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  • 1. Human Geography Jerome D. Fellmann Mark Bjelland Arthur Getis Judith Getis
  • 2. Human Geography Chapter 7 Folk and Popular Culture: Diversity and Uniformity Insert figure 7.21 © 1997 IMS Communications Ltd/Capstone Design. All Rights Reserved
  • 3. Folk Culture
    • Folk and Popular Culture: Polar Opposites?
    • Folk Life
    • Collective heritage of institutions
    • Stable and close knit
    • Usually a rural community
    Human Geography 11e
    • Tradition controls
    • Resistance to change
    • The homemade and handmade dominate in tools, food, and music
    • Buildings erected without architect or blueprint
    • Use of locally available building materials
  • 4. Human Geography 11e
    • Material Culture
    • Physical, visible things
    • Tools, buildings, instruments, and furniture
    • Collectively material culture comprises the built environment
    • Non-Material Culture
    • The intangible part
    • Mentifacts
    • Sociofacts
    • Oral traditions
    • Songs
    • Customary behavior
  • 5. Anglo American Hearths
    • Brief History
    • Regional Settlements
    • Early European colonists established footholds along the East Coast
    • European settlement areas became cultural hearths
    Human Geography 11e
    • Relocation of concepts and artifacts from Europe
    • Early European colonists brought with them clear ideas of what tools they needed, how they should fashion their clothes, cook their food, and practice their religion
  • 6. Anglo American Hearths
    • European material and nonmaterial culture frequently underwent immediate modification in the New World
      • Climates and soils were often different from their homelands
      • European colonists modified tools and ideas as they adapted and adjusted to different materials and terrains
    Human Geography 11e
  • 7. Folk Building Traditions
    • Native rural societies established types of housing, means of construction, and use of materials appropriate to their economic and family needs and materials available to them
    • Vernacular houses are traditional, with no formal plans
    Human Geography 11e
  • 8. Folk Building Traditions
    • 1. The Northern Hearths
      • The Lower St. Lawrence Valley
      • Southern New England
    • 2. The Middle Atlantic Hearths
      • The Delaware Valley
      • Chesapeake Bay
    Human Geography 11e
    • 3. The Southern Hearths
      • The Southern Tidewater
      • The Mississippi Delta
    • 4. Interior and Western Hearths
  • 9. Architectural Diffusions
    • Three Source Regions
    • 1. New England
    • Vernacular houses are heavily framed structures with steep roofs and massive central chimneys
    • 2. Middle Atlantic
    • The most influential of the North American housing styles
    • Log cabins, later carried into Appalachia
    Human Geography 11e 2. Middle Atlantic The one room deep I house with two rooms on each floor Two-story floor plan with four rooms on each floor 3. Southern Heat and humidity were an environmental problem requiring distinctive housing solutions
  • 10. The Passing of Folk Cultural Regionalism
    • Decline during 20 th century
    • Urban – Rural contrasts
    • Widespread adoption of new inventions
    Human Geography 11e
  • 11. Popular Culture Human Geography 11e
    • Urban
    • Ever changing
    • The general mass of people
    • Global uniformity
  • 12. Patterns of Popular Culture
    • Popular versus mass culture
    • Placelessness
      • The replacement of local identity and variety with a homogeneous and standardized landscape
    Human Geography 11e Insert figure 7.24 © Michael Dwyer/Stock Boston
  • 13. National Uniformities and Globalization
    • International standardization
    • Expanding markets
    • Appeal to local tastes
    • Local resistance
    Human Geography 11e Insert figure 7.22 Jon C. Malinowski/Human Landscape Studio
  • 14. The Shopping Mall
    • Consumption as a way of life
    • Changing trends: Enclosed malls versus lifestyle centers
    • Quick diffusion of fashion and style
    • Big box stores
    Human Geography 11e Regional Patterns of Popular Culture
    • Sports: viewing and participation
    • Drink and music
    • Globalization of Reggae
    • Vernacular regions