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Joints and sporting actions
 

Joints and sporting actions

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    Joints and sporting actions Joints and sporting actions Presentation Transcript

    • STARTER…
      • List 10 bones of the skeleton. Start with the head and work down.
      • Use the labelled skeleton from last lesson and circle where you think there is a joint.
      • What is a joint?
      • WALT
      • Identify the 6 types of freely moveable joint.
      • Provide examples of sporting movements for each type of joint.
      • Describe the movement allowed at each joint.
      • WILF
      • Use of good terminology
      • Work to the best of your ability
      • Provide sporting examples.
    • PE HOME WORK (Last lesson)
      • Complete the work sheet – identify the types of bones (long, short, flat, irregular)
      • 2. Research question…
      • How does the skeleton provide movement?
      • What is a joint?
      • Types of joints?
      • Movement that occurs at each joint?
      • Hand in next lesson to be marked for assessment.
    • Condyloid
    • A JOINT
      • “ A place where two or more bones meet.”
      • Movement
      • Flexion
      • Extension
      • Abduction
      • Adduction
      • Rotation
      • TASK:
      • What movement occurs at a ball and socket joint and a hinge joint.
      • Provide 3 sporting examples of the joints in action.
    • BALL AND SOCKET JOINT Examples Hip and Shoulder
    • BALL AND SOCKET
      • Moves in all directions
      • Flexion, Extension
      • Abduction, Adduction
      • Rotation
      • E.g. Shoulder and hip
    • HINGE JOINT Examples = Elbow and knee
    • HINGE JOINT
      • Only allows flexion and extension.
    • Movements at joints
      • A task with the text books
      • 1)You need to write a DEFINITION (in your own words) for the following movements at joints:
      • FLEXION / EXTENSION / ROTATION / ADDUCTION / ABDUCTION
      • 2) You need to think of a sporting movement that uses this movement
      • Use p.32
      • so … FLEXION
      • Definition …
      • Sporting movement …
    • Parts of a SYNOVIAL JOINT:
      • Cartilage - this covers the end of a bone forming a tough layer to protect them and stop them rubbing together (friction)
      • Joint Capsule – this is joined to the bones and is a thick tissue that protects the joint
      • Synovial Membrane – this is a layer on the inside of the joint capsule that produces synovial fluid
      • Synovial Fluid – is inside the joint and lubricates the joint to stop friction
      • Ligament – Attaches bone to bone and keeps the bone in place.