Past Simple Vs Continuous

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Past Simple Vs Continuous

  1. 1. Past Present Simple An action that ended at a point in the past An action that exists, is usual or repeated Cooked (regular) Bought (irregular) Aux : DID (negative & questions) Cook/cooks Buy/buys Aux : DO/DOES (negative & questions) Time clue Yesterday, last month, Every day, often, usually, sometimes Continuous Be+gerund Action that happened at a moment in the past. An action was happening when another interrupted. An action that is happening now Was/were cooking Am/is/are cooking Time clue When, while* (combined with past simple actions –long/short action-) Now, in this moment, this week, this minute…
  2. 2. Past Simple “To Be” <ul><li>I was </li></ul><ul><li>We were </li></ul><ul><li>Wasn’t </li></ul><ul><li>Weren’t </li></ul>
  3. 3. Past Simple <ul><li>Regular verbs: Base form + -d/-ed </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular verbs:(see irregular verbs list) </li></ul>Affirmative Negative Questions Subject + vb (past)+C I watched a film on TV Sbj+didn’t+verb(inf)+C She didn’t watch it Yes/no questions Did+Sbj+verb(inf)+C? Did you watch it? Wh- Questions Wh+did+sbj+vb(inf)+C? What did you watch? Affirmative Negative Questions Subject + vb (past)+C They went to Paris Sbj+didn’t+verb(inf)+C They didn’t go to Paris Yes/no questions Did+Sbj+verb(inf)+C? Did they go to Paris? Wh- questions Wh-+did+sbj+vb(inf)+C? Where did you go?
  4. 4. Past Continuous Affirmative Negative Questions Sbj+was/were+vb(gerund) They were working here Sbj+wasn’t/weren’t+gerund They weren’t working here Yes/No questions Was/were+Sbj+gerund? Were they working here? Wh-Questions Wh-+was/were+Sbj+gerund Why were they working here?
  5. 5. Past simple & Past Continuous <ul><li>We use them in the same sentence to describe an action that is taking place while a longer one is happening. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. I was watching a football match when you arrived . </li></ul><ul><li>20h Football match 22h </li></ul><ul><li>you arrived </li></ul><ul><li> 21:20h </li></ul>
  6. 6. Subject questions <ul><li>When a questions refers to the subject, we don’t need an auxiliary verb. The question word will be the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Who gave you the sweet? My parents </li></ul><ul><li>Who did give you the sweet? </li></ul><ul><li>What happened? The roof fell off </li></ul>
  7. 7. Object questions <ul><li>When a questions refers to the object we need to use the auxiliary verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Who did you ask? I asked him </li></ul><ul><li>What did he give you? He gave me a letter </li></ul>
  8. 8. Webs (Past simple & continuous) <ul><li>http://www.isabelperez.com/happy/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>http ://www.ego4u.com/en/ </li></ul><ul><li>cram-up/grammar/tenses </li></ul><ul><li>http :// www.englishpage.com / verbpage / </li></ul><ul><li>verbtenseintro.html </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>http://www.englishlearner.com/tests/past_simple_-_past_continuous_quiz_1.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/pastpastcont.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.eslcafe.com/quiz/past1.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/pastsimpleorcontinuous/menu.php </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.learnenglishfeelgood.com /lefg3_pastcontinous1.html </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reference webs <ul><li>www.wordreference.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.englishpage.com / irregularverbs / irregularverbs.html </li></ul>
  11. 11. Webs (Subject & object questions) <ul><li>http://www.english-zone.com/grammar/questions4.html </li></ul><ul><li>http ://www.clases-ingles.com/vocabulary/Subjectobjectquestions1.htm </li></ul>

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