Pearl Harbor


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Pearl Harbor

  1. 1. Pearl Harbor By: Lucas Corbin & Ian Keating
  2. 2. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>Pearl Harbor is where the U.S. pacific fleet was destroyed by the Japanese. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese made a surprise attack on December 7, 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>The bombing by Japanese airplanes killed over 2,000 service men aboard the ships </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>On December 6, 1941 president Roosevelt made a final peace attempt to the emperor of Japan, but the emperor never replied. </li></ul><ul><li>The same day a Japanese message was intercepted by U.S. code breakers. </li></ul><ul><li>The Americans believed that a Japanese attack was imminent, but they weren’t sure where the Japanese would attack. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>On December 7, 1941 code breakers decoded another message </li></ul><ul><li>The message instructed the Japanese embassy to deliver the message to Americans at 1 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. War Department sent an alert message to Pearl Harbor to warn them of the attack. </li></ul><ul><li>The alert message wasn’t received until four hours after the attack began. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>The Japanese attack force had six carries with 423 planes. </li></ul><ul><li>They launched their first wave of 183 planes </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. radar station on Hawaii detected the planes, but thought they were only the expected American B-17 planes from the west coast. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>After the first wave launched, the second wave of 167 planes also took off for the harbor </li></ul><ul><li>The first wave reached the harbor at 7:53 and began attacking the U.S. battleships and airfields. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>The second wave arrived shortly after the first wave. </li></ul><ul><li>They focused on taking out other ships and shipyard facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>The waves of Japanese attack forces launched torpedoes, dropped bombs, and used other military tactics to destroy their targets. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>By 9:45 a.m. the Japanese were finally done attacking. </li></ul><ul><li>Five battleships were sunk and eight were damaged. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. also lost 188 aircrafts when the Japanese attacked the U.S. airfields. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>The servicemen aboard the ships stood no chance against the well prepared Japanese war planes. </li></ul><ul><li>Many military men were trapped in the ships and couldn’t get out to help fight. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the men that were trapped in the ships never made it out alive. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>One of the reasons why the attack on Pearl Harbor was so catastrophic is because the harbor was completely surprised. </li></ul><ul><li>The anti-aircraft guns were unmanned and the ammunition for them was locked away because it was during a peacetime. </li></ul><ul><li>Servicemen were ashore because it was a Sunday and aircrafts were parked wing tip to wing tip at the airfields. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Pearl Harbor <ul><li>News of the attack spread across the nation the same day. It shocked the American people and influenced many young people to join the military. </li></ul><ul><li>The attack ended the U.S. period of isolation. </li></ul><ul><li>The next day December 8, 1941 the U.S. declared war on Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>President Roosevelt said, “December 7, 1941 is a date which will live in infamy.” </li></ul>