by Rufus Pollock, Lucy Chambers & Velichka Dimitrova             Open Knowledge Foundation         @okfn[.org], event hash...
Terms of Reference● Case studies of technology to promote  transparency and accountability around  revenue, spending and o...
The Open Knowledge Foundation● Non-profit founded in 2004● Build and foster tools and communities to  create, use and shar...
What is Open Data (exactly)?http://OpenDefinition.org/ defines open data as:Data that anyone is free to use, re-use andred...
Overview of Projects
Publishing Fiscal Data
Data Portals             http://data.gov.uk/http://www.data.gov.bc.ca/                                   http://www.digita...
Publishing Fiscal Data: HighlightsHighlights●   Portals deliver consolidation of resources in one convenient location●   D...
Using Fiscal Data
How easy is it to actually find anduse data? ●   Fiscal transparency is about more than budgets: e.g.     procurement, cor...
Standards for Fiscal Data
Standards for Fiscal DataStandards enable a distributed rather than a centralised approach indata publication and use ● No...
Revenue, Spending and Invisible           Money        Tools for Oversight
Where Does the Money Come From?http://sierraleone.revenuesystems.org/   http://www.revenuewatch.org/issues/data-tools
Where Does the Money Come From?● User groups and audiences might not be whom you  expected, e.g. GoSL● Bear in mind less-w...
Where Does the Money Go?     Tools for Oversight
Presenting Fiscal Data: Journalists                     ●   Not used to working with raw data                     ●   Ofte...
Getting Off-Budget On-Budget:OpenSpending and Publish WhatYou Fund            bit.ly/uganda-example
The importance of good data... apersonal anecdote... OpenSpending / PWYF joint project - mapping aid onto budgetsData Coll...
Where Does the Money Go?Summary●   Raw, machine readable data is vital. Converting data is    one of the most labour-inten...
Social Auditing and Following     the Invisible Money
Key resources for socialauditors... publishing (near) real time data.     http://nrega.ap.gov.in/ coming soon, mobile data...
Social Auditing and Following        the Invisible Money● Technology (e.g. mobile) can help transform traditional  labour-...
Participation
Participation   http://solokotakita.org/
Participation   http://demo.citizenbudget.com/
Participation: Highlights●   Outreach and feedback: examples from World Bank and others of    effective use of tech for ou...
Highlights
Data, More and Better● Publish more and publish openly  ○ Hard to utilize technology without access to data  ○ Data portal...
Reaching Out● Technology can foster closer collaboration between  advocacy NGOs and journalists (and vice-versa: closer  c...
Participation●   Technology can add additional channels for    participation to reach out to the hard to reach -    tools ...
Technology Is Not a Magic Potion● The report provides clear examples how technology can  and is delivering real benefits i...
Thanks  Rufus Pollock - @rufuspollock   Lucy Chambers - @lucyfediaVelichka Dimitrova - @vndimitrova              @okfn
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Gift presentation

3,947

Published on

The slides from the #GIFT2012 talk by @OKFN - Technology for Transparent and Accountable Public Finance

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,947
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Gift presentation

  1. 1. by Rufus Pollock, Lucy Chambers & Velichka Dimitrova Open Knowledge Foundation @okfn[.org], event hashtag #TTAPF
  2. 2. Terms of Reference● Case studies of technology to promote transparency and accountability around revenue, spending and off-budget information● Transparency around and participation in decision making (e.g. participatory budgeting)● Feedback from users of the tools as well as creators (where possible)
  3. 3. The Open Knowledge Foundation● Non-profit founded in 2004● Build and foster tools and communities to create, use and share open knowledge and data● Activities include ○ CKAN - data portal platform which powers many governmental and non-governmental portals around the world ○ OpenSpending.org - platform to upload, explore and visualise financial data ○ 15+ working groups and local chapters
  4. 4. What is Open Data (exactly)?http://OpenDefinition.org/ defines open data as:Data that anyone is free to use, re-use andredistribute data without technical or legalrestrictions.Why Open Data?●transparency●innovation
  5. 5. Overview of Projects
  6. 6. Publishing Fiscal Data
  7. 7. Data Portals http://data.gov.uk/http://www.data.gov.bc.ca/ http://www.digitalbrain.go.kr
  8. 8. Publishing Fiscal Data: HighlightsHighlights● Portals deliver consolidation of resources in one convenient location● Data portals can be useful both within government as well as outside● An explicit open data policy is not needed to start an open data portalRecommendations● Open financial data must be openly licensed and available in machine readable format (in bulk)● Keep it simple - one can begin extremely simply● Engage with your provider and user community● Open tools for open data
  9. 9. Using Fiscal Data
  10. 10. How easy is it to actually find anduse data? ● Fiscal transparency is about more than budgets: e.g. procurement, corporate identifiers ● How are things at present? Feedback was mixed ● Key complaints: ○ Machine readability: PDFs - 10 complaints ○ Disappearing data or hidden data ○ Lack of supporting documentation to complement data releases ○ Poor quality: 6 responses, e.g. inconsistencies between yearsWhat can be done about this?
  11. 11. Standards for Fiscal Data
  12. 12. Standards for Fiscal DataStandards enable a distributed rather than a centralised approach indata publication and use ● No or very limited general data standards in existence and in useRecommendations ● Use well-known, commonly used formats (CSV, XLS or XML) for the release of data. ● Adopt existing coding conventions for shared entities ● Publish additional information on the coding schemes used, such as functional or economic classifications, charts of account ● A simple user-driven standard for transaction-level spending data.Best Case Scenario ● A global spending data registry - similar to the IATI registry for aid information
  13. 13. Revenue, Spending and Invisible Money Tools for Oversight
  14. 14. Where Does the Money Come From?http://sierraleone.revenuesystems.org/ http://www.revenuewatch.org/issues/data-tools
  15. 15. Where Does the Money Come From?● User groups and audiences might not be whom you expected, e.g. GoSL● Bear in mind less-web-savvy users and lower bandwidth / older computers● “Data is not always actionable simply because it is available.”● Substantial data-cleaning and data-wrangling may be required
  16. 16. Where Does the Money Go? Tools for Oversight
  17. 17. Presenting Fiscal Data: Journalists ● Not used to working with raw data ● Often rely on pre-computed statistics ● Up to date data (want notification services) ● Tools more commonly used by advocacy groups, more time to dedicate to research. ● Structured data around the budgeting process e.g. how different MPs voted ● Disaggregated data http://reporting.sunlightfoundation.com/budgets/
  18. 18. Getting Off-Budget On-Budget:OpenSpending and Publish WhatYou Fund bit.ly/uganda-example
  19. 19. The importance of good data... apersonal anecdote... OpenSpending / PWYF joint project - mapping aid onto budgetsData Collection 6 months - multipleand Wrangling people < 1 man monthVisualisation
  20. 20. Where Does the Money Go?Summary● Raw, machine readable data is vital. Converting data is one of the most labour-intensive parts of the process.● Very few projects are currently able to trace difference between planned and actual expenditure. Sunlight’s work in the United States is one of the few examples of success in this area.
  21. 21. Social Auditing and Following the Invisible Money
  22. 22. Key resources for socialauditors... publishing (near) real time data. http://nrega.ap.gov.in/ coming soon, mobile data collection
  23. 23. Social Auditing and Following the Invisible Money● Technology (e.g. mobile) can help transform traditional labour-intensive social auditing practices - possibility to scale up significantly● SMS technology has the possibility of reaching out to rural areas● Many project rely on sub-national level data to function: it is at local and regional level● Technology + social audit offers possibility of close to real-time feedback and reporting
  24. 24. Participation
  25. 25. Participation http://solokotakita.org/
  26. 26. Participation http://demo.citizenbudget.com/
  27. 27. Participation: Highlights● Outreach and feedback: examples from World Bank and others of effective use of tech for outreach and feedback e.g. geo-targeted SMS automatic phone-calls with the voice of the mayor and the Gol Mobile App http://bit.ly/gol-app● Deliberation: Allowing citizens to submit their own project ideas (http: //budgetballot.com/).● Remote participation: online voting and surveys (numerous examples in census.) (http://demo.citizenbudget.com)● Raising additional funds: Leih Deiner Stadt Geld in Germany (https: //www.leihdeinerstadtgeld.de/)● Increasing Budget Literacy http://demo.budgetallocator.com/ "Although you have balanced your budget, based on your current selections, we may still have to increase rates by 6.4%. Typically a 1% rates increase equates to 12 cents a week."
  28. 28. Highlights
  29. 29. Data, More and Better● Publish more and publish openly ○ Hard to utilize technology without access to data ○ Data portals can play a key role here● Data quality is still poor: ○ Bulk machine-readable data - spreadsheet NOT PDF ○ Better use of standards (+ new, simple, standard(s)) ○ Connections to other datasets through e.g. reference identifiers, geospatial information ○ Very significant portion of time spent cleaning and preparing data● Timely data releases● Opportunity to build on IBPs OBI work
  30. 30. Reaching Out● Technology can foster closer collaboration between advocacy NGOs and journalists (and vice-versa: closer collaboration enhances value of tech)● Extensive capacity-building for journalists to enable them to analyze and present data.● Tech and esp mobile can clearly play a significant role on reaching out whether to inform or to receive feedback
  31. 31. Participation● Technology can add additional channels for participation to reach out to the hard to reach - tools are not a substitute for face-to-face contact.● Keep it simple: Effective tools can target a particular part of the PB process rather than a super-app that will work at every stage.● Technology can also be overwhelming, e.g. allowing unfacilitated debate can create a lot of additional work for policy-makers to extract the key points
  32. 32. Technology Is Not a Magic Potion● The report provides clear examples how technology can and is delivering real benefits in relation to fiscal transparency.● BUT technology is not a "magic potion".● The existence of data and apps do not guarantee use and use does not guarantee change. Participatatory Budgeting Tools, Applications, Outreach Open Data + Portals Visualizations Lots of NON-tech stuff Data Analysis Change
  33. 33. Thanks Rufus Pollock - @rufuspollock Lucy Chambers - @lucyfediaVelichka Dimitrova - @vndimitrova @okfn
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×