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The Global Crop Diversity Trust and VIR
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The Global Crop Diversity Trust and VIR

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  • 1. Building a Global System for PGRFA -- Together The Global Crop Diversity Trust and VIR www.croptrust.org
  • 2.  
  • 3. Birth of the Trust
    • Established under international law Oct. 2004
    • Jointly founded by FAO and Bioversity (on behalf of CGIAR)
    • Endowment fund
      • Fund at $110 mill  long-term grants ($1.8 mill/year)
      • + project funds (e.g. Gates Foundation)
    • Essential element of funding strategy of ITPGRFA
    • Technical framework is Global Plan of Action
  • 4. The vision
    • A rational global system
    • for the efficient and effective
    • ex situ conservation and use
    • of PGRFA
  • 5. Conservation Use Svalbard Global Seed Vault Safety backup Long-term collections (e.g. CG Centres, regional genebanks etc.) National genebanks Breeding/working collections Farmers
  • 6. Building a global system
    • Regenerating accessions at risk in priority collections
      • 22 crops, 67 countries, 101 institutes, 81,000 accessions
      • identified by experts, regional networks
      • multilingual regeneration guidelines
    • Duplication in Svalbard Global Seed Vault
      • from the regeneration projects on seed crops
      • in-trust seed collections held by CGIAR Centres
      • VIR and others
  • 7.  
  • 8. Building a global system cont.
    • Information and information systems
      • data management system for genebanks -- GRIN-Global
      • global portal for searching collections, worldwide -- Genesys
  • 9.  
  • 10. Partnership with VIR - 1
    • Regeneration, characterization, documentation of legume and forage crops (pea, faba bean, bean, lentil, chickpea, cowpea, forages) 2005-2009 – $229,405
      • Regenerated 3,022 legume and 6,779 forage accessions
    • “… allowed VIR to regenerate a part of forage and grain legume accessions with critically low germinating ability and to put fresh seed for long- and medium-term storage. Besides, the Project facilitated repatriation of a part of accessions to the republics of the former USSR. These accessions were regenerated in the countries they originate from and should enrich national PGR collections.”
  • 11.  
  • 12. Partnership with VIR - 2
    • Regeneration, characterization and safety duplication of unique, endangered accessions of wheat, barley, maize, sorghum, bean, grasspea, cowpea, faba bean, chickpea, lentil & potato 2009-2011 – $250,000
      • Regenerated 4,591 accessions
      • Plan to send 2,000 accessions to Svalbard in June 2011
      • Deposited 945 accessions at opening of Svalbard, February 2008
  • 13. Partnership with VIR - 3
    • Information systems upgrading 2011-2012 – $181,200
      • Hardware
      • Genebank management software and training
      • Translate and digitize 90 catalogues (and field journals) of cereal, legume, forages, oil crops and fruits
  • 14. How to be a good global citizen
    • Ratify the ITPGRFA
    • Share data
      • NISM (FAO)
      • Genesys (via Eurisco)
    • Collaborate at national, regional level
      • Coordinated national programme
      • European network – ECP/GR
    • Safety duplicate (including at Svalbard)
    • Communicate
      • One of the lessons of Pavlovsk...
  • 15. Спасибо