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The history of educational technology

The history of educational technology



Power Point Presentation by Ludmila Benedetti & Daiana Nappi

Power Point Presentation by Ludmila Benedetti & Daiana Nappi



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    The history of educational technology The history of educational technology Presentation Transcript

    • The history of Educational Technology Benedetti Ludmila Nappi Daiana
      • Software
      • Hardware
      • Internet applications
      • Activities.
      • The study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources.
      • It includes, but is not limited to:
    • History of Educational Technology
      • The first ones to manage instructional media were school museums.
      • Their purpose was to collect and loan:
      • portable museum exhibits
      • films
      • photographs
      • charts
      • stereographic slides, etc
      • Some of the reasons :
      First decade of XX century: silent films for instructional use. They never reached the level of influence in schools that had been predicted.
      • Teachers' lack of skill in using equipment and film
      • The cost of films, equipment, and upkeep
      • Inaccessibility of equipment when it was needed
      • The time involved in finding the right film for each class
    • Radio
      • Schools
      • Colleges
      • Commercial stations
      • Departments of education
      • 1920 : commercial and educational stations
      • Soon, radio programming provided by:
      • Efforts to promote radio instruction in schools were abandoned when television became available.
    • Television
      • 1950s and the 1960s: Instructional television was the focus of attention. Because:
      • There were 242 television channels for educational purposes
      • The Ford Foundation’s investment (more than $170 million) in educational television.
      -> rapid development of educational television stations -> Aim: To provide instructional programs to school system in their viewing area.
      • 1970s: much of the enthusiasm: exhausted
    • Computers
      • The earliest work (1950 and 1960) had little impact on schools
      • 1980s -> microcomputers
      -> Educators and public officials became enthusiastic
      • 1983 -> 40% of elementary schools and 75% of secondary schools (US)
      • However ->
      Students had only limited access to computers
    • Technologies used in traditional classrooms
      • Computer in the classroom
      • Class website
      • Class blogs and wikis
      • Wireless classroom microphones
      • Mobile devices
      • SmartBoards
      • Online media
      • Digital games
      • Podcasts
    • Benefits
      • Easy-to-access course materials
      • Student motivation
      • Wide participation
      • Improved student writing
      • Subjects made easier to learn
      • Differentiated instruction
    • Drawbacks
      • Lack of proper training
      • Limited access to sufficient quantities of a technology
      • Extra time required
      -> Tecnhology is the means, not the goal -> Teachers also need an alternative lesson
    • Bibliography
      • Wikipedia (Revised on April, 19 th , 2011), “Educational technology” [online]. Retrieved on April, 19th, 2011 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Educational_technology
      • “ School Technology in Education” [online]. Retrieved on April, 12 th , 2011 from http://www.answers.com/topic/school-technology-in-education