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Joints and sporting actions
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Joints and sporting actions

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  • 1. STARTER…
    • List 10 bones of the skeleton. Start with the head and work down.
    • Use the labelled skeleton from last lesson and circle where you think there is a joint.
    • What is a joint?
  • 2.
    • WALT
    • Identify the 6 types of freely moveable joint.
    • Provide examples of sporting movements for each type of joint.
    • Describe the movement allowed at each joint.
    • WILF
    • Use of good terminology
    • Work to the best of your ability
    • Provide sporting examples.
  • 3. PE HOME WORK (Last lesson)
    • Complete the work sheet – identify the types of bones (long, short, flat, irregular)
    • 2. Research question…
    • How does the skeleton provide movement?
    • What is a joint?
    • Types of joints?
    • Movement that occurs at each joint?
    • Hand in next lesson to be marked for assessment.
  • 4. Condyloid
  • 5. A JOINT
    • “ A place where two or more bones meet.”
    • Movement
    • Flexion
    • Extension
    • Abduction
    • Adduction
    • Rotation
    • TASK:
    • What movement occurs at a ball and socket joint and a hinge joint.
    • Provide 3 sporting examples of the joints in action.
  • 6. BALL AND SOCKET JOINT Examples Hip and Shoulder
  • 7. BALL AND SOCKET
    • Moves in all directions
    • Flexion, Extension
    • Abduction, Adduction
    • Rotation
    • E.g. Shoulder and hip
  • 8. HINGE JOINT Examples = Elbow and knee
  • 9. HINGE JOINT
    • Only allows flexion and extension.
  • 10. Movements at joints
    • A task with the text books
    • 1)You need to write a DEFINITION (in your own words) for the following movements at joints:
    • FLEXION / EXTENSION / ROTATION / ADDUCTION / ABDUCTION
    • 2) You need to think of a sporting movement that uses this movement
    • Use p.32
    • so … FLEXION
    • Definition …
    • Sporting movement …
  • 11. Parts of a SYNOVIAL JOINT:
    • Cartilage - this covers the end of a bone forming a tough layer to protect them and stop them rubbing together (friction)
    • Joint Capsule – this is joined to the bones and is a thick tissue that protects the joint
    • Synovial Membrane – this is a layer on the inside of the joint capsule that produces synovial fluid
    • Synovial Fluid – is inside the joint and lubricates the joint to stop friction
    • Ligament – Attaches bone to bone and keeps the bone in place.