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Fellmann11e ch12

Fellmann11e ch12






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    Fellmann11e ch12 Fellmann11e ch12 Presentation Transcript

    • Human Geography Jerome D. Fellmann Mark Bjelland Arthur Getis Judith Getis
    • Human Geography Chapter 12 The Political Ordering of Space Insert figure 12.2 © Corbis RF
    • Political Geography
      • The study of the organization and distribution of political phenomena, including their impact on other spatial components of society and culture
      • State and nation are not synonymous
      • State
        • Independent political entity holding sovereignty over a territory
      • Nation
        • Community of people with a common culture and territory
      Human Geography 11e
    • National Political Systems
      • Nation-States
        • A state whose territorial extent coincides with that occupied by a distinct nation or people
      • Stateless Nation
        • People without a state
      • The Evolution of the Modern State
        • Developed by European political philosophers in the 18 th century
        • The concept that people owe alliance to a state
      Human Geography 11e
    • Geographic Characteristics of States
        • Size
        • Shape
          • Can affect the well-being of a state by fostering or hindering effective organization
          • The least efficient shape administratively is represented by the elongated state; part of the country far from the capital are likely to be isolated
          • Fragmentation make it harder for the state to impose centralized control over its territory
        • Location
        • Cores and Capitals
          • The core is the original nucleus of a state and is the most developed area
      Human Geography 11e
    • Boundaries
      • Boundaries: The Limits of the State
        • Classification of Boundaries
          • Natural boundaries are those based on recognizable physiographic feature
          • Geometric boundaries are frequently delimited as segments of parallels of latitude or meridians of longitude
      Human Geography 11e Insert figure 12.13a © PhotoLink/Getty RF
    • Boundaries Human Geography 11e
      • Boundaries: The Limits of the State
        • Subsequent
          • Drawn after the development of the cultural landscape
        • Superimposed
          • Forced on existing cultural landscapes; can be the product of conquest
        • Relict Boundary
          • A former boundary that no longer functions
      Insert figure 12.13b © Corbis RF
    • Centripetal Forces: Promoting State Cohesion
      • Nationalism
      • Unifying Institutions
      • Organization and Administration
      • Transportation and Communication
      Human Geography 11e
    • Centrifugal Forces: Challenges to State Authority
      • Organized Religion
      • Nationalism
        • Separatism
        • Devolution
      • Regional Autonomous Movements
      Human Geography 11e Insert figure 12.20a
    • The Projection of Power
      • Geopolitical Assessments
        • Mackinder
          • Heartland Theory
          • In 1904 Mackinder published an article titled “The Geographical Pivot of History” in the Geographical Journal.
          • He concluded that a land-based power in the heart of Eurasia, not a sea power, has better chances of ruling the world
      Human Geography 11e
    • The Projection of Power
      • Geopolitical Assessments
        • Alfred Mahan
        • Nicholas Spykman
          • Rimland Theory
        • Containment
        • Domino Theory
        • Terrorism
      Human Geography 11e
    • International Political Systems
      • Supranationalism
        • Associations among states
      • The United Nations and Its Agencies
        • Maritime boundaries
        • An International Law of the Sea
      • Regional Alliances
        • Economic alliances
        • Military and political alliances
      Human Geography 11e
    • Local and Regional Political Organization
      • The Geography of Representation: The Districting Problem
      • The Fragmentation of Political Power
      Human Geography 11e