TREASURESTREASURES from     fromECUADOR
Area: 256.371 Km²      198,985 sq.milesPopulation: 13,810,000Language: SpanishCapital: QuitoMajor City: Guayaquil
ECUADOR    La Mitad del Mundo                         Puerto Lopez                         Salango                        ...
ECUADORCanta la Piedra                      Puerto LopezShell trash        Local child        fishermanGuayaquil         P...
INTERTIDAL                                                                SHELLS                                          ...
INTERTIDALSHELLSROCKS AND SAND BEACH                                                                                      ...
INTERTIDALSHELLSMANGROVE AND SOFT-ROCKS                                                                                   ...
SNORKELING                                                                                SHELLS                          ...
SNORKELING SHELLSROCK AND RUBBLE BOTTOM                                                                                   ...
SNORKELING SHELLSROCK AND SAND BOTTOMMitra lens                Mitra tristis            Conus brunneus            Conus fe...
DIVING                                              SHELLS                                                    ROCK BOTTOM ...
DIVING                                                SHELLS                                                      ROCK BOT...
DIVING SHELLSRUBBLE AND SAND BOTTOM                                                            (5 to 35 meters)           ...
DIVING SHELLSNodipecten arthriticus                  (Reeve, 1853)
DREDGING SHELLSMUD AND SAND BOTTOM                                           (40 to 100 meters)                           ...
DREDGING SHELLSMUD AND SAND BOTTOM                                                      (40 to 100 meters)                ...
TRAWLING SHELLSSAND AND MUDDY BOTTOM                                                        (50 to 150 meters)            ...
TRAWLING SHELLSSAND AND MUDDY BOTTOM                                                           (50 to 150 meters)Cancellar...
TRAWLING SHELLSArgopecten ventricosus             (Sowerby, 1842)                               (40 to 100 meters)
LAND SHELLSAperostoma fischeri                                                                                            ...
NEW SPECIESPhos sp.                 Compsodrillia sp.     Microcithara sp.   Pteropurpura sp.Anachis cf. costellata   Anac...
ECUADOR          Number of Species Found          Gastropoda     marine         578                         land          ...
Project & Lay-Out                            REFERENCE                            José Coltro                             ...
Jcoltro 1
Jcoltro 1
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Jcoltro 1

  1. 1. TREASURESTREASURES from fromECUADOR
  2. 2. Area: 256.371 Km² 198,985 sq.milesPopulation: 13,810,000Language: SpanishCapital: QuitoMajor City: Guayaquil
  3. 3. ECUADOR La Mitad del Mundo Puerto Lopez Salango Salango Island Guayaquil Downtown Malecon Museum - Guayaquil
  4. 4. ECUADORCanta la Piedra Puerto LopezShell trash Local child fishermanGuayaquil Puerto Cayo Fisherman Village Cotopaxa
  5. 5. INTERTIDAL SHELLS EXPOSED ROCKS AND TIDE POOLS Nerita funiculata Menke, 1851 13mm Nerita scabricosta Tegula picta (McLean, 1970) Tegula panamensis Lamarck, 1822 – 14mm 15mm (Philippi, 1849) - 25mmFissurella microtrema Fissurella longifissa Littorina aspera Littorina zebra Donovan, 1825 Thais biserialis Purpura pansa Gould, 1853Sowerby, 1835 - 22mm Sowerby, 1863 - 30mm Philippi, 1846 - 2mm 33mm (Blainville, 1832) - 36mm 35mmFissurella virescens Scurria mesoleuca Morula lugubris Conus nux Broderip, 1833 Acanthina brevidentata Chiton stokesii Broderip, 1833Sowerby, 1835 - 30mm (Menke, 1851) - 20mm (C.B.Adams, 1852) - 8mm 13mm (Wood, 1828) - 17mm 52mm
  6. 6. INTERTIDALSHELLSROCKS AND SAND BEACH Anachis rugulosa Anachis strongi Bartsch, 1928 (Sowerby, 1844) - 10mm 4mmAnachis pardalis Anachis rugosa Anachis pygmaea Olivella columellaris Oliva undatella ecuatoriana Petuch & Sargent, 1986 - 16mm(Hinds, 1843) - 6mm (Sowerby, 1832) - 14mm (Sowerby, 1832) - 6mm (Sowerby, 1825) - 10mmCerithium gallapaginis Mazatlania fulgurata Donax gracilis Hanley, 1845 Donax mancorensisSowerby, 1855 - 8mm (Philippi, 1846) - 13mm 11mm (Olsson, 1961) - 17mmDonax carinatus Donax peruvianus Donax navicula Hanley, 1845 Hastula cinerea luctuosa Pitar lupanaria (Lesson, 1830) - 42mm(Hanley, 1843) - 28mm Deshayes, 1855 - 16mm 15mm (Hinds, 1844) - 40mm
  7. 7. INTERTIDALSHELLSMANGROVE AND SOFT-ROCKS Protothaca columbiensis Nassarius pagodus (Sowerby, 1835) - 48mm (Reeve, 1844) - 22mmCerithidea valida Rhinocoryne humboldti Natica unifasciata Lithophaga aristata Petricola denticulata Parapholas calva(C.B.Adams, 1852) - 38mm (Valenciennes, 1832) - 31mm Lamarck, 1822 - 21mm (Dillwyn, 1817) - 19mm Sowerby, 1834 - 17mm (Sowerby, 1834) - 25mm Parapholas tubifera Pholadidea esmeraldensis Pholadidea melanura Pholadidea quadra (Sowerby, 1834) - 25mm (Olsson, 1961) - 18mm (Sowerby, 1834) - 30mm (Sowerby, 1834) - 28mmJouannetia duchassaingi Fischer, 1862 - 43mm Parapholas acuminata Jouannetia pectinata Irus ellipticus Clypeolum latissimus (Sowerby, 1824) - 26mm (Conrad, 1849) - 11mm (Sowerby, 1834) - 18mm fontaineanum (Orbigny, 1840) 20mm
  8. 8. SNORKELING SHELLS ROCK BOTTOM Cypraea arabicula Cypraea robertsi Cypraea cervinetta Thais melones Lamarck, 1811 – 30mm (Hidalgo, 1906) – 20mm Kiener, 1843 – 50mm (Duclos, 1832) – 60mmThais speciosa Eupleura nitida Turbo saxosus Trivia radians(Valenciennes, 1832) – 28mm (Broderip, 1833) – 14mm Wood, 1828 – 36mm (Lamarck, 1822) – 16mmMuricopsis zeteki Hertlein & Trivia sanguinea Bursa caelata Vitularia salebrosa (King & Jenneria pustulata Lightfoot, 1786) – 16mmStrong, 1951 - 17mm (Sowerby, 1832) – 7mm (Broderip, 1833) - 45 mm Broderip, 1832) – 30mm
  9. 9. SNORKELING SHELLSROCK AND RUBBLE BOTTOM Cantharus elegans (Griffith Cantharus ringens & Pidgeon, 1834) – 46mm (Reeve, 1846) – 21mmOpeatostoma pseudodon Anachis fluctuata Engina maura Engina tabogaensis(Burrow, 1815) – 70mm (Sowerby, 1832) - 15mm (Sowerby, 1832) – 18mm Bartsch, 1931 – 12mmLeucozonia cerata Thais planospira (Lamarck, 1822) – 55mm Anachis varia Columbella fuscata Columbella major(Wood, 1828) – 54mm (Sowerby, 1832) – 19mm Sowerby, 1832 - 24mm Sowerby, 1832 – 30mmLatirus hemphilli Hertlein Latirus mediamericanus Anachis fulva Mitrella guttata Columbella haemastoma Columbella strombiformis& Strong, 1951 - 40mm Hertlein & Strong, 1951 (Sowerby, 1832) – 20mm (Sowerby, 1832) – 11mm Sowerby, 1832 – 23mm Lamarck, 1822 – 23mm 80mm
  10. 10. SNORKELING SHELLSROCK AND SAND BOTTOMMitra lens Mitra tristis Conus brunneus Conus fergusoni Conus princeps lineolatus Valenciennes, 1832 – 33mmWood, 1828 – 32mm Broderip, 1836 – 14mm Wood, 1828 – 20mm Sowerby, 1873 – 90mmPilsbryspira albinodata Pilsbryspira collaris Modiolus capax Megapitaria squalida chionacea Lima pacifica Barbatia reeveana(Reeve, 1843) – 22mm (Sowerby, 1834) – 10mm (Conrad, 1837) – 35mm (Menke, 1847) – 33mm Orbigny, 1846 – 25mm (Orbigny, 1876) – 60mmPeriglypta multicostata Protothaca beili Protothaca columbiensis Protothaca metodon (Pilsbry Arca pacifica Arcopsis solida(Sowerby, 1835) – 85mm (Olsson, 1961) - 50mm (Sowerby, 1835) – 48mm & Lowe, 1932) - 24mm (Sowerby, 1833) – 70mm (Sowerby, 1833) – 14mm
  11. 11. DIVING SHELLS ROCK BOTTOM (5 to 35 meters) Cypraea nigropunctata Cypraea albuginosa Cypraea aequinoctialis Cymatium gibbosum Gray, 1828 – 29mm Gray, 1825 - 22mm (Schilder, 1933) – 45mm adairense Dall, 1910 – 32mmCymatium vestitum Linatella wiegmanni Turbo mazatlanicus Pilsbry Turbo magnificus Colubraria jordani Colubraria lucasensis Strong(Hinds, 1844) – 45mm (Anton, 1838) – 85mm & Lowe, 1932 – 9mm Jonas, 1844 – 18mm Strong, 1938 – 35mm & Hertlein, 1937 – 38mmVasum caestus Astraea babelis Turbo squamiger Colubraria ochsneri Hertlein Colubraria procera Cantharus sanguinolentus(Broderip, 1833) – 100mm (Fischer, 1874) – 28mm Reeve, 1843 – 20mm & Allison, 1968 – 25mm (Sowerby, 1832) – 40mm (Duclos, 1833) – 23mm
  12. 12. DIVING SHELLS ROCK BOTTOM (5 to 35 meters) Engina pulchra Hexaplex radix Homalocantha oxycantha Muricanthus princeps (Reeve, 1846) – 20mm (Gmelin, 1791) – 80mm (Broderip, 1833) – 70mm (Broderip, 1833) – 75mm Engina tabogaensis Phyllonotus regius Bartsch, 1931 – 11mm (Swainson, 1821) – 122mmPleuroploca princeps (Sowerby, 1825) – 350mmLatirus rudis Latirus tumens Cantharus vibex Cantharus lautus Phyllonotus regius (Swainson, 1821) – 130mm(Reeve, 1847) – 40mm Carpenter, 1856 – 75mm (Broderip, 1833) – 40mm (Reeve, 1846) – 22mm
  13. 13. DIVING SHELLSRUBBLE AND SAND BOTTOM (5 to 35 meters) Strombus galeatus Strombus peruvianus Swainson, 1823 – 215mm Swainson, 1823 – 170mmStrombus granulatus Cyphoma emarginatum Phenacovolva lenoraea Cardin Cypraecassis coarctata Cypraecassis tenuis Malea ringensSwainson, 1822 – 80mm (Sowerby, 1830) – 20mm & Walls, 1980 – 26mm Sowerby, 1825 – 36mm (Wood, 1828) – 65mm (Swainson, 1822) – 50mmAmericardia guanacastensis Trachycardium pristipleura Conus dalli Conus archon(Hertlein & Strong, 1947) (Dall, 1901) - 46mm Stearns, 1873 - 60mm Broderip, 1833 – 68mmMegapitaria aurantiaca Conus lucidus Conus purpurascens Oppenheimopecten perulus Spondylus princeps Broderip, 1833 – 90mm(Sowerby, 1831) - 55mm Wood, 1828 – 36mm Sowerby, 1833 – 68mm Olsson, 1961 – 35mm
  14. 14. DIVING SHELLSNodipecten arthriticus (Reeve, 1853)
  15. 15. DREDGING SHELLSMUD AND SAND BOTTOM (40 to 100 meters) Eulima panamensis (Bartsch, 1917) – 7mm Niso excolpa Niso interrupta Aesopus arestus Bartsch, 1917 – 18mm (Sowerby, 1834) – 10mm Dall, 1919 – 7mmAnachis adelinae Cosmioconcha modesta Leurolepas roseola Epitonium politum Mazatlania hesperia Pilsbry Microcithara uncinata(Tryon, 1883) – 7mm (Powys, 1835) – 20mm McLean, 1970 – 7mm (Sowerby, 1844) – 9mm & Lowe, 1932 – 10mm (Sowerby, 1832) – 10mmStrombina gibberula Lucapinella eleanorae Epitonium shyorum DuShane Nassarina perata Nassarina cruentata Nassarina whitei(Sowerby, 1832) – 10mm McLean, 1967 – 8mm & McLean, 1968 – 7mm Keen, 1971 – 7mm (Mörch, 1860) – 6mm (Bartsch, 1928) – 6mm
  16. 16. DREDGING SHELLSMUD AND SAND BOTTOM (40 to 100 meters) Oliva radix Petuch & Oliva splendidula Sargent, 1987 – 40mm Sowerby, 1825 – 33mmOlivella aureocincta Olivella anazora Olivella fletcherae Olivella guayaquilensis Olivella intorta Phos cumingiiCarpenter, 1857 – 8mm (Duclos, 1835) – 14mm Berry, 1958 – 10mm Bartsch, 1928 – 14mm Carpenter, 1857 – 5mm Reeve, 1846 – 23mmDrillia clavata Kylix contracta McLean & Cancellaria deroyae Cancellaria mitriformis Cancellaria strongi Cancellaria tessellata(Sowerby, 1834) – 13mm Poorman, 1971 – 9mm Petit, 1970 – 16mm Sowerby, 1832 – 22mm Shasky, 1961 – 15mm Sowerby, 1832 – 10mmPerplicaria clarki Compsodrillia jaculum (Pilsbry Compsodrillia thestia Crassispira coracina McLean Trigoniocardia granifera Chione mariaeM.Smith, 1947 – 14mm & Lowe, 1932) – 17mm (Dall, 1919) – 11mm & Poorman, 1971 – 13mm (Broderip et.al., 1829) – 12mm (Orbigny, 1846) – 23mm
  17. 17. TRAWLING SHELLSSAND AND MUDDY BOTTOM (50 to 150 meters) Solenosteira pallida (Broderip Fusinus dupetitthouarsi Fusinus panamensis Solenosteira anomala & Sowerby, 1846) – 80mm (Kiener, 1840) – 190mm Dall, 1908 – 160mm (Reeve, 1847) – 45mmMurex elenensis Pteropurpura centrifuga Distorsio decussata Metula amosiDall, 1909 – 75mm (Hinds, 1844) – 85mm (Valenciennes, 1832) – 90mm Vanatta, 1913 – 40mmFicus ventricosa Oliva kaleontina Architectonica nobilis Northia pristis (Deshayes in Eupleura muriciformis (Broderip, 1833) – 35mm(Sowerby, 1825) – 120mm Duclos, 1832 - 32mm Röding, 1798 – 40mm Lamarck, 1844) – 75mm
  18. 18. TRAWLING SHELLSSAND AND MUDDY BOTTOM (50 to 150 meters)Cancellaria bulbulus Cancellaria cassidiformis Cancellaria indentata Cancellaria decussataSowerby, 1832 – 40mm Sowerby, 1832 – 42mm Sowerby, 1832 – 22mm Sowerby, 1832 – 40mm Harpa crenata Swainson, 1822 – 60mmTrigonostoma bullatum Trigonostoma milleri Conus arcuatus Broderip & Conus fergusoni Conus patricius(Sowerby, 1832) – 40mm Burch, 1949 – 30mm Sowerby, 1829 – 60mm Sowerby, 1873 – 65mm Hinds, 1843 – 90mmSubcancilla erythrogramma Conus poormani Conus recurvus Conus regularis Subcancilla hindsii Mitra swainsoni(Tomlin, 1931) - 32mm Berry, 1960 – 55mm Broderip, 1833 - 75mm Sowerby, 1833 – 60mm (Reeve, 1844) - 42mm Broderip, 1836 – 140mm
  19. 19. TRAWLING SHELLSArgopecten ventricosus (Sowerby, 1842) (40 to 100 meters)
  20. 20. LAND SHELLSAperostoma fischeri Drymaeus hidalgoi(Hidalgo, 1867) – 44mm (daCosta, 1898) – 40mmAperostoma manabense Torre, Porphyrobaphe iostoma (Sowerby, 1824) – 60mm Porphyrobaphe grevillei Isomeria ritchieana Isomeria subcastaneaBartsch & Morrison, 1942 – 40mm (Sowerby, 1876) – 58mm Pilsbry, 1889 – 60mm (Pfeiffer, 1842) – 38mmCalaperostoma nigrofasciatum Lagocyclus vasconesi Porphyrobaphe i. bilabratus Porphyrobaphe i. phasianella Lampadion cymatodes Plecochilus semipictus(Miller, 1879) – 27mm (Jousseaume, 1897) – 32mm Pilsbry, 1899 – 75mm (Valenciennes, 1833) – 60mm (Pfeiffer, 1852) – 42mm (Hidalgo, 1869) – 48mm
  21. 21. NEW SPECIESPhos sp. Compsodrillia sp. Microcithara sp. Pteropurpura sp.Anachis cf. costellata Anachis cf. teevani Anachis sp. Agladrillia sp.
  22. 22. ECUADOR Number of Species Found Gastropoda marine 578 land 42 fresh-water 4 Bivalvia marine 218 fresh-water 3 Polyplacophora 6 Scaphopoda 3 Cephalopoda 2 total 856
  23. 23. Project & Lay-Out REFERENCE José Coltro Abbott, R.T., 1989, Compendium of Landshells Abbott, R.T. & Dance, S.P., 1983, Compendium of SeashellsLandscape Photography Bequaert, J.C., 1948, Monograph of the Strophocheilidae, a Neotropical Family of Terrestrial Mollusks , Bull.Mus.Comp.Zoo.Harvard, vol. 100 no1 José Coltro Bratcher, T. & Cernohorsky, W.O.,1987, Living Terebras Cate, C.N., 1979, A Review of the Triviidae, San Diego Soc. Cernohorsky, W. O., 1984, Systematics of the Family Nassariidae, Bull.Auckland Inst.Museum, Number 14Photography and Art Cernohorsky, W.O., 1991, The Mitridae of the World, part II Ind.Pac.Moll Carlos Henckes Chaney, H.W., 1987, A Comparaive Study of Two Similar Panamic Cones: Conus ximenes and Conus mahogani, The Veliger 29(4) Cossignani, T., 1994, Bursidae of the World Finet, Y., 1994, Marine Molluscs of the Galapagos, nr.1Maps Google Earth ® Finet, Y., 1994, The marine mollusks of the Galapagos Islands: a documented fauna list Fischer-Piette, E., 1977, Revision des Cardiidae, Mem. Mus.Nat. Paris, no.1 Henning, T. & Hemmen, J., 1993, Ranellidae & Personidae of the World Hickman, C.P.Jr & Finet, Y., 1999, A Field Guide to Marine Molluscs of Galápagos Kaicher, S.D., Card Catalogue of World-Wide Shells Keen, M., 1971, Sea Shells of Tropical West America Kosuge & Suzuki, 1985, Illust.Catal. of Latiaxis and Its Related GroupsWikipedia ® Kreipl, K., 1997, Recent Cassidae Lamprell, K., 1987, Spondylus Lorenz, F. & Fehse, D., 2009, The Living Ovulidae Lorenz, F. & Hubert, A., 2000, A Guide to Wolrdwide Cowries, 2nd. Edition Marshall, C.P., 1995, Recent Changes in the Pectinidae part 1, American Conchologist, vol.23, no.1 Marshall, C.P., 1995, Recent Changes in the Pectinidae part 2, American Conchologist, vol.23, no.3 Miller, K., 1878-1879, Die Binnenmollusken von Ecuador, Malac. Parkison, B., Hemmen, J. & Groh, K., 1987, Tropical Landshells of the World Petuch, E.J. & Sargent, D.M., 1986, Atlas of the Living Oliva Pilsbry, H.A., 1895-1907, Manual of Conchology, Vol.V, Vol.X, Vol.XI, Vol.XII, Vol.XVIII. Pilsbry, H. A., 1939, South American Land & Freshwater Mollusks, X—Species of Colombia & Ecuador, Not.Nat.19 Röckel, D., Korn, W. & Kohn, A.J., 1995, Manual of the Living Conidae, Vol.1 Roth, Barry, 1978, New species and records of tropical west American Marginellidae (Mollusca: Neogastropoda). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles, Contribution in Science 292:1-17; figs. 1-16 Simone, L.R.L., 2006, Land and Freshwater Molluscs of Brasil Skoglund, C. 1992, Additions to the Panamic Province Gastropod (Mollusca) Litterature 1971 to 1992, The Festivus, Vol.XXIV, Supplement Torre, C.; Bartsch, P. & Morrison, J.P.E., 1942, The cyclophorid operdulate land mollusks of America. Bull. U.S.Nat.Mus., 181:1-306, 42pls Turner, R.D., 1955, The Family Pholadidae in the W.Atlantic and E.Pacific, Part II, Pholadinae, Johnsonia vol.3, no.34Copyright © Femorale 2009 Weil, A.; Brown., L. and Neville, B., 1999, The Wentletrap Book - Guide to the Recent Epitoniidae of the World

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