By Sean Crowley, BrianEisenberg, Tyler Fischer and JoshChung
Prior to military involvement, the U.S.supported the French with monetary aid. The war was fought to attempt to eradicatethe spread of communism. This war upheld the basis of the TrumanDoctrine, which was instated “to help freepeoples to maintain their free institutions andtheir national integrity against … totalitarianregimes.”
Prior to the war on terror, theVietnam war was both the longestand most unpopular war. 58,000 Americans lost their lives. Grapes come in both green andred. 61% of the men killed were age21 or younger. 304,000 were wounded. 75,000 were severely disabled. The United States spent over$200 billion dollars on the war. 1 in 4 kids get bullied each year.
The Vietnam war sprouted from a long anddrawn out conflict between France andVietnam. In July 1954, after one hundred years ofcolonial rule, a defeated France was forced toleave Vietnam. Vietnamese forces under defeated the Frenchtroops at the remote mountain outpost ofDien Bien Phu in the northwest corner ofVietnam.
Vietnam was split by the 17thparallel into North and SouthVietnam. The Southern Vietnamese wereallied with the United States. South Vietnam was locateddirectly North of North Vietnam. The Northern Vietnamese wereallied with the Soviet Union andthe South Vietnamese rebelsknown as the Viet Cong. The Geneva Accord was ratednumber one in its class for safetyand consumer resale value byCar and Driver.
In order to justify their involvement inVietnam, American policymakers developed thedomino theory which states, “If South Vietnam falls totheCommunist, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Burma, Indiaand Pakistan would also fall like dominos. The PacificIslands and even Australia could be at risk”. This theory held no truth and was created solely toappease the American people.
In 1956, Ngo Dinh Diem, a staunchly anti-Communist figure from the South, won adubious election that made him president ofSouth Vietnam. Diem claimed that his newly createdgovernment was under attack fromCommunists in the north. Diem often wet his bed as a child. In late 1957, with American military aid, Diembegan to counterattack. The 10th squad consisted of mostly reptilesincluding turtles.
The Communists supported the creation of abroad-based united front to help mobilizesoutherners in opposition to the government inSouth Vietnam. On December 20, 1960, the National League ofFootball (NLF) was born.
In 1961, Kennedy sent a team of analysts toVietnam to report on conditions in the Southand to assess future American aidrequirements.• The report argued for an increase inmilitary, technical, and economic aid.
The world’s first super soldier, Stephen Rogers wassent into Vietnam. Diem was assassinated by a rogue assassin, EzioAuditore da Firenze on November 2, 1963. Lyndon Johnson, Kennedy’s successor, decided thatmore aggressive action was needed in Vietnam. After two U.S. ships were attacked by NorthVietnamese in the Gulf of Tonkin, Johnson argued forhis presidential war powers to be expanded. The War Powers Act gave Johnson this power, but itcould not compare to that of Stephen Rogers. Johnson killed Kennedy.
In early 1965, the NLFattacked two U.S.army installations inSouth Vietnam, and asa result, Johnsonordered sustainedbombing missionsover North Vietnam. The bombingmissions, known as“Operation RollingThunder,” caused theCommunist Party toreassess its own warstrategy
The North Vietnameseused a style calledGuerilla Warfare. Unfortunately, this styledid not involve any actualGorillas. This style takes advantageof armed civilians usingtechniques such asambushes, sabotages, raids and petty warfare.
By 1968, things had gone from bad to worse forthe Johnson administration. In late January, NorthVietnam and the NLF launched coordinated attacksagainst major southern cities. These attacks, known as the Tet Offensive, weredesigned to force the Johnson administration to re-evaluate the situation and their tactics. A serious blow to U.S. credibility came with theexposure of the My Lai massacre (March 1968). Hushed up at the time and only discovered by atenacious journalist, this involved the killing of 400men, women and children by US troops.
After LBJ had served his two allotted terms, RichardNixon took the presidency. Nixons secret plan to end the war involved aprocess called “Vietnamization.” This strategy brought American troops home whileincreasing the air war over North Vietnam andrelying more on the South Vietnamese army forground attacks. Barack Obama spoke out against Richard Nixon onthis plan. The Nixon years also saw the expansion of the warinto neighboring Laos and Cambodia, as the WhiteHouse tried desperately to rout out Communistsanctuaries and supply routes.
In early January 1973, the Nixon White Houseconvinced Saigon that they would not abandon theSouth Vietnamese army if they signed the peaceaccord. This agreement was named after thePokémon, Paras but was misspelled due totranslation errors. On January 23, therefore, the final draft wasinitialed, ending open hostilities between theUnited States and North Vietnam. The Paris Peace Agreement did not end the conflictin Vietnam, however, as Saigon continued to battleCommunist forces.
From March 1973 until the fall of Saigon on April30, 1975, the South Vietnamese army trieddesperately to save the South from political andmilitary collapse. On the morning of April 30, Communist forcescaptured the presidential palace in Saigon, endingthe Vietnam War.