Copyright:The Rights and Wrongs MILI 2009 LeAnn Suchy, Metronet email@example.com
Why talk about copyright? What does it mean to be a content creator in today’s world? What does it mean to have content so accessible in today’s world? Can plagiarism-proofing assignments help with copyright concerns? How do we teach media literacy?
What is copyright? A form of protection that gives the creator of an original work the exclusive right to publish and distribute that work. Copyright is automatic, though the U.S. Copyright Office suggests you register for legal reasons. Copyright only lasts a certain amount of time, though for some works one can request a renewal of copyright. After it’s out of copyright the work enters the public domain.
What does copyright protect? Literary works (which can include computer software) Musical works, including accompanying words Dramatic works, including accompanying music Pantomimes & choreographic works Pictorial, graphic, & sculptural works Motion pictures & other audiovisual works Sound recordings Architectural works Taken from U.S. Copyright Office “Copyright Basics” PDF: http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ01.pdf
What is not protected by copyright? Works that have not been fixed in a tangible form of expression (choreographic works that have not been notated or recorded) Titles, names, short phrases, and slogans; familiar symbols or designs; mere variations of typographic ornamentation, lettering, or coloring Ideas, procedures, methods, systems, processes, concepts, principles, discoveries, or devices, as distinguished from a description, explanation, or illustration Works consisting entirely of information that is common property and containing no original authorship (standard calendars, tape measures and rulers, lists or tables taken from public documents) Taken from U.S. Copyright Office “Copyright Basics” PDF: http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ01.pdf
What is not protected by copyright? Your sighting of Elvis However, copyright will protect your picture or depiction of your Elvis sighting Info taken from the U.S. Copyright Office FAQs page: http://www.copyright.gov/help/faq/ Image from Library of Congress: http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/list/235_pop.html
What is fair use? Reproduction of some of a work may be considered “fair use” when used for: News reporting Parody Criticism / Comment Teaching Scholarship / Research
Limitations of fair use Fair use is not an exact science Any guidelines set up by organizations are not a part of Copyright Law These factors should be considered when determining fair use: The purpose and character of the use The nature of the copyrighted work The amount of the work that will be used The effect of the use upon the market value of the copyrighted work Factors from U.S. Copyright Office Fair Use page: http://www.copyright.gov/fls/fl102.html
What is the public domain? Content no longer owned or controlled by anyone. Items in the public domain may be freely: Used Adapted Distributed …used for any purpose you’d like without having to get permissions from any copyright owner
Plagiarism & Copyright Let’s revisit plagiarism again Plagiarism and copyright can go hand in hand Students who don’t know how to cite copyrighted material properly often commit plagiarism without meaning to. Teach proper citation styles and why students need to cite
Plagiarism & Media It is easier than ever to find and copy things on the web, so teaching media literacy is very important Watch the video on, and download, The Code of Best Practices in Fair Use in Media Education Fair Use for you and your students is defined, so read through the best practices and teach them to help avoid copyright infringement and plagiarism
Plagiarism Proofing Assignments Revisit the idea of LPP (Low Probability of Plagiarism) projects LPP projects: Give students choices Ask for narratives rather than just a restatement of the facts Involve a variety of finding activities Tend to be more hands-on Answer real questions
Between now and our meeting… Look at the Copyright Wiki and try editing a page Take another look at the Plagiarism Proofing Assignments information. Any new assignment you can analyze? Look at and watch the video for the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Media Literacy Education – linked under Month 4 resources. Look at the Independent Learning Instructions under Month 4 for more self-paced learning and blogging inspiration…and BLOG!