RICHARD MATHERRICHARD MATHER: typical strong Puritan
INCREASE MATHERINCREASE MATHER: leader of New England
theocracy. “Remarkable Providences” (1684)
psychological environment of the time. Puritans’
COTTON MATHERCOTTON MATHER: Prolific writer. “Cotton’s
Diary”: his special relationship with God. “Magnalia
Christi Americana” (1702): description of the Salem
witch trials. His writings: from “plain style” to
complicated language filled with strange words
First New England poet.
“Tenth Muse Lately
Sprung Up in America”
(1650): first New World’s
poems published in
Her poems: refuses to sing
of Wars, Captains and
Kings. Simplicity. A look
into the heart of 17th C.
Travel guides: facts with fantasy
Tales of adventure and excitement
Letters / Diaries / Journals
“Advertisements” to persuade readers to
settle in the New World
Annals about travel, settlements, climate
and prospects for cultivation.
Books full of American promise, of heroic
and divine missions
Recorded everything they did
Diff. kind of narration: the voyager was not
the explorer but the Pilgrim
The plot was providential. God’s guidance.
The Bible as the main source
Deep superstition in religious matters.
New settlings and the forest. Difficulties with
“Indians”. Difficulties with winter and the
Laws and punishments.
Nathaniel Hawthorne (1850) / Arthur Miller (1952)