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HP V1910 Switch Series
User Guide
*5998-2238*
Part number: 5998-2238
Document version: 2
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The HP V1910 Switch Series User Guide describes the software features for the HP 1910 switches and
guides you through th...
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Contents
Overview ······································································································...
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Summary·················································································································...
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User management·········································································································...
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Configuring SNMP trap function··························································································...
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MSTP basic concepts·····································································································...
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Enabling IGMP snooping globally·························································································...
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Trace route·············································································································...
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User guide v1910_v2_20111012

  1. 1. 1 HP V1910 Switch Series User Guide *5998-2238* Part number: 5998-2238 Document version: 2
  2. 2. 2 The HP V1910 Switch Series User Guide describes the software features for the HP 1910 switches and guides you through the software configuration procedures. It also provides configuration examples to help you apply software features to different network scenarios. This documentation set is intended for:  Network planners  Field technical support and servicing engineers  Network administrators working with the HP V1910 switches Legal and notice information © Copyright 2011 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. No part of this documentation may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. HEWLETT-PACKARD COMPANY MAKES NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND WITH REGARD TO THIS MATERIAL, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Hewlett-Packard shall not be liable for errors contained herein or for incidental or consequential damages in connection with the furnishing, performance, or use of this material. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein. Warranty The Hewlett-Packard Limited Warranty Statement for this product and the HP Software License Terms which apply to any software accompanying this product are available on the HP networking Web site at http://www.hp.com/networking/warranty. The customer warranty support and services information are available on the HP networking Web site at http://www.hp.com/networking/support. Additionally, your HP-authorized network reseller can provide you with assistance, both with services that they offer and with services offered by HP.
  3. 3. 3 Contents Overview ······································································································································································ 1  Configuration through the web interface ··················································································································· 2  Web-based network management operating environment·····························································································2  Logging in to the web interface··········································································································································2  Default login information ··············································································································································2  Example ··········································································································································································3  Logging out of the web interface ·······································································································································4  Introduction to the web interface········································································································································4  Web user level·····································································································································································5  Introduction to the web-based NM functions····················································································································5  Introduction to the common items on the web pages ··································································································· 13  Configuration guidelines·················································································································································· 15  Configuration at the CLI·············································································································································16  Getting started with the CLI ············································································································································· 16  Setting up the configuration environment················································································································· 16  Setting terminal parameters······································································································································· 17  Logging in to the CLI··················································································································································· 20  CLI commands··································································································································································· 21  initialize ······································································································································································· 21  ipsetup·········································································································································································· 21  password ····································································································································································· 22  ping ·············································································································································································· 23  quit················································································································································································ 23  reboot··········································································································································································· 24  summary······································································································································································· 24  upgrade ······································································································································································· 25  Configuration example for upgrading the system software image at the CLI···························································· 26  Configuration wizard·················································································································································28  Overview ··········································································································································································· 28  Basic service setup···························································································································································· 28  Entering the configuration wizard homepage········································································································· 28  Configuring system parameters································································································································· 28  Configuring management IP address ······················································································································· 29  Finishing configuration wizard·································································································································· 31  IRF stack management ···············································································································································32  Configuring stack management ······································································································································ 32  Stack management configuration task list················································································································ 32  Configuring global parameters of a stack ··············································································································· 33  Configuring stack ports ·············································································································································· 35  Displaying topology summary of a stack ················································································································· 35  Displaying device summary of a stack····················································································································· 36  Logging into a member switch from the master switch··························································································· 36  Stack configuration example ··········································································································································· 36  Configuration guidelines·················································································································································· 42 
  4. 4. 4 Summary·····································································································································································43  Displaying device summary············································································································································· 43  Displaying system information··································································································································· 43  Displaying device information··································································································································· 44  Device basic information configuration····················································································································46  Configuring device basic information ···························································································································· 46  Configuring system name ·········································································································································· 46  Configuring idle timeout period································································································································ 46  System time configuration··········································································································································48  Configuring system time··················································································································································· 48  System time configuration example ································································································································ 49  Configuration guidelines·················································································································································· 51  Log management configuration ································································································································52  Configuring log management ········································································································································· 52  Configuration task list················································································································································· 52  Setting syslog related parameters····························································································································· 52  Displaying syslog························································································································································ 53  Setting loghost····························································································································································· 55  Configuration management·······································································································································56  Back up configuration ······················································································································································ 56  Restore configuration························································································································································ 56  Save configuration···························································································································································· 57  Initialize ············································································································································································· 58  Device maintenance···················································································································································59  Software upgrade····························································································································································· 59  Device reboot···································································································································································· 60  Electronic label·································································································································································· 61  Diagnostic information ····················································································································································· 61  File management························································································································································63  File management configuration······································································································································· 63  Displaying file list························································································································································ 63  Downloading a file····················································································································································· 64  Uploading a file·························································································································································· 64  Removing a file ··························································································································································· 64  Port management configuration································································································································65  Configuring a port···························································································································································· 65  Setting operation parameters for a port··················································································································· 65  Viewing the operation parameters of a port ··········································································································· 69  Port management configuration example ······················································································································ 70  Port mirroring configuration ······································································································································74  Introduction to port mirroring··········································································································································· 74  Implementing port mirroring ······································································································································ 74  Configuring local port mirroring ····································································································································· 75  Configuration task list················································································································································· 75  Creating a mirroring group ······································································································································· 75  Configuring ports for a mirroring group ·················································································································· 76  Configuration examples··················································································································································· 78  Local port mirroring configuration example············································································································· 78  Configuration guidelines·················································································································································· 81 
  5. 5. 5 User management······················································································································································82  Overview ··········································································································································································· 82  Managing users ································································································································································ 82  Adding a local user···················································································································································· 82  Setting the super password········································································································································ 83  Switching to the management level ·························································································································· 84  Loopback test configuration ······································································································································85  Overview ··········································································································································································· 85  Loopback operation·························································································································································· 85  Configuration guidelines·················································································································································· 86  VCT··············································································································································································87  Overview ··········································································································································································· 87  Testing cable status··························································································································································· 87  Flow interval configuration········································································································································89  Overview ··········································································································································································· 89  Monitoring port traffic statistics ······································································································································· 89  Setting the traffic statistics generating interval········································································································· 89  Viewing port traffic statistics······································································································································ 89  Storm constrain configuration ···································································································································91  Overview ··········································································································································································· 91  Configuring storm constrain ············································································································································ 91  Setting the traffic statistics generating interval········································································································· 91  Configuring storm constrain ······································································································································ 92  RMON configuration·················································································································································95  Working mechanism ·················································································································································· 95  RMON groups ···························································································································································· 96  Configuring RMON·························································································································································· 97  Configuration task list················································································································································· 97  Configuring a statistics entry ····································································································································· 99  Configuring a history entry······································································································································100  Configuring an event entry ······································································································································101  Configuring an alarm entry ·····································································································································102  Displaying RMON statistics information ················································································································104  Displaying RMON history sampling information ··································································································106  Displaying RMON event logs··································································································································108  RMON configuration example······································································································································108  Energy saving configuration··································································································································· 113  Overview ·········································································································································································113  Configuring energy saving on a port ···························································································································113  SNMP configuration ··············································································································································· 115  SNMP mechanism ····················································································································································115  SNMP protocol version ············································································································································116  SNMP configuration·······················································································································································116  Configuration task list···············································································································································116  Enabling SNMP ························································································································································117  Configuring an SNMP view ····································································································································119  Configuring an SNMP community ··························································································································121  Configuring an SNMP group ··································································································································122  Configuring an SNMP user ·····································································································································123 
  6. 6. 6 Configuring SNMP trap function·····························································································································125  SNMP configuration example ·······································································································································127  Interface statistics ···················································································································································· 133  Overview ·········································································································································································133  Displaying interface statistics·········································································································································133  VLAN configuration ················································································································································ 135  Introduction to VLAN ················································································································································135  VLAN fundamentals··················································································································································135  VLAN types································································································································································136  Introduction to port-based VLAN·····························································································································137  Configuring a VLAN·······················································································································································138  Configuration task list···············································································································································138  Creating VLANs ························································································································································138  Selecting VLANs························································································································································139  Modifying a VLAN····················································································································································140  Modifying ports·························································································································································142  VLAN configuration example ········································································································································143  Configuration guidelines················································································································································148  VLAN interface configuration································································································································· 149  Configuring VLAN interfaces·········································································································································149  Configuration task list···············································································································································149  Creating a VLAN interface ······································································································································149  Modifying a VLAN interface····································································································································150  Voice VLAN configuration······································································································································ 153  OUI addresses···························································································································································153  Voice VLAN assignment modes ······························································································································153  Security mode and normal mode of voice VLANs ································································································155  Configuring the voice VLAN··········································································································································155  Configuration task list···············································································································································155  Configuring voice VLAN globally···························································································································157  Configuring voice VLAN on a port·························································································································157  Adding OUI addresses to the OUI list····················································································································159  Voice VLAN configuration examples····························································································································160  Configuring voice VLAN on a port in automatic voice VLAN assignment mode ··············································160  Configuring a voice VLAN on a port in manual voice VLAN assignment mode···············································165  Configuration guidelines················································································································································171  MAC address configuration··································································································································· 172  Configuring MAC addresses·········································································································································173  Configuring a MAC address entry ·························································································································173  Setting the aging time of MAC address entries·····································································································175  MAC address configuration example···························································································································176  MSTP configuration················································································································································· 177  STP177  STP protocol packets ················································································································································177  Basic concepts in STP···············································································································································177  How STP works ·························································································································································178  RSTP··················································································································································································184  MSTP ················································································································································································185  STP and RSTP limitations ··········································································································································185  MSTP features····························································································································································185 
  7. 7. 7 MSTP basic concepts················································································································································185  How MSTP works······················································································································································189  Implementation of MSTP on devices·······················································································································189  Protocols and standards···········································································································································190  Configuring MSTP···························································································································································190  Configuration task list···············································································································································190  Configuring an MST region·····································································································································190  Configuring MSTP globally······································································································································192  Configuring MSTP on a port····································································································································194  Displaying MSTP information of a port ··················································································································196  MSTP configuration example·········································································································································199  Configuration guidelines················································································································································203  Link aggregation and LACP configuration ············································································································ 205  Basic concepts···························································································································································205  Link aggregation modes···········································································································································206  Load sharing mode of an aggregation group·······································································································208  Configuring link aggregation and LACP······················································································································208  Configuration task list···············································································································································208  Creating a link aggregation group·························································································································209  Displaying information of an aggregate interface································································································211  Setting LACP priority·················································································································································211  Displaying information of LACP-enabled ports······································································································212  Link aggregation and LACP configuration example ···································································································214  Configuration guidelines················································································································································217  LLDP configuration··················································································································································· 218  Background ·······························································································································································218  Basic concepts···························································································································································218  How LLDP works························································································································································222  Compatibility of LLDP with CDP·······························································································································222  Protocols and standards···········································································································································223  Configuring LLDP·····························································································································································223  LLDP configuration task list·······································································································································223  Enabling LLDP on ports·············································································································································224  Configuring LLDP settings on ports··························································································································225  Configuring global LLDP setup ································································································································229  Displaying LLDP information for a port···················································································································231  Displaying global LLDP information ························································································································236  Displaying LLDP information received from LLDP neighbors·················································································238  LLDP configuration examples·········································································································································238  Basic LLDP configuration example ··························································································································238  CDP-compatible LLDP configuration example ········································································································244  Configuration guidelines················································································································································250  IGMP snooping configuration································································································································ 251  Overview ·········································································································································································251  Principle of IGMP snooping·····································································································································251  IGMP snooping related ports ··································································································································251  Work mechanism of IGMP snooping ·····················································································································252  IGMP snooping querier············································································································································254  Protocols and standards···········································································································································254  Configuring IGMP snooping··········································································································································254  Configuration task list···············································································································································254 
  8. 8. 8 Enabling IGMP snooping globally··························································································································255  Configuring IGMP snooping in a VLAN ················································································································256  Configuring IGMP snooping port functions ···········································································································257  Display IGMP snooping multicast entry information·····························································································258  IGMP snooping configuration example························································································································259  Routing configuration·············································································································································· 266  Routing table ·····························································································································································266  Static route·································································································································································266  Default route······························································································································································267  Configuring IPv4 routing················································································································································267  Displaying the IPv4 active route table ····················································································································267  Creating an IPv4 static route ···································································································································268  Static route configuration example ·······························································································································269  Precautions ······································································································································································273  DHCP overview ······················································································································································· 274  Introduction to DHCP······················································································································································274  DHCP address allocation···············································································································································274  Allocation mechanisms·············································································································································274  Dynamic IP address allocation process··················································································································275  IP address lease extension·······································································································································275  DHCP message format ···················································································································································276  DHCP options··································································································································································277  DHCP options overview ···········································································································································277  Introduction to DHCP options ··································································································································277  Introduction to Option 82 ········································································································································277  Protocols and standards·················································································································································278  DHCP relay agent configuration···························································································································· 279  Introduction to DHCP relay agent ·································································································································279  Application environment ··········································································································································279  Fundamentals ····························································································································································279  DHCP relay agent configuration task list······················································································································280  Enabling DHCP and configuring advanced parameters for the DHCP relay agent················································281  Creating a DHCP server group ·····································································································································282  Enabling the DHCP relay agent on an interface ·········································································································283  Configuring and displaying clients' IP-to-MAC bindings····························································································284  DHCP relay agent configuration example ···················································································································285  DHCP snooping configuration ······························································································································· 288  DHCP snooping overview··············································································································································288  Functions of DHCP snooping···································································································································288  Application environment of trusted ports················································································································289  DHCP snooping support for Option 82 ·················································································································290  DHCP snooping configuration task list ·························································································································290  Enabling DHCP snooping ··············································································································································291  Configuring DHCP snooping functions on an interface······························································································293  Displaying clients' IP-to-MAC bindings·························································································································293  DHCP snooping configuration example·······················································································································294  Service management configuration ······················································································································· 299  Configuring service management ·································································································································300  Diagnostic tools······················································································································································· 302  Ping ············································································································································································302 
  9. 9. 9 Trace route·································································································································································302  Diagnostic tool operations·············································································································································303  Ping operation···························································································································································303  Trace route operation···············································································································································304  ARP management···················································································································································· 306  ARP overview ··································································································································································306  ARP function ······························································································································································306  ARP message format·················································································································································306  ARP operation ···························································································································································307  ARP table ···································································································································································307  Managing ARP entries····················································································································································308  Displaying ARP entries ·············································································································································308  Creating a static ARP entry······································································································································309  Static ARP configuration example···························································································································309  Gratuitous ARP································································································································································313  Introduction to gratuitous ARP ·································································································································313  Configuring gratuitous ARP ·····································································································································313  ARP attack defense configuration ·························································································································· 315  ARP detection ··································································································································································315  Introduction to ARP detection···································································································································315  Configuring ARP detection·······································································································································317  Creating a static binding entry································································································································319  802.1X fundamentals ············································································································································· 320  Architecture of 802.1X···················································································································································320  Controlled/uncontrolled port and port authorization status·······················································································320  802.1X-related protocols ···············································································································································321  Packet formats ···························································································································································321  EAP over RADIUS······················································································································································323  Initiating 802.1X authentication····································································································································323  802.1X client as the initiator···································································································································323  Access device as the initiator ··································································································································323  802.1X authentication procedures ·······························································································································324  A comparison of EAP relay and EAP termination ·································································································324  EAP relay ···································································································································································325  EAP termination·························································································································································327  802.1X configuration ·······················································································€

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