Phillip K. GipsonGrade Level: Adult Education – LibraryTopic: Citing Your Work‟s SourcesLearning Objective: Familiarize students with basic citation necessity and usage guidelines forthe major styles they will encounter: MLA, APA, AMA, and Chicago Manual of Style. 1) http://library.pdx.edu/tutorials/citation/4When Is Citation Needed? a. Read this section and establish when it is that citations are needed and when they are unnecessary. When you are comfortable with the information, move on. 2) http://library.duke.edu/research/citing/Intro.to Citing Sources - Duke University LibrariesThis is the primary introduction to citing sources. In thetwo columns, the different methods of citing are listed. a. Click on each tab to familiarize yourself with the basic idea of how each citing style is performed and presented. 3) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/563/0 1/Using Your Research – Quoting and Paraphrasing a. Read through the three sections of text so that you understand the differences between quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing and why and how each of these is used. It is important to understand how to support your points properly, to be able to integrate quotations into your text, and to always remember that paraphrasing still requires one to give credit to an original source. b. What is “paraphrasing”? c. What is “summarizing”? 4) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01/
Avoiding Plagiarism a. Briefly look over the Overview & Contradictions page to familiarize yourself with the concept “accidental plagiarism,” and to look at the list of Contradictions. Then, click on the link entitled „Is It Plagiarism?‟ in the left-hand navigational column. Read this page and ensure you understand the term “plagiarism,” and when credit is required to be given to a source. b. What is “accidental plagiarism”? c. What is “plagiarism”? 5) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20110928111055_949.pdfCitation Style Comparison Chart a. Review this pdf chart to see a clear side-by-side comparison of the different citation styles, so that you are familiar with which style you will need to utilize for your writing project. b. Fill in the blank: The Modern Language Association (MLA) provides a method for source documentation that is used in most _______________ courses. 6) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/08/MLA Works Cited – Purdue Online Writing Lab a. If you are not using MLA style, skip over the next two steps. If you are using MLA style specifically, look at how electronic sources are cited, and then go through the tabs “Books,” “Periodicals,” and “Other Common Sources” on the left-hand side of the page. 7) http://www.umuc.edu/library/libhow/mla_examples.cfmMLA Citation Examples – UMUC a. View the examples of MLA citation provided on the page. These will help you to visually identify whether or not your MLA citations are following usage guidelines. b. The example given for an in-text citation citing a specific page is: ______________
8) http://nwtc.libguides.com/content.php?pid=3016&sid=15566AMA Guidelines & Citation Examples a. If you are not using AMA style, skip over this step. If you are using AMA style specifically, look at each of the guideline/citation sections with blue titles located on the main page. 9) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/APA Guidelines & Citation Examples - Purdue Online Writing Lab a. If you are not using APA style, skip over this step. If you are using APA style specifically, look at “General APA Guidelines,” “Major Paper Sections,” “Title Page,” and “Abstract,” located on the main page. 10) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/01/Chicago Manual of Style, Works Cited - Purdue OnlineWriting Lab a. If you are not using Chicago Manual of Stylestyle, skip over this step. If you are using Chicago Manual of Style specifically, read the sections “Introduction to Notes” and “Introduction to Bibliographies.” b. What are the “common elements”?
Answer Key:3) b. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. Aparaphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorterthan the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing itslightly. c. Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including onlythe main point(s). Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source.Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the sourcematerial.4) b. Accidental plagiarism is when inadvertent mistakes can lead to charges of plagiarism. c. Plagiarism is the uncredited use (both intentional and unintentional) of somebody elseswords or ideas.5) b. Humanities7) b. (Cortois 70)10) b. the author (or editor, compiler, translator), title, and facts of publication.