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Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
Introduction to greek
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Introduction to greek


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A PowerPoint introducing Mythology and the gods/goddesses.

A PowerPoint introducing Mythology and the gods/goddesses.

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  • 1. Introduction to Greek Mythology
  • 2. Introduction to Greek Mythology
    • Prepare yourself for a spectacular and scandalous journey filled with:
  • 3. Unit Objectives
    • Students will be able to…
    • define mythology and explain its purpose.
    • identify mythological vocabulary and its relevance in today’s world.
    • identify the gods and goddesses and explain their relevance to today’s world.
    • identify the archetypes of mythology and explain their relevance to today’s world.
    • read and analyze stories from Greek Mythology to make connections between these classic stories and modern society.
  • 4. Why We Study Greek Mythology
    • It provides insight into the human condition ( human nature ).
    • It grants us a glimpse at an ancient people trying to make sense of phenomena they could not explain.
    • It is the source for many names and terms we use today.
  • 5. Big Ideas of the Unit
    • Greek Mythology has provided the foundation of our modern vocabulary.
    • The plots, themes, and characters of classical literature still resonate today because they illustrate human nature.
    • Archetypes are symbols used in literature to effectively communicate their ideas.
  • 6. What is a myth?
    • Myth comes from the Greek “mythos” which meant “speech” or “discourse” and
    • now means “fable” or “legend.”
    • A myth is “a story of forgotten or vague origin, basically religious or supernatural in nature, which seeks to explain or rationalize one or more aspects of the world or a society.” -
  • 7. Summary of Greek Mythology
    • Polytheistic – They had more than just one god
    • Gods were different from the representation of the Catholic deity. They were more human in personality and likeness and had many human flaws.
    • Gods and goddesses controlled many elements and aspects of the earth, skies, heavens, and underworld.
  • 8. Zeus / Jupiter
    • King of the gods
    • God of air
    • Uses Thunderbolts as his weapon
    • Womanizer – married his own sister
    • Most powerful
    • Symbols: the royal scepter and the lightning bolt.
    Jupiter is so named because it is so big – it is the “King of Planets”
  • 9. Poseidon / Neptune
    • God of the sea and earthquakes
    • Known as the "Earth Shaker."
    • Made horses
    • Trident is weapon and symbol
    • Zeus ’ brother
    • 2 nd most powerful
    Neptune is so named because the blue looks like water
  • 10. Hades / Pluto
    • God of the Underworld and Wealth
    • King of the dead but he is not Death
    • Zeus ’ brother
    • Son of Cronos and Rhea
    • Has a helmet that makes the wearer invisible
    • Persephone (Spring) is his wife
    • NOT EVIL! (but he is unpitying)
    • 3 rd most powerful
    • Symbols: the key of Hades, the Helm of Darkness, and the three-headed dog, Cerberus .
  • 11. Hera / Juno
    • Queen of the gods
    • Protector of marriage
    • Wife/sister of Zeus
    • The peacock is her symbol
    • Cows are sacred to her (ox-eyed Hera)
    • Jealous
    No planet, but there is an asteroid named after her plus a city in Alaska
  • 12. Apollo
    • God of truth, light, archery, and healing
    • Sun god in some myths (Helios is the sun god in other myths)
    • Son of Zeus and Leto
    • Symbols are a laurel wreath, a bow and quiver, a raven , and a lyre .
    • Wolves, dolphins, and crows are sacred to him
    • Has the Oracle of Delphi
    Apollo asteroids are near-earth asteroids
  • 13. Artemis / Diana
    • Apollo ’s Twin sister
    • Goddess of the hunt, wild things, and crossways
    • She is the moon goddess sometimes
    • Virgin goddess
    • As Diana, she is also a goddess of light
    • Symbols: bow, hunting spears
    • Stags are sacred
    The Artemis navigation satellite
  • 14. Aphrodite / Venus
    • Goddess of beauty and love
    • Mother of Eros/Cupid
    • Wife of Hephaestus/Vulcan but lover of Ares/Mars and other guys
    • Her symbols include the rose, the scallop shell, and the myrtle wreath. Her sacred animal is the dove.
    • Born from the foam in the sea caused by the attack of Cronos/ Saturn on Ouranus/Uranus
    Venus is so named because it is a beautiful planet and can be easily seen with just the eye
  • 15. Ares / Mars
    • God of War
    • Son of Zeus and Hera, but both hate him
    • Symbols: golden armor and a bronze-tipped spear
    • He has three children with Aphrodite: Phobos (panic) and Deimos (fear) are twins
    Mars and its moons, Phobos and Deimos
  • 16. Athena / Minerva
    • Goddess of wisdom and defensive war
    • Daughter of Zeus and Metis (titan) – she popped out of his head after he swallowed the pregnant Metis
    • She carries a shield with Medusa ’s head on it
    • Her symbols include the aegis (represented by spear) and the olive tree.
    Minerva was a tiny robot designed by the Japanese to land on an asteroid, but got lost in space.
  • 17. Hephaestus / Vulcan
    • God of fire and the forge
    • Son of Zeus and Hera
    • Ugly
    • Lame because he was thrown off Mt. Olympus for interfering with a fight between Hera and Zeus
    • Husband to Aphrodite
    • His symbols are the hammer, tongs, and anvil .
  • 18. Hermes / Mercury
    • Messenger god and the god of thieves
    • Greek Trickster figure
    • Very fast
    • Son of Zeus and Maia
    • Loves Aphrodite
    • Greeks believed he guided souls to Hades
    • Symbols: herald's wand or caduceus , winged sandals, and a traveler's cap.
    Mercury revolves around the sun so fast, it was named for the messenger god. One year is faster than one day on Mercury The Hermes Asteroid
  • 19. Hestia / Vesta
    • Zeus ’ sister – Oldest of the original gods
    • Goddess of the hearth and home
    • Symbols are the hearth and kettle
    Asteroid Vesta
  • 20. Eros / Cupid
    • God of love
    • Son of Ares and Aphrodite
    • Often portrayed as a child, but not always.
    • He has wings
    • Uses a bow and arrow – arrows cause one to fall in love
    Eros is a near earth asteroid
  • 21. Demeter / Ceres
    • Goddess of vegetation
    • Had powers of growth and resurrection
    • Her daughter is Persephone
    • Her symbols are the Cornucopia (horn of plenty), wheat-ears, the winged serpent and the lotus staff.
    The asteroid Ceres was the first asteroid ever discovered and is one of the largest (about the size of Texas). It almost became a designated as a planet
  • 22. Dionysus / Bacchus
    • Son of Zeus and Semele
    • God of wine and happiness
    • Symbols: the thyrsus (a pinecone-tipped staff), drinking cup, grape vine, and a crown of ivy .
    The Bacchus asteroid