Past Present Simple An action that ended at a point in the past An action that exists, is usual or repeated Cooked (regular) Bought (irregular) Aux : DID (negative & questions) Cook/cooks Buy/buys Aux : DO/DOES (negative & questions) Time clue Yesterday, last month, Every day, often, usually, sometimes Continuous Be+gerund Action that happened at a moment in the past. An action was happening when another interrupted. An action that is happening now Was/were cooking Am/is/are cooking Time clue When, while* (combined with past simple actions –long/short action-) Now, in this moment, this week, this minute…
Past Simple “To Be”
Regular verbs: Base form + -d/-ed
Irregular verbs:(see irregular verbs list)
Affirmative Negative Questions Subject + vb (past)+C I watched a film on TV Sbj+didn’t+verb(inf)+C She didn’t watch it Yes/no questions Did+Sbj+verb(inf)+C? Did you watch it? Wh- Questions Wh+did+sbj+vb(inf)+C? What did you watch? Affirmative Negative Questions Subject + vb (past)+C They went to Paris Sbj+didn’t+verb(inf)+C They didn’t go to Paris Yes/no questions Did+Sbj+verb(inf)+C? Did they go to Paris? Wh- questions Wh-+did+sbj+vb(inf)+C? Where did you go?
Past Continuous Affirmative Negative Questions Sbj+was/were+vb(gerund) They were working here Sbj+wasn’t/weren’t+gerund They weren’t working here Yes/No questions Was/were+Sbj+gerund? Were they working here? Wh-Questions Wh-+was/were+Sbj+gerund Why were they working here?
Past simple & Past Continuous
We use them in the same sentence to describe an action that is taking place while a longer one is happening.
Ex. I was watching a football match when you arrived .
20h Football match 22h
When a questions refers to the subject, we don’t need an auxiliary verb. The question word will be the subject.
Ex. Who gave you the sweet? My parents
Who did give you the sweet?
What happened? The roof fell off
When a questions refers to the object we need to use the auxiliary verb.