Research proposal luciana pinto

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  • 1. Research Proposal Prepared by Luciana Pinto, CEDLA Master Program, 2010/2011 Amsterdam, 8th March 2011dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 2. Research Proposal Prepared by Luciana Pinto, CEDLA Master Program, 2010/2011 Amsterdam, 8th March 2011dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 3. URBANIZATION on the agribusiness frontier: the role of ELITE’S IDEOLOGY in centre-west Brazil Veldwercollege en Oderzoekvoorstel Luciana Pinto, march 2011dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 4. Problem Statementdinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 5. Problem Statement ✤ 1970s’ road and colonization programs induced frontier occupation in the Brazilian Amazon, region that presents the highest national urbanization rates.dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 6. Problem Statement ✤ 1970s’ road and colonization programs induced frontier occupation in the Brazilian Amazon, region that presents the highest national urbanization rates. ✤ In only three decades, due to the mechanization of agriculture, especially in the centre-west, small migrants settlements became dynamic urban centers.dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 7. Problem Statement ✤ 1970s’ road and colonization programs induced frontier occupation in the Brazilian Amazon, region that presents the highest national urbanization rates. ✤ In only three decades, due to the mechanization of agriculture, especially in the centre-west, small migrants settlements became dynamic urban centers. ✤ A local elite, related to the agribusiness economy, emerged at this newborn urban system. With high human development indicators, high incomes, and high patterns of consume, those communities have adopt an discourse of success based on a rhetoric of progress, development, wealth and exclusivity.dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 8. Problem Statement ✤ 1970s’ road and colonization programs induced frontier occupation in the Brazilian Amazon, region that presents the highest national urbanization rates. ✤ In only three decades, due to the mechanization of agriculture, especially in the centre-west, small migrants settlements became dynamic urban centers. ✤ A local elite, related to the agribusiness economy, emerged at this newborn urban system. With high human development indicators, high incomes, and high patterns of consume, those communities have adopt an discourse of success based on a rhetoric of progress, development, wealth and exclusivity. ✤ The economic, political and social power of local elite is manifested through the opulence of its architecture. As a newborn urban reality, with no historical references or strong local identities, those cities are open terrain for imported symbols of progress and modernity, and to the ideology of city growth.dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 9. however...dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 10. however... ✤ Centre-west Brazilian agribusiness sector is rapidly shifting from a soybean monoculture model to a more complex system of value added products. This recent diversification of the economy attracts crescent waves of migration and, therefore, of requires urban implementations. ✤ This unskilful and cheap labour force have limited purchasing power and barely can afford the high cost of living, which includes housing and other urban facilities. In fact, there is no formal space – either physical or symbolic – available to this new working class. ✤ By not including their demands on the urban agenda, a rapid process of socio-spatial segregation is taking place.dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 11. Hypothesis:dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 12. Hypothesis: ✤ If the discourse of growth and wealth in new urban reality on the agribusiness frontier serves mainly to transfer quality-of-life and wealth from the local general public to a certain segment of the local elite;dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 13. Hypothesis: ✤ If the discourse of growth and wealth in new urban reality on the agribusiness frontier serves mainly to transfer quality-of-life and wealth from the local general public to a certain segment of the local elite; ✤ And, this dominant discourse is manifested in terms of built environment;dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 14. Hypothesis: ✤ If the discourse of growth and wealth in new urban reality on the agribusiness frontier serves mainly to transfer quality-of-life and wealth from the local general public to a certain segment of the local elite; ✤ And, this dominant discourse is manifested in terms of built environment; ✤ Then, it could be argued that by understanding the hidden meanings of architectural and urban forms is possible to uncover more profound social and cultural tensions, related to the configuration of this new urban territory in the country.dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 15. ..which leads to a Question...dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 16. ..which leads to a Question... In which way elite’s ideology, manifested as architecture and urban form, contributes to the maintenance of power and privileges of one group over another?dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 17. ..and a few subquestions...dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 18. ..and a few subquestions... ✤! Which are the motivations behind the elite’s commercial, sentimental and psychological interests for urban growth?dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 19. ..and a few subquestions... ✤! Which are the motivations behind the elite’s commercial, sentimental and psychological interests for urban growth? ✤! What kind of ideologies are behind the architecture and urban form desired and built by different social agents?dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 20. ..and a few subquestions... ✤! Which are the motivations behind the elite’s commercial, sentimental and psychological interests for urban growth? ✤! What kind of ideologies are behind the architecture and urban form desired and built by different social agents? ✤! Which values and cultural influences are represented in the hegemonic discourse of good architecture and good urban form?dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 21. Which are the objectives then?dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 22. Which are the objectives then? ✤ Classify architectural and planning typologies present in this new cities;dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 23. Which are the objectives then? ✤ Classify architectural and planning typologies present in this new cities; ✤ Get to know the different social and cultural identities of the social agents, their roles and their implications of the built environment.dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 24. Which are the objectives then? ✤ Classify architectural and planning typologies present in this new cities; ✤ Get to know the different social and cultural identities of the social agents, their roles and their implications of the built environment. ✤ Identify socio-political ideologies and economic forces involved in the production of space;dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 25. Which are the objectives then? ✤ Classify architectural and planning typologies present in this new cities; ✤ Get to know the different social and cultural identities of the social agents, their roles and their implications of the built environment. ✤ Identify socio-political ideologies and economic forces involved in the production of space; ✤ Analyze the role played by planning and architecture professionals in architectural and urban design;dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 26. Which are the objectives then? ✤ Classify architectural and planning typologies present in this new cities; ✤ Get to know the different social and cultural identities of the social agents, their roles and their implications of the built environment. ✤ Identify socio-political ideologies and economic forces involved in the production of space; ✤ Analyze the role played by planning and architecture professionals in architectural and urban design; ✤ Describe affective and symbolic meanings;dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 27. And is that of any relevance?dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 28. And is that of any relevance? ✤ Urban studies on rapid urban growth in Latin America have often focused on its consequences (e.g. spatial segregation, urban poverty, social enclaves), but less attention has been given to the dynamics of local growth promotion, or on HOW the aesthetic/formal dimension of the built environment contributes for the perpetuation of those processes of spatial inequalities.dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 29. And is that of any relevance? ✤ Urban studies on rapid urban growth in Latin America have often focused on its consequences (e.g. spatial segregation, urban poverty, social enclaves), but less attention has been given to the dynamics of local growth promotion, or on HOW the aesthetic/formal dimension of the built environment contributes for the perpetuation of those processes of spatial inequalities. ✤ SOCIALLY, this research aims to help bringing the discussion to its roots: the ideological homogenization and the social production and construction of the space. ACADEMICALLY, intents to be a step towards filling this gap in the urban studies, especially related to frontier urbanization processes.dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 30. A Theoretical Framework S T A N D I N G O N T H E S H O U L D E R S O F G I A N T S Theories characterized by the search for the underlying social and cultural values and power that give form and meaning to the cityscape and the built urban environment, understanding the city as social and symbolic space:dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 31. A Theoretical Framework S T A N D I N G O N T H E S H O U L D E R S O F G I A N T S Theories characterized by the search for the underlying social and cultural values and power that give form and meaning to the cityscape and the built urban environment, understanding the city as social and symbolic space: ✤ Molotch: Urban growth machine hypothesis; ✤ Bourdieu: Theories of social stratification based on aesthetic taste; ✤ Low: Anthropology of the built environment and spatial form; ✤ Lefebvre: Social production of space (historical, socio-political and economic processes); ✤ Richardson: Social construction of space (social use and affective meanings); ✤ Harvey: Right of the City;dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 32. ¿¿How?? Methods: • The city as a whole (urban planning) Two scale of analysis: • The different architectural typologiesdinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 33. ¿¿How?? Methods: • The city as a whole (urban planning) Two scale of analysis: • The different architectural typologies ✤ Literature review (process of occupation, migration etc); ✤ Historical documentation (urban genesis, maps, photos etc); ✤ Observation (visiting and mapping the urban entities); ✤ Deep interviews (with different actors: workers, real estate agents, administration technicians; architects; politicians); ✤ Analysis of the field notes, interviews, maps, and historical documents;dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 34. Lucas do Rio Verde C A S E S T U D Y ✤ 45.000 inhabitants ✤ High urbanization rate: 12% a year ✤ Founded in 1981 ✤ Originally as a landless migrant settlement ✤ BR-163, Mato Grosso ✤ 2010: one of the best level of quality of life and on soybean productiondinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 35. dinsdag 8 maart 2011
  • 36. Obrigada!dinsdag 8 maart 2011