9th International Conference of Sociocybernetics




                                                              Space
 ...
Agenda

• Context, Definitions, Questions

  –   Space and Time Scales
  –   Better & Worse & Faster
  –   DIKUW Hierarchy...
Context

• Observer
  – Electronics Engineer (1993)
  – MSc Management of Technology (2004)
  – PhD Sustainability (2010 p...
Definitions (askoxford.com)

• Scale (Latin scala)
  – a graduated range of values forming a standard
    system for measu...
Questions

• What relationship can be found between
  – the scales of space and time of
    • the human perspective
    • ...
References (Main)

        •   Russell ACKOFF
             –   USA, 1919.02.12 -




        •   Robert COSTANZA
         ...
Space and Time Scales
                                            Human Perspectives

                                    ...
Space and Time Scales
                                             Sustainability
                                        ...
Better & worse & faster

• We live in a time in which
  – the human perspective
  – the sustainability
• have evolutionary...
Better & worse & faster

• Now
  – it is not the change that matters
  – not even its velocity
  – the problem is its acce...
DIKUW Hierarchy

               Context
                                                                                  ...
Complicated & Mundane & Complexity

                                                                 Complicated-Complexit...
Social media and
        synchronization
• How to explain the symptoms of well-
  being and discomfort caused by the
  eme...
Flow
                                                Anxiety
                                High


                      ...
Daily life activities

                                                High
                                              ...
Flow and Complexity

                                 High

                                              Complicated




...
From apathy to flow
                                                                                                      ...
Discussion

• Alternative activities to Apathetic situations
  – Autotelic: the ones people do for its own sake
    becaus...
Discussion

• Key scales for sustainability seems to be
  – Time: children’s lifetime
  – Space: world (i.e., the planet E...
Discussion

• So the problem here is that
  – the first order approach tells us that
     • space and time scales
     • a...
Discussion

• When Scott (2002) indentifies the
  sociocyberneticians human perspectives as
   – ones with an agreement on...
Open discussion




          Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009   22 de 24
A final thought

• Every minute of this presentation (even every minute of
  this conference!)

   – Population on “develo...
Thank you !




          Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009   24 de 24
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Scales and Sustainability

338 views

Published on

Space and Time scales of Human Perspective and Sustainability
Tools for modeling daily life dynamics

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
338
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
12
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Scales and Sustainability

  1. 1. 9th International Conference of Sociocybernetics Space Time Space and Time scales of Human Perspective and Sustainability Tools for modeling daily life dynamics Luciano Gallón ( l.gallon@ieee.org ) Colombia España Urbino, 2009.07.03
  2. 2. Agenda • Context, Definitions, Questions – Space and Time Scales – Better & Worse & Faster – DIKUW Hierarchy – Complicated & Mundane & Complexity – Social media and synchronization • From apathy to flow • Discussion Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 2 de 24
  3. 3. Context • Observer – Electronics Engineer (1993) – MSc Management of Technology (2004) – PhD Sustainability (2010 planed) • Re-search – Part of theory framework for the PhD Thesis “Regional Sustainability Model, System Dynamics to fight poverty in South America” Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 3 de 24
  4. 4. Definitions (askoxford.com) • Scale (Latin scala) – a graduated range of values forming a standard system for measuring or grading something • Space (Latin spatium) – the dimensions of height, depth, and width within which all things exist and move • Time (Latin tempus) – the indefinite continued progress of existence and events in the past, present, and future, regarded as a whole Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 4 de 24
  5. 5. Questions • What relationship can be found between – the scales of space and time of • the human perspective • the sustainability – and the dynamics of • the “new” social media technologies? • It helps to understand the behavior of – social systems – humans? • Is it related to sustainable development? Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 5 de 24
  6. 6. References (Main) • Russell ACKOFF – USA, 1919.02.12 - • Robert COSTANZA – USA, 1950.09.14 - • Dennis MEADOWS – USA, 1942 - • Donella "Dana" MEADOWS – USA, 1941.03.13 - 2001.02.20 • Aurelio PECCEI – Italia, 1908.07.04 - 1984.03.14 • Mihaly CSIKSZENTMIHALYI – Fiume, Italy - now Croatia – A Hungarian emigrated to the USA, 1934.09.29 - Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 6 de 24
  7. 7. Space and Time Scales Human Perspectives World Race, Nation Space Business, City, Neighborhood Family Next Next Children’s lifetime week few yeas lifetime Time Figure 1. Human Perspectives. The majority of the world’s people are concerned with matters that affect only family or friends over a short period of time. Only a very few people have a global perspective that extends far into the future. (Meadows et al, 1972). Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 7 de 24
  8. 8. Space and Time Scales Sustainability ∞ “Brittle” Systems Expected life span Longevity: System Sustainable Systems across a range of Time and Space Scales Life Spam Unsustainable Systems 0 Cell Organism Population Economic system Planet Space and Time Scale Figure 2. Sustainability as scale (time and space) dependent concept. Indicates this relationship by plotting a hypothetical curve of system life expectancy (Longevity) on the y axis vs. time and space scale on the x axis. (Costanza & Patten, 1995). Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 8 de 24
  9. 9. Better & worse & faster • We live in a time in which – the human perspective – the sustainability • have evolutionary processes with dynamics in – position – direction – speed – acceleration • in scales of space and time – beyond the human perception and experience Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 9 de 24
  10. 10. Better & worse & faster • Now – it is not the change that matters – not even its velocity – the problem is its acceleration • There is a law that try to explain that – The Law of accelerating returns – by Ray Kurzweil Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 10 de 24
  11. 11. DIKUW Hierarchy Context Wisdom independence Laws Understanding Principles Knowledge Patterns Information Relationships Data Discovery level Figure 3. Data Information Knowledge Understanding and Wisdom (DIKUW) Hierarchy. Following Bellinger et al (2002) and Betts (2003). Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 11 de 24
  12. 12. Complicated & Mundane & Complexity Complicated-Complexity border Context independence Wisdom Complicated Laws Understanding Principles Mundane-Complexity Knowledge border Patterns Information Mundane Relationships Data Discovery Figure 4. DIKUW Hierarchy and Complexity. level Following Bellinger et al (2002) and Betts (2003). Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 12 de 24
  13. 13. Social media and synchronization • How to explain the symptoms of well- being and discomfort caused by the emerging social media technologies? – By the type and degree of synchronization between observer and observed system space and time scales • New social media is based on interactivity – some advanced sort of synchronization emergent capability Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 13 de 24
  14. 14. Flow Anxiety High Flow Challenges Boredom Apathy Low Low High Skills Figure 5. The “Flow” channel. (Farmer, 1999) Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 14 de 24
  15. 15. Daily life activities High Arousal Flow Learning Favorite Anxiety activity Working Studying Worry Control Challenges Hassles Driving Apathy Relaxation TV Boredom Reading Eating Chores Low Low High Skills Figure 6 + 7. Feelings of daily life dynamics + activities. (Farmer, 1999) Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 15 de 24
  16. 16. Flow and Complexity High Complicated Differentiation Flow Mundane Low Low High Integration Figure 8. Flow and Complexity. (Bellinger, 2004) Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 16 de 24
  17. 17. From apathy to flow Flow Complicated - Worry Wisdom - Anxiety - Arousal Laws Context Understanding independence Challenges Principles Differentiation Knowledge Patterns Mundane - Boring Information - Relaxation - Control Relationships Data Discovery level Apathy Skills Integration Figure 9. DIKUW Hierarchy and Flow Channel fusion. (Following Bellinger et al (2002; 2004), Betts (2003) and Farmer (1999) Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 17 de 24
  18. 18. Discussion • Alternative activities to Apathetic situations – Autotelic: the ones people do for its own sake because to experience it is the main goal – Exotelic: the ones motivated by an outside goal • The question is – the space and time scales of human perspective depends on autotelic capabilities, or – autotelic capabilities are the ones that define the space and time scales of human perspective? • Either one or another – new social media seems to enhance the perspective via the autotelic side Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 18 de 24
  19. 19. Discussion • Key scales for sustainability seems to be – Time: children’s lifetime – Space: world (i.e., the planet Earth) • on the first and second order • Key human activities to reach them as a “normal” human perspective depend on – autotelic capabilities • It could be argued that – exotelic mediated development is not sustainable Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 19 de 24
  20. 20. Discussion • So the problem here is that – the first order approach tells us that • space and time scales • are changing in the observed system • while – a second order approach tells us that • for the majority of humans • observer capabilities are not changing • not only for will but because inherent system capabilities Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 20 de 24
  21. 21. Discussion • When Scott (2002) indentifies the sociocyberneticians human perspectives as – ones with an agreement on problems faced • as global • to be tackled holistically – addressing both • the first-order complexity of interconnected observed systems and • the second-order complexities of communities of observers • the call is for – a DIKUW Hierarchy plus Flow Channel based, new social media mediated, sustainability revolution Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 21 de 24
  22. 22. Open discussion Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 22 de 24
  23. 23. A final thought • Every minute of this presentation (even every minute of this conference!) – Population on “developed” countries added 4 more humans to planet Earth – Population on “developing” countries added 152 more humans to planet Earth – Humans on planet Earth today: 6,800,000,000 – Humans on planet Earth in one year: 7,000,000,000 ? Source http://www.prb.org/Articles/2008/WorldPopulationClock2008.aspx Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 23 de 24
  24. 24. Thank you ! Luciano Gallon / RC51 / 9thICS / Urbino / 2009 24 de 24

×