 Typhoid Fever
 Bacillary Dysentery
 Cholera
 Food Poisoning
 Leptospirosis
 Hepatitis
 Mumps
 Amoebiasis
 Schistosomiasis
 Capillariasis
 Helminths
 Trichinosis
 Ancylostomiasis
 Ascariasis
 Enterobiasis
 T...
is a general infection caused by
Salmonella Typhi involving primarily
the lymphoid tissues (Peyers Patches)
of the small i...
Salmonella Typhosa or Salmonella Typhi
Fecal Oral route
Rose Spot on the Abdomen
10-20 days
– as long as the bacteria are
excreted therefore another
important source of infection is
the stool of the patient
1. PRODROMAL OR GRADUAL ONSET/
INITIAL STAGE
Fever, Abdominal pain, diarrhea
Irregularly spaced small rose spot
on the abd...
2. FASTIGIAL STAGE
1. Ladderliked fever or stairway fever
2. Rose pot
3. Splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen
2. FASTIGIAL STAGE
Abdominal symptoms may become
marked abdominal distention
(tympanites)
Teeth and lips accumulate a dirt...
 Restless alteration in the level of
consciousness
 Carphologia
– involuntary picking of linens
 Subsultus Tendinum
– i...
WIDAL TEST
– agglutination test for typhoid fever
3 ANTIGEN USE
– positive active typhoid state or
acute infection
exposed...
3. STAGE OF DEFERVESCENCE
Circulation
PEYERS PATCHES
INFLAMMATION
MEMBRANE
Slough or falls off
MELENA
HEMATOCHEZIA
– fresh blood in the stool
–inflammation of the lining tissue
of the abdominal cavity
4. LYSIS - or CONVALESCENCE STAGE
 WIDAL TEST
 RECTAL SWAB
CHLORAMPHENICOL
1. Symptomatic
2. GI Bleeding (NPO) Blood Transfusion
may be given to patient
3. Avoid spicy food cause irritation of
gast...
 Immunization ( Cholera Typhoid )
 Avoid the 5 Fs
 Proper disposal of feces
 Avoid breeding places of flies
 Proper p...
an acute bacterial disease of the
intestinal tract includes a group of
enteric infections caused by bacilli of the
shigell...
 Shigella Flexneri
 Shigella Sonnei
 Shigella dysenteriae
Fecal oral
1-7 days average 3-4 days
feces of infected persons,
contaminated food and water
1. Fever is an initial manifestation
2. Vomiting and headache
3. Colicky or cramping abdominal pain
and tenderness togethe...
5. Bowel movement are numerous
accompanied by abdominal cramps
and tenesmus, Which is manifested
by infants by crying and ...
Stool Exam
Co-Trimoxazole
1. Fluid and electrolyte replacement
2. Giving of ORS
3. Peri Anal care
4. Observe for S/S of dehydration
 Sunken eyeball...
1) Sanitary waste disposal
2) Screening of food handlers
3) Hand washing
4) Avoid breeding places of flies
Is a severe gastro intestinal disease
characterized by vomiting and massive
watery diarrhea with rapid dehydration
and sho...
a. Fecal oral route
b. Ingestion of food or water
contaminated with stool or vomitus of
pts.
c. Fluid soiled hands and ute...
Massive or profuse diarrhea watery
voluminous whitish, grayish or
greenish slightly mucoid stools without
fecal matter
S...
Fever may be low grade or moderate
at the start but becomes subnormal in
later stages especially when shock
occur
1. Extracellular volume loss due to
intestinal loss of isotonic fluid leading
to:
a) Profound on severe dehydration
with w...
 Acidosis and Shock
 Renal failure and Uremia
 Respiratory Complications like
pneumonia
Rectal swab
Tetracycline
1) Early and intensive management of
fluid and electrolytes imbalance
2) Oral rehydration to prevent
dehydration
3) Peri a...
1. Boiling of drinking water
2. Immunization
3. Avoid the 5 F’S
FOOD POISONING
Denotes a clinical situation which
occurs after ingestion of certain
contaminated food stuffs or other
mate...
Salmonella Typhimutium
6 – 48 hours
foods rich in CHON
 Fever
 Nausea and vomiting
 Diarrhea, if severe there is blood
STAPHYLOCOCCUS PRODUCE A
POWERFUL ENDOTOXIN
2 – 6 hours
foods rich in carbohydrates
 Fever
 Abdominal pain,
 Cold Clammy Skin
 Easy fatigability
 Diarrhea
Clostridium botulinum
canned goods
 headache
 gradual paralysis
 death within 24 hrs. if not treated
24 hours
1. CBR
2. Increase fluid intake
3. Encourage the pt. to vomit
4. Oral hygiene
1. Check the expiration date
2. Bulging of the can goods
3. Change in appearance shape, of
foods.
• Presence of bubbles
• ...
This infection is carried by animals
both domesticated and wild whose
excreta contaminated water or food
which is ingested...
 Ingestion
 Inoculation
 break on the skin
Leptospira
6 – 15 days
1. AGE
2. Season high incidence during rainy
season
3. Geographic more prevalent in slum
areas heavily infested by wild ra...
 Febrile lasting 4-7 days
 Chills,
 Headache
 Muscle pain severe prostration
 Nausea and vomiting
 Headache
 Fever
 meningeal irritation with CSF
findings of aseptic meningitis
WITH or without Jaundice lasting 4-
30 d...
 Hepatic and renal manifestation
 Jaundice
 Renal involvement oliguria, and
anuria with progressive renal failure
WITH ...
 Shock Coma and congestive heart
failure are also seen in severe
cases
WITH or without Jaundice lasting 4-
30 days if sev...
WITH or without Jaundice lasting 4-
30 days if severe death may occur
between 9th and 16th day
1. Pneumonia
2. Iridocyclitis
3. Peripheral Neuritis
- Leptospira Agglutination Test
– Leptospira Antigen
Antibody Test
A. Symptomatic
B. Urine must be properly disposed
C. Cleaning of dirty places, pools,
stagnant water
Penicillin
Eradicatio...
HEPATITIS
is a diffuse inflammation of the liver
parenchyma caused by a virus
Hepa A
B
Non A and Non B
D
E
HEPATITIS
– Infectious hepatitits
Has An acute or abrupt clinical onset
cause by RNA type virus of the
entero virus family
2 - 6 weeks
Feces
fecal oral route
~children and elderlies
~rainy season
~none
Those with poor
environmental sanitation
Food handlers
Those who practice oral...
1. Proper environmental sanitation
2. Screening of food handlers
3. Avoid oral anal sex
5 % mortality
HEPATITIS
– Serum hepatitits
Is a double shelled particle
containing DNA type virus which
were called serum hepatitis
6 weeks – 6 months
blood, semen, vaginal secretions
percutaneous inoculation, sexual contact
~all ages
~all season
~yes
Members of the health team
Drug addicts contaminated needles
that are using
Clients undergoing ...
1. Immunization
2. Use of sterile syringes needles
3. Screening of blood donors
1-10% Mortality lead to
carrier and cirrho...
HEPATITIS
post transfusion hepatitis
A viral infection that at present does
not have identified the agent or
antigenic mar...
2 weeks – 6 months
blood
blood transfusion
other viruses
~all ages
~all season
~yes
blood recipient
Client undergoing surgery
screening of blood donors
1-2% Mortality
HEPATITIS
Hepatitis Delta
Hepatitis E Et Non A Non B
enterically transmitted non A non B
blood transfusion
 Fever
 RUQ pain
 nausea and vomiting
 anorexia flu
 Presence of jaundice
 Pruritus
 Tea colored urine
 Clay or gr...
1. Liver function test
2. Bilirubin exam.
3. Liver enzymes test
4. Ultrasound of the liver
A. Liver profile test
B. HBSAG ...
No specific treatment
Essentiale acts as a liver protector
Bed Rest
Increase carbohydrate , increase
protein, low fat ...
Is an acute viral infection of the
salivary glands particularly the
parotids with constitutional
manifestations of varying...
14 – 25 days
From 6 days before until 9 days after
the parotid glands swell
MUMPS VIRUS, Paromyxovirus
 direct by person to person contact
 droplet or airborne infection
 With the oropharynx as the portal of
entry
discharg...
1. Slight malaise, with low grade fever
2. Pain below the ear particularly in
moving the jaw
childhood disease with a peak...
 Orchitis - common complication
among men
FEMALE vulvitis.Vaginitis rare
compare it to male
no specific
Ice cooling ef...
CBR
Avoid lifting heavy object
Ice compress
Never give sour foods
Oral hygiene
Mumps Vaccine
Refers to infection of men by
Entamoeba Histolytica involving the
colon but may spread to other soft
tissue organs by cont...
2 – 4 weeks
fecal oral route ingested the cyst
form of parasites
Entamoeba Histolytica
1. Fever
2. Abdominal pain
3. Flatulence
4. Blood streaked mucoid stool
5. Foul smelling stool
6. Diarrhea alternating wit...
1. Isolation of Patient
2. To avoid spread of disease by health
teachings to the pt. and his family
 Boil water when or b...
1. Isolation of Patient
2. To avoid spread of disease by health
teachings to the pt. and his family
Flagyl
Avoid the 5 F’S
Schistosoma japonicum
Schistosoma mansoni
Schistosoma haematobium
3 SPECIES OF BLOOD FLUKES
Snail (Oncomelania Quadrasi)
Framers and fishers
2 months
Egg
hatches
miracidium
CERCARIA
Penetration
Feet
Male
and
Female
Flukes
copulation
1. Fever
2. Abdominal pain diarrhea
3. Emaciated
4. Melena
Stool Exam
COPT Circum Oval Precipitin TEST
Praziquantrel
TREATMENT
Stibophen ( fuadin )
Snail control
Spraying of snail poison
Construction of irrigation system
Proper cultivation technique


Proper disposal of feces
Wearing of protective foot covering
Making of foot bridges




Tagudin or Pudoc Ilocos Sur
Capillaria philippinensis
 Fever
 Abdominal pain diarrhea with borborygmi
ingestion of uncooked brackish
water fish
Stool exam
Metronidazole
Avoid eating of uncooked brackish
water fish
~Spiralis type of worm round worm
eating or ingesting uncooked pork
(meat, fats)
~Ancylostoma Duodenale
walking barefooted
~ Ascaris lumbricoides giant
intestinal round worm
soil and food contaminated with feces
~ Enterobium
vermicularis (PIN WO...
~ Ascaris lumbricoides giant
intestinal round worm
soil and food contaminated with feces
~ Enterobium
vermicularis (PIN WO...
~ Ascaris lumbricoides giant
intestinal round worm
soil and food contaminated with feces
~ Enterobium
vermicularis (PIN WO...
~ Taenia saginata, Taenia
sollium, Diphyllabothrium latum
beef tape worm
pork tape worm
fish tape worm
 – Trichuria whip worm
soil and food contaminated with feces

ingestion of uncooked crabs
hemoptysis
 – Strongyloid
stercoralis thread worm
soil and food contaminated with feces
 Voracious eater
 Pot belly
 Malnourish a...
 Avoid the 5F’s
 Avoid walking barefooted
 Personal hygiene
Stool exam
Giving of antihelmenthics
RED TIDE POISONING – PSP
Plankton
ingestion of contaminated shell fish
 Headache numbness and tingling
sensation around the mouth
 Gradual paralysis death within 24 hrs.
if not treated right ...
 Complete Bed REST
 Induce the pt. to vomit
 Increase fluid intake
 Oral Hygiene
Supportive
Avoid Eating shell fish
Unit iii
Unit iii
Unit iii
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Unit iii

  1. 1.  Typhoid Fever  Bacillary Dysentery  Cholera  Food Poisoning  Leptospirosis
  2. 2.  Hepatitis  Mumps
  3. 3.  Amoebiasis  Schistosomiasis  Capillariasis  Helminths  Trichinosis  Ancylostomiasis  Ascariasis  Enterobiasis  Taeniasis  Trichuriasis  Paragonimiasis  Strongyloidiasis  Red Tide Poisoning
  4. 4. is a general infection caused by Salmonella Typhi involving primarily the lymphoid tissues (Peyers Patches) of the small intestine. is a bacterial infection transmitted by contaminated water, milk shellfish or other foods
  5. 5. Salmonella Typhosa or Salmonella Typhi Fecal Oral route Rose Spot on the Abdomen 10-20 days
  6. 6. – as long as the bacteria are excreted therefore another important source of infection is the stool of the patient
  7. 7. 1. PRODROMAL OR GRADUAL ONSET/ INITIAL STAGE Fever, Abdominal pain, diarrhea Irregularly spaced small rose spot on the abdomen, chest, trunk, and back
  8. 8. 2. FASTIGIAL STAGE 1. Ladderliked fever or stairway fever 2. Rose pot 3. Splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen
  9. 9. 2. FASTIGIAL STAGE Abdominal symptoms may become marked abdominal distention (tympanites) Teeth and lips accumulate a dirty brown collection of dried mucus and bacteria known as (typhoid state)
  10. 10.  Restless alteration in the level of consciousness  Carphologia – involuntary picking of linens  Subsultus Tendinum – involuntary twitching of the tendon of the wrist
  11. 11. WIDAL TEST – agglutination test for typhoid fever 3 ANTIGEN USE – positive active typhoid state or acute infection exposed before to typhoid fever Immunized with cholera typhoid – are found among carriers
  12. 12. 3. STAGE OF DEFERVESCENCE Circulation PEYERS PATCHES INFLAMMATION MEMBRANE Slough or falls off MELENA
  13. 13. HEMATOCHEZIA – fresh blood in the stool –inflammation of the lining tissue of the abdominal cavity
  14. 14. 4. LYSIS - or CONVALESCENCE STAGE
  15. 15.  WIDAL TEST  RECTAL SWAB CHLORAMPHENICOL
  16. 16. 1. Symptomatic 2. GI Bleeding (NPO) Blood Transfusion may be given to patient 3. Avoid spicy food cause irritation of gastric mucosa and aggravate the bleeding of the pt. 4. Encourage increase fluid intake the patient may become dehydrated due to water loss vomiting diarrhea and poor oral intake. 5. Give a high calorie low residue diet during febrile stage
  17. 17.  Immunization ( Cholera Typhoid )  Avoid the 5 Fs  Proper disposal of feces  Avoid breeding places of flies  Proper preparation cooking storage of food  Proper handwashing  Cut finger nails
  18. 18. an acute bacterial disease of the intestinal tract includes a group of enteric infections caused by bacilli of the shigella group
  19. 19.  Shigella Flexneri  Shigella Sonnei  Shigella dysenteriae Fecal oral
  20. 20. 1-7 days average 3-4 days feces of infected persons, contaminated food and water
  21. 21. 1. Fever is an initial manifestation 2. Vomiting and headache 3. Colicky or cramping abdominal pain and tenderness together with anorexia, malaise 4. Persistent diarrhea at first watery bloody and later stools contain blood mucus and very scanty fecal substance
  22. 22. 5. Bowel movement are numerous accompanied by abdominal cramps and tenesmus, Which is manifested by infants by crying and straining during defecation even without passage of fecal matter
  23. 23. Stool Exam Co-Trimoxazole
  24. 24. 1. Fluid and electrolyte replacement 2. Giving of ORS 3. Peri Anal care 4. Observe for S/S of dehydration  Sunken eyeballs  Sunken fontanelle  Dry skin  Poor skin turgor  Scanty urine out put  Excessive thirst
  25. 25. 1) Sanitary waste disposal 2) Screening of food handlers 3) Hand washing 4) Avoid breeding places of flies
  26. 26. Is a severe gastro intestinal disease characterized by vomiting and massive watery diarrhea with rapid dehydration and shock Vibrio Coma Vibrio Cholerae (Classic and Eltor)
  27. 27. a. Fecal oral route b. Ingestion of food or water contaminated with stool or vomitus of pts. c. Fluid soiled hands and utensils Rice watery stool few hrs 5 days ( 1-3 days)
  28. 28. Massive or profuse diarrhea watery voluminous whitish, grayish or greenish slightly mucoid stools without fecal matter Stools are passed repeatedly later becoming almost continuous without straining or tenesmus Signs of Severe dehydration Loss of voice Oliguria
  29. 29. Fever may be low grade or moderate at the start but becomes subnormal in later stages especially when shock occur
  30. 30. 1. Extracellular volume loss due to intestinal loss of isotonic fluid leading to: a) Profound on severe dehydration with washerwomans hands, restlessness and extreme thirst b) Circulatory collapse or shock 2. Acidosis due to loss of large volume of bicarbonate rich stools 3. HYPOKALEMIA – due to continuous fecal potassium loss may manifest as distention due to paralytic ileus
  31. 31.  Acidosis and Shock  Renal failure and Uremia  Respiratory Complications like pneumonia Rectal swab Tetracycline
  32. 32. 1) Early and intensive management of fluid and electrolytes imbalance 2) Oral rehydration to prevent dehydration 3) Peri anal care
  33. 33. 1. Boiling of drinking water 2. Immunization 3. Avoid the 5 F’S
  34. 34. FOOD POISONING Denotes a clinical situation which occurs after ingestion of certain contaminated food stuffs or other materials which are poison in themselves. It has been found that the poisoning is a gastro enteritis often produced by the presence of a disease organism or its toxins
  35. 35. Salmonella Typhimutium
  36. 36. 6 – 48 hours foods rich in CHON  Fever  Nausea and vomiting  Diarrhea, if severe there is blood
  37. 37. STAPHYLOCOCCUS PRODUCE A POWERFUL ENDOTOXIN 2 – 6 hours
  38. 38. foods rich in carbohydrates  Fever  Abdominal pain,  Cold Clammy Skin  Easy fatigability  Diarrhea
  39. 39. Clostridium botulinum
  40. 40. canned goods  headache  gradual paralysis  death within 24 hrs. if not treated 24 hours
  41. 41. 1. CBR 2. Increase fluid intake 3. Encourage the pt. to vomit 4. Oral hygiene
  42. 42. 1. Check the expiration date 2. Bulging of the can goods 3. Change in appearance shape, of foods. • Presence of bubbles • Smell if it to mushy 4. Cooking or reheating of foods may kill the organism
  43. 43. This infection is carried by animals both domesticated and wild whose excreta contaminated water or food which is ingested or inoculated through the skin or mucous membrane
  44. 44.  Ingestion  Inoculation  break on the skin Leptospira 6 – 15 days
  45. 45. 1. AGE 2. Season high incidence during rainy season 3. Geographic more prevalent in slum areas heavily infested by wild rats wild rats orange colored eyes
  46. 46.  Febrile lasting 4-7 days  Chills,  Headache  Muscle pain severe prostration  Nausea and vomiting
  47. 47.  Headache  Fever  meningeal irritation with CSF findings of aseptic meningitis WITH or without Jaundice lasting 4- 30 days if severe death may occur between 9th and 16th day
  48. 48.  Hepatic and renal manifestation  Jaundice  Renal involvement oliguria, and anuria with progressive renal failure WITH or without Jaundice lasting 4- 30 days if severe death may occur between 9th and 16th day
  49. 49.  Shock Coma and congestive heart failure are also seen in severe cases WITH or without Jaundice lasting 4- 30 days if severe death may occur between 9th and 16th day
  50. 50. WITH or without Jaundice lasting 4- 30 days if severe death may occur between 9th and 16th day
  51. 51. 1. Pneumonia 2. Iridocyclitis 3. Peripheral Neuritis - Leptospira Agglutination Test – Leptospira Antigen Antibody Test
  52. 52. A. Symptomatic B. Urine must be properly disposed C. Cleaning of dirty places, pools, stagnant water Penicillin Eradication of Wild Rats
  53. 53. HEPATITIS is a diffuse inflammation of the liver parenchyma caused by a virus Hepa A B Non A and Non B D E
  54. 54. HEPATITIS – Infectious hepatitits Has An acute or abrupt clinical onset cause by RNA type virus of the entero virus family
  55. 55. 2 - 6 weeks Feces fecal oral route
  56. 56. ~children and elderlies ~rainy season ~none Those with poor environmental sanitation Food handlers Those who practice oral anal sex
  57. 57. 1. Proper environmental sanitation 2. Screening of food handlers 3. Avoid oral anal sex 5 % mortality
  58. 58. HEPATITIS – Serum hepatitits Is a double shelled particle containing DNA type virus which were called serum hepatitis
  59. 59. 6 weeks – 6 months blood, semen, vaginal secretions percutaneous inoculation, sexual contact
  60. 60. ~all ages ~all season ~yes Members of the health team Drug addicts contaminated needles that are using Clients undergoing hemodialysis Promiscuity multiple sexual partners
  61. 61. 1. Immunization 2. Use of sterile syringes needles 3. Screening of blood donors 1-10% Mortality lead to carrier and cirrhosis of the liver
  62. 62. HEPATITIS post transfusion hepatitis A viral infection that at present does not have identified the agent or antigenic markers
  63. 63. 2 weeks – 6 months blood blood transfusion other viruses
  64. 64. ~all ages ~all season ~yes blood recipient Client undergoing surgery
  65. 65. screening of blood donors 1-2% Mortality
  66. 66. HEPATITIS Hepatitis Delta Hepatitis E Et Non A Non B enterically transmitted non A non B
  67. 67. blood transfusion
  68. 68.  Fever  RUQ pain  nausea and vomiting  anorexia flu  Presence of jaundice  Pruritus  Tea colored urine  Clay or gray colored stool  Acholic stool – clay colored stool  Hepatomegaly
  69. 69. 1. Liver function test 2. Bilirubin exam. 3. Liver enzymes test 4. Ultrasound of the liver A. Liver profile test B. HBSAG – hepatitis B
  70. 70. No specific treatment Essentiale acts as a liver protector Bed Rest Increase carbohydrate , increase protein, low fat diet Hard candies Skin care
  71. 71. Is an acute viral infection of the salivary glands particularly the parotids with constitutional manifestations of varying degrees
  72. 72. 14 – 25 days From 6 days before until 9 days after the parotid glands swell MUMPS VIRUS, Paromyxovirus
  73. 73.  direct by person to person contact  droplet or airborne infection  With the oropharynx as the portal of entry discharges coming from nose and mouth of infected person 9 Saliva of the pt.
  74. 74. 1. Slight malaise, with low grade fever 2. Pain below the ear particularly in moving the jaw childhood disease with a peak of age 5 – 15 years old life long Immunity
  75. 75.  Orchitis - common complication among men FEMALE vulvitis.Vaginitis rare compare it to male no specific Ice cooling effect it only relieve the pain
  76. 76. CBR Avoid lifting heavy object Ice compress Never give sour foods Oral hygiene Mumps Vaccine
  77. 77. Refers to infection of men by Entamoeba Histolytica involving the colon but may spread to other soft tissue organs by contiguity or hematogenous or lymphatic dissemination most commonlt to the liver or lungs
  78. 78. 2 – 4 weeks fecal oral route ingested the cyst form of parasites Entamoeba Histolytica
  79. 79. 1. Fever 2. Abdominal pain 3. Flatulence 4. Blood streaked mucoid stool 5. Foul smelling stool 6. Diarrhea alternating with constipation Stool Exam: stool must be fresh
  80. 80. 1. Isolation of Patient 2. To avoid spread of disease by health teachings to the pt. and his family  Boil water when or before drinking  Cover left over foods  Handwashing after defecation, before eating Flagyl
  81. 81. 1. Isolation of Patient 2. To avoid spread of disease by health teachings to the pt. and his family Flagyl Avoid the 5 F’S
  82. 82. Schistosoma japonicum Schistosoma mansoni Schistosoma haematobium 3 SPECIES OF BLOOD FLUKES
  83. 83. Snail (Oncomelania Quadrasi) Framers and fishers 2 months
  84. 84. Egg hatches miracidium CERCARIA Penetration Feet Male and Female Flukes copulation
  85. 85. 1. Fever 2. Abdominal pain diarrhea 3. Emaciated 4. Melena Stool Exam COPT Circum Oval Precipitin TEST
  86. 86. Praziquantrel TREATMENT Stibophen ( fuadin )
  87. 87. Snail control Spraying of snail poison Construction of irrigation system Proper cultivation technique 
  88. 88.  Proper disposal of feces Wearing of protective foot covering Making of foot bridges 
  89. 89.   
  90. 90. Tagudin or Pudoc Ilocos Sur Capillaria philippinensis
  91. 91.  Fever  Abdominal pain diarrhea with borborygmi ingestion of uncooked brackish water fish
  92. 92. Stool exam Metronidazole Avoid eating of uncooked brackish water fish
  93. 93. ~Spiralis type of worm round worm eating or ingesting uncooked pork (meat, fats) ~Ancylostoma Duodenale walking barefooted
  94. 94. ~ Ascaris lumbricoides giant intestinal round worm soil and food contaminated with feces ~ Enterobium vermicularis (PIN WORM) soil and food contaminated with feces
  95. 95. ~ Ascaris lumbricoides giant intestinal round worm soil and food contaminated with feces ~ Enterobium vermicularis (PIN WORM) nocturnal anal itchiness
  96. 96. ~ Ascaris lumbricoides giant intestinal round worm soil and food contaminated with feces ~ Enterobium vermicularis (PIN WORM) Tape TEST
  97. 97. ~ Taenia saginata, Taenia sollium, Diphyllabothrium latum beef tape worm pork tape worm fish tape worm
  98. 98.  – Trichuria whip worm soil and food contaminated with feces  ingestion of uncooked crabs hemoptysis
  99. 99.  – Strongyloid stercoralis thread worm soil and food contaminated with feces  Voracious eater  Pot belly  Malnourish and anemic
  100. 100.  Avoid the 5F’s  Avoid walking barefooted  Personal hygiene Stool exam Giving of antihelmenthics
  101. 101. RED TIDE POISONING – PSP Plankton ingestion of contaminated shell fish
  102. 102.  Headache numbness and tingling sensation around the mouth  Gradual paralysis death within 24 hrs. if not treated right away Type of food eaten by the patient
  103. 103.  Complete Bed REST  Induce the pt. to vomit  Increase fluid intake  Oral Hygiene Supportive Avoid Eating shell fish

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