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Introduction to greek

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A PowerPoint introducing Mythology and the gods/goddesses.

A PowerPoint introducing Mythology and the gods/goddesses.

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  • 1. Introduction to Greek Mythology
  • 2. Introduction to Greek Mythology
    • Prepare yourself for a spectacular and scandalous journey filled with:
    DANGER! MAGIC! JEALOUSY! BLOOD AND GORE! EXTRA-MARITAL RELATIONS PRE MARITAL RELATIONS LOVE!
  • 3. Unit Objectives
    • Students will be able to…
    • define mythology and explain its purpose.
    • identify mythological vocabulary and its relevance in today’s world.
    • identify the gods and goddesses and explain their relevance to today’s world.
    • identify the archetypes of mythology and explain their relevance to today’s world.
    • read and analyze stories from Greek Mythology to make connections between these classic stories and modern society.
  • 4. Why We Study Greek Mythology
    • It provides insight into the human condition ( human nature ).
    • It grants us a glimpse at an ancient people trying to make sense of phenomena they could not explain.
    • It is the source for many names and terms we use today.
  • 5. Big Ideas of the Unit
    • Greek Mythology has provided the foundation of our modern vocabulary.
    • The plots, themes, and characters of classical literature still resonate today because they illustrate human nature.
    • Archetypes are symbols used in literature to effectively communicate their ideas.
  • 6. What is a myth?
    • Myth comes from the Greek “mythos” which meant “speech” or “discourse” and
    • now means “fable” or “legend.”
    • A myth is “a story of forgotten or vague origin, basically religious or supernatural in nature, which seeks to explain or rationalize one or more aspects of the world or a society.” - Pantheon.org
  • 7. Summary of Greek Mythology
    • Polytheistic – They had more than just one god
    • Gods were different from the representation of the Catholic deity. They were more human in personality and likeness and had many human flaws.
    • Gods and goddesses controlled many elements and aspects of the earth, skies, heavens, and underworld.
  • 8. Zeus / Jupiter
    • King of the gods
    • God of air
    • Uses Thunderbolts as his weapon
    • Womanizer – married his own sister
    • Most powerful
    • Symbols: the royal scepter and the lightning bolt.
    Jupiter is so named because it is so big – it is the “King of Planets”
  • 9. Poseidon / Neptune
    • God of the sea and earthquakes
    • Known as the "Earth Shaker."
    • Made horses
    • Trident is weapon and symbol
    • Zeus ’ brother
    • 2 nd most powerful
    Neptune is so named because the blue looks like water
  • 10. Hades / Pluto
    • God of the Underworld and Wealth
    • King of the dead but he is not Death
    • Zeus ’ brother
    • Son of Cronos and Rhea
    • Has a helmet that makes the wearer invisible
    • Persephone (Spring) is his wife
    • NOT EVIL! (but he is unpitying)
    • 3 rd most powerful
    • Symbols: the key of Hades, the Helm of Darkness, and the three-headed dog, Cerberus .
  • 11. Hera / Juno
    • Queen of the gods
    • Protector of marriage
    • Wife/sister of Zeus
    • The peacock is her symbol
    • Cows are sacred to her (ox-eyed Hera)
    • Jealous
    No planet, but there is an asteroid named after her plus a city in Alaska
  • 12. Apollo
    • God of truth, light, archery, and healing
    • Sun god in some myths (Helios is the sun god in other myths)
    • Son of Zeus and Leto
    • Symbols are a laurel wreath, a bow and quiver, a raven , and a lyre .
    • Wolves, dolphins, and crows are sacred to him
    • Has the Oracle of Delphi
    Apollo asteroids are near-earth asteroids
  • 13. Artemis / Diana
    • Apollo ’s Twin sister
    • Goddess of the hunt, wild things, and crossways
    • She is the moon goddess sometimes
    • Virgin goddess
    • As Diana, she is also a goddess of light
    • Symbols: bow, hunting spears
    • Stags are sacred
    The Artemis navigation satellite
  • 14. Aphrodite / Venus
    • Goddess of beauty and love
    • Mother of Eros/Cupid
    • Wife of Hephaestus/Vulcan but lover of Ares/Mars and other guys
    • Her symbols include the rose, the scallop shell, and the myrtle wreath. Her sacred animal is the dove.
    • Born from the foam in the sea caused by the attack of Cronos/ Saturn on Ouranus/Uranus
    Venus is so named because it is a beautiful planet and can be easily seen with just the eye
  • 15. Ares / Mars
    • God of War
    • Son of Zeus and Hera, but both hate him
    • Symbols: golden armor and a bronze-tipped spear
    • He has three children with Aphrodite: Phobos (panic) and Deimos (fear) are twins
    Mars and its moons, Phobos and Deimos
  • 16. Athena / Minerva
    • Goddess of wisdom and defensive war
    • Daughter of Zeus and Metis (titan) – she popped out of his head after he swallowed the pregnant Metis
    • She carries a shield with Medusa ’s head on it
    • Her symbols include the aegis (represented by spear) and the olive tree.
    Minerva was a tiny robot designed by the Japanese to land on an asteroid, but got lost in space.
  • 17. Hephaestus / Vulcan
    • God of fire and the forge
    • Son of Zeus and Hera
    • Ugly
    • Lame because he was thrown off Mt. Olympus for interfering with a fight between Hera and Zeus
    • Husband to Aphrodite
    • His symbols are the hammer, tongs, and anvil .
  • 18. Hermes / Mercury
    • Messenger god and the god of thieves
    • Greek Trickster figure
    • Very fast
    • Son of Zeus and Maia
    • Loves Aphrodite
    • Greeks believed he guided souls to Hades
    • Symbols: herald's wand or caduceus , winged sandals, and a traveler's cap.
    Mercury revolves around the sun so fast, it was named for the messenger god. One year is faster than one day on Mercury The Hermes Asteroid
  • 19. Hestia / Vesta
    • Zeus ’ sister – Oldest of the original gods
    • Goddess of the hearth and home
    • Symbols are the hearth and kettle
    Asteroid Vesta
  • 20. Eros / Cupid
    • God of love
    • Son of Ares and Aphrodite
    • Often portrayed as a child, but not always.
    • He has wings
    • Uses a bow and arrow – arrows cause one to fall in love
    Eros is a near earth asteroid
  • 21. Demeter / Ceres
    • Goddess of vegetation
    • Had powers of growth and resurrection
    • Her daughter is Persephone
    • Her symbols are the Cornucopia (horn of plenty), wheat-ears, the winged serpent and the lotus staff.
    The asteroid Ceres was the first asteroid ever discovered and is one of the largest (about the size of Texas). It almost became a designated as a planet
  • 22. Dionysus / Bacchus
    • Son of Zeus and Semele
    • God of wine and happiness
    • Symbols: the thyrsus (a pinecone-tipped staff), drinking cup, grape vine, and a crown of ivy .
    The Bacchus asteroid

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