Social Innovation and public participation
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  • 1. Fredrik Björk, Malmö University
  • 2.  Active citizens The relationship between social entrepreneurship, social innovation and public participation? And with sustainable development?
  • 3. The meaning of citizenship  Two different historical traditions:  Individual rights (status)  Obligations to a community (practice)  Participation as Citizen right – antiquity, Greece, Rome  Citizenship as obligation – reaction to individualism in liberal political discourse
  • 4. Citizenship?  Relation to democracy – governance  Force of both inclusion and exclusion  Relation to socially categories?  How to become a citizen  Q of state policy – also Q of identity
  • 5. Human agency  Citizenship as participation : expression of agency in the political arena  Challenging the construction of people as passive victims etc.  To be a citizen – to act as a citizen  Politics with a small ”p”
  • 6. Challenges  What is democracy?  The inactive citizen  Welfare provision by business – influence as consumer, not citizen – “marketization”
  • 7. Importance of communityparticipation  Impact on individuals as well as on the wider community (Putnam)  Social cohesion  ”Social capital” – ”networks, norms and trust”  ”the capillaries of community life”
  • 8.  Social innovation can also be about being able to take part in the community ”The capabilities approach” (A. Sen) If social innovation and social entrepreneurship is about citizens taking on the problems they face – then it’s obviously about governance
  • 9.  Consultations Dialogue Face-to-face / web (social media) Art/design ”The Open Book of Social Innovation” (Young Foundation 2010)
  • 10.  Motivation Expertise Creativity skills/ frameworkThis is valid for both social and commercialinnovation
  • 11. OrganizationCommunity Citizen/individual
  • 12.  Culture & climate supportive of creativity and innovation A social environment Feedback
  • 13.  Process-oriented organizational structure Dynamic culture Risk taking Resource availability
  • 14.  Bureaucracy “by the book” Status Quo culture Power struggles Conservative environment Communication problems Only negative feedback
  • 15.  Early 20th century: FOR the citizens Late 20th century: WITH the citizens 21st century: BY the citizens Why? Citizens get the solution they need Greater chance of sustainability