Hg 6e ch_10_lecture

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Hg 6e ch_10_lecture

  1. 1. Chapter 10 Lecture Human Geography: Places and Regions in Global Context Sixth EditionUrbanizationWendy A. MitteagerState University of New York, Oneonta
  2. 2. Key Concepts • Urbanization • Primacy & centrality • Urban expansion • Overurbanization • Gateway & shock cities • Megacities • Central place theory • Deindustrialization Figure: Chapter 10 Opener Busy streets of Bamako, Mali, West Africa© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  3. 3. Urbanization • Doubling time • Towns & cities role in human economic and social organization – Mobilizing function – Decision-making capacity – Generative functions – Transformative capacity Apply your knowledge: Provide examples of how the transformative capacity of urban settlements can be liberating for some people.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  4. 4. Urbanization, (contd) Figure 10.1 Urbanization, 2009© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  5. 5. Urbanization, (contd) Figure 10.2 Rates of growth in urbanization, 2000–2010© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  6. 6. Urbanization, (contd) • Concerned with • Urbanism the similarities & • Urban origins differences among & within urban places • Urban system • Urban form • Urban ecology Figure 10.3 Erbil in northeast Iraq© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  7. 7. Cities and Civilization Figure 10.A The buzz factor: meatpacking Figure 10.B Vienna: the coffee house was the district of Manhattan classic setting in the golden age© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  8. 8. European Urban Expansion • Feudalism • Towns depended on role – Ecclesiastical or university center – Defensive stronghold – Administrative centers • Gateway cities Figure 10.5 Chartres, France© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  9. 9. European Urban Expansion, (contd) Figure 10.6a The walled medieval town Figure 10.6b The 13thC strategic center of Aigues-Mortes, France of Urbino, Italy Apply your knowledge: List probable gateway cities along the Atlantic seaboard of North America. What were their principle imports and exports?© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  10. 10. European Urban Expansion, (contd) Figure 10.8 The towns and cities of Europe, ca. 1350© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  11. 11. Gateway cities in the Evolving World- System Periphery Figure 10.9 Gateway cities in the evolving world-system periphery© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  12. 12. Industrialization and Urbanization • Transport networks • Shock city Figure 10.10 The Burgundy canal in France Figure 10.14 The urbanization process in the worlds core regions© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  13. 13. Industrialization and Urbanization, (contd) Figure 10.12 Manchester, England: The "shock city" of the 19th C© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  14. 14. Industrialization and Urbanization, (contd) Figure 10.13 Growth of Chicago Apply your knowledge: How have the transportation technologies affected the history of the town or city in which you live?© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  15. 15. Colonial Cities • European imperialism • "Established" or planted • Colonial functions grafted onto an existing [Insert Figure 10.15] settlement Figure 10.15 Mumbai, an example of colonial architecture and urban design© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  16. 16. Urban Systems • Central place theory • Rank-size rule • Primacy • Centrality • Connectivity • World cities Figure 10.17 Functional specialization within an urban system© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  17. 17. Urban Systems, (contd) Figure 10.16 The Spanish urban system© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  18. 18. Urban Systems, (contd) Figure 10.18 Examples of urban centrality© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  19. 19. Urban Systems, (contd) Figure 10.19 The "square mile" of the city of London Table 10.1 Alpha-level world cities in 2088© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  20. 20. The World City Network Figure 10.D Top 25 cities in the global cities index 2010© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  21. 21. World Urbanization Today • Overurbanization • Squatter settlements • Megacities • Informal sector [Insert Figure 10.23] Figure 10.20 Slum housing in Nairobi, Kenya, a peripheral city Apply your knowledge: List the differences between megacities and world cities© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  22. 22. World Urbanization Today, (contd) Figure 10.24 Child labor in India© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  23. 23. World Urbanization Today, (contd) [Insert Figure 10.25] [Insert Figure 10.26] Figure 10.23 Mumbai Figure 10.22 Mexico City© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  24. 24. The Core: Mature Metropolises • Deindustrialization • Agglomeration Diseconomics • Decentralization of jobs and people • Counterurbanization • Reurbanization Apply your knowledge:Identify a town or city that has experienced counterurbanization or reurbanization over the last 10 years. Provide reasons for this occurrence.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  25. 25. The Pearl River Delta Figure 10.F City of Hong Kong Figure 10.E An extended metropolitan region Figure 10.G Guangzhou, China© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  26. 26. Future Geographies© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  27. 27. End of Chapter 10© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

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