Pearl Harbor is where the U.S. pacific fleet was
destroyed by the Japanese.
The Japanese made a surprise attack on December 7,
The bombing by Japanese airplanes killed over 2,000
service men aboard the ships
On December 6, 1941 president Roosevelt made a final
peace attempt to the emperor of Japan, but the
emperor never replied.
The same day a Japanese message was intercepted by
U.S. code breakers.
The Americans believed that a Japanese attack was
imminent, but they weren’t sure where the Japanese
On December 7, 1941 code breakers decoded another
The message instructed the Japanese embassy to
deliver the message to Americans at 1 p.m.
The U.S. War Department sent an alert message to Pearl
Harbor to warn them of the attack.
The alert message wasn’t received until four hours after
the attack began.
The Japanese attack force
had six carries with 423
They launched their first
wave of 183 planes
The U.S. radar station on
Hawaii detected the
planes, but thought they
were only the expected
American B-17 planes from
the west coast.
After the first wave
launched, the second wave
of 167 planes also took off
for the harbor
The first wave reached the
harbor at 7:53 and began
attacking the U.S.
battleships and airfields.
The second wave arrived
shortly after the first wave.
They focused on taking out
other ships and shipyard
The waves of Japanese
attack forces launched
torpedoes, dropped bombs,
and used other military
tactics to destroy their
By 9:45 a.m. the Japanese
were finally done
Five battleships were sunk
and eight were damaged.
The U.S. also lost 188
aircrafts when the
Japanese attacked the U.S.
The servicemen aboard the
ships stood no chance
against the well prepared
Japanese war planes.
Many military men were
trapped in the ships and
couldn’t get out to help
Most of the men that were
trapped in the ships never
made it out alive.
One of the reasons why the attack on Pearl Harbor was
so catastrophic is because the harbor was completely
The anti-aircraft guns were unmanned and the
ammunition for them was locked away because it was
during a peacetime.
Servicemen were ashore because it was a Sunday and
aircrafts were parked wing tip to wing tip at the
News of the attack spread across the nation the same
day. It shocked the American people and influenced
many young people to join the military.
The attack ended the U.S. period of isolation.
The next day December 8, 1941 the U.S. declared war
President Roosevelt said, “December 7, 1941 is a date
which will live in infamy.”