Fellmann11e ch7


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Fellmann11e ch7

  1. 1. Human Geography Jerome D. Fellmann Mark Bjelland Arthur Getis Judith Getis
  2. 2. Human Geography Chapter 7 Folk and Popular Culture: Diversity and Uniformity Insert figure 7.21 © 1997 IMS Communications Ltd/Capstone Design. All Rights Reserved
  3. 3. Folk Culture <ul><li>Folk and Popular Culture: Polar Opposites? </li></ul><ul><li>Folk Life </li></ul><ul><li>Collective heritage of institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Stable and close knit </li></ul><ul><li>Usually a rural community </li></ul>Human Geography 11e <ul><li>Tradition controls </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance to change </li></ul><ul><li>The homemade and handmade dominate in tools, food, and music </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings erected without architect or blueprint </li></ul><ul><li>Use of locally available building materials </li></ul>
  4. 4. Human Geography 11e <ul><li>Material Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Physical, visible things </li></ul><ul><li>Tools, buildings, instruments, and furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Collectively material culture comprises the built environment </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Material Culture </li></ul><ul><li>The intangible part </li></ul><ul><li>Mentifacts </li></ul><ul><li>Sociofacts </li></ul><ul><li>Oral traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Songs </li></ul><ul><li>Customary behavior </li></ul>
  5. 5. Anglo American Hearths <ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Early European colonists established footholds along the East Coast </li></ul><ul><li>European settlement areas became cultural hearths </li></ul>Human Geography 11e <ul><li>Relocation of concepts and artifacts from Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Early European colonists brought with them clear ideas of what tools they needed, how they should fashion their clothes, cook their food, and practice their religion </li></ul>
  6. 6. Anglo American Hearths <ul><li>European material and nonmaterial culture frequently underwent immediate modification in the New World </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climates and soils were often different from their homelands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European colonists modified tools and ideas as they adapted and adjusted to different materials and terrains </li></ul></ul>Human Geography 11e
  7. 7. Folk Building Traditions <ul><li>Native rural societies established types of housing, means of construction, and use of materials appropriate to their economic and family needs and materials available to them </li></ul><ul><li>Vernacular houses are traditional, with no formal plans </li></ul>Human Geography 11e
  8. 8. Folk Building Traditions <ul><li>1. The Northern Hearths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Lower St. Lawrence Valley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern New England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. The Middle Atlantic Hearths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Delaware Valley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chesapeake Bay </li></ul></ul>Human Geography 11e <ul><li>3. The Southern Hearths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Southern Tidewater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Mississippi Delta </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Interior and Western Hearths </li></ul>
  9. 9. Architectural Diffusions <ul><li>Three Source Regions </li></ul><ul><li>1. New England </li></ul><ul><li>Vernacular houses are heavily framed structures with steep roofs and massive central chimneys </li></ul><ul><li>2. Middle Atlantic </li></ul><ul><li>The most influential of the North American housing styles </li></ul><ul><li>Log cabins, later carried into Appalachia </li></ul>Human Geography 11e 2. Middle Atlantic The one room deep I house with two rooms on each floor Two-story floor plan with four rooms on each floor 3. Southern Heat and humidity were an environmental problem requiring distinctive housing solutions
  10. 10. The Passing of Folk Cultural Regionalism <ul><li>Decline during 20 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Urban – Rural contrasts </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread adoption of new inventions </li></ul>Human Geography 11e
  11. 11. Popular Culture Human Geography 11e <ul><li>Urban </li></ul><ul><li>Ever changing </li></ul><ul><li>The general mass of people </li></ul><ul><li>Global uniformity </li></ul>
  12. 12. Patterns of Popular Culture <ul><li>Popular versus mass culture </li></ul><ul><li>Placelessness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The replacement of local identity and variety with a homogeneous and standardized landscape </li></ul></ul>Human Geography 11e Insert figure 7.24 © Michael Dwyer/Stock Boston
  13. 13. National Uniformities and Globalization <ul><li>International standardization </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding markets </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal to local tastes </li></ul><ul><li>Local resistance </li></ul>Human Geography 11e Insert figure 7.22 Jon C. Malinowski/Human Landscape Studio
  14. 14. The Shopping Mall <ul><li>Consumption as a way of life </li></ul><ul><li>Changing trends: Enclosed malls versus lifestyle centers </li></ul><ul><li>Quick diffusion of fashion and style </li></ul><ul><li>Big box stores </li></ul>Human Geography 11e Regional Patterns of Popular Culture <ul><li>Sports: viewing and participation </li></ul><ul><li>Drink and music </li></ul><ul><li>Globalization of Reggae </li></ul><ul><li>Vernacular regions </li></ul>