Transcript of "Social Innovation and public participation"
Fredrik Björk, Malmö University
Active citizens The relationship between social entrepreneurship, social innovation and public participation? And with sustainable development?
The meaning of citizenship Two different historical traditions: Individual rights (status) Obligations to a community (practice) Participation as Citizen right – antiquity, Greece, Rome Citizenship as obligation – reaction to individualism in liberal political discourse
Citizenship? Relation to democracy – governance Force of both inclusion and exclusion Relation to socially categories? How to become a citizen Q of state policy – also Q of identity
Human agency Citizenship as participation : expression of agency in the political arena Challenging the construction of people as passive victims etc. To be a citizen – to act as a citizen Politics with a small ”p”
Challenges What is democracy? The inactive citizen Welfare provision by business – influence as consumer, not citizen – “marketization”
Importance of communityparticipation Impact on individuals as well as on the wider community (Putnam) Social cohesion ”Social capital” – ”networks, norms and trust” ”the capillaries of community life”
Social innovation can also be about being able to take part in the community ”The capabilities approach” (A. Sen) If social innovation and social entrepreneurship is about citizens taking on the problems they face – then it’s obviously about governance
Consultations Dialogue Face-to-face / web (social media) Art/design ”The Open Book of Social Innovation” (Young Foundation 2010)http://www.nesta.org.uk/library/documents/Social_Innovator_020310.pdf
Motivation Expertise Creativity skills/ frameworkThis is valid for both social and commercialinnovation