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24 Saul
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24 Saul

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Israel ask for a King. ...

Israel ask for a King.
Next Lesson: 25 - DAVID
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  • 1. SaulKNOWING 24
  • 2. - How important is our faith to God? - Are the trials in life meant to build our faith? 1 Peter 1:6-7 - Why did God have the story written?
  • 3. Romans 15:4 For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope.
  • 4. - Are the scriptures teaching us? - What is the objective of our learning? - Is it to have hope?
  • 5. - Why did God give Israel the Promised Land? - Was it because of them or God's promise to Abraham? - Why Moses didn't enter the Promised Land? - Did he doubted too?
  • 6. Deuteronomy 32:48-52 Then the LORD spoke to Moses that very same day, saying: “Go up this mountain of the Abarim, Mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, across from Jericho; view the land of Canaan, which I give to the children of Israel as a possession; and die on the mountain which you ascend, and be gathered to your people, just as Aaron your brother died on Mount Hor and was gathered to his people;
  • 7. Deuteronomy 32:48-52 because you trespassed against Me among the children of Israel at the waters of Meribah Kadesh, in the Wilderness of Zin, because you did not hallow Me in the midst of the children of Israel. Yet you shall see the land before you, though you shall not go there, into the land which I am giving to the children of Israel.
  • 8. - Did Moses misrepresent God? - Was God judgment on Moses necessary?
  • 9. - Is there a greater responsibility with authority? - What were the limits of the Promised Land?
  • 10. Joshua 1:1-4 After the death of Moses the servant of the LORD, it came to pass that the LORD spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ assistant, saying: “Moses My servant is dead. Now therefore, arise, go over this Jordan, you and all this people, to the land which I am giving to them—the children of Israel. Every place that the sole of your foot will tread upon I have given you, as I said to Moses. From the wilderness and this Lebanon as far as the great river, the River Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and to the Great Sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be your territory.
  • 11. - Did Israel succeed in taking over the land?
  • 12. Joshua 11:23 So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD had said to Moses; and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land rested from war.
  • 13. - Was God faithful to the promise? - Did Israel keep his part of the covenant with God?
  • 14. Judges 2:1-4 Then the Angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said: “I led you up from Egypt and brought you to the land of which I swore to your fathers; and I said, ‘I will never break My covenant with you. And you shall make no covenant with the inhabitants of this land; you shall tear down their altars.’ But you have not obeyed My voice. Why have you done this? Therefore I also said, ‘I will not drive them out before you; but they shall be thorns in your side, and their gods shall be a snare to you.’” So it was, when the Angel of the LORD spoke these words to all the children of Israel, that the people lifted up their voices and wept.
  • 15. - Why did the children of Israel wept? - Were they sorry for their sins or its consequences?
  • 16. Judges 2:6-13 And when Joshua had dismissed the people, the children of Israel went each to his own inheritance to possess the land. So the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders who outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the LORD which He had done for Israel. Now Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died when he was one hundred and ten years old. And they buried him within the border of his inheritance at Timnath Heres, in the mountains of Ephraim, on the north side of Mount Gaash.
  • 17. Judges 2:6-13 When all that generation had been gathered to their fathers, another generation arose after them who did not know the LORD nor the work which He had done for Israel. Then the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served the Baals; and they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, who had brought them out of the land of Egypt; and they followed other gods from among the gods of the people who were all around them, and they bowed down to them; and they provoked the LORD to anger. They forsook the LORD and served Baal and the Ashtoreths.
  • 18. - What happened after Joshua died? - How many generations after he died? - Why the tendency to go astray? - Do we have to tell the story?
  • 19. Judges 3:5-11 Thus the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites. And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons; and they served their gods. So the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD. They forgot the LORD their God, and served the Baals and Asherahs. Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and He sold them into the hand of Cushan-Rishathaim king of Mesopotamia;
  • 20. Judges 3:5-11 and the children of Israel served Cushan-Rishathaim eight years. When the children of Israel cried out to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the children of Israel, who delivered them: Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother. The Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel. He went out to war, and the LORD delivered Cushan-Rishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed over Cushan-Rishathaim. So the land had rest for forty years. Then Othniel the son of Kenaz died.
  • 21. - What were the consequences of Israel sin? - What happened when they cried out to God? - Did He listen? - Is He merciful?
  • 22. - Who did He raise as a deliverer? - Caleb's nephew? Why Othoniel believes? - Was he aware of the story? - What was the result of his faith? 40 yrs. Of rest
  • 23. 1 Samuel 8:1-6 Now it came to pass when Samuel was old that he made his sons judges over Israel. The name of his firstborn was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba. But his sons did not walk in his ways; they turned aside after dishonest gain, took bribes, and perverted justice. Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah, and said to him, “Look, you are old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.” But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” So Samuel prayed to the LORD.
  • 24. - Why Israel didn't have a King? - Wasn't God supposed to be their King? - Who were the judges and what did they do? - Why did Israel ask for a human King? Were they looking to the other nations as a model to follow?
  • 25. 1 Samuel 8:7-9 And the LORD said to Samuel, “Heed the voice of the people in all that they say to you; for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt, even to this day—with which they have forsaken Me and served other gods—so they are doing to you also. Now therefore, heed their voice. However, you shall solemnly forewarn them, and show them the behavior of the king who will reign over them.’
  • 26. - Who was being rejected? Samuel or God? - What happens when we reject the appointed authority of God? - Did God warn Israel of their choice?
  • 27. 1 Samuel 10:17-24 Then Samuel called the people together to the LORD at Mizpah, and said to the children of Israel, “Thus says the LORD God of Israel: ‘I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of all kingdoms and from those who oppressed you.’ But you have today rejected your God, who Himself saved you from all your adversities and your tribulations; and you have said to Him, ‘No, set a king over us!’ Now therefore, present yourselves before the LORD by your tribes and by your clans.”
  • 28. 1 Samuel 10:17-24 And when Samuel had caused all the tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe of Benjamin was chosen. When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the family of Matri was chosen. And Saul the son of Kish was chosen. But when they sought him, he could not be found. Therefore they inquired of the LORD further, “Has the man come here yet?” And the LORD answered, “There he is, hidden among the equipment.” So they ran and brought him from there;
  • 29. 1 Samuel 10:17-24 and when he stood among the people, he was taller than any of the people from his shoulders upward. And Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see him whom the LORD has chosen, that there is no one like him among all the people?”
  • 30. - Who chose the King? Men or God? - Is not God sovereign and in control? - Why was Saul hiding? - Did God revealed it to him and he was afraid?
  • 31. 1 Samuel 15:1-3 Samuel also said to Saul, “The LORD sent me to anoint you king over His people, over Israel. Now therefore, heed the voice of the words of the LORD. Thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘I will punish Amalek for what he did to Israel, how he ambushed him on the way when he came up from Egypt. Now go and attack Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and do not spare them. But kill both man and woman, infant and nursing child, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.’”
  • 32. - Why did God declare the destruction of Amalek? - Can we understand what God do? - Aren’t the wages of sin death? - Did God have the right? - What did Saul do?
  • 33. 1 Samuel 15:10-15 Now the word of the LORD came to Samuel, saying, “I greatly regret that I have set up Saul as king, for he has turned back from following Me, and has not performed My commandments.” And it grieved Samuel, and he cried out to the LORD all night. So when Samuel rose early in the morning to meet Saul, it was told Samuel, saying, “Saul went to Carmel, and indeed, he set up a monument for himself; and he has gone on around, passed by, and gone down to Gilgal.”
  • 34. 1 Samuel 15:10-15 Then Samuel went to Saul, and Saul said to him, “Blessed are you of the LORD! I have performed the commandment of the LORD.” But Samuel said, “What then is this bleating of the sheep in my ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?” And Saul said, “They have brought them from the Amalekites; for the people spared the best of the sheep and the oxen, to sacrifice to the LORD your God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed.”
  • 35. - Why did God regret His decision to make Saul King? - Didn't He know what was going to happen? - Did He give the opportunity to Saul?
  • 36. - Why did he set a monument for himself in Carmel? - Did Saul heart changed after he was made king? - What did Saul say to Samuel? I have performed... - And when asked about the animals? The people spared...
  • 37. 1 Samuel 15:16-23 Then Samuel said to Saul, “Be quiet! And I will tell you what the LORD said to me last night.” And he said to him, “Speak on.” So Samuel said, “When you were little in your own eyes, were you not head of the tribes of Israel? And did not the LORD anoint you king over Israel? Now the LORD sent you on a mission, and said, ‘Go, and utterly destroy the sinners, the Amalekites, and fight against them until they are consumed.’ Why then did you not obey the voice of the LORD? Why did you swoop down on the spoil, and do evil in the sight of the LORD?”
  • 38. 1 Samuel 15:16-23 And Saul said to Samuel, “But I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and gone on the mission on which the LORD sent me, and brought back Agag king of Amalek; I have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. But the people took of the plunder, sheep and oxen, the best of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice to the LORD your God in Gilgal.”
  • 39. 1 Samuel 15:16-23 So Samuel said: “Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed than the fat of rams. For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, He also has rejected you from being king.”
  • 40. - Was he justifying himself before Samuel? - Did Saul kill the king of Amalek? - Were the sacrifices more important than obedience to His word? - Why were the sacrifices to the God of Samuel? - Who is Saul's God?
  • 41. 1 Samuel 15:24-31 Then Saul said to Samuel, “I have sinned, for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD and your words, because I feared the people and obeyed their voice. Now therefore, please pardon my sin, and return with me, that I may worship the LORD.” But Samuel said to Saul, “I will not return with you, for you have rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD has rejected you from being king over Israel.” And as Samuel turned around to go away, Saul seized the edge of his robe, and it tore. So Samuel said to him,
  • 42. 1 Samuel 15:24-31 “The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today, and has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you. And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor relent. For He is not a man, that He should relent.” Then he said, “I have sinned; yet honor me now, please, before the elders of my people and before Israel, and return with me, that I may worship the LORD your God.” So Samuel turned back after Saul, and Saul worshiped the LORD.
  • 43. - Who was Saul asking forgiveness from? Samuel or God? - Was it more important for Saul to be recognized before the people than before God? - Where were Saul's eyes set upon?
  • 44. - Was there fear of men in Saul’s heart? - Did Saul know God? Did he believe Him? - Did he have any spiritual foundation? - Who takes away kings?
  • 45. 1 Samuel 15:35 & 16:1-13 And Samuel went no more to see Saul until the day of his death. Nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul, and the LORD regretted that He had made Saul king over Israel. Now the LORD said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons.” And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” But the LORD said, “Take a heifer with you, and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’
  • 46. 1 Samuel 15:35 & 16:1-13 Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; you shall anoint for Me the one I name to you.” So Samuel did what the LORD said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, “Do you come peaceably?” And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. Sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the sacrifice. So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, “Surely the LORD’s anointed is before Him!”
  • 47. 1 Samuel 15:35 & 16:1-13 But the LORD said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have refused him. For the LORD does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart.” So Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.” Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.” Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The LORD has not chosen these.”
  • 48. 1 Samuel 15:35 & 16:1-13 And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all the young men here?” Then he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and bring him. For we will not sit down till he comes here.” So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good- looking. And the LORD said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is the one!” Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah.
  • 49. - Why did Samuel cry for Saul? What is God’s response? - Did the elders fear Samuel or His Authority? - What happens when Samuel sees the first child? - Do we see as God does? - What is God looking at?
  • 50. - Was Samuel careful in waiting the word of the Lord? - What is the meaning of the anointing with oil? - Can we accomplish anything without His Spirit? - Who did God choose? Why? - This time, whose initiative it is? Gods - Is it important to follow God’s commands?
  • 51. 1 Samuel 13:13-14 And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. But now your kingdom shall not continue. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”
  • 52. - How did God choose the new man? - How is our heart? - What does it mean to have a heart after Gods?
  • 53. WHAT DID WE LEARN TODAY? - The purpose of scripture is to teach us and give us hope. - Before the promised land, we must pass through the desert, where God tries and judge us. - God is faithful to His promises, but our fallen nature takes us away from Him. - We should seek and follow God, instead of raised leaders on whom we attempt to place our responsibility. - It is much better to fear and obey God than fear men. - God sees our hearts, and not the outward appearance of man. Share your own comment …
  • 54. David Our next lesson: