Homework REVISE FOR TEST ON GOOD AND EVIL NEXT LESSON MONDAY 20 th APRIL The test will include: Explain the ways in which a Christian might try to find the answer to a moral problem (7 marks) Moral problems could include: A doctor deciding whether to carry out an abortion where the foetus will be severely disabled and live a life of great pain if born A Catholic priest deciding whether to give shelter to a woman escaping a husband she thinks is likely to hit her, and who she wants to divorce.
Possible Questions <ul><li>Describe how Christians might try to find out the right way to behave. (8 marks) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the ways in which a Christian might try to find the answer to a moral problem. (7 marks) </li></ul>
The Sermon on the Mount One of the main ways that Jesus taught was through the use of parables and riddles. During his Sermon on the Mount Jesus gave many examples of how a person might get into the Kingdom of Heaven. Christians today use these teaching to help guide them through tough times and when making moral decisions. Not all of the teachings talk about what to do, the Beatitudes for example give suggestions as to how to behave in order to get into Heaven. For Jesus those that are humble, stand up for the truth and show forgiveness to others will be rewarded in the afterlife. http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = txljYFUHAxY&feature =related
The Beatitudes Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted. Blessed are the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied. Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy. Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God. Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.
Parable of the tortured debtor <ul><li>Other parables: </li></ul><ul><li>The Lost (or Prodigal) Son </li></ul><ul><li>The Mustard Seed </li></ul><ul><li>The Good Samaritan </li></ul>
Why did Jesus use parables? <ul><li>Like the rabbis of his time, Jesus used simple word-pictures, called parables, to help people understand who God is and what his kingdom or reign is like. Jesus used images and characters taken from everyday life to create a miniature play or drama to illustrate his message. This was Jesus most common way of teaching. </li></ul>
Why did Jesus use parables? <ul><li>His stories appealed to the young and old, poor and rich, and to the learned and unlearned as well. Over a third of the Gospels by Matthew, Mark, and Luke contain parables told by Jesus. Jesus loved to use illustrations to reach the heart of his listeners through their imagination. These word-pictures challenged the mind to discover anew what God is like and moved the heart to make a response to God's love and truth. Like a skillful artist, Jesus painted evocative pictures with short and simple words. A good picture can speak more loudly and clearly than many words. </li></ul>
Why did Jesus use parables? <ul><li>Jesus used the ordinary everyday to point to another order of reality -- hidden, yet visible to those who had "eyes to see" and "ears to hear". Jesus communicated with pictures and stories, vivid illustrations which captured the imaginations of his audience more powerfully than an abstract presentation could. His parables are like buried treasure waiting to be discovered (Matt. 13:44). </li></ul>
The Parable of the Lost Son "There was a man who had two sons. The younger one said to his father, 'Father, give me my share of the estate.' So he divided his property between them. "Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living.
<ul><li>After he had spent everything, there was a severe famine in that whole country, and he began to be in need. So he went and hired himself out to a citizen of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs. He longed to fill his stomach with the pods that the pigs were eating, but no one gave him anything. </li></ul>
<ul><li>"When he came to his senses, he said, 'How many of my father's hired men have food to spare, and here I am starving to death! I will set out and go back to my father and say to him: Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me like one of your hired men.' So he got up and went to his father. </li></ul>
<ul><li>"But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion for him; he ran to his son, threw his arms around him and kissed him. </li></ul><ul><li>"The son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.' </li></ul>
<ul><li>"But the father said to his servants, 'Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. Bring the fattened calf and kill it. Let's have a feast and celebrate. For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' So they began to celebrate. </li></ul>
<ul><li>"Meanwhile, the older son was in the field. When he came near the house, he heard music and dancing. So he called one of the servants and asked him what was going on. 'Your brother has come,' he replied, 'and your father has killed the fattened calf because he has him back safe and sound.' </li></ul>
<ul><li>"The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him. But he answered his father, 'Look! All these years I've been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!' </li></ul>
<ul><li> "My son,' the father said, 'you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' " </li></ul>
Questions <ul><li>What does Jesus want his listeners to understand from the parable? </li></ul><ul><li>How would a Christian today decide how to make a difficult moral decision? </li></ul>
On one occasion an expert in the law stood up to test Jesus. "Teacher," he asked, "what must I do to inherit eternal life?" "What is written in the Law?" he replied. "How do you read it?" He answered: " 'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind'; and, 'Love your neighbour as yourself.'" "You have answered correctly," Jesus replied. "Do this and you will live." But he wanted to justify himself, so he asked Jesus, "And who is my neighbour?" In reply Jesus said: "A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, when he fell into the hands of robbers. They stripped him of his clothes, beat him and went away, leaving him half dead. A priest happened to be going down the same road, and when he saw the man, he passed by on the other side. So too, a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. But a Samaritan, as he travelled, came where the man was; and when he saw him, he took pity on him. He went to him and bandaged his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. Then he put the man on his own donkey, took him to an inn in Jericho and took care of him. The next day he took out two silver coins and gave them to the innkeeper. 'Look after him,' he said, 'and when I return, I will reimburse you for any extra expense you may have.' "Which of these three do you think was a neighbour to the man who fell into the hands of robbers?" The expert in the law replied, "The one who had mercy on him." Jesus told him, "Go and do likewise." The Good Samaritan