Balance Vida- Trabajo
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Balance Vida- Trabajo

on

  • 7,206 views

Aproximaciones sobre el balance entre vida y trabajo

Aproximaciones sobre el balance entre vida y trabajo

Statistics

Views

Total Views
7,206
Views on SlideShare
6,578
Embed Views
628

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
30
Comments
0

3 Embeds 628

http://blog.pucp.edu.pe 598
http://www.slideshare.net 29
http://64.76.109.218 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Balance Vida- Trabajo Balance Vida- Trabajo Presentation Transcript

  • BALANCE ENTRE VIDA Y TRABAJO PROF. Dr. LUIS SIME POMA Lima, 2009 http://blog.pucp.edu.pe/luissime
  • Tomado de: http://www.worklifebalance.ie/index.asp?locID=87&docID=-1
  • INTRODUCCION
    • Creciente interés por el tema trabajo-vida: por indicadores de salud y costos laborales que está llevando a varios países a construir normatividades (Australia-Inglaterra-Canadá, etc.) y promover medidas de prevención personal e institucionales.
    • El proceso histórico de la modernidad: nuevas condiciones sociales y culturales para la relación entre T-F.
    • Crisis de la matriz unificadora de las sociedades premodernas: religión e identidad comunitaria fuerte.
    VISION HISTORICA DEL LA RELACION TRABAJO-VIDA
    • La modernidad extrae del contexto y tradición familiar y comunitario, el trabajo, genera mecanismos y filtros para la separación.
    • El paradigma de desarrollo reduccionista-economicista agudiza la tensión entre trabajo-vida generando un alto costo.
  • Acercamientos multidisciplinarios
      • Gestión organizacional (Climas laborales/ ISO)
      • Sociología del trabajo
      • Psicología familiar
      • Trabajo Social
  • TEORÍAS DEL WORK-LIFE BALANCE
    • Spillover theory : emotions&behaviours in one sphere would carry over to the other (employees having a bad day at work are more likely to be in bad mood when they return home)
    • ways in which paid work can positively or negatively spill over into family life and the ways in which family life can positively or negatively spillover into paid work life.
  • Figure 1: Underlying framework for Work, Family and Parenting study Brunton, 2006
  • Figure 31: Positive spillover – home to work Brunton, 2006
  •  
    • Compensation theory : an inverse relationship exists between work&family such that people make differing investments in each in an attempt to make up for what one is missing in the other :
    • individuals with unsatisfying family lives, will try to pursue work activities that bring satisfaction, and the reverse.
    • Hakim (2002) proposes that ‘ preference theory’ can explain and predict women’s choices between paid work and family work five historical changes which have been collectively important in creating a new scenario in which women in rich modern societies have genuine choices.
    • These historical changes are as follows:
      • the contraceptive revolution
      • the equal opportunities revolution
      • the expansion of white-collar occupations
      • the creation of jobs for secondary earners
      • the increasing importance of attitudes, values and personal preferences in the lifestyle choices of prosperous, liberal modern societies.
    • “ women choose three different lifestyles: home-centred,
    • work-centred or
    • adaptive.
    • These divergent lifestyle preferences are found at all levels of education, and in all social classes” (Hakim 2003).
    • Asked to indicate a preference for the one they would ideally choose for themselves:
    • Both partners have jobs. Jobs are equally demanding. Housework and childcare responsibilities are shared equally.
    • Both partners have jobs. One partner has a more demanding job and the other partner does a larger share of the housework/ childcare responsibilities.
    • One partner has a job and the other partner mainly does the housework/ childcare responsibilities.
    • BORDER THEORY: people are
    • proactive and not reactive, they
    • moved back and forth between
    • their work and family lives,
    • shaping each, negotiating and
    • comunicating.
    • Questions:
    • How do individuals segment or
    • integrate work and home?
    • What determines whether a
    • person’s degree of separation or
    • integration leads to balance?
    • (Campbell 2000)
    Differences Work&family: times and spaces,and ends: Work Family Provides income and gives a sense of accomplishment Create a supportive culture of certain behaviours and ways of thinking (control emotions) Responsible/capable Close relationships & personal hapiness Proper to express emotions Loving, giving
    • “… the primary connection between work and family
    • systems is not emotional, but human. People are border-
    • crossers who make daily transitions between two worlds
    • – the world of work and the world of family. People
    • shape these worlds, mold the borders between them,
    • and determine the border-crosser’s relationship to that
    • world and its members. Though people shape their
    • environments, they are, in turn, shaped by them. It is
    • this very contradiction of determining and being
    • determined by our work and home environments that
    • makes work/family balance one of the most challenging
    • concepts in the study of work and the study of families”
    • (p.748)
  •  
  • Situational-simultaneous APPROACH (Sime)
    • Balance: what kinds of situations does the person
    • lives simulatenously between the work and family that
    • can affect in his balance?
    • The people live different types of critical situations
    • simulatenosly and should respond to them.
    • The critical situations can be stable or transitionals.
    • The critical situations involve emotions, thinking,
    • actions…
    • The people respond critical situations in their work and family depending on the degree of demanding . When in both domains the degree is in the top increase the conflict.
    • The people respond critical situations in their work and family depending on the level of proximity with the people envolve in the critical situation.
    • When in both domains the people involve is close and the degree of demanding is high increase the conflict
  • familia núcleo extendida -enfermedad+ 1 2 3 4 -comunicación+ 1 2 3 4 trabajo núcleo extendida -enfermedad+ 1 2 3 4 -comunicación+ 1 2 3 4 CONDICIONES DE TENSIÓN SITUACIONAL SIMULTANEA FAMILIA-TRABAJO -eficacia+ 1 2 3 4 -ético+ 1 2 3 4 -ético+ 1 2 3 4 Otros incidentes críticos Nacimiento/fallecimiento Matrimonio-convivencia/ separación-divorcio Independencia/viaje hijos -eficacia+ 1 2 3 4
  • Otras limitaciones de las teorías del work&life balance
    • Construidas sobre la base del trabajo pagado/ del empleo fijo-formal
    • Construidas desde la base de una familia-tipo urbano
    • Construidas desde la noción que el trabajo está allá afuera de la casa (hay familias-empresa que trabajan dentro)
    • Desde el punto de vista escolar el alumno que no trabaja también construye una relación entre escuela-familia; y el que trabaja entre escuela-trabajo-familia