Le Pass é  Compos é Un Guide Compl ê te de l’Usage et de l’Application
Le Pass é  Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes Regulier qui prennent Avoir <ul><li>Les Trois Parties!!! </li></ul><ul><u...
Le Pass é  Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes irreguliers qui prennent Avoir <ul><li>Some verbs do not use the simple f...
Le Pass é  Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes Regulier qui prennent Être <ul><li>Some verbs use   Être  as their auxili...
Le Pass é  Compos é <ul><li>Le verbe auxilliare: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the pass é  compos é , you have ONLY two choices...
Direct Objects that come before the Past Participle.  (Verbs that take AVOIR) <ul><ul><li>In the Passe Compose, sometimes ...
Le Passé Composé   des Verbes Refleshis <ul><li>In the past tense, reflexive verbs almost ALWAYS use  Ê TRE as their auxil...
When Reflexives DON’T Agree <ul><li>Even though reflexive verbs ALWAYS take Etre as their aux. verb, they don’t ALWAYS hav...
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Passe compose-powerpoint-fr3-1219256890723149-9

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Passe compose-powerpoint-fr3-1219256890723149-9

  1. 1. Le Pass é Compos é Un Guide Compl ê te de l’Usage et de l’Application
  2. 2. Le Pass é Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes Regulier qui prennent Avoir <ul><li>Les Trois Parties!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Le sujet! (Je, Tu,…etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Le verb auxilliaire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(un form CONJUG É d’avoir) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Le participe pass é </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regardez dans la texte Pp R30 pour la formulation des participes réguliers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Past participles with AVOIR do NOT need to agree with their subjects for number and gender** (exceptions apply) </li></ul></ul></ul>repondre  repondu choisir  choisi manger  mang é Remove ending Add -u Remove ending Add –i Remove ending Add - é RE Verbs IR Verbs ER Verbs
  3. 3. Le Pass é Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes irreguliers qui prennent Avoir <ul><li>Some verbs do not use the simple formula to create their past participle. </li></ul><ul><li>The list of these irregular verbs is found on Pg R32 of the text and should be memorized. </li></ul><ul><li>For Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>prendre  pris, lire  lu, mettre  mis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Il a lu le livre pendant le weekend. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Le Pass é Compos é – Au Present Avec les verbes Regulier qui prennent Être <ul><li>Some verbs use Être as their auxiliary verb in the past </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These verbs usually refer to motion to or from a place. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For example: Sortir, partir, mourir, monter, déscendre, etc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The Past Participle of verbs that use Être MUST agree with their subject in Number & Gender </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(m/s) Il est sorti avec ses amis. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The p.p. sorti is created as per the graph on R30 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(f/s) Elle est sorti e avec ses amis. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The p.p. sorti(e) adds an E to agree w/ female subject </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(m/pl) Ils sont sorti s avec leurs amis. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The p.p. sorti(s) gets an S to agree w/ male, plural subject. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(f/pl) Elles sont sorti es avec leurs amis. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The p.p. sorti(es) gets an ES to agree w/ female, plural subject. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Le Pass é Compos é <ul><li>Le verbe auxilliare: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the pass é compos é , you have ONLY two choices of verbs: AVOIR or Ê TRE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These be conjugated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>J’ ai mangé un sandwich. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nous sommes allés à la plage. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REMEMBER!!! A past participle is NO LONGER a verb. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In negative sentences the Ne…pas “hugs” the auxiliary verb NOT the past participle. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nous ne sommes pas allés à la plage. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>MUST
  6. 6. Direct Objects that come before the Past Participle. (Verbs that take AVOIR) <ul><ul><li>In the Passe Compose, sometimes the direct object of the verb or its pronoun will precede the past participle. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When this happens with verbs that take AVOIR as an auxiliary verb, there must be agreement between the past participle and the direct object. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Il a ecrit une lettre. (sub, aux verb, p.p., direct obj.) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Il l’a ecrite . (sub, direct obj pronoun, p.p.) the (e) is added to ecrit for agreement with a singular feminine object pronoun “la.” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>La lettre qu’il a ecrite est longue. (Direct obj, relative prononun, subject, aux verb, p.p., predicate) the (e) is added to ecrit for agreement with a singular feminine direct object “la lettre.” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Le Passé Composé des Verbes Refleshis <ul><li>In the past tense, reflexive verbs almost ALWAYS use Ê TRE as their auxiliary verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive verbs reflect things that the subject of the sentence does to themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive verbs in their infinitive form are ALWAYS preceded by the reflexive pronoun SE (se laver, s’habiller) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the past tense the verbs are changed to past participles per the chart on Pg R30/32 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Because these verbs take Ê TRE the p.p. must agree with the subject in NUMBER & GENDER </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Martin s’est lev é le matin a 8h30. (m/s) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helene s’est lev é e le matin a 8h30. (f/s) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ils se sont lev é s le matin a 8h30. (m/pl) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elles se sont lev é es le matin a 8h30. (f/pl) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. When Reflexives DON’T Agree <ul><li>Even though reflexive verbs ALWAYS take Etre as their aux. verb, they don’t ALWAYS have subject/past part. Agreement. </li></ul><ul><li>When a reflexive verb expresses something a subject does something FOR themselves , rather than TO themselves there is NO subject p.p. agreement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elle s’est lav ée la figure. (she washes her face) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elle s’est achete une robe. ( she buys herself a dress) </li></ul></ul></ul>
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