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Lead Teacher Meeting 09

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Why Teach Physical Education

Why Teach Physical Education

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Lead Teacher Meeting 09 Lead Teacher Meeting 09 Presentation Transcript

  • Why Teach Physical Education? A research based examination as to why Physical Education is a vital component of success in our schools.
  • The Unhealthy State of our Kids
    • One third of American children are overweight, and one fifth are obese. Studies show they will likely become overweight adults.
  •  
  • The Unhealthy State of our Kids
    • Obesity rates are highest among low-income Californians of African American, Latino, American Indian, and Pacific Islander decent.
  • The Unhealthy State of our Kids
    • Obese children are more than twice as likely to have type 2 diabetes as children of normal weight.
    • Experts warn that one in three American children could suffer Type 2 Diabetes in their lifetime
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • Obese = BMI over 30
  • The Unhealthy State of our Kids
    • No Child Left Behind has contributed to student inactivity by reducing the amount of time available for physical education and causing the elimination of recess in many schools, says the National Association for Sport and Physical Activity.
  • The Unhealthy State of our Kids
    • Studies link physical activity to academic achievement and attendance.
    • Schools with a high percentage of students who do not routinely engage in physical activity or eat healthy food had smaller gains in test scores than other schools.
  • Physical Activity and Academic Performance
    • Studies suggest a connection between physical activity and increased levels of alertness, mental function and learning.
  • Research Indicates That:
    • Schools that offer intense physical activity programs see positive effects on academic achievement, including increased concentration; improved mathematics, reading, and writing test scores; and reduced disruptive behavior…
    • even when time for physical education classes reduces the time for academics!
  • Research Indicates That:
    • Providing more opportunity for physical activity (by reducing class time) leads to increased test scores.
    • In one program, a reduction of 240 minutes per week in class time for academics to enable increased physical activity led to higher mathematics scores.
  • Research Indicates That:
    • Higher achievement was associated with higher levels of fitness for fifth-, seventh- and ninth-graders.
  • Research Indicates That:
    • The relationship between academic achievement and fitness was greater in mathematics than in reading, particularly at higher fitness levels.
  • What does California Education Code (EC) Say:
    • California Education Code (EC) requires that schools provide physical education instruction for not less than 200 minutes each 10 school days , exclusive of recess and the lunch period, for students in grades one through six, inclusive.
  • Physical Education Vs Physical Activity:
    • The words physical education and physical activity are often used interchangeably but they differ in important ways.
    • Understanding the difference between the two is critical to understanding why both contribute to the development of healthy and active children. Every child needs both a quality physical education and physical activity program.
  • Physical Activity
    • Physical Activity is ANY BODILY MOVEMENT that is produced by the contraction of skeletal muscle and that substantially increases energy expenditure, including exercise, sport, dance, and other movement forms.
  • Physical Activity
    • Examples of physical activity include:
      • Recess periods
      • Intramural sports
      • Athletic programs
      • Recreational activities
  • Physical Education:
    • Physical Education instructional programs provide students with the SKILLS and KNOWLEDGE they need to ESTABLISH and SUSTAIN physical activity as a key component of their lifestyle, as children, adolescents and adults.
  • Physical Education:
    • Physical education follows model content standards that were adopted by the State Board of Education.
    • These standards in grades K-5 involve 5 overarching concepts.
    • The standards provide a sequential, developmentally appropriate learning experience for students.
  • Physical Education Content Standards:
    • The 5 overarching Standards for grades K-5 include:
      • Standard 1: Students demonstrate the motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities
      • Standard 2: Students demonstrate knowledge of movement concepts, principles and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.
  • Physical Education Content Standards:
      • Standard 3: Students assess and maintain a level of physical fitness to improve health and performance
      • Standard 4: Students demonstrate knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles, and strategies to improve health and performance.
      • Standard 5: Students demonstrate and utilize knowledge of psychological and sociological concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activity.
  • An example of an individual Physical Education content standard:
    • Grade 2
      • Standard 4.2
        • Describe the role of moderate to vigorous physical activity in achieving or maintaining good health.
  • What do “Moderate” and “Vigorous” Activity Mean?
    • MODERATE : While performing the physical activity, if your breathing and heart rate is noticeably faster but you can still carry on a conversation — it's probably moderately intense. Examples include—
    • Walking briskly (a 15-minute mile).
    • Light yard work (raking/bagging leaves or using a lawn mower).
    • Light snow shoveling.
    • Actively playing with children.
    • Biking at a casual pace.
  • What do “Moderate” and “Vigorous” Activity Mean?
    • Vigorous : Your heart rate is increased substantially and you are breathing too hard and fast to have a conversation, it's probably vigorously intense. Examples include—
    • Jogging/running.
    • Swimming laps.
    • Jumping rope.
    • Cross-country skiing.
    • Rollerblading/inline skating at a brisk pace.
    • Most competitive sports (football, basketball, or soccer).
  • Another example of a Physical Education Content Standard:
    • Grade 4
      • Standard 3.6
        • Demonstrate basic stretches using proper alignment for hamstrings, quadriceps, hip flexors, triceps, back, shoulders, hip abductors, and calves.
  • Demonstrations of Basic Stretches:
  • Content Standards: Not just activities!!!
    • Grade 5
      • Standard 5.3
        • Distinguish between acts of physical courage and physically reckless acts and explain the key characteristics of each.
      • Standard 5.4
        • Act in a safe and healthy manner when confronted with negative peer pressure during physical activity.
  • Physical Education: Teaching personal and social responsibility through physical activity. Or… if your friends all jump off a bridge will you jump too?
  • Physical Activity AND Physical Education
    • Physical Activity: The movement our bodies need to be healthy.
    • Physical Education: The knowledge to know how to move, why to move, and how to sustain that movement over a lifetime to be a healthier person!
  • In other words…
  • As a classroom teacher, what do I do now?
    • Classroom teachers with a multiple subject credential are authorized to teach physical education in a self contained classroom (EC Section 44258)
    • The Carol White grant has provided your school with both the curriculum and equipment necessary to meet mandatory minutes through a standards based program!
      • FOLLOW YOUR GAMEDAY BINDER!!!
      • ASK QUESTIONS AND GET FOLLOW UP TRAININGS THIS YEAR AS YOU NEED THEM!!!
      • HELP OUR KIDS BE HEALTHY TODAY AND FOR THE REST OF THEIR LIVES!!!
  • Contact Information
    • Lauren Squaglia
      • Physical Education Specialist
        • Alameda County Office of Education
          • [email_address]
          • (510) 670-4542
          • 313 W. Winton Ave, Hayward, CA 94544
  • References:
    • Comprehensive School Physical Activity Programs
      • A Position Statement from the National Association for Sport and Physical Education
      • http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/pdf_files/cspap_online.pdf
    • California Project Lean
      • Nutrition, Physical Activity and Academic Achievement
      • http://www.californiaprojectlean.org/Assets/1019/files/Nutrition%20%20Physical%20Activity%20and%20Academic%20Achievement_Healthy%20Food%20Policy%20Resource%20Guide.pdf
    • CDC
      • http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/