The Foreign Policy of the EU                     Chapter 4          Policy-making    Keukeleire, S. and MacNaughtan, J. (2...
Contents1.   Competences2.   Decision-making3.   Policy-making in practice4.   Financing EU foreign policy5.   EU foreign ...
1. CompetencesDifference between first and second pillarBasic principle: conferral of powersEC: general categories of comp...
1. Competences  CFSP/ESDP: parallel competences, but of a  different order→ Repercussions for institutional balance of pow...
2. Decision-making        - European Community -‘Community method’First pillar policies: procedures depend on policy areaI...
2. Decision-making             - CFSP/ESDP -‘Intergovernmental method’Procedures  Principles and general guidelines / Comm...
3. Policy-making in practice  Basic features:     Pillar transcending     Systematic cooperation between member states    ...
4. Financing EU foreign policyComplex system of competences & procedures  Inter-institutional and inter-pillar tensions  P...
4. Financing EU foreign policy   - The CFSP/ESDP budget -CFSP Part of Financial Framework Limited budget: €1,981 million f...
4. Financing EU foreign policy  - European Development Fund -Cotonou AgreementSpecial status  Outside Financial Framework ...
5. EU foreign policy and consistency  Multidimensional challenge:    Horizontal consistency    Institutional consistency  ...
Exploring EU Foreign Policy See the Website Companion and Online Resource Guide:          http://www.exploring-europe.eu/f...
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Chapter 4 the eu's foreign policy system - policy-making

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Chapter 4 the eu's foreign policy system - policy-making

  1. 1. The Foreign Policy of the EU Chapter 4 Policy-making Keukeleire, S. and MacNaughtan, J. (2008) The Foreign Policy of the European Union, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
  2. 2. Contents1. Competences2. Decision-making3. Policy-making in practice4. Financing EU foreign policy5. EU foreign policy and consistency6. Changes in the Treaty of Lisbon © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
  3. 3. 1. CompetencesDifference between first and second pillarBasic principle: conferral of powersEC: general categories of competence Exclusive competences Shared competences Parallel competences Competences to support, coordinate or supplement actions of the member states Flexibility clause (Art. 308 TEC) © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
  4. 4. 1. Competences CFSP/ESDP: parallel competences, but of a different order→ Repercussions for institutional balance of power→ Grey areas between Community and CFSP © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
  5. 5. 2. Decision-making - European Community -‘Community method’First pillar policies: procedures depend on policy areaInternational agreements: different proceduresComplicating factors Often need of various legal bases ‘Mixed agreements’: EC and member statesSpecial provisions: Art. 301 TEC: adoptions of sanctions Art. 308 TEC © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
  6. 6. 2. Decision-making - CFSP/ESDP -‘Intergovernmental method’Procedures Principles and general guidelines / Common strategies Decisions necessary for defining/implementing CFSP International agreementsVoting procedures: General rule: unanimity QMV in some cases Constructive abstention © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
  7. 7. 3. Policy-making in practice Basic features: Pillar transcending Systematic cooperation between member states Multilevel & multilocation foreign policy-making Foreign policy-making dynamics Communitarization Commonization Segmentation→ translating declaratory policy into action © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
  8. 8. 4. Financing EU foreign policyComplex system of competences & procedures Inter-institutional and inter-pillar tensions Part of multilevel and multilocation systemFinancial Framework 2007-2013: ‘Heading 4: European Union as a Global partner’ 53.3 billion (5.7 % of EU budget) Main instruments: IPA, ENPI & DCI © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
  9. 9. 4. Financing EU foreign policy - The CFSP/ESDP budget -CFSP Part of Financial Framework Limited budget: €1,981 million for 2007-2013→ Tensions: political (2° pillar) versus budgetary (1° pillar) Member states’ reluctanceESDP Civilian: through CFSP budget Military: by member states + ‘Athena mechanism’ © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
  10. 10. 4. Financing EU foreign policy - European Development Fund -Cotonou AgreementSpecial status Outside Financial Framework Contributions of member states10th EDF (2008-2013): € 22.7 billion © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
  11. 11. 5. EU foreign policy and consistency Multidimensional challenge: Horizontal consistency Institutional consistency Vertical consistency Inter-state consistency Solutions? Lack of effective mechanisms Lisbon Treaty?→ Credibility of EU as international actor? © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
  12. 12. Exploring EU Foreign Policy See the Website Companion and Online Resource Guide: http://www.exploring-europe.eu/foreignpolicyGuide to the maze of information sources on EU foreign policy for researchers,students and practitionersEU-DocumentsOfficial EU-linksLinks to sources from international organisationsLinks to information from non-governmental organisations, research centres andthink tanksLatest online news on EU Foreign PolicyUpdated tables and PowerPoint presentationsReferences to recent literature © Keukeleire and MacNaughtan, The Foreign Policy of the EU
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