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Physical fitness

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    Physical fitness Physical fitness Presentation Transcript

    • PHYSICAL FITNESS 1st ESO 1st Term
    • PHYSICAL FITNESS
      • WARM UP
        • What is it?
        • Benefits
        • Parts
      • PHYSICAL
      • FITNESS TRAINING
          • Endurance
          • Strength
          • Speed
          • Flexibility
          • Coordination, agility and balance
    • WARM UP
      • A warm up includes some series of exercises you do before physical activity.
      • For example, before playing an intense sport you can run slowly to warm your muscles and your heart. Warm ups must prepare the muscles for the activity.
      • Warm ups are specific to the sport or activity you practice.
    • Benefits of Warm ups
      • Protection against injuries
      • Better performance                            
      • Increase your body temperature.    
      • Your joints move more efficiently
      • Oxygen in blood travels faster
      • Your muscles extend more and are more elastic
      • You react faster.
    • PARTS OF WARM UP
      • Small Run
      • Movements of your joints
      • Stretching of the main muscles
    • PHYSICAL FITNESS
      • Being fit is a way of saying that a person eats well, practises physical activity and has a healthy weight. When you are fit, your body works well and feels good (you sleep well, don't feel tired...). You can be fit only if you have a good level of general fitness.
      STRENGTH CO-ORDINATION, AGILITY BALANCE ENDURANCE SPEED FLEXIBILITY FACTORS
    • Cardiovascular Endurance
      • Endurance is important to this distance runner
      • PULSE RATE
      • On the side of your neck
      • On the inside of the wrist
      • At the side of the forehead
      • Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to supply the working muscles oxygen to carry on with physical movement.
    • Strenght
      • Strength is the maximum force that a muscle or group of muscles can develop. There are different types of strength (static, dynamic and explosive). Most activities need a combination of the different types of strength.
    • Flexibility
      • Flexibility is the range of movement around a joint. The main joints involved in flexibility are:
        • Shoulders and arms
        • Back
        • Hips
        • Legs
    • Speed or Velocity
      • Speed is the ability to perform a movement or cover a distance in a short period of time.
      • This baseball player needs speed to hit the ball quickly
    • Co-ordination, Agility, Balance
      • Co-ordination is the ability to use two or more body parts together.
      • Agility is a combination of flexibility and speed and the ability to change the position of the body quickly. Goalkeepers and gymnasts are good examples of people who have this ability.
      • Balance is the ability to keep upright when you are moving or standing still. It is essential for gymnasts to be able to maintain total balance.