Constitution Notes


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Constitution Notes

  1. 1. Constitution Notes <ul><li>Title the next page in your notebook Constitution Notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Copy the following notes in Cornell style. </li></ul><ul><li>You will be writing questions at home tonight. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 14 slides of information to take notes on. </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Constitution <ul><li>The Constitution is the supreme law of the land </li></ul>
  3. 3. Preamble <ul><li>The introduction to the Constitution is called the Preamble. </li></ul><ul><li>The Preamble begins with the phrase “We the people…” </li></ul><ul><li>This means that the government is based on the consent of the people. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Amendment <ul><li>A change in the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>There have been 27 amendments to the Constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>The first 10 amendments are called the Bill of Rights. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Branches of Government <ul><li>There are three branches of government: </li></ul><ul><li>1. The legislative - which makes the laws </li></ul><ul><li>2. The executive - which enforces the laws or make sure the laws are carried out </li></ul><ul><li>3. The judicial - which interprets the laws or explains the laws and makes sure they are fair </li></ul>
  6. 6. Legislative Branch <ul><li>The legislative branch is called Congress and is made up of two Houses (parts): The House of Representatives and the Senate. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The House of Representatives <ul><li>States with the largest populations have the most representatives in the House. </li></ul><ul><li>House members must be at least 25 years old or older to serve. </li></ul><ul><li>House members are elected to a two year term. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 435 members in the House of Representatives. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Senate <ul><li>The Senate is the other part of the Congress </li></ul><ul><li>There are two senators for each state, which means of course there are 100 Senators. </li></ul><ul><li>Senators must be at least 30 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Senators are elected to a six year term. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Executive Branch <ul><li>The executive branch is headed by the president. </li></ul><ul><li>The president is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The President <ul><li>The president is elected to a four year term. </li></ul><ul><li>The president can only serve two terms. </li></ul><ul><li>The president must be a citizen by birth </li></ul><ul><li>The president must be at least 35 years old. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Judicial Branch <ul><li>The Judicial Branch of the federal government is headed by the Supreme Court. </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court justices are nominated by the president and approved by the Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 9 Supreme Court justices, who are appointed for life. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Checks and Balances <ul><li>The framers of the Constitution established a system of checks and balances to prevent any branch government from getting too powerful. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Congress has the right to pass bills into law, but the president can veto them, which means the bill does not become a law. </li></ul>
  13. 14. More examples <ul><li>If the president vetoes a law, the Congress can override his veto by a 2/3 majority. </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court can say that any law is unconstitutional. The law no longer exists. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Federalism <ul><li>The power of government is also split between the states and the federal government. </li></ul><ul><li>This is called Federalism. </li></ul><ul><li>If the Constitution does not have a law, the states can do what they want. </li></ul><ul><li>State law cannot contradict federal law. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Dual Sovereignty <ul><li>Dual Sovereignty means that whatever the federal government does not make a law about, the states can act however they choose. </li></ul><ul><li>That is why there is different state laws regarding the age of drinking alcohol, driving, the death penalty, and many more. </li></ul>