• Like
Vision
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
914
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
27
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Low Vision and Blindness Lois Gumataotao and Gladys Uy ED 443G: Assistive/ Adaptive Technology November 5, 2008 Dr. Jacqui Cyrus
  • 2. Objectives
    • 1. Be able to divide visual disabilities into two functional subgroups
    • 2. Discuss ways to accommodate the general education setting for students with visual disabilities
    • 3. Describe types of assistive technology that benefit people with visual disabilities at school, in the workplace and in independent living.
  • 3. IDEA Definition
    • ...means an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.
  • 4. Types of Visual Loss
    • Activities:
    • Tunnel Vision
    • Peripheral Vision
    • Temporary Blindness
  • 5. Prevalence/ Incidence
    • Nationally:
    • 1.3 million Americans are legally blind
    • 10 million have low vision
    • About 23,973 students between ages 6-17 receive SPED because of low vision or blindness
    • Locally:
    • GPSS is servicing 10 students that are legally blind or have visual inpairments for SY 08-09
  • 6. Signs of Visual Problems
    • Appearance of the eyes:
    • Excessively watery
    • Are red or continually inflamed
    • Appear crusty
    • Are swollen
    • Problems with School Work:
    • The student has difficulty:
    • Reading small print
    • Identifying details in pictures
    • Difficulty distinguishing letters
  • 7. Causes and Prevention
    • Causes:
    • Prenatal factors…heredity
    • Treatments:
    • Laser treatment, surgery, corneal implants
    • Prevention:
    • Wear protective eye gear
    • Eat vegetables high in Vitamin A
  • 8. Assessment
    • Two types of eye specialists provide diagnosis and treatment:
    • Ophthalmologists (medical
    • doctors who specialize
    • in eye disorders)
    • Optometrists (professionals
    • who measure vision and
    • prescribe corrective lenses
  • 9. Early Intervention
    • Ophthalmologist
    • Occupational therapist
    • Physical therapist
    • Orientation and mobility instructor
    • Social worker
  • 10. Teaching Tips
    • Understand the child’s visual functioning capabilities
    • Learn the child’s nonverbal cues indicating interest
    • Identify visual features that enhance the child’s visual functions (color, contrast, size)
  • 11. Accommodating for Inclusive Environments
    • Making the Classroom safe :
    • Open or close the doors fully
    • Eliminate clutter from the room, especially from the aisles and movement paths
    • Don’t leave the room without telling the student.
    • Supplement Instruction :
    • Prepare enlarge-print or braille handouts, summarizing key points
    • Audio record lectures
  • 12. Assistive Technology Devices:
    • Walking Canes
    • Magnifiers
    • Talking watches
    • Talking calculators
    • Braille Books
  • 13. Transition
    • Postsecondary Options:
    • Begin the search for the right college program
    • Register for classes as early as possible
    • Contact readers, locate assistive devices and arrange for accommodations
    • Stay in close communication with faculty
    • Transition to work:
    • Community employment during high school
    • Internships in real work settings during high school
  • 14. Collaboration
    • Teachers should collaborate with the
    • same professionals as in early intervention
    • processes. They are experts in their fields and are able to assist for effective instruction.
  • 15. Youtube
    • 12 year old blind boy plays football
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Ycdpxu51OA
  • 16. References
    • Smith, Deborah (2007), Introduction to Special Education: Making a Difference 6th Edition. Pearson Education, Inc.
    • Youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Ycdpxu51OA
    • http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/532vitaminA.html
    • Mr.Jason Cruz
  • 17. Thought Provoking Questions
    • If a blind student refuses an auditory/oral test and insists on a braille one, yet you have no materials, what would you do?
    • What kind of classroom rules would you implement if you had all visually impaired or blind students?
    • How would you teach a blind student if the parent refuses special education?