Chapter 6 Lecture               Human Geography: Places and                  Regions in Global Context                    ...
Key Concepts   •   Relationships between people and space   •   Environmental behavior   •   Territoriality   •   Cognitiv...
Behavior, Knowledge, and Human                      Environments   • Interdependence     between people     and places   •...
Behavior, Knowledge, and Human                Environments, (cont’d)            Figure 6.2 A Shepards map, drawn by a 10-y...
Place-Making   • Places are socially     constructed   • Territoriality   • Proxemics   • Insiders and     Outsiders      ...
Place-Making, (cont’d)   • Cognitive images   • Paths, edges,     districts, nodes,     landmarks   • Distortions         ...
Place-Making, (cont’d)                                                            Figur6                Figure 6.6 Images ...
Place-Making, (cont’d)   Figure 6.7 Preference map of the U.S. held by a group of Virginia Tech students, based on   the p...
Landscapes as Human Systems   • Derelict landscapes   • Ordinary landscapes   • Humanistic approach     in geography      ...
Landscapes as Human Systems, (cont’d)                                 Figure 6.8 Some cities are                          ...
Landscapes as Human Systems, (cont’d)  Figure 6.9 These ordinary landscapes in New England and Middle America have become ...
Coded Spaces   • Landscape as text   • Semiotics   • Commercial spaces       – “Palaces of consumption”   • Sacred spaces ...
Coded Spaces, (cont’d) Figure 6.12 Angor Wat, Cambodia is a sacred   Figure 6.15 Points of origin of European space for Bu...
Jerusalem, the Holy City Figure 6.A Map of Jerusalem     Figure 6.B Dome of the Rock© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Place and Space in Modern Society   • Modernity       – Emphasizes reason, scientific rationality, creativity,         nov...
Globalization and Place-Making   • Spread of Modernity to peripheral regions   • Cyberspace       – With its own “landscap...
Cyberspace and Social Networking  Figure 6.D How people share content   Figure 6.F© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Cyberspace and Social Networking, (cont’d)  Figure 6.C Estimated number of worldwide   Figure 6.G Number of Facebook  user...
Waldkirch, Germany Figure 6.H The heart of the town is    Figure 6.J The Slow City movement in Waldkirch the Marktplatz, w...
Places as Objects of Consumption   • “Culture industries”       – Advertising strategies   • Visual and experiential     c...
Places as Objects of Consumption, (cont’d) Figure 6.20 Thames Town in Shanghai,          Figure 6.21 Consumption in style ...
Future Geographies   • Homogenization of culture   • Cosmopolitanism    Figure 6.22 The McDonald’s Buddha seated in    lot...
End of Chapter 6© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
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Hg 6e ch_06_lecture

  1. 1. Chapter 6 Lecture Human Geography: Places and Regions in Global Context Sixth EditionInterpreting Places andLandscapesWendy A. MitteagerState University of New York, Oneonta
  2. 2. Key Concepts • Relationships between people and space • Environmental behavior • Territoriality • Cognitive images • Landscapes • Sacred spaces • Place-making • Modernity Figure: Chapter 6 Opener The Vietnam Veteran Memorial illustrates the power of landscape to affect us© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  3. 3. Behavior, Knowledge, and Human Environments • Interdependence between people and places • Understanding environmental perception and knowledge • Cindi Katz Figure 6.1 Conflicting environmental perceptions in California© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  4. 4. Behavior, Knowledge, and Human Environments, (cont’d) Figure 6.2 A Shepards map, drawn by a 10-year-old Sudanese boy, illustrating his detailed environmental knowledge© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  5. 5. Place-Making • Places are socially constructed • Territoriality • Proxemics • Insiders and Outsiders Figure 6.3 Graffiti as territorial markers Apply your knowledge: Describe the relationship between ethology and territoriality. Evaluate examples that you experience in everyday life of proxemics as a territorializing force.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  6. 6. Place-Making, (cont’d) • Cognitive images • Paths, edges, districts, nodes, landmarks • Distortions Figure 6.5 Cognitive image of Boston Apply your knowledge: Use the five elements to map out your image of the college campus.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  7. 7. Place-Making, (cont’d) Figur6 Figure 6.6 Images of Los Angeles as seen by residents of different communities.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  8. 8. Place-Making, (cont’d) Figure 6.7 Preference map of the U.S. held by a group of Virginia Tech students, based on the perceived attractiveness of cities and states as places to live.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  9. 9. Landscapes as Human Systems • Derelict landscapes • Ordinary landscapes • Humanistic approach in geography Figure 6.10 Vulgaria: size and ostentation are the dominant factors in upscale U.S. residential development© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  10. 10. Landscapes as Human Systems, (cont’d) Figure 6.8 Some cities are immediately recognizable because of their famous landmarks.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  11. 11. Landscapes as Human Systems, (cont’d) Figure 6.9 These ordinary landscapes in New England and Middle America have become symbolic of the U.S.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  12. 12. Coded Spaces • Landscape as text • Semiotics • Commercial spaces – “Palaces of consumption” • Sacred spaces Figure 6.13 Sacred sites of Hindu India© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  13. 13. Coded Spaces, (cont’d) Figure 6.12 Angor Wat, Cambodia is a sacred Figure 6.15 Points of origin of European space for Buddhists group-organized pilgrims to Lourdes in 1978© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  14. 14. Jerusalem, the Holy City Figure 6.A Map of Jerusalem Figure 6.B Dome of the Rock© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  15. 15. Place and Space in Modern Society • Modernity – Emphasizes reason, scientific rationality, creativity, novelty, and progress Figure 6.17 Modernized rural landscape, U.K. Figure 6.16 Modernist urban landscape, an office district in Paris© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  16. 16. Globalization and Place-Making • Spread of Modernity to peripheral regions • Cyberspace – With its own “landscape” • Commonalities of a shared, global consciousness Figure 6.18 The slow city movement, a grassroots response to globalization, supports “slow food.”© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  17. 17. Cyberspace and Social Networking Figure 6.D How people share content Figure 6.F© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  18. 18. Cyberspace and Social Networking, (cont’d) Figure 6.C Estimated number of worldwide Figure 6.G Number of Facebook users of social networks users compared to populations of selected countries© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  19. 19. Waldkirch, Germany Figure 6.H The heart of the town is Figure 6.J The Slow City movement in Waldkirch the Marktplatz, which dates from the allows for social bonds to develop among pedestrians. early Middle Ages.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  20. 20. Places as Objects of Consumption • “Culture industries” – Advertising strategies • Visual and experiential consumption • “Heritage industry” Figure 6.19 Las Vegas showcases “historic” settings based mostly on stereotypes Apply your knowledge: Compare and contrast modernity and postmodernity. Give specific examples of each.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  21. 21. Places as Objects of Consumption, (cont’d) Figure 6.20 Thames Town in Shanghai, Figure 6.21 Consumption in style at the Bed China combines commercial, residential, and Restaurant, Florida cultural elements© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  22. 22. Future Geographies • Homogenization of culture • Cosmopolitanism Figure 6.22 The McDonald’s Buddha seated in lotus position in Shanghai, China was removed within one month due to criticism. In 2005, a less controversial version was introduced around Thailand without much objection.© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
  23. 23. End of Chapter 6© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
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