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Erosion and Deposition

Agents, Forces, and Results
What Caused This?
What is Erosion?
• Erosion - moving of rock material from
one place to a new location
– For erosion to occur three process...
What Is Wind Erosion?
• Wind - responsible for wearing away rocks and

creating great deserts like the Sahara Desert
and G...
What Is Water Erosion?
• Water - most influential force in erosion
– Ability to move materials from one location to
anothe...
What Is Wave Erosion?
• Waves - relentless pounding
– Erodes the softer, weaker parts of the rock
first, leaving harder, m...
What Is Gravitational Erosion?
• Mass movement - downward movement of

rock and sediments, mainly due to the force of
grav...
What Is Glacial Erosion?

• Ice

- moves and carries rocks, grinding the

rocks beneath the glacier
– Glaciers pluck and a...
What is Deposition?
• Deposition - laying down of sediment that has
been transported by a medium such as wind,
water, or i...
Deposition - Wind
• Wind speed can be related to variations in
heating and cooling
– Wind can transport fine particles in ...
Deposition - Water
• Running water enters a large, fairly still body of
water and its speed decreases.
– As speed decrease...
Deposition - Ice
• Glacial flows of ice - become slower when the ice

begins melting
– Deposits left by glaciers are calle...
What’s the Difference?
• WEATHERING - think weather wearing
rock down
• EROSION - think of a road and traveling

• DEPOSIT...
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12 s070502 e_erosion and deposition ppt

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Transcript of "12 s070502 e_erosion and deposition ppt"

  1. 1. Erosion and Deposition Agents, Forces, and Results
  2. 2. What Caused This?
  3. 3. What is Erosion? • Erosion - moving of rock material from one place to a new location – For erosion to occur three processes must take place: detachment of particles, lifting them, and transporting them – Many agents of erosion - flowing water, moving ice, waves, gravity, or wind – Sand consists of small pieces of rock that have been weathered from a parent rock, eroded, and deposited somewhere else
  4. 4. What Is Wind Erosion? • Wind - responsible for wearing away rocks and creating great deserts like the Sahara Desert and Gobi – Most effective in moving loose material – Two main effects: (1) Wind causes small particles to be lifted and moved away. (2) Suspended particles may impact on solid objects causing erosion by abrasion (rubbing). – Occurs in areas where there is not enough rainfall to support vegetation
  5. 5. What Is Water Erosion? • Water - most influential force in erosion – Ability to move materials from one location to another over long distances – The faster water moves in streams the larger objects it can pick up and transport – Responsible for wearing away of rocks in rivers, lakes, and the oceans
  6. 6. What Is Wave Erosion? • Waves - relentless pounding – Erodes the softer, weaker parts of the rock first, leaving harder, more resistant rock behind – Can take over 100 years to erode a rock to sand – Energy of waves along with the chemical content of the water erodes the rock off the coastline
  7. 7. What Is Gravitational Erosion? • Mass movement - downward movement of rock and sediments, mainly due to the force of gravity. – Moves material from higher elevations to lower elevations where streams and glaciers can pick up the material and move it to lower elevations – Process is occurring continuously on all slopes, some act very slowly while others occur very suddenly until equilibrium is reached
  8. 8. What Is Glacial Erosion? • Ice - moves and carries rocks, grinding the rocks beneath the glacier – Glaciers pluck and abrade to cause erosion – Plucking occurs when water enters cracks under the glacier, freezing, and breaking off pieces of rock that are then carried by the glacier. – Abrasion cuts into the rock under the glacier, smoothing and polishing the rock surface
  9. 9. What is Deposition? • Deposition - laying down of sediment that has been transported by a medium such as wind, water, or ice – Process of erosion stops when the moving particles fall out of the transporting medium and settle on a surface. This settling is deposition. – If the speed of the medium slows or the resistance of the particles increases, the balance changes and causes deposition. – Speed can be reduced by large rocks, hills, vegetation, etc.
  10. 10. Deposition - Wind • Wind speed can be related to variations in heating and cooling – Wind can transport fine particles in suspension hundreds of km from its original source in the desert. – Heavier material may be blown along the ground. – Material is eventually deposited when the wind changes direction or loses its strength. – Obstacles, whether natural of man-made, will often decide where the deposition occurs and the nature of the feature formed.
  11. 11. Deposition - Water • Running water enters a large, fairly still body of water and its speed decreases. – As speed decreases, water's ability to carry sediments decreases – Sediments carried by running water are deposited where the slowing water can no longer move them. Largest particles are deposited near the shore. Increasingly smaller particles settle out farther from the shore where the water is calmer – Occurs in streams, rivers, oceans, etc.
  12. 12. Deposition - Ice • Glacial flows of ice - become slower when the ice begins melting – Deposits left by glaciers are called moraines and outwashes – Moraines are large chunks of broken rock left at the base and sides of the glacier as it melts and recedes – Finer material is carried in the rivers that form when the glacial ice melts. The deposits of these rivers look similar to normal river deposits and are called outwashes
  13. 13. What’s the Difference? • WEATHERING - think weather wearing rock down • EROSION - think of a road and traveling • DEPOSITION – think of depositing money in a bank
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