Leading a healthy lifestyle - Day 1


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Leading a healthy lifestyle - Day 1

  1. 1. Leading a Healthy Lifestyle<br />The objective of this lesson is to learn about the major health issues we face today and the risk factors involved in these issues.<br />
  2. 2. What’s your Health IQ?<br />Most deaths are caused by our behaviors.<br />True<br />If you have history of heart disease in your family, there is nothing you can do about your risk for heart disease.<br />False, many behavioral factors can be changed to reduce your risk of heart disease.<br />The leading cause of death in teens is motor vehicle accidents.<br />True, research shows that nearly 5,000 teens (16-20) die annually in motor vehicle accidents and another 40,000 are seriously injured.<br />
  3. 3. Health IQ cont…..<br />Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States.<br />True<br />Eating at lease five servings of fruits and veggies a day can lower your chances of suffering from cancer or heart disease.<br />True<br />If you are not physically sick, you are healthy.<br />False, physical health is just one dimension of overalls health.<br />
  4. 4. Vocabulary<br />Lifestyle disease<br />A disease caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and partly by other factors.<br />Sedentary<br />Not taking part in physical activity on a regular basis.<br />Risk Factor<br />Anything that increases the likelihood of injury disease, or other health problems.<br />Example…family history of heart disease.<br />
  5. 5. Types of Risk Factors<br />Controllable risk factors<br />Risk factors that you can do something about. They can be controlled by your behavior.<br />Uncontrollable risk factors<br />Risk factors that are not controllable, but inevitable.<br />
  6. 6. Type of Risk Factor?<br />Body weight<br />Controllable<br />Drug and Alcohol abuse<br />Controllable<br />Age<br />Uncontrollable<br />Diet<br />Controllable<br />Gender<br />Uncontrollable<br />Race<br />Uncontrollable<br />
  7. 7. Leading Causes of Death for Teens in the United States<br />Motor Vehicle Accidents<br />Homicide<br />Suicide<br />Other Accidents<br />
  8. 8. Health Risk Behaviors<br />Sedentary lifestyle: Raise in risk of certain diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.<br />Alcohol and other drug use: Alcohol and drug abuse can cause liver disease, certain types of cancer, heart disease, and brain damage.<br />Sexual activity: Sexual activity outside of a committed relationship, such as marriage, puts people at risk of HIV infection, STIs, and unplanned pregnancy.<br />
  9. 9. Health Risk Behaviors cont…<br />Behaviors that cause injuries: As mentioned earlier, a risk behavior that can lead to homicide could be carrying a weapon or not wearing a seat belt can lead to death in a car accident.<br />Tobacco use: Smoking is the single leading cause of death in the US. Smoking also raises the risk of heart disease, cancer and respiratory disease.<br />Poor eating habits: Eating habits can either lower or raise your risk of disease. <br />
  10. 10. Test Your Knowledge<br />A lifestyle disease is a disease you can get if you lead a health lifestyle.<br />False, a lifestyle disease is a disease that is caused in part by unhealthy behaviors.<br />Risk factors are only involved in the development of lifestyle diseases.<br />False, there are also risk factors, such as age and sex, for both lifestyle diseases and non-lifestyle diseases.<br />Infectious disease is not one of the four leading causes of death for teens.<br />True.<br />