 16.Rc1 Rfc8 17.Bxf6 Bxf6 18.Rc3 h6 and eventually drawn in 49 moves Girinath,P (2448)-Sitanggang,S (2410)/Singapore SIN 2007.] 11...0-0 12.Nd4 Rc8 [12...Qc7 13.Nxc6 bxc6 14.Kh1 Rfd8 0-1 in 60 moves Kidzinski,L (2001)- Szczesniak,P/Bartkowa 2002.; 12...Be8 keeping the light squared bishop surely comes into consideration.] 13.b3 Qc7 [13...Qa5!?] 14.Nxc6 Qxc6 15.Rac1 h6 16.Be3 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 16.Be3 White of course keeps his bishop rather than exchanging. [16.Bf4 Nh5 17.Be3 Nf6] 16...Nd7 17.Bd4 Rfd8 18.h3 Just playing things safe by breaking the back rank. White is fairly comfortable here. [18.Rfd1] 18...Qc7 [18...b6 is Anand's alternative setup. Both sides have some latitude in their setups.] 19.Rfd1 Qa5 20.Qd2 Kf8 [20...Bg5 was the clear alternative. 21.Be3 (21.f4 Bf6 22.Bxf6 Nxf6) 21...Bxe3 22.Qxe3 Ne5 is about equal.] 21.Qb2 Kg8 22.a4 [22.Qd2 offering a repetition was expected by many at the time. 22...Kf8 23.Qb2 Kg8 24.Qd2 etc] 22...Qh5
  63. 63. 63 [22...Bg5 Houdini looks a bit odd to me. 23.Rc2 Kh7] 23.Ne2 Bf6 24.Rc3 Bxd4 25.Rxd4 Qe5 [25...Nf6 26.Qd2 Qa5] 26.Qd2 Nf6 [26...Nc5] 27.Re3 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 27.Re3 Keeping black bottled in. [27.Rcd3!?] 27...Rd7 Looks like the best response. [27...b5?! 28.f4 Qc5 29.e5 Ne8 30.b4 Qb6 31.cxb5 axb5 32.a5] 28.a5 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 28.a5 White's position looks pleasant. 28...Qg5? Already this position is quite uncomfortable for Anand. This however is just a mistake. "I simply blundered Qg5. I saw the same tactic for Qc5 but I simply put the queen on g5. And the same e5 happened. I simply don't know the evaluation after that." - Anand. It isn't that easy to offer a move to Anand. I think he already stands worse. [28...Qc5 allowing the same e5 break was seen by Anand. 29.e5 Ne8 is great for white eg 30.b4 Qc7 31.c5 d5 32.Nc3 Re7 33.Na4 g6 34.Nb6 with black having a miserable position.; 28...Rcd8 is perhaps best for black but he's still passive. 29.b4 Qg5 30.f4 Qg6 31.Nc3 is nice for white.; 28...g5 Yermolinsky in his ICC game of the day broadcast suggests this is a thematic move but he also
  64. 64. 64 recognises how reluctant you might be to play it. 29.Nc3 is Houdini's suggestion(29.Kh1 Rcd8 30.Ng1 (30.b4 Kg7 31.Ng1) 30...Qc5) ; 28...g6 29.b4 looks better for white too.] 29.e5! Ne8 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 28...Ne8 30.exd6? "Played very quickly by Magnus Carlsen. "When I took on d6 I missed something simple. I thought I was just winning with that. If I knew this move wasn't so good I would have taken some more time and perhaps found a better move and put even more pressure on him. That wasn't terribly impressive. Anyway, it doesn't feel very important now." - Carlsen. [30.Nc3 should lead to a winning position and there are other better moves than capturing too. This one seems the best. 30...Rc6 (30...Qf5 31.Na4 Rc6 32.b4) 31.f4 Qf5 32.Ne4 Qg6 33.Nxd6 Nxd6 34.Rxd6 Rcxd6 35.exd6 Qf6 36.Re1 g6; 30.Rg4 Nakamura] 30...Rc6 31.f4 Qd8 Black gets to recover his pawn just in time. 32.Red3 Rcxd6 33.Rxd6 Rxd6 34.Rxd6 Qxd6 35.Qxd6 Nxd6 36.Kf2 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 36.Kf2 White is better in this ending, but by how much? Carlsen also only needs a draw. 36...Kf8 37.Ke3 Ke7 38.Kd4 Kd7 [38...g5 seeking counter-play is the other option that has to be considered but it looks very dangerous for black. 39.Kc5 Kd7 40.fxg5 hxg5 41.Kb6 Kc8 42.c5 Nb5 43.c6 bxc6 44.Kxc6 and I wouldn't be surprised if white isn't just winning.] 39.Kc5 Kc7 40.Nc3 Nf5!?
  65. 65. 65 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 40...Nf5 Anand played this rather quickly with plenty of time on the clock. This ending is terribly difficult and I don't know the assessment. [40...g5 may be the time to try the g5 counter-play. 41.g3 (41.fxg5 hxg5) ] 41.Ne4 Played pretty quickly. 41...Ne3 Only played after a big think. 42.g3 f5 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 42.f5 Probably the best try. [42...Nc2 43.Nd6 Na1 44.Ne8+ Kd7 45.Nxg7 Nxb3+ 46.Kb6 and white may very well be winning.] 43.Nd6!? This may not be the best here. It depends on the evaluation of 43.Nd2. Carlsen thought for some time. This is a very tough position. [43.Nd2 "As far as I can tell after playing around with the engine, 43.Nd2 was pretty safe and actually - as an added bonus - winning." - Jon Ludvig Hammer. This position is worth analysing at least. 43...Nd1!? The assessment of this line looks to hinge on the evaluation of this move. (43...g5? 44.fxg5 hxg5 45.Kd4 Nc2+ 46.Ke5 Kd7 47.Kf6 g4 48.h4 and although there is still some way to go this must surely be winning for Carlsen.) 44.b4 (44.Kd4 is the alternative.) 44...Nf2 45.Kd4 Nxh3 46.Nb3 g5 47.Nc5 gxf4 48.Nxe6+ Kd6 49.Nxf4 Ng5 needs
  66. 66. 66 looking at.; 43.Kd4 Nxc4 44.Nc5 Nxa5 45.Nxe6+ Kd7 46.Nxg7 Nxb3+ 47.Kc3 Nc5 48.Nxf5 is equal] 43...g5 44.Ne8+ Kd7 45.Nf6+ Ke7 46.Ng8+ Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 46.Ng8+ "At some point after the time control, the variations were simply getting too complicated. So I decided to shut it down and force a draw." - Carlsen [46.Nh5 was the alternative that keeps winning chances but Carlsen only needs a draw and isn't totally crazy but he did think for a long time. 46...Kd7 47.b4 Nc2 48.b5 Na3 49.Kb6 axb5 (49...Nxc4+!?) 50.cxb5 Nc4+ 51.Kxb7 Nxa5+ 52.Ka6 Nb3 53.Nf6+ Kd6 54.b6 gxf4 55.gxf4 Nc5+ These lines are better for white but can easily get out of control and there is no clear win.] 46...Kf8 47.Nxh6 gxf4 48.gxf4 Kg7 49.Nxf5+ Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 49.Nf5+ Very precisely calculated by Carlsen. This leads to a forced draw where he eliminates all black's pawns and both sides get queens. 49...exf5 [49...Nxf5? 50.b4 Kf7 51.Kb6 Nd6 52.c5 Nb5 53.Kxb7] 50.Kb6 [50.b4 Ng2 51.Kb6 Nxf4 52.Kxb7 Ne6 53.Kxa6 f4 54.Kb6 f3 55.a6 f2 56.a7 f1Q 57.a8Q Qxc4 58.Qb7+ Kf8 still a draw.] 50...Ng2 51.Kxb7 Nxf4 52.Kxa6 Ne6 53.Kb6 f4 54.a6 f3 55.a7 f2 56.a8Q f1Q It's only been about counting for both sides. 57.Qd5 Qe1 58.Qd6 Qe3+ 59.Ka6 Nc5+ 60.Kb5 Now the game ends very quickly as all the pieces are eliminated. 60...Nxb3 61.Qc7+ Kh6
  67. 67. 67 Viswanathan Anand Magnus Carlsen Position after 61...Kh6 Black has to come forwards at some point otherwise the white queen will continue checking. Now Carlsen swaps queens to get his draw. 62.Qb6+ Qxb6+ 63.Kxb6 Kh5 64.h4 Kxh4 65.c5 Nxc5 Automatic draw as there is no mating material! "I think it was a nice fight and a worthy end to the match." - Carlsen 1/2-1/2