Pearl Harbor


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Pearl Harbor

  1. 1. Pearl Harbor<br />By: Lucas Corbin &<br />Ian Keating<br />
  2. 2. Pearl Harbor<br />Pearl Harbor is where the U.S. pacific fleet was destroyed by the Japanese.<br />The Japanese made a surprise attack on December 7, 1941<br />The bombing by Japanese airplanes killed over 2,000 service men aboard the ships<br />
  3. 3. Pearl Harbor<br />On December 6, 1941 president Roosevelt made a final peace attempt to the emperor of Japan, but the emperor never replied.<br />The same day a Japanese message was intercepted by U.S. code breakers.<br />The Americans believed that a Japanese attack was imminent, but they weren’t sure where the Japanese would attack.<br />
  4. 4. Pearl Harbor<br />On December 7, 1941 code breakers decoded another message<br />The message instructed the Japanese embassy to deliver the message to Americans at 1 p.m. <br />The U.S. War Department sent an alert message to Pearl Harbor to warn them of the attack.<br />The alert message wasn’t received until four hours after the attack began. <br />
  5. 5. Pearl Harbor<br />The Japanese attack force had six carries with 423 planes.<br />They launched their first wave of 183 planes<br />The U.S. radar station on Hawaii detected the planes, but thought they were only the expected American B-17 planes from the west coast.<br />
  6. 6. Pearl Harbor<br />After the first wave launched, the second wave of 167 planes also took off for the harbor<br />The first wave reached the harbor at 7:53 and began attacking the U.S. battleships and airfields.<br />
  7. 7. Pearl Harbor<br />The second wave arrived shortly after the first wave. <br />They focused on taking out other ships and shipyard facilities.<br />The waves of Japanese attack forces launched torpedoes, dropped bombs, and used other military tactics to destroy their targets.<br />
  8. 8. Pearl Harbor<br />By 9:45 a.m. the Japanese were finally done attacking.<br /> Five battleships were sunk and eight were damaged.<br />The U.S. also lost 188 aircrafts when the Japanese attacked the U.S. airfields.<br />
  9. 9. Pearl Harbor<br />The servicemen aboard the ships stood no chance against the well prepared Japanese war planes.<br />Many military men were trapped in the ships and couldn’t get out to help fight.<br />Most of the men that were trapped in the ships never made it out alive.<br />
  10. 10. Pearl Harbor<br />One of the reasons why the attack on Pearl Harbor was so catastrophic is because the harbor was completely surprised.<br />The anti-aircraft guns were unmanned and the ammunition for them was locked away because it was during a peacetime.<br />Servicemen were ashore because it was a Sunday and aircrafts were parked wing tip to wing tip at the airfields.<br />
  11. 11. Pearl Harbor<br />News of the attack spread across the nation the same day. It shocked the American people and influenced many young people to join the military.<br />The attack ended the U.S. period of isolation.<br />The next day December 8, 1941 the U.S. declared war on Japan.<br />President Roosevelt said, “December 7, 1941 is a date which will live in infamy.”<br />
  12. 12. References<br />"Attack At Pearl Harbor, 1941." EyeWitness to History - History through the Eyes of Those Who Lived It. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <>.<br />"December 7, 1941 - Japanese Bomb Pearl Harbor." The History Place. Web. 25 Mar. 2010. <>.<br />"PEARL HARBOR: 7 DEC 1941." MILITARY INFORMATION HQ. Web. 25 Mar. 2010. <>.<br />"Today in History: December 7." American Memory from the Library of Congress - Home Page. Web. 25 Mar. 2010. <>.<br />