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The importance of collaboration on PGRFA conservation and use
 

The importance of collaboration on PGRFA conservation and use

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  • For Lobell map: Values show the linear trend in temperature for the main crop grown in that grid cell, and for the months in which that crop is grown. Values indicate the trend in terms of multiples of the standard deviation of historical year-to-year variation. ** A 1˚C rise tended to lower yields by up to 10% except in high latitude countries, where in particular rice gains from warming.** In India, warming may explain the recently slowing of yield gains. For yield graph: Estimated net impact of climate trends for 1980-2008 on crop yields for major producers and for global production. Values are expressed as percent of average yield. Gray bars show median estimate and error bars show 5-95% confidence interval from bootstrap resampling with 500 replicates. Red and blue dots show median estimate of impact for T trend and P trend, respectively. **At the global scale, maize and wheat exhibited negative impacts for several major producers and global net loss of 3.8% and 5.5% relative to what would have been achieved without the climate trends in 1980-2008. In absolute terms, these equal the annual production of maize in Mexico (23 MT) and wheat in France (33 MT), respectively.Source:Climate Trends and Global Crop Production Since 1980David B. Lobell1,*, Wolfram Schlenker2,3, and Justin Costa-Roberts1Science magazine

The importance of collaboration on PGRFA conservation and use The importance of collaboration on PGRFA conservation and use Presentation Transcript

  • The Global Crop Diversity Trust
    PGR conservation and use for climate change adaptationThe importance of collaboration
  • Observed changes in growing season temperature for crop growing regions, 1980-2008.
    Lobell et al (2011)
    Thanks to Andy Jarvis for the slide
    % Yield impact for wheat
  • Averageprojected % change in suitability for 50 crops, to 2050
    Thanks to Andy Jarvis for the slide
  • http://www.cropwildrelatives.org/fileadmin/bioversity/publications/pdfs/Kew%20250%20CWR%20Talk.pdf
  • ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/meeting/017/ak532e.pdf
  • http://dapa.ciat.cgiar.org/towards-a-more-homogenous-world-genetic-resources-and-climate-change/
    30% increase in climatic interdependence between countries
    98% of countries more similar to others in 2050 than they currently are
  • Conservation
    Use
  • Conservation
    Svalbard Global Seed Vault
    Safety backup
    Long-term collections (e.g. CG Centres etc., regional genebanks etc.)
    Active national collections
    Breeding/working collections
    Use
    Farmers/on farm conservation
  • A rational global system
    for the efficient and effective
    ex situ conservation and use
    of PGRFA
  • Building a global system
    The Trust established under international law Oct. 2004
    Jointly founded by FAO and Bioversity (on behalf of CGIAR)
    Endowment fund
    Long-term grants ($1.8 mill/year)
    + project funds (e.g. Gates Foundation)
    Essential element of funding strategy of ITPGRFA
    Technical framework is Global Plan of Action
  • Building a global system
    Regenerating accessions at risk in priority collections
    22 Annex 1 crops, 67 countries, 101 institutes, 214 collections, 81,000 accessions
    identified by experts, regional/crop strategies, regional networks
    multilingual regeneration guidelines
    Duplication in Svalbard Global Seed Vault
    from the regeneration projects on seed crops
    other deposits from developing countries
    in-trust seed collections held by CGIAR Centres
  • Regeneration in CAC
    Tajikistan – RNCGR
    Wheat, barley
    Uzbekistan – UzRIPI
    Sorghum, maize, wheat, barley
    Armenia – ASAU (ECPGR)
    Barley, wheat
    Azerbaijan – IGR (+ECPGR)
    Wheat, barley, pulses
    Georgia – GIF & GSAU (ECPGR)
    Maize, sorghum, wheat, pulses
  • Building a global system contd.
    Information and information systems
    GRIN-Global: data management system for genebanks
    http://www.grin-global.org/index.php/Main_Page
    Genesys: global accession-level information portal
    SINGER
    EURISCO
    GRIN
    Others: Do you have data you’d like to share with the rest of the world?
  • http://www.genesys-pgr.org/
  • Building a global system contd.
    A global initiative to collect and use crop wild relatives
    Norway-funded
    Partnership with Millennium Seed Bank, Kew
    Collaboration with national programmes, CGIAR Centres
  • Targeting “missing” diversity
    http://gisweb.ciat.cgiar.org/GapAnalysis/
  • Targeting threatened diversity
    Of approx. 80,000 total accessions of annual Cicerspecies
    There are 572 accessions of wild annual species
    Only 124 of which are unique and distinct
  • Targeting threatened diversity
    Source: Jarvis A. 2009. personal communication.
  • Not just conservation
    Project includes a use component
    Genotyping
    Phenotyping
    Pre-breeding
    Aims
    Specific traits
    Base broadening
    For climate change adaptation
  • How to be a good global citizen
    Ratify the ITPGRFA
    SMTA
    Share data
    NISM (FAO)
    Genesys
    Share responsibilities at national, regional level
    Collaborate on research to solve common problems
    Safety duplicate (at CGIAR Centres, Svalbard)
    Communicate
  • Thank you
    www.croptrust.org