The importance of collaboration on PGRFA conservation and use

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  • For Lobell map: Values show the linear trend in temperature for the main crop grown in that grid cell, and for the months in which that crop is grown. Values indicate the trend in terms of multiples of the standard deviation of historical year-to-year variation. ** A 1˚C rise tended to lower yields by up to 10% except in high latitude countries, where in particular rice gains from warming.** In India, warming may explain the recently slowing of yield gains. For yield graph: Estimated net impact of climate trends for 1980-2008 on crop yields for major producers and for global production. Values are expressed as percent of average yield. Gray bars show median estimate and error bars show 5-95% confidence interval from bootstrap resampling with 500 replicates. Red and blue dots show median estimate of impact for T trend and P trend, respectively. **At the global scale, maize and wheat exhibited negative impacts for several major producers and global net loss of 3.8% and 5.5% relative to what would have been achieved without the climate trends in 1980-2008. In absolute terms, these equal the annual production of maize in Mexico (23 MT) and wheat in France (33 MT), respectively.Source:Climate Trends and Global Crop Production Since 1980David B. Lobell1,*, Wolfram Schlenker2,3, and Justin Costa-Roberts1Science magazine
  • The importance of collaboration on PGRFA conservation and use

    1. 1. The Global Crop Diversity Trust<br />PGR conservation and use for climate change adaptationThe importance of collaboration<br />
    2. 2. Observed changes in growing season temperature for crop growing regions, 1980-2008. <br />Lobell et al (2011) <br />Thanks to Andy Jarvis for the slide<br />% Yield impact for wheat<br />
    3. 3. Averageprojected % change in suitability for 50 crops, to 2050<br />Thanks to Andy Jarvis for the slide<br />
    4. 4. http://www.cropwildrelatives.org/fileadmin/bioversity/publications/pdfs/Kew%20250%20CWR%20Talk.pdf<br />
    5. 5.
    6. 6. ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/meeting/017/ak532e.pdf<br />
    7. 7. http://dapa.ciat.cgiar.org/towards-a-more-homogenous-world-genetic-resources-and-climate-change/<br />30% increase in climatic interdependence between countries<br />98% of countries more similar to others in 2050 than they currently are<br />
    8. 8. Conservation<br />Use<br />
    9. 9. Conservation<br />Svalbard Global Seed Vault<br />Safety backup<br />Long-term collections (e.g. CG Centres etc., regional genebanks etc.)<br />Active national collections<br />Breeding/working collections<br />Use<br />Farmers/on farm conservation<br />
    10. 10. A rational global system<br />for the efficient and effective<br />ex situ conservation and use<br />of PGRFA<br />
    11. 11. Building a global system<br />The Trust established under international law Oct. 2004<br />Jointly founded by FAO and Bioversity (on behalf of CGIAR)<br />Endowment fund<br />Long-term grants ($1.8 mill/year)<br />+ project funds (e.g. Gates Foundation)<br />Essential element of funding strategy of ITPGRFA<br />Technical framework is Global Plan of Action<br />
    12. 12. Building a global system<br />Regenerating accessions at risk in priority collections<br />22 Annex 1 crops, 67 countries, 101 institutes, 214 collections, 81,000 accessions <br />identified by experts, regional/crop strategies, regional networks<br />multilingual regeneration guidelines<br />Duplication in Svalbard Global Seed Vault <br />from the regeneration projects on seed crops<br />other deposits from developing countries<br />in-trust seed collections held by CGIAR Centres<br />
    13. 13. Regeneration in CAC<br />Tajikistan – RNCGR<br />Wheat, barley<br />Uzbekistan – UzRIPI<br />Sorghum, maize, wheat, barley<br />Armenia – ASAU (ECPGR)<br />Barley, wheat<br />Azerbaijan – IGR (+ECPGR)<br />Wheat, barley, pulses<br />Georgia – GIF & GSAU (ECPGR)<br />Maize, sorghum, wheat, pulses<br />
    14. 14. Building a global system contd.<br />Information and information systems<br />GRIN-Global: data management system for genebanks<br />http://www.grin-global.org/index.php/Main_Page<br />Genesys: global accession-level information portal<br />SINGER<br />EURISCO<br />GRIN<br />Others: Do you have data you’d like to share with the rest of the world?<br />
    15. 15. http://www.genesys-pgr.org/<br />
    16. 16. Building a global system contd.<br />A global initiative to collect and use crop wild relatives<br />Norway-funded<br />Partnership with Millennium Seed Bank, Kew<br />Collaboration with national programmes, CGIAR Centres<br />
    17. 17. Targeting “missing” diversity<br />http://gisweb.ciat.cgiar.org/GapAnalysis/<br />
    18. 18. Targeting threatened diversity<br />Of approx. 80,000 total accessions of annual Cicerspecies<br />There are 572 accessions of wild annual species<br />Only 124 of which are unique and distinct<br />
    19. 19. Targeting threatened diversity<br />Source: Jarvis A. 2009. personal communication.<br />
    20. 20. Not just conservation<br />Project includes a use component<br />Genotyping<br />Phenotyping<br />Pre-breeding<br />Aims<br />Specific traits<br />Base broadening<br />For climate change adaptation<br />
    21. 21. How to be a good global citizen<br />Ratify the ITPGRFA<br />SMTA<br />Share data<br />NISM (FAO)<br />Genesys<br />Share responsibilities at national, regional level<br />Collaborate on research to solve common problems<br />Safety duplicate (at CGIAR Centres, Svalbard)<br />Communicate<br />
    22. 22. Thank you<br />www.croptrust.org<br />

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