Constitution Notes
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Constitution Notes

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Constitution Notes Constitution Notes Presentation Transcript

  • Constitution Notes
    • Title the next page in your notebook Constitution Notes.
    • Copy the following notes in Cornell style.
    • You will be writing questions at home tonight.
    • There are 14 slides of information to take notes on.
  • The Constitution
    • The Constitution is the supreme law of the land
  • Preamble
    • The introduction to the Constitution is called the Preamble.
    • The Preamble begins with the phrase “We the people…”
    • This means that the government is based on the consent of the people.
    View slide
  • Amendment
    • A change in the Constitution
    • There have been 27 amendments to the Constitution.
    • The first 10 amendments are called the Bill of Rights.
    View slide
  • The Branches of Government
    • There are three branches of government:
    • 1. The legislative - which makes the laws
    • 2. The executive - which enforces the laws or make sure the laws are carried out
    • 3. The judicial - which interprets the laws or explains the laws and makes sure they are fair
  • Legislative Branch
    • The legislative branch is called Congress and is made up of two Houses (parts): The House of Representatives and the Senate.
  • The House of Representatives
    • States with the largest populations have the most representatives in the House.
    • House members must be at least 25 years old or older to serve.
    • House members are elected to a two year term.
    • There are 435 members in the House of Representatives.
  • The Senate
    • The Senate is the other part of the Congress
    • There are two senators for each state, which means of course there are 100 Senators.
    • Senators must be at least 30 years old.
    • Senators are elected to a six year term.
  • The Executive Branch
    • The executive branch is headed by the president.
    • The president is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
  • The President
    • The president is elected to a four year term.
    • The president can only serve two terms.
    • The president must be a citizen by birth
    • The president must be at least 35 years old.
  • The Judicial Branch
    • The Judicial Branch of the federal government is headed by the Supreme Court.
    • Supreme Court justices are nominated by the president and approved by the Senate.
    • There are 9 Supreme Court justices, who are appointed for life.
  •  
  • Checks and Balances
    • The framers of the Constitution established a system of checks and balances to prevent any branch government from getting too powerful.
    • Example: Congress has the right to pass bills into law, but the president can veto them, which means the bill does not become a law.
  • More examples
    • If the president vetoes a law, the Congress can override his veto by a 2/3 majority.
    • The Supreme Court can say that any law is unconstitutional. The law no longer exists.
  • Federalism
    • The power of government is also split between the states and the federal government.
    • This is called Federalism.
    • If the Constitution does not have a law, the states can do what they want.
    • State law cannot contradict federal law.
  • Dual Sovereignty
    • Dual Sovereignty means that whatever the federal government does not make a law about, the states can act however they choose.
    • That is why there is different state laws regarding the age of drinking alcohol, driving, the death penalty, and many more.