http://dapa.ciat.cgiar.org/towards-a-more-homogenous-world-genetic-resources-and-climate-change/ 30% increase in climatic interdependence between countries 98% of countries more similar to others in 2050 than they currently are
Conservation Svalbard Global Seed Vault Safety backup Long-term collections (e.g. CG Centres etc., regional genebanks etc.) Active national collections Breeding/working collections Use Farmers/on farm conservation
A rational global system for the efficient and effective ex situ conservation and use of PGRFA
Building a global system The Trust established under international law Oct. 2004 Jointly founded by FAO and Bioversity (on behalf of CGIAR) Endowment fund Long-term grants ($1.8 mill/year) + project funds (e.g. Gates Foundation) Essential element of funding strategy of ITPGRFA Technical framework is Global Plan of Action
Building a global system Regenerating accessions at risk in priority collections 22 Annex 1 crops, 67 countries, 101 institutes, 214 collections, 81,000 accessions identified by experts, regional/crop strategies, regional networks multilingual regeneration guidelines Duplication in Svalbard Global Seed Vault from the regeneration projects on seed crops other deposits from developing countries in-trust seed collections held by CGIAR Centres
Building a global system contd. Information and information systems GRIN-Global: data management system for genebanks http://www.grin-global.org/index.php/Main_Page Genesys: global accession-level information portal SINGER EURISCO GRIN Others: Do you have data you’d like to share with the rest of the world?
Building a global system contd. A global initiative to collect and use crop wild relatives Norway-funded Partnership with Millennium Seed Bank, Kew Collaboration with national programmes, CGIAR Centres
Targeting threatened diversity Of approx. 80,000 total accessions of annual Cicerspecies There are 572 accessions of wild annual species Only 124 of which are unique and distinct
Targeting threatened diversity Source: Jarvis A. 2009. personal communication.
Not just conservation Project includes a use component Genotyping Phenotyping Pre-breeding Aims Specific traits Base broadening For climate change adaptation
How to be a good global citizen Ratify the ITPGRFA SMTA Share data NISM (FAO) Genesys Share responsibilities at national, regional level Collaborate on research to solve common problems Safety duplicate (at CGIAR Centres, Svalbard) Communicate