– What is it?
Coordination, agility and
A warm up includes some series of exercises
you do before physical activity.
For example, before playing an intense sport
you can run slowly to warm your muscles
and your heart. Warm ups must prepare the
muscles for the activity.
Warm ups are specific to the sport or activity
Benefits of Warm ups
Protection against injuries
Increase your body temperature.
Your joints move more efficiently
Oxygen in blood travels faster
Your muscles extend more and are more
You react faster.
PARTS OF WARM UP
Movements of your joints
Stretching of the main muscles
Being fit is a way of saying
that a person eats well,
practises physical activity
and has a healthy weight.
When you are fit, your body
works well and feels good
(you sleep well, don't feel
tired...). You can be fit only if
you have a good level of
Endurance is important to this distance
On the side of your neck
On the inside of the wrist
At the side of the
Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of the heart
and lungs to supply the working muscles oxygen to carry
on with physical movement.
Strength is the maximum force that a muscle
or group of muscles can develop. There are
different types of strength (static, dynamic
and explosive). Most activities need a
combination of the different types of strength.
Flexibility is the range
of movement around a
joint. The main joints
involved in flexibility
– Shoulders and arms
Speed or Velocity
Speed is the ability to
perform a movement or
cover a distance in a
short period of time.
This baseball player needs
speed to hit the ball quickly
Co-ordination, Agility, Balance
Co-ordination is the ability to use two or more body parts together.
Agility is a combination of flexibility and speed and the ability to
change the position of the body quickly. Goalkeepers and gymnasts
are good examples of people who have this ability.
Balance is the ability to keep upright when you are moving or standing
still. It is essential for gymnasts to be able to maintain total balance.